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CITY RESILIENCE INDEX
Sachin Bhoite
Arup
Cities rely on a complex web of institutions, infrastructure and information
RESEARCH
Surat
Cape Town
Semerang
New Orleans
Concepción
Cali
Hong Kong
Dubai
Liverpool
Madrid
New York
Melbourne
Sao Paulo
Primary research cities
Arup offices that consulted with their cities
Bangkok
Pilot
Shimla
Arusha
Case study cities
Seattle
Detroit
Quito
Lima
Rio de Janeiro
Brazzaville Dar es Salaam
Kampala
Doha
Chengdu
Ho Chi Minh City
• 3 years
• Learning from 28 cities
• Over 300 people contributing
including Arup staff, local
partners, city stakeholders
• 45 frameworks and 168 sources
of literature reviewed
RESEARCH
27 Cities; 150 Sources of Literature
Although profile of shocks and stresses was very different…
1500+ factors
RESEARCH
27 Cities; 150 Sources of Literature
Similar themes emerged across cities
1500+ factors
People: the health and well-
being of everyone living and
working in the city.
HEALTH &
WELLBEING
Organisation: the systems
within the society and
economy that enable urban
populations to live peacefully
and act collectively.
ECONOMY &
SOCIETY
Place: the quality of physical
infrastructure and ecosystems that
protect, provide and connect us.
INFRASTRUCTURE &
ENVIRONMENT
Knowledge: appropriate
leadership and strategy,
enabling the city to learn from
the past and take timely action.
LEADERSHIP &
STRATEGY
People
Organisation
Knowledge
Place
CITY RESILIENCE INDEX
H O W A N D W H A T T O M E A S U R E
BASIS OF MEASUREMENT
156 variables measure the extent to
which the resilience indicators occur in a
city.
2-5 questions help observe the
performance of an indicator through two
types of response: qualitative and
quantitative.
These two perspectives provide a
judgement-based assessment against a
best case – worst case scenario …
… and a performance-based assessment
against a global benchmark.
4 Dimensions
12 Goals
52 Indicators
156 Qualitative
Questions
156 Quantitative
Metrics
156 Variables
APPLICATION: COMMUNICATION AND CAPACITY
BUILDING
Child-centred Urban Resilience
• Applying resilience concepts to particular
communities
APPLICATION: ADAPTING
City Water Index
APPLICATION: ADAPTING
APPLICATION: LOCALISING TO
CONTEXT
VUDA resilience tool
• Adapting global metrics
in CRI to Vietnam-
specific standards and
data conventions
Dimensions and goals
no change
Indicators and questions
review for relevance based on
local context, including shocks
and stresses
APPLICATION: TOOLS & PROCESSES
Mapping Tools (excel based) Workshop design
City Economics
Health
department
Legal
advisor
City employment
agency
Central
government
Civil protection agency
VALUE
Feedback from first users:
• Informs / supports integrated planning and investment decisions
• Communicates knowledge about resilience concepts and actions
• Enables monitoring / measurement
• Builds credibility
• Empowers stakeholder engagement
IMPACT
CRI Research and Pilot cities
Cities using the CRI
PITCH
Multi-systems- Technical systems and soft systems and urban processes
Current
Indicators for individual systems is basic – goldilocks
Future
Augmented with sector focus and inter-dependence
A city is a work in progress

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City Resilience Index presented at the Resilience Shift tools workshop

  • 2. Cities rely on a complex web of institutions, infrastructure and information
  • 3. RESEARCH Surat Cape Town Semerang New Orleans Concepción Cali Hong Kong Dubai Liverpool Madrid New York Melbourne Sao Paulo Primary research cities Arup offices that consulted with their cities Bangkok Pilot Shimla Arusha Case study cities Seattle Detroit Quito Lima Rio de Janeiro Brazzaville Dar es Salaam Kampala Doha Chengdu Ho Chi Minh City • 3 years • Learning from 28 cities • Over 300 people contributing including Arup staff, local partners, city stakeholders • 45 frameworks and 168 sources of literature reviewed
  • 4. RESEARCH 27 Cities; 150 Sources of Literature Although profile of shocks and stresses was very different… 1500+ factors
  • 5. RESEARCH 27 Cities; 150 Sources of Literature Similar themes emerged across cities 1500+ factors
  • 6. People: the health and well- being of everyone living and working in the city. HEALTH & WELLBEING Organisation: the systems within the society and economy that enable urban populations to live peacefully and act collectively. ECONOMY & SOCIETY Place: the quality of physical infrastructure and ecosystems that protect, provide and connect us. INFRASTRUCTURE & ENVIRONMENT Knowledge: appropriate leadership and strategy, enabling the city to learn from the past and take timely action. LEADERSHIP & STRATEGY People Organisation Knowledge Place CITY RESILIENCE INDEX H O W A N D W H A T T O M E A S U R E
