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THE RESILIENCE SHIFT | THE ROCKEFELLER FOUNDATION | ARUP
Water Resilience - from Diagnosis to Delivery
Approaches for Building Water Resilience Louise Ellis, Arup and the Resilience Shift
Keynote: A City Perspective Hardeep Anand, Miami Dade County Water and Sewer Dept.
Utilities Perspective Trevor Bishop, Water Resources South East
Multi-lateral Financing Institution Perspective Maria-Angelica Sotomayor, World Bank
Round Table Mark Fletcher, Arup, and Presenters +
Katrin Bruebach, 100 Resilient Cities
Panchali Saikia, SIWI
Welcome by Dr Fred Boltz
Water Ambassador, the Resilience Shift, and
Water Lead, Global Center for Adaptation
Stockholm World Water Week 2019
Photo: Shutterstock
sustaining
an Earth
system
suitable for
humanity
to thrive
Photo: Alex MacLean
build the
resilience of
human
systems –
agriculture,
energy,
cities,
economies
water is vital to both
Photo: Edward Burtynsky
climate change will drive Earth system change through water
launched in October 2018, and led by:
managing partners:
33 commissioners include:
heads of state, local government leaders,
international organizations,
civil society organizations and
private companies
the Global Commission on Adaptation
goals:
• Increase political will
• Champion bold solutions
• Accelerate adaptation action
Ban Ki-Moon Bill Gates Kristalina Georgieva
8th Secretary General Co-founder, Bill and Melinda CEO
of the United Nations Gates Foundation World Bank Group
water and human systems have co-
evolved
representative actions
resilient basins
Phto: Gerhard van Roon
resilient cities
City Water Resilience Approach
THE RESILIENCE SHIFT | THE ROCKEFELLER FOUNDATION | ARUP
Agenda
Introduction: Approaches for
Building Water Resilience
Louise Ellis
Arup & The Resilience Shift
Keynote: A City Perspective Hardeep Anand
Miami Dade County Water & Sewer
Department
Utilities Perspective Trevor Bishop
Water Resources South East
Multi-lateral Financing
Institution Perspective
Maria-Angelica Sotomayor
World Bank
Round Table Mark Fletcher, Arup
Presenters +
Katrin Bruebach, 100 Resilient Cities
Panchali Saikia, SIWI
THE RESILIENCE SHIFT | THE ROCKEFELLER FOUNDATION | ARUP
Introduction: Approaches for
Building Water Resilience
Louise Ellis
Associate, Arup and The Resilience Shift
THE RESILIENCE SHIFT | THE ROCKEFELLER FOUNDATION | ARUP
Timeline of Resilience Tools and Approaches
2012 201720152013 2014 2016
Welsh
Water
2018 2019
City
Water
Resilience
Approach
THE RESILIENCE SHIFT | THE ROCKEFELLER FOUNDATION | ARUP
Welsh Water Resilience Framework & Welsh Water 2050 Strategy
Welsh Water
Resilience
Framework
THE RESILIENCE SHIFT | THE ROCKEFELLER FOUNDATION | ARUP
Yorkshire Water Systems Resilience Assessment
THE RESILIENCE SHIFT | THE ROCKEFELLER FOUNDATION | ARUP
Stakeholders
THE RESILIENCE SHIFT | THE ROCKEFELLER FOUNDATION | ARUP
Inclusive and transparent Brings together different perspectives from water
and city stakeholders and encourages collective
action
Systems-based Takes account of inter-dependencies with other
systems
Holistic Includes leadership and strategy, planning and
finance, infrastructure and ecosystems and
personal, household and community resilience
Action-oriented Encourages the ownership, development and
progression of actions to improve water
resilience
Scalable and global Scalable from towns through to mega cities and
applicable to a global context
Principles of the City Water Resilience Approach
THE RESILIENCE SHIFT | THE ROCKEFELLER FOUNDATION | ARUP
Supported by:
Project Partners:
Steering Group:
A Collaborative Approach
THE RESILIENCE SHIFT | THE ROCKEFELLER FOUNDATION | ARUP
CITY WATER RESILIENCE
FRAMEWORK ASSESSMENT TOOL
Co-Creating the City Water Resilience Approach
THE RESILIENCE SHIFT | THE ROCKEFELLER FOUNDATION | ARUP
Fieldwork Overview Fieldwork in eight cities with direct
engagement of more than
700 people
Engaging with City Stakeholders
THE RESILIENCE SHIFT | THE ROCKEFELLER FOUNDATION | ARUP
1577
factors
56
sub-goals
12
goals
City Water Resilience
Framework
62 qualitative indicators
40 quantitative indicators
Development of the City Water Resilience Framework
THE RESILIENCE SHIFT | THE ROCKEFELLER FOUNDATION | ARUP
City Water Resilience Approach
City Water Resilience FrameworkCity Water Resilience Approach OurWater Governance Tool
THE RESILIENCE SHIFT | THE ROCKEFELLER FOUNDATION | ARUP
Implementation
THE RESILIENCE SHIFT | THE ROCKEFELLER FOUNDATION | ARUP
Step 1: Understand the system
OurWater Governance Tool
THE RESILIENCE SHIFT | THE ROCKEFELLER FOUNDATION | ARUP
Step 2: Assess urban water resilience
THE RESILIENCE SHIFT | THE ROCKEFELLER FOUNDATION | ARUP
Step 2: Assess the urban water resilience
Cape Town Water Resilience Profile Greater Miami and Beaches Water Resilience Profile
THE RESILIENCE SHIFT | THE ROCKEFELLER FOUNDATION | ARUP
Step 2: Assess the urban water resilience
• Coordination between upstream water
stakeholders and city systems providers
• Data-driven decisions in times of disaster and in
long-term planning
• Community engagement including vulnerable
communities
• Making the case for resilience investments
• Incorporating the principles of water sensitive
urban design / green infrastructure
• Protection of surface water and ground water
including data, regulation and enforcement
THE RESILIENCE SHIFT | THE ROCKEFELLER FOUNDATION | ARUP
Step 3 & 4: Develop & implement an action plan
THE RESILIENCE SHIFT | THE ROCKEFELLER FOUNDATION | ARUP
Step 3: Develop an action plan
THE RESILIENCE SHIFT | THE ROCKEFELLER FOUNDATION | ARUP
Community of Practice: Call to Action!
