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DOOR TO DOOR
COLLECTION OF MSW
IN CATALONIA
Francesc Giró
Agència de Residus
de Catalunya
14/05/2014
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Interregional Training Session, 14th May 2014 – Graz, Styria
• Much more than a waste
collection system
• Allows to exert and demand
shared responsibility for
waste management by
establishing a “pact”
between citizens and
administration
• A system based on
technical and common
sense
What is Door to Door Collection?
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Interregional Training Session, 14th May 2014 – Graz, Styria
What is NOT Door to Door Collection
 A waste collection system that
automatically works wonders
on the collection results
 An excentric whim of waste
management officials and/or
politicians
 A collection system only fit for
small municipalities and rural
areas
 A collection system entailing
higher costs than others
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Interregional Training Session, 14th May 2014 – Graz, Styria
Road Containers Door to Door Collection
The citizens bring their wastes to the
different collection systems located in
the public space:
The different municipal waste streams are collected directly at
their point of origin, according to an established schedule and
time table..
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Interregional Training Session, 14th May 2014 – Graz, Styria
• The results of more than 10 years of experience with D-t-D in over
100 municipalities lead to the following CONLUSIONS :
– It is a drastic and sudden change
• Of concepts and customs
• Of citizens’ habits -> requires thorough preparation: Training + Awareness
• Of quantitative and qualitative results -> satisfies everyone
• Of attitude -> requires alliance of all stakeholders (citizens, administration, collection
company)
• Of improved results for Biowaste, Glass, Paper-Cardboard, mixed Packaging
– It requires adjustment to particular geographic,social, urbanistic, etc. contexts,
• D-t-D is feasible in different circumstances. It just requires enough understanding to
adapt it to the particular conditions.
– It is well accepted by
• Citizens: for its convenience, in spite of the inevitable effort of separation at source.
• Politicians: consider it beneficial in general terms
• Some municipalities switch to Door-to-Door Collection
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Interregional Training Session, 14th May 2014 – Graz, Styria
• Reduction of Total MSW Generation
– 5 - 20 % reduction
– Reasons: waste form small industries are excluded from collection,
awareness of citizens, shift in consumption patterns, waste exportation
• Improved results regarding quantity and quality of Biowaste, Glass,
P/C, Packaging
– Increase of separate collection of Biowaste increases the other waste streams
– Global separate collection rate: 60-85 %.
– Immediate compliance with collection targets (PROGREMIC and FWD)
– Immediate compliance with reduction targets for biodegradable waste (Landfill
Directive)
– Less contamination in Biowaste [< 5 %] (or < 2% when the use of
compostable bags is compulsory), what improves the operation of biological
treatment and the quality of the compost.
– Lower cost for treatment infraestructures and operations.
• Long term results that tend to improve over time
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Interregional Training Session, 14th May 2014 – Graz, Styria
• Costs are equivalents
– An integrated (not addditive) view on waste management is required,
– Collection frequency needs to be adjusted to the real arising of each
waste stream, in order to restrict collection cost
– The cost increase for the collection is balanced by the decrease of
treatment cost and revenues from recyclable materials (EPR schemes)
and refunding of the disposal tax
– An integrated financial balance is required:
• Costs
– Collection: D-t-D helps to optimize costs.
– Treatment:
» Biowaste. Better input quality lowers operation costs
» Residual waste. Treatment cost will rise substantially over the coming years
– Disposal Tax: will rise substantially over the coming years
• Revenues
– Fees: Tend to keep stable
– Refund of Disposal Tax: Tends to rise for high quality material
– EPR revenues (Ecoembes, Ecovidrio): New agreements for 2013
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Interregional Training Session, 14th May 2014 – Graz, Styria
• Conviction and commitment to D-t-D
• Political consens
• Participation process
• Implication of all stakeholdersde (City Council, political
groups, collection company, associations, etc.)