  • 7. BASIS OF MEASUREMENT 156 variables measure the extent to which the resilience indicators occur in a city. 2-5 questions help observe the performance of an indicator through two types of response: qualitative and quantitative. These two perspectives provide a judgement-based assessment against a best case – worst case scenario … … and a performance-based assessment against a global benchmark. 4 Dimensions 12 Goals 52 Indicators 156 Qualitative Questions 156 Quantitative Metrics 156 Variables
  • 8. APPLICATION: COMMUNICATION AND CAPACITY BUILDING
  • 9. Child-centred Urban Resilience • Applying resilience concepts to particular communities APPLICATION: ADAPTING
  • 11. APPLICATION: LOCALISING TO CONTEXT VUDA resilience tool • Adapting global metrics in CRI to Vietnam- specific standards and data conventions Dimensions and goals no change Indicators and questions review for relevance based on local context, including shocks and stresses
  • 12. APPLICATION: TOOLS & PROCESSES Mapping Tools (excel based) Workshop design
  • 13. City Economics Health department Legal advisor City employment agency Central government Civil protection agency VALUE Feedback from first users: • Informs / supports integrated planning and investment decisions • Communicates knowledge about resilience concepts and actions • Enables monitoring / measurement • Builds credibility • Empowers stakeholder engagement
  • 14. IMPACT CRI Research and Pilot cities Cities using the CRI
  • 15. PITCH Multi-systems- Technical systems and soft systems and urban processes Current Indicators for individual systems is basic – goldilocks Future Augmented with sector focus and inter-dependence A city is a work in progress

Editor's Notes

  1. Why we did it? What purpose it serves
  2. Cities rely on the operation of a complex web of infrastructure, institutions, and information systems to perform the essential functions every day. Systems may be physical ‘things’ such as energy infrastructure, road and bridges, housing and shelter or ecosystems, or they may be non-physical processes/practices or behaviours such as labour standards and legal rights, building codes and standards, culture, community cohesion or social relationships. In different cities, these systems may be performed by a different set of actors. Systems may not only be provided by the municipal government, they may be supported by a range of private businesses, civil service, not-for-profit organisations, international institutions or individuals. They may also be delivered through formal or informal processes, and sometimes obtained through informal means. When systems in a city fail to perform any of its, functions, its resilience to shocks and stresses is weakened. For example,  in order to ensure the health and safety of its citizens, a city must be able to enable people to meet their basic needs and safeguard human life and health. It also must able to protect, maintain and enhance assets. Cities are also places where people and communities live together. In order to prevent conflict and unrest, a city must be able to build cohesive communities with engaged citizens and generate and share information and innovation . It must also be able to enforce the rule of law and justice. In addition, a city must be able to support livelihoods and foster economic prosperity to prevent deprivation. These are the things that cities do every day, at multiple levels and simultaneously. Each city is unique, and cities perform these functions to different degrees due to a range of reasons including different levels of awareness, priorities and capacities.  Should this say “The resilience of a city depends on strengthening the individual systems that contribute to these functions in order to strengthen the city overall.” To a layman, I think the “capacities of the”  language is a bit confusing   
  3. Over three years …. Learning from over 28 diverse cities… Extensive review of other (45) frameworks and emerging literature. The City Resilience Index is a comprehensive tool …. For cities to understand and assess their resilience, enhancing their ability to build sound strategies and plans for a strong future. FYI only As part of our recent work, we reviewed 45 prominent urban and/or resilience Frameworks and assessment tools currently in circulation1 Those that were Considered to be most relevant are listed below: • GCI, ISO, WCCD – ISO 37120 – Sustainable Development of Communities • Grosvenor – Resilient Cities • UN-Habitat – City Resilience Profiling Tool • AECOM, IBM, UNISDR – Disaster Resilience Scorecard for Cities • Cutter et al. – Disaster Resilience Indicators • NIST – Community Resilience Planning Guide • World Bank – City Strength While we found some commonality in terms of what the above tools measure, the CRI is unique in focussing on assessing the overall capacity of cities to withstand multiple shocks and stresses, and further, enable decision making in order for cities to become resilient.