THE RESILIENCE SHIFT | THE ROCKEFELLER FOUNDATION | ARUP
Keynote: A City Perspective
Hardeep Anand
Deputy Director, Miami-Dade Water and Sewer Department
THE RESILIENCE SHIFT | THE ROCKEFELLER FOUNDATION | ARUP
WATER RESILIENCE CHALLENGES
FOR THE GREATER MIAMI
& THE BEACHES REGION
Hardeep Anand, Deputy Director,
Miami-Dade Water & Sewer Department
THE RESILIENCE SHIFT | THE ROCKEFELLER FOUNDATION | ARUP

2/3 Protected Lands, Including
National Parks, Marine
Sanctuaries, and Water
Management Areas
 Conservation Areas
2.7 Million Residents — 5,830
People Per Square Mile Within
the Urban Area
 Population Served
We have the “seagrass” of the
Atlantic Ocean and Biscayne
Bay to the east, and the
sawgrass of the Everglades
wetlands to the west
 Seagrass to Sawgrass
6.5 feet above sea level and
prone to severe weather, the
region’s economic drivers are
weather dependent
 Coastal Community
Greater Miami & the Beaches
Key Characteristics
One of the largest water
management systems in the
world, which includes a shallow
aquifer & gravity-based
drainage system
 Porous Geology
THE RESILIENCE SHIFT | THE ROCKEFELLER FOUNDATION | ARUP
Inland
Flooding
Surrounded by Water From Every Direction
THE RESILIENCE SHIFT | THE ROCKEFELLER FOUNDATION | ARUP
The Greater Miami and the Beaches
region is increasingly endangered
by sea level rise.
The coast of South
Florida has seen 12
inches of sea rise since
1870
Since 1994, we’ve
experienced 4 inches of
sea rise; 2-6 inches is
expected by 2030 and
14 inches by 2060
Most of Miami is
located just 6.5 feet
above sea level
“The combination of aging
infrastructure, population growth &
potential storm surge magnifies the
effects of sea level rise for East
Coast utilities.”
“This is Ground
Zero.”
Source: National Infrastructure Advisory
Council, Water Sector Final Report &
Recommendations, 2016
Source: U.S. Senator Bill Nelson during
a Field Hearing on Sea Level Rise in
Miami Beach, April 2014
Sea Level Rise
THE RESILIENCE SHIFT | THE ROCKEFELLER FOUNDATION | ARUP
Saltwater Migration & Intrusion
 Sea-level rise, in combination with
increased groundwater pumping can
expand saltwater intrusion into
groundwater aquifers.
 In South Dade, the salt front has moved
significantly inland between 2011 and
2016.
 Saltwater intrusion into groundwater
aquifers can increase treatment costs for
drinking water facilities or render
groundwater wells unusable.
THE RESILIENCE SHIFT | THE ROCKEFELLER FOUNDATION | ARUP
Sunny Day Flooding
Recent examples of Sunny Day Flooding in South Florida
THE RESILIENCE SHIFT | THE ROCKEFELLER FOUNDATION | ARUP
Hurricane Storm Surges
Storm surge is the greatest threat to life and property from a hurricane.
Above: Water flows out of the Miami River, flooding a
walkway as Hurricane Irma passes through
Miami, Florida in 2017.
North District WWTP Central District WWTP
South District WWTP
InundationZone
Below: Three regional wastewater treatment plants are
located on the coast, inside the Inundation Zone.
THE RESILIENCE SHIFT | THE ROCKEFELLER FOUNDATION | ARUP
Environmental Degradation
Seaweed / Sargassum Red Tide / Harmful Algal Blooms Repeated Flooding
Low-oxygen Water Agricultural RunoffSolid Waste & Toxins
THE RESILIENCE SHIFT | THE ROCKEFELLER FOUNDATION | ARUP
A Collaborative Strategy
The Resilient 305 Leadership Team is headed
by our Chief Resilience Officers.
 Jane Gilbert, Chief Resilience Officer,
City of Miami
 Susy Torriente, Chief Resiliency Officer,
City of Miami Beach
 James F. Murley, Chief Resilience Officer,
Miami-Dade County
THE RESILIENCE SHIFT | THE ROCKEFELLER FOUNDATION | ARUP
Resilience Challenges
Hurricane
Affordable HousingPronounced PovertyTransportationRainfall Flooding
Infrastructure Failure Coastal Flooding Sea-Level Rise
THE RESILIENCE SHIFT | THE ROCKEFELLER FOUNDATION | ARUP
City Water Resilience Assessment for Greater Miami and the Beaches
The City Water Resilience Assessment has helped
Greater Miami and the Beaches identify challenges to
resilience in our region’s water management.
This assessment was used to:
 Identify & develop indicators for a more resilient water
supply & management system
 Improve interagency collaboration on water issues
 Develop & implement a one water resilience action
plan
THE RESILIENCE SHIFT | THE ROCKEFELLER FOUNDATION | ARUP
Strengths
Weaknesses
The City Water Resilience Assessment for Greater Miami and the Beaches was a collaborative effort
based on a multi-stakeholder approach with the end goal of achieving a holistic evaluation of the region.
Water Resilience Workshops • July 2019 • Miami, Florida
THE RESILIENCE SHIFT | THE ROCKEFELLER FOUNDATION | ARUP
Highlights from the Workshops
Leadership & Strategy
 Resilience is increasingly well-recognized by Miami leadership but long-term
planning for resilience is needed
 Efforts are needed to promote coordination with upstream stakeholders
(agriculture, SFWMD, etc.)
Health & Wellbeing
 GMB needs strategies to integrate community voices into policy and planning
around water
 Focused outreach is needed to include vulnerable and disadvantaged groups in
planning efforts
Infrastructure & Ecosystems
 Early warning systems and preparedness programs are generally good for shocks &
disasters, but communities are often less equipped to respond to chronic stresses
 Emphasis is needed to promote green infrastructure in GMB
Planning & Finance
 More can be done to integrate planning across different regional agencies
(e.g. transportation, water and sewer, urban planning, etc.)
 There is more to do to promote post-recovery plans
THE RESILIENCE SHIFT | THE ROCKEFELLER FOUNDATION | ARUP
 Create an open-data portal to improve data
accessibility and sharing between key
stakeholders to support sound
decision-making
Priority Action 1The Challenge
Evidence-based decisions:
Water & environmental data
for decision-making
RCAP Recommendation AlignmentResilient305 Action Connections: RCAP Recommendation Alignment
THE RESILIENCE SHIFT | THE ROCKEFELLER FOUNDATION | ARUP
 Establish a One Water Knowledge Platform to
improve capacity and knowledge sharing
around resilience, including online training,
seminars, and case studies for
water stakeholders
Priority Action 2The Challenge
Institutionalizing Resilience
RCAP Recommendation AlignmentResilient305 Action Connections: RCAP Recommendation Alignment
THE RESILIENCE SHIFT | THE ROCKEFELLER FOUNDATION | ARUP
 Build collaboration between governmental,
community, academia, and other stakeholder
groups to monitor advancement of actions
addressing areas of lower-
scoring quantitative and
qualitative indicators, as
well as to advance key
joint projects to achieve
outcomes that benefit all
Priority Action 3The Challenge
Institutionalizing Resilience
Resilient305 Action Connections: RCAP Recommendation Alignment
THE RESILIENCE SHIFT | THE ROCKEFELLER FOUNDATION | ARUP
Complementary Effort: Regional Climate Action Plan
WATER
THE RESILIENCE SHIFT | THE ROCKEFELLER FOUNDATION | ARUP
Online
& In-person
Learning
Professional
Growth &
Mentoring
Industry
Networking,
Collaboration
& Idea Sharing
Building a
Resilient &
Sustainable
Water Future,
Together
Complementary Effort:
One Water Academy & Resilient Utility Coalition
+
Water &
Sewer
Utilities
UniversitiesProfessional
Orgs
Water
Industry
“Operationalizing Resilience”“Developing Water Professionals
for a One Water Resilient World”
THE RESILIENCE SHIFT | THE ROCKEFELLER FOUNDATION | ARUP
Join the One Water Academy Mailing List
info@onewateracademy.org
THE RESILIENCE SHIFT | THE ROCKEFELLER FOUNDATION | ARUP
Perspectives from Utilities
Trevor Bishop
Director, Water Resources South East
THE RESILIENCE SHIFT | THE ROCKEFELLER FOUNDATION | ARUP
Perspectives from a Multilateral Financing
Institution
Maria Angelica Sotomayor
Practice Manager, Africa Region, World Bank
THE RESILIENCE SHIFT | THE ROCKEFELLER FOUNDATION | ARUP
Why do we need resilience
assessments in cities?
Increasingchallenges
• A water crisis
of too much,
too little, and
too polluted
• Climate
change
Beyondthewatersector
• Integrated
approach
• Cities as part
of basins
• Institutional
coordination
Systemsperspective
• Need to
identify
tradeoffs and
opportunities
in different
sectors
• A systems of
systems view
• Long term
planning
THE RESILIENCE SHIFT | THE ROCKEFELLER FOUNDATION | ARUP
- Rapid diagnostic that aims to help cities enhance their
resilience to a variety of shocks and stresses
- Qualitative assessment
- Diagnostic takes a holistic and integrated approach and
encourages collaboration between sectors to unlock
opportunities within the city
- Adapts to any country regardless of size, institutional
capacity, or phase of development
Existing approaches
THE RESILIENCE SHIFT | THE ROCKEFELLER FOUNDATION | ARUP
New approaches – CWRA: its benefits
A critical overview
of the
interdependencies
across sectors
Bottom up exercise
with key
stakeholders
Upstream
programmatic
approach
Identification of
strategic water
resilient
investments
Alignment of
priorities across
potential funders
THE RESILIENCE SHIFT | THE ROCKEFELLER FOUNDATION | ARUP
Round Table
Chaired by: Mark Fletcher, Global Water Leader, Arup
Katrin Bruebach, 100 Resilient Cities
Panchali Saikia, Stockholm International Water Institute
Hardeep Anand, Miami-Dade Water and Sewer Department
Trevor Bishop, Water Resources South East
Maria Angelica Sotomayor, World Bank
THE RESILIENCE SHIFT | THE ROCKEFELLER FOUNDATION | ARUP
Summary & Close
Dr Fred Boltz
Water Ambassador, The Resilience Shift &
Water Lead, Global Center for Adaptation

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Building Water Resilience in Cities

  • 1. THE RESILIENCE SHIFT | THE ROCKEFELLER FOUNDATION | ARUP Water Resilience - from Diagnosis to Delivery Approaches for Building Water Resilience Louise Ellis, Arup and the Resilience Shift Keynote: A City Perspective Hardeep Anand, Miami Dade County Water and Sewer Dept. Utilities Perspective Trevor Bishop, Water Resources South East Multi-lateral Financing Institution Perspective Maria-Angelica Sotomayor, World Bank Round Table Mark Fletcher, Arup, and Presenters + Katrin Bruebach, 100 Resilient Cities Panchali Saikia, SIWI Welcome by Dr Fred Boltz Water Ambassador, the Resilience Shift, and Water Lead, Global Center for Adaptation Stockholm World Water Week 2019