  4. Over three years …. Learning from over 28 diverse cities… Extensive review of other (45) frameworks and emerging literature. The City Resilience Index is a comprehensive tool …. For cities to understand and assess their resilience, enhancing their ability to build sound strategies and plans for a strong future. FYI only As part of our recent work, we reviewed 45 prominent urban and/or resilience Frameworks and assessment tools currently in circulation1 Those that were Considered to be most relevant are listed below: • GCI, ISO, WCCD – ISO 37120 – Sustainable Development of Communities • Grosvenor – Resilient Cities • UN-Habitat – City Resilience Profiling Tool • AECOM, IBM, UNISDR – Disaster Resilience Scorecard for Cities • Cutter et al. – Disaster Resilience Indicators • NIST – Community Resilience Planning Guide • World Bank – City Strength While we found some commonality in terms of what the above tools measure, the CRI is unique in focussing on assessing the overall capacity of cities to withstand multiple shocks and stresses, and further, enable decision making in order for cities to become resilient.
  5. Over three years …. Learning from over 28 diverse cities… Extensive review of other (45) frameworks and emerging literature. The City Resilience Index is a comprehensive tool …. For cities to understand and assess their resilience, enhancing their ability to build sound strategies and plans for a strong future. FYI only As part of our recent work, we reviewed 45 prominent urban and/or resilience Frameworks and assessment tools currently in circulation1 Those that were Considered to be most relevant are listed below: • GCI, ISO, WCCD – ISO 37120 – Sustainable Development of Communities • Grosvenor – Resilient Cities • UN-Habitat – City Resilience Profiling Tool • AECOM, IBM, UNISDR – Disaster Resilience Scorecard for Cities • Cutter et al. – Disaster Resilience Indicators • NIST – Community Resilience Planning Guide • World Bank – City Strength While we found some commonality in terms of what the above tools measure, the CRI is unique in focussing on assessing the overall capacity of cities to withstand multiple shocks and stresses, and further, enable decision making in order for cities to become resilient.
  6. The research shows that the factors that contribute to city resilience are the same worldwide…. Although how it plays out in each city may vary. The CRI is structured on 4 dimensions, 12 Goals and 52 Indicators. 4 Dimensions Health & wellbeing - People: things that sustain life in cities Economy & society - Organisation: things that allow people to live peacefully and act collectively. Infrastructure & environment - Place: physical infrastructure that, provide and connect us…. Natural and manmade. Leadership & strategy - Knowledge: this is about how a city can learn from the past and take timely action. CRI is unique in focussing on assessing the … overall capacity of cities to withstand multiple shocks and stresses 12 objetivos que las ciudades deben abarcar para ser resilientes. Esto es lo que más importa cuando un ciudad enfrenta un abanico amplio de problemas crónicos o catástrofes repentinas. 52 indicadores le entregan una mejor definición a los 12 objetivos. Estos identifican factores críticos que contribuyen hacia la Resiliencia de sistemas urbanos.
  7. The research shows that the factors that contribute to city resilience are the same worldwide…. Although how it plays out in each city may vary. The CRI is structured on 4 dimensions, 12 Goals and 52 Indicators. 4 Dimensions Health & wellbeing - People: things that sustain life in cities Economy & society - Organisation: things that allow people to live peacefully and act collectively. Infrastructure & environment - Place: physical infrastructure that, provide and connect us…. Natural and manmade. Leadership & strategy - Knowledge: this is about how a city can learn from the past and take timely action. CRI is unique in focussing on assessing the … overall capacity of cities to withstand multiple shocks and stresses 12 objetivos que las ciudades deben abarcar para ser resilientes. Esto es lo que más importa cuando un ciudad enfrenta un abanico amplio de problemas crónicos o catástrofes repentinas. 52 indicadores le entregan una mejor definición a los 12 objetivos. Estos identifican factores críticos que contribuyen hacia la Resiliencia de sistemas urbanos.