  • 4. Photo: Alex MacLean build the resilience of human systems – agriculture, energy, cities, economies
  • 5. water is vital to both Photo: Edward Burtynsky
  • 6. climate change will drive Earth system change through water
  • 7. launched in October 2018, and led by: managing partners: 33 commissioners include: heads of state, local government leaders, international organizations, civil society organizations and private companies the Global Commission on Adaptation goals: • Increase political will • Champion bold solutions • Accelerate adaptation action Ban Ki-Moon Bill Gates Kristalina Georgieva 8th Secretary General Co-founder, Bill and Melinda CEO of the United Nations Gates Foundation World Bank Group
  • 8. water and human systems have co- evolved representative actions resilient basins
  • 9. Phto: Gerhard van Roon resilient cities
  • 11. THE RESILIENCE SHIFT | THE ROCKEFELLER FOUNDATION | ARUP Agenda Introduction: Approaches for Building Water Resilience Louise Ellis Arup & The Resilience Shift Keynote: A City Perspective Hardeep Anand Miami Dade County Water & Sewer Department Utilities Perspective Trevor Bishop Water Resources South East Multi-lateral Financing Institution Perspective Maria-Angelica Sotomayor World Bank Round Table Mark Fletcher, Arup Presenters + Katrin Bruebach, 100 Resilient Cities Panchali Saikia, SIWI
  • 12. THE RESILIENCE SHIFT | THE ROCKEFELLER FOUNDATION | ARUP Introduction: Approaches for Building Water Resilience Louise Ellis Associate, Arup and The Resilience Shift
  • 13. THE RESILIENCE SHIFT | THE ROCKEFELLER FOUNDATION | ARUP Timeline of Resilience Tools and Approaches 2012 201720152013 2014 2016 Welsh Water 2018 2019 City Water Resilience Approach
  • 14. THE RESILIENCE SHIFT | THE ROCKEFELLER FOUNDATION | ARUP Welsh Water Resilience Framework & Welsh Water 2050 Strategy Welsh Water Resilience Framework
  • 15. THE RESILIENCE SHIFT | THE ROCKEFELLER FOUNDATION | ARUP Yorkshire Water Systems Resilience Assessment
  • 16. THE RESILIENCE SHIFT | THE ROCKEFELLER FOUNDATION | ARUP Stakeholders
  • 17. THE RESILIENCE SHIFT | THE ROCKEFELLER FOUNDATION | ARUP Inclusive and transparent Brings together different perspectives from water and city stakeholders and encourages collective action Systems-based Takes account of inter-dependencies with other systems Holistic Includes leadership and strategy, planning and finance, infrastructure and ecosystems and personal, household and community resilience Action-oriented Encourages the ownership, development and progression of actions to improve water resilience Scalable and global Scalable from towns through to mega cities and applicable to a global context Principles of the City Water Resilience Approach
  • 18. THE RESILIENCE SHIFT | THE ROCKEFELLER FOUNDATION | ARUP Supported by: Project Partners: Steering Group: A Collaborative Approach
  • 19. THE RESILIENCE SHIFT | THE ROCKEFELLER FOUNDATION | ARUP CITY WATER RESILIENCE FRAMEWORK ASSESSMENT TOOL Co-Creating the City Water Resilience Approach
  • 20. THE RESILIENCE SHIFT | THE ROCKEFELLER FOUNDATION | ARUP Fieldwork Overview Fieldwork in eight cities with direct engagement of more than 700 people Engaging with City Stakeholders
  • 21. THE RESILIENCE SHIFT | THE ROCKEFELLER FOUNDATION | ARUP 1577 factors 56 sub-goals 12 goals City Water Resilience Framework 62 qualitative indicators 40 quantitative indicators Development of the City Water Resilience Framework
  • 22. THE RESILIENCE SHIFT | THE ROCKEFELLER FOUNDATION | ARUP City Water Resilience Approach City Water Resilience FrameworkCity Water Resilience Approach OurWater Governance Tool
  • 23. THE RESILIENCE SHIFT | THE ROCKEFELLER FOUNDATION | ARUP Implementation
  • 24. THE RESILIENCE SHIFT | THE ROCKEFELLER FOUNDATION | ARUP Step 1: Understand the system OurWater Governance Tool
  • 25. THE RESILIENCE SHIFT | THE ROCKEFELLER FOUNDATION | ARUP Step 2: Assess urban water resilience
  • 26. THE RESILIENCE SHIFT | THE ROCKEFELLER FOUNDATION | ARUP Step 2: Assess the urban water resilience Cape Town Water Resilience Profile Greater Miami and Beaches Water Resilience Profile
  • 27. THE RESILIENCE SHIFT | THE ROCKEFELLER FOUNDATION | ARUP Step 2: Assess the urban water resilience • Coordination between upstream water stakeholders and city systems providers • Data-driven decisions in times of disaster and in long-term planning • Community engagement including vulnerable communities • Making the case for resilience investments • Incorporating the principles of water sensitive urban design / green infrastructure • Protection of surface water and ground water including data, regulation and enforcement
  • 28. THE RESILIENCE SHIFT | THE ROCKEFELLER FOUNDATION | ARUP Step 3 & 4: Develop & implement an action plan
  • 29. THE RESILIENCE SHIFT | THE ROCKEFELLER FOUNDATION | ARUP Step 3: Develop an action plan
  • 30. THE RESILIENCE SHIFT | THE ROCKEFELLER FOUNDATION | ARUP Community of Practice: Call to Action!
  • 31. THE RESILIENCE SHIFT | THE ROCKEFELLER FOUNDATION | ARUP Keynote: A City Perspective Hardeep Anand Deputy Director, Miami-Dade Water and Sewer Department
  • 32. THE RESILIENCE SHIFT | THE ROCKEFELLER FOUNDATION | ARUP WATER RESILIENCE CHALLENGES FOR THE GREATER MIAMI & THE BEACHES REGION Hardeep Anand, Deputy Director, Miami-Dade Water & Sewer Department
  • 33. THE RESILIENCE SHIFT | THE ROCKEFELLER FOUNDATION | ARUP  2/3 Protected Lands, Including National Parks, Marine Sanctuaries, and Water Management Areas  Conservation Areas 2.7 Million Residents — 5,830 People Per Square Mile Within the Urban Area  Population Served We have the “seagrass” of the Atlantic Ocean and Biscayne Bay to the east, and the sawgrass of the Everglades wetlands to the west  Seagrass to Sawgrass 6.5 feet above sea level and prone to severe weather, the region’s economic drivers are weather dependent  Coastal Community Greater Miami & the Beaches Key Characteristics One of the largest water management systems in the world, which includes a shallow aquifer & gravity-based drainage system  Porous Geology
  • 34. THE RESILIENCE SHIFT | THE ROCKEFELLER FOUNDATION | ARUP Inland Flooding Surrounded by Water From Every Direction
  • 35. THE RESILIENCE SHIFT | THE ROCKEFELLER FOUNDATION | ARUP The Greater Miami and the Beaches region is increasingly endangered by sea level rise. The coast of South Florida has seen 12 inches of sea rise since 1870 Since 1994, we’ve experienced 4 inches of sea rise; 2-6 inches is expected by 2030 and 14 inches by 2060 Most of Miami is located just 6.5 feet above sea level “The combination of aging infrastructure, population growth & potential storm surge magnifies the effects of sea level rise for East Coast utilities.” “This is Ground Zero.” Source: National Infrastructure Advisory Council, Water Sector Final Report & Recommendations, 2016 Source: U.S. Senator Bill Nelson during a Field Hearing on Sea Level Rise in Miami Beach, April 2014 Sea Level Rise
  • 36. THE RESILIENCE SHIFT | THE ROCKEFELLER FOUNDATION | ARUP Saltwater Migration & Intrusion  Sea-level rise, in combination with increased groundwater pumping can expand saltwater intrusion into groundwater aquifers.  In South Dade, the salt front has moved significantly inland between 2011 and 2016.  Saltwater intrusion into groundwater aquifers can increase treatment costs for drinking water facilities or render groundwater wells unusable.
  • 37. THE RESILIENCE SHIFT | THE ROCKEFELLER FOUNDATION | ARUP Sunny Day Flooding Recent examples of Sunny Day Flooding in South Florida
  • 38. THE RESILIENCE SHIFT | THE ROCKEFELLER FOUNDATION | ARUP Hurricane Storm Surges Storm surge is the greatest threat to life and property from a hurricane. Above: Water flows out of the Miami River, flooding a walkway as Hurricane Irma passes through Miami, Florida in 2017. North District WWTP Central District WWTP South District WWTP InundationZone Below: Three regional wastewater treatment plants are located on the coast, inside the Inundation Zone.
  • 39. THE RESILIENCE SHIFT | THE ROCKEFELLER FOUNDATION | ARUP Environmental Degradation Seaweed / Sargassum Red Tide / Harmful Algal Blooms Repeated Flooding Low-oxygen Water Agricultural RunoffSolid Waste & Toxins
  • 40. THE RESILIENCE SHIFT | THE ROCKEFELLER FOUNDATION | ARUP A Collaborative Strategy The Resilient 305 Leadership Team is headed by our Chief Resilience Officers.  Jane Gilbert, Chief Resilience Officer, City of Miami  Susy Torriente, Chief Resiliency Officer, City of Miami Beach  James F. Murley, Chief Resilience Officer, Miami-Dade County
  • 41. THE RESILIENCE SHIFT | THE ROCKEFELLER FOUNDATION | ARUP Resilience Challenges Hurricane Affordable HousingPronounced PovertyTransportationRainfall Flooding Infrastructure Failure Coastal Flooding Sea-Level Rise
  • 42. THE RESILIENCE SHIFT | THE ROCKEFELLER FOUNDATION | ARUP City Water Resilience Assessment for Greater Miami and the Beaches The City Water Resilience Assessment has helped Greater Miami and the Beaches identify challenges to resilience in our region’s water management. This assessment was used to:  Identify & develop indicators for a more resilient water supply & management system  Improve interagency collaboration on water issues  Develop & implement a one water resilience action plan
  • 43. THE RESILIENCE SHIFT | THE ROCKEFELLER FOUNDATION | ARUP Strengths Weaknesses The City Water Resilience Assessment for Greater Miami and the Beaches was a collaborative effort based on a multi-stakeholder approach with the end goal of achieving a holistic evaluation of the region. Water Resilience Workshops • July 2019 • Miami, Florida
  • 44. THE RESILIENCE SHIFT | THE ROCKEFELLER FOUNDATION | ARUP Highlights from the Workshops Leadership & Strategy  Resilience is increasingly well-recognized by Miami leadership but long-term planning for resilience is needed  Efforts are needed to promote coordination with upstream stakeholders (agriculture, SFWMD, etc.) Health & Wellbeing  GMB needs strategies to integrate community voices into policy and planning around water  Focused outreach is needed to include vulnerable and disadvantaged groups in planning efforts Infrastructure & Ecosystems  Early warning systems and preparedness programs are generally good for shocks & disasters, but communities are often less equipped to respond to chronic stresses  Emphasis is needed to promote green infrastructure in GMB Planning & Finance  More can be done to integrate planning across different regional agencies (e.g. transportation, water and sewer, urban planning, etc.)  There is more to do to promote post-recovery plans
  • 45. THE RESILIENCE SHIFT | THE ROCKEFELLER FOUNDATION | ARUP  Create an open-data portal to improve data accessibility and sharing between key stakeholders to support sound decision-making Priority Action 1The Challenge Evidence-based decisions: Water & environmental data for decision-making RCAP Recommendation AlignmentResilient305 Action Connections: RCAP Recommendation Alignment
  • 46. THE RESILIENCE SHIFT | THE ROCKEFELLER FOUNDATION | ARUP  Establish a One Water Knowledge Platform to improve capacity and knowledge sharing around resilience, including online training, seminars, and case studies for water stakeholders Priority Action 2The Challenge Institutionalizing Resilience RCAP Recommendation AlignmentResilient305 Action Connections: RCAP Recommendation Alignment
  • 47. THE RESILIENCE SHIFT | THE ROCKEFELLER FOUNDATION | ARUP  Build collaboration between governmental, community, academia, and other stakeholder groups to monitor advancement of actions addressing areas of lower- scoring quantitative and qualitative indicators, as well as to advance key joint projects to achieve outcomes that benefit all Priority Action 3The Challenge Institutionalizing Resilience Resilient305 Action Connections: RCAP Recommendation Alignment
  • 48. THE RESILIENCE SHIFT | THE ROCKEFELLER FOUNDATION | ARUP Complementary Effort: Regional Climate Action Plan WATER
  • 49. THE RESILIENCE SHIFT | THE ROCKEFELLER FOUNDATION | ARUP Online & In-person Learning Professional Growth & Mentoring Industry Networking, Collaboration & Idea Sharing Building a Resilient & Sustainable Water Future, Together Complementary Effort: One Water Academy & Resilient Utility Coalition + Water & Sewer Utilities UniversitiesProfessional Orgs Water Industry “Operationalizing Resilience”“Developing Water Professionals for a One Water Resilient World”
  • 50. THE RESILIENCE SHIFT | THE ROCKEFELLER FOUNDATION | ARUP Join the One Water Academy Mailing List info@onewateracademy.org
  • 51. THE RESILIENCE SHIFT | THE ROCKEFELLER FOUNDATION | ARUP Perspectives from Utilities Trevor Bishop Director, Water Resources South East
  • 52. THE RESILIENCE SHIFT | THE ROCKEFELLER FOUNDATION | ARUP Perspectives from a Multilateral Financing Institution Maria Angelica Sotomayor Practice Manager, Africa Region, World Bank
  • 53. THE RESILIENCE SHIFT | THE ROCKEFELLER FOUNDATION | ARUP Why do we need resilience assessments in cities? Increasingchallenges • A water crisis of too much, too little, and too polluted • Climate change Beyondthewatersector • Integrated approach • Cities as part of basins • Institutional coordination Systemsperspective • Need to identify tradeoffs and opportunities in different sectors • A systems of systems view • Long term planning
  • 54. THE RESILIENCE SHIFT | THE ROCKEFELLER FOUNDATION | ARUP - Rapid diagnostic that aims to help cities enhance their resilience to a variety of shocks and stresses - Qualitative assessment - Diagnostic takes a holistic and integrated approach and encourages collaboration between sectors to unlock opportunities within the city - Adapts to any country regardless of size, institutional capacity, or phase of development Existing approaches
  • 55. THE RESILIENCE SHIFT | THE ROCKEFELLER FOUNDATION | ARUP New approaches – CWRA: its benefits A critical overview of the interdependencies across sectors Bottom up exercise with key stakeholders Upstream programmatic approach Identification of strategic water resilient investments Alignment of priorities across potential funders
  • 56. THE RESILIENCE SHIFT | THE ROCKEFELLER FOUNDATION | ARUP Round Table Chaired by: Mark Fletcher, Global Water Leader, Arup Katrin Bruebach, 100 Resilient Cities Panchali Saikia, Stockholm International Water Institute Hardeep Anand, Miami-Dade Water and Sewer Department Trevor Bishop, Water Resources South East Maria Angelica Sotomayor, World Bank
  • 57. THE RESILIENCE SHIFT | THE ROCKEFELLER FOUNDATION | ARUP Summary & Close Dr Fred Boltz Water Ambassador, The Resilience Shift & Water Lead, Global Center for Adaptation

Editor's Notes

  1. IPCC, 2014: Climate Change 2014: Synthesis Report. Contribution of Working Groups I, II and III to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [Core Writing Team, R.K. Pachauri and L.A. Meyer (eds.)]. IPCC, Geneva, Switzerland, 151 pp. we’re locked in to a certain level of climate change
  2. And spurs innovation – technological solutions to dam & divert
  3. Salt River Pima-Maricopa Indian Reservation & Scottsdale, AZ 2011
  4. IPCC, 2014: Climate Change 2014: Synthesis Report. Contribution of Working Groups I, II and III to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [Core Writing Team, R.K. Pachauri and L.A. Meyer (eds.)]. IPCC, Geneva, Switzerland, 151 pp. we’re locked in to a certain level of climate change
  5. And spurs innovation – technological solutions to dam and divert
  6. Cities are made up of complex systems that interact with other systems. We know that water systems are tied to energy infrastructure, but also to urban transportation, waste management, public health, telecommunications and a wide variety of other systems
  7. Thank you Fred Good afternoon everyone. Today, I am going to introduce some approaches and tools for improving water resilience. In particular, I will focus on approaches that have been used by utilities and cities.
  8. The development of resilience approaches and tools began in around 2012 following Hurricane Sandy in New York with the development of the city resilience framework and index. The City Resilience Index has been build upon to provide resilience approaches for the water utilities including Welsh Water Resilience Framework and Yorkshire Water Systems Resilience Approach. In turn, these utility frameworks have been built upon to develop the City Water Resilience Approach.
  9. The Welsh Water Resilience Framework was developed by Arup for Welsh Water, a private utility serving 3.2 million people in the UK. The approach uses a framework of indicators with a maturity matrix to diagnose the resilience of the water utility. From this diagnosis, they have developed 18 strategic responses across the water cycle, which form the backbone of their 30 year strategy, Welsh Water 2050.
  10. Yorkshire Water, a private utility in the UK, in collaboration with Arup, have developed a systems-based approach to resilience. For each of their internal systems, they have identified the shocks and stresses that could impact on their system and the impact that they have on external systems. Once they understand this, they undertake a qualitative assessment of their resilience using the BS 65000 scale on organisational resilience.
  11. Whilst these approaches are robust for the resilience of one organisation, water resilience is about the resilience of the whole water system including the natural catchment and manmade water, wastewater and stormwater system and the resilience of the large number of actors who are involved in the water system. These are just some of the actors involved in the water system in one of our partner cities, Miami.
  12. The City Water Resilience Approach brings together water stakeholders to give their different perspectives and diagnose the resilience of the water system and from their shared understanding of the resilience of the water system, develop a collective action plan. It has five core principles: Inclusive and transparent Systems-based Holistic Action-orientated Scalable and global
  13. The Approach has been developed collaboratively. It is supported by the Rockefeller Foundation and The Resilience Shift with strong project partners and an expert steering group.
  14. To better understand the challenges currently facing cities and ensure the approach is practical and globally applicable, we worked with eight cities to developed the approach. These cities were chosen to reflect a range of geographies and challenges, different shocks and stresses and governance models to inform a truly global framework.
  15. Through the course of this fieldwork for the development of the City Water resilience Approach, we engaged with more than 700 people through interviews, focus groups and workshops.
  16. In these interactions, we asked stakeholders to give us the factors of resilience, factors that help and hinder resilience in their city. The team compiled this information into a large database of almost 1600 “factors” of resilience from the fieldwork and literature review. These were then aggregated into families called sub-goals and then again into goals to form the City Water Resilience Framework. So, the framework is directly resulting from observations by local experts and stakeholders about what makes their city resilient to water-based shocks and stresses.
  17. The City Water Resilience Approach brings together stakeholders to diagnose the resilience of their city’s water system and based on a shared understanding of resilience, develop a collective action plan. It is a five step approach with supporting tools including the City Water Resilience Framework and the OurWater online governance tool.
  18. The Approach has been implemented in two cities to develop water resilience action plans: City of Cape Town and Greater Miami and the Beaches.
  19. Establish a city champion Understand the water system and its governance Understand existing resilience plans and programmes Output: city characterisation report
  20. Multi-stakeholder assessment workshops Quantitative indicator assessment Identify resilience strengths and areas for improvements Develop problem statements Output: Water Resilience Profile
  21. Coordination between upstream water stakeholders, especially those upstream, is challenging. Catchment-level partnerships or water management district organisations have a large role to play in facilitating resilient water management. At all levels of decision-making across all organisations, data, technical knowledge and information needs to drive actions taken to improve resilience including in times of disaster and in long-term planning to ensure that future plans are robust, and leaders make ‘no regrets or least regrets’ decisions. City governments and utilities need to engage their communities on how to be responsible water-citizens and how to prepare for water-related disasters by ensuring consistent core messages, networks of community champions and inclusive community engagement events that are multi-lingual and accessible. It is also important that cities and utilities build trust with communities and engage with them on water-related policies and programmes. It is challenging for city governments and utilities to make the case for investment in resilience when they face current asset failures. Approaches such as the ‘Resilience Dividend’ and multiple capitals approach highlight the co-benefits to resilience investment, strengthening the case. City governments can improve their water resilience by incorporating the principles of water sensitive urban design and sustainable urban drainage into existing and new developments. While much focus has been given to the contribution of citizens to the reduction in water demand, a wider focus on sustainable commercial and industrial water use is needed. Our water resources are essential to the functioning of cities. Adequate source water protection including regulation and enforcement is necessary to prevent the pollution and over-abstraction of water resources.
  22. Develop an action plan: Identification of the root causes Develop and shortlist opportunities Develop interventions with owners, partners, programme of works, cost, resilience value and measures of success Output: Resilience action plan Implement: Multi-stakeholder working group for actions: detailed scoping → feasibility
  23. Develop data and information platforms Resilience capability building for practitioners and decision-makers Improved transparency of data for the public on water issues and engagement with community champions and groups Improving GI policies and governance structures and developing pilot projects Improved coordination through convening organisation / catchment groups Source water protection using engagement with agriculture, improved canal management and wetland restoration
  24. Today we are launching a call to action to get involved in urban water resilience. The community of practice aims to connect cities together and with practitioners to learn from each other and share good practice and lessons learnt.
  25. Dear colleagues and friends, Allow me to warmly thank the organizers of the 2019 SIWI World Water Week Conference for granting me the privilege of addressing you today. It is an honor and a pleasure to spend time with researchers, consultants, regulators, elected officials, academics, NGO professionals, and other colleagues from across the globe as we come together to share our knowledge and propose solutions to the world’s water issues. Many of us are striving for water solutions at the local level. In Greater Miami and the Beaches, we recently debuted a new strategy created to address our region’s resilience challenges, and I will be expanding on that later. But first, let me introduce you to our community.
  26. Greater Miami and the Beaches encompasses the thriving metropolitan areas of Miami-Dade County, the City of Miami, and the City of Miami Beach. • Our coastal community of 2.7 million residents is located just 6½ feet (1.98 meters) above sea level. • Greater Miami and the Beaches is nestled between the seagrass of the Atlantic Ocean and Biscayne Bay to the east and the sawgrass of the Everglades National Park wetlands to the west, offering a wealth of natural beauty. • Miami’s sensitive ecosystems are so unique that two National Parks, a National Marine Sanctuary, Florida aquatic preserves, and various other water conservation areas have been established in our region. • The Biscayne Aquifer, which supplies South Florida with its primary source of freshwater, is located just below ground level. Its highly porous nature poses special challenges when it comes to protecting our community from rising seas.
  27. While climate change is a global issue, it is felt on a local scale in Miami because we are surrounded by water. Add to that the fact that our region is one of the most hurricane-prone areas on earth, and you may start to understand why resilience has been on our radar for years. We’ve realized that due to the complex and interconnected makeup of our region, resilience cannot be a separate effort. That is not to say that regional governance doesn’t pose its own challenges, but the benefits of working together are too important. And in the face of escalating climate change, the consequences of not working together could be devastating.
  28. For us in Miami, climate change is real. It’s impacting our community directly. And though Greater Miami and the Beaches still has much to offer residents and tourists, it is at Ground Zero for sea-level rise. The coast of South Florida has seen 12 inches of sea rise since 1870 Since 1994, we’ve experienced 4 inches of sea rise; 2-6 inches is expected by 2030 & 14 inches by 2060 And as stated earlier, most of Miami is located just 6.5 feet above sea level Therefore, we find ourselves at the frontline of adaptation. But actions being taken by local officials, governments, universities, and other organizations are creating a sound foundation of planning, policy, and public awareness.
  29. Rising sea levels push saltwater landward and into the Biscayne Aquifer. In the South Dade area, the salt front has moved significantly inland between 2011 and 2016, as seen in the small square map. The larger map at right shows saltwater intrusion. Saltwater intrusion into groundwater aquifers can increase treatment costs for drinking water facilities or render groundwater wells unusable. _____ Miami-Dade County in Cooperation with the US Geological Survey has one of the most technically advanced monitoring network for Salt Water Intrusion in the world: https://fl.water.usgs.gov/mapper
  30. Rain is no longer a prerequisite for flooding in Miami-Dade County. Several areas — ranging from business districts and the urban core to suburban neighborhoods, tourist attractions, coastal communities, and protected lands are impacted by “Sunny Day Flooding.” As sea levels rise, Sunny Day Flooding and its serious effects become more prevalent, including property damage, damage to the environment, and increased threats to public health.
  31. Storm surge is the greatest threat to life and property from a hurricane. In 2017, Hurricane Irma (shown in the black & white picture at left), was responsible for 123 deaths and $50 Billion in damages across Florida. It was a Category 4 hurricane with a storm surge of 8 feet. In 1992, Hurricane Andrew caused 44 deaths and $27.3 Billion in damages in Florida. It was a Category 5 hurricane with a storm surge of 17 feet. Climate change in the form of global warming has already doubled the risk of future large-magnitude storm surges in the U.S.* because extreme storm surges become more frequent in warmer climates. Now, take a look at the map at the right and you’ll see that three of our wastewater treatment plants are located in coastal areas, in an inundation zone… ___ https://www.huffpost.com/entry/storm-surge-risk_n_2902823
  32. The Greater Miami and the Beaches ecosystem includes protected lands, marine sanctuaries, and water management areas as well as the places where we live and work. But the declining health of our natural systems has the potential to cause a significant impact on public health and our economy. Our natural systems are experiencing the stresses of nutrient and pollutant loading from stormwater runoff, harmful algal blooms, and other sources. The effects are visible from our beaches to our farmlands, and from Biscayne Bay to Everglades National Park. Recently, heavy machinery had to be brought in — including bulldozers, front-end loaders and dump trucks — to remove mounds of sargassum that have been taking over our beaches. While sargassum is a natural occurrence, it has become a major issue over the past few years as a direct result of rising ocean temperatures and increasing amounts of nutrients from fertilizers that flow into the ocean.
  33. The Resilient 305 Strategy is the result of a unique collaboration. In 2007, Miami-Dade County, the City of Miami, and the City of Miami Beach came together to advance our community’s resilience under the 100 Resilient Cities Network. On May 30, 2019, we released the Resilient 305 Strategy following a three-year period of extensive engagement and development. One of the actions of our Resilient 305 Strategy is to employ a One Water Approach through the CWRA.
  34. The Resilient 305 Strategy was created to address the regional challenges I’ve shared with you today, as well as others identified and prioritized through intergovernmental and community collaboration. Throughout the process, we engaged thousands of stakeholders to make sure the strategy reflected input from a wide range of ages, ethnicities, cultures, income levels, and geographic areas. Once we started engaging stakeholders and participants and learning more about our challenges and concerns, the viewpoint shifted to that of a “One Water” perspective.
  35. The City Water Resilience Assessment (CWRA) has helped Greater Miami and the Beaches identify challenges to resilience in our region’s water management. The assessment was used to: Identify & develop indicators for a more resilient water supply & management system Improve interagency collaboration on water issues AND Develop & implement a One Water Resilience Action Plan
  36. The CWRA for Greater Miami and the Beaches was a collaborative effort based on a multi-stakeholder approach with the end goal of achieving a holistic evaluation of the region. Through a series of CWRA Workshops that took place in Miami this past July, stakeholders were able to identify Greater Miami and the Beaches’ strengths as well as opportunities for improvement.
  37. Highlights from the CWRA workshops included the following findings, which some of you might be able to relate to when it comes to your own cities: Resilience is increasingly well-recognized by leadership, but long-term planning for resilience is needed Early warning systems and preparedness programs are generally good for shocks & disasters, but communities are often less equipped to respond to chronic stresses AND More can be done to integrate planning across different regional agencies
  38. In response to the challenge of “Evidence-based decisions: Water & environmental data for decision-making,” creating an open-data portal to improve data accessibility and sharing between key stakeholders has become a priority action. It will support sound decision-making.
  39. To address the challenge of Institutional Resilience, establishing a One Water Knowledge Platform to improve capacity and knowledge sharing around resilience, including online training, seminars, and case studies for water stakeholders has been identified as another priority action.
  40. “Building collaboration between governmental, community, academia, and other stakeholder groups to monitor advancement of actions addressing areas of lower-scoring quantitative and qualitative indicators, as well as to advance key joint projects to achieve outcomes that benefit all” is another priority action that will help Institutionalize Resilience. But there are other complementary efforts that will help address our regions’ resilience needs… [CHANGE SLIDE]
  41. The Regional Climate Action Plan (RCAP) is the Southeast Florida Regional Compact’s guiding tool for coordinated climate action to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and build climate resilience in the region. The RCAP provides a set of recommendations, guidelines for implementation, and shared best practices for local entities to act in-line with the regional agenda. In the RCAP, water figures prominently in building the future resilience & sustainability of Southeast Florida.
  42. Recently, two nonprofit water sector organizations united after recognizing that they could work more effectively together. While one organization focuses on the resilience of infrastructure and processes, the other focuses on the resilience of the water sector workforce. Together, their efforts are aimed at increasing our capacity to survive, adapt, and grow no matter what kinds of chronic stresses and acute shocks the water sector experiences.   The One Water Academy was founded as a platform for curating intellectual capital from around the globe in order to develop water professionals for a resilient, One Water World. The Resilient Utility Coalition (RUC) focuses on operationalizing resilience. It provides leadership in assessing and adapting utility operations to address any potential disruption.
  43. Thank you!