• Well designed technical - financial implementation of
D-t-D
• Comunication+Training+Awareness campaigns
• Monitoring of D-t-D performance and feedback to the
citizens
Success Factors
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Interregional Training Session, 14th May 2014 – Graz, Styria
110
Separate Collection Door to Door in Catalonia [1]
DtD abandoned Municipalities DtD
Door to Door 86 3 83
Road Containers and Door to Door 30 2 28
Total 116 5 111
2008 VILASSAR DE MAR
2011 SANT JULIÀ DE LLOR I BONMATÍ
2013 MASLLORENÇ
2013 SANTA EULÀLIA DE RONÇANA
2013 CASTELLÓ D'EMPÚRIES
Number of Municipalities
99 municipalities implement simultaniously DtD and separate collection of biowaste
11 municipalities switch from road containers to Door to Door collection
November 2013
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Interregional Training Session, 14th May 2014 – Graz, Styria
Separate Collection Door to Door in Catalonia [2]
> 70 % DtD > 50 % DtD < 50 % DtD
DtD DtD-RC RC-DtD >> DtD RC-DtD
Door to Door 82 82
Road Containers and
Door to Door
28 13 7 8
Total 110 8
ALIÓ 91% ARENYS DE MAR 52% BLANES 29%
ARENYS DE MUNT 91% BRULL 36% CABRA DEL CAMP 38%
ARGENTONA 73% CENTELLES 48% CERDANYOLA DEL VALLÈS 6%
FIGUEROLA DEL CAMP 94% MALLA 15% ESPARREGUERA 2%
LLAGOSTERA 75% SANT ANDREU DE LLAVANERES 57% GAVÀ 10%
NULLES 98% SANT JOAN DE LES ABADESSES 52% PALAFRUGELL 8%
RODONYÀ 70% VILOBÍ D'ONYAR 59% SANT CUGAT DEL VALLÈS 9%
SANT FELIU DE CODINES 92% TORREDEMBARRA 12%
SANT POL DE MAR 77%
SANT SADURNÍ D'ANOIA 94%
SEVA 78%
SUBIRATS 70%
TIVISSA 101%
Number of Municipalities
102
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Interregional Training Session, 14th May 2014 – Graz, Styria
Separate Collection Door to Door in Catalonia [3]
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Interregional Training Session, 14th May 2014 – Graz, Styria
Separate Collection Door to Door in Catalonia [4]
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Interregional Training Session, 14th May 2014 – Graz, Styria
Separate Collection Door to Door in Catalonia [5]
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Interregional Training Session, 14th May 2014 – Graz, Styria
Separate Collection Door to Door in Catalonia [6]
n=110 / 102
Inhabitants_DtD Households_DtD Commerce/Industry_DtD
306.604 131.443 3.951
274.433 116.385 2.777
Considering 110 municipalities
Considering 102 municipalities
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Interregional Training Session, 14th May 2014 – Graz, Styria
Separate Collection Door to Door in Catalonia [7]
n=110
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Interregional Training Session, 14th May 2014 – Graz, Styria
Separate Collection Door to Door in Catalonia [8]
n=110
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Interregional Training Session, 14th May 2014 – Graz, Styria
Separate Collection Door to Door in Catalonia [9]
n=110
DtD DtD-RC RC-DtD >> DtD AV-PAP Total Bio R G P/C PK MP FI
2 [Bio+R] 15 3 3 3 24 2 Waste Streams
3 [Bio+MP+R] 13 1 2 16 Multiproduct
4 [Bio+MP+GL+R] 1 1 Multiproduct
3 [Bio+P/C+FIRM] 1 1 Residu Mínim
4 [Bio+R+P/C+PK] 21 9 1 1 32 4 Waste Streams
5 [Bio+R+GL+P/C+PK] 31 1 4 36 5 Waste Streams
Total 82 13 7 8 110
Strategic
Waste Streams
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Interregional Training Session, 14th May 2014 – Graz, Styria
Results of Waste Generation and Separate Collection in
Catalonia. 2012 [1]
Indicator MSW
Generation
Expressed in:
kg / inh / day
kg / inh / year
Average CAT 2012:
1,35 kg/inh/day
DtD << RC
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Interregional Training Session, 14th May 2014 – Graz, Styria
Results of Waste Generation and Separate Collection in
Catalonia. 2012 [2]
Indicator GSC and NSC
Includes:
ORDINARY: Bio,Glass,P/C, Pack.
Other: Bulky, Wood, WEEE, Metal,
Cooking Oils, Textile, C&D, Haz. Waste,
Batteries, Medicines, Asbestos, Mineral
oils, Tyres, etc.
NSC= GSC- Contaminants
Expressed in: %
Average CAT 2012:
GSC: 39%
NSC: 32%
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Interregional Training Session, 14th May 2014 – Graz, Styria
Results of Waste Generation and Separate Collection in
Catalonia. 2012 [3]
Indicator NSC
[Bio+Glass+P/C+Pack]
NSC= GSC-Contaminants
Expressed in: kg/inh/year
Average CAT 2012:
BIO: 51,8 kg/inh/year
P/C: 28,4 kg/inh/year
Glass: 28,5 kg/inh/year
Mixed Pack: 14,6 kg/inh/year
BIO+Glass+P/C+Pack: 123 kg/inh/year
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Interregional Training Session, 14th May 2014 – Graz, Styria
Results of Waste Generation and Separate Collection in
Catalonia. 2012 [4]
• Indicator NSC [Bio+Glass+P/C+Pack]
• NSC= GSC-Contaminants
• Expressed in: kg/inh/year
• Average CAT 2012:
• BIO+Glass+P/C+Pack: 123 kg/inh/year
• Average CAT 2012 by Collection System
• RC: 115 kg/inh/year
• RC-DtD: 104 kg/inh/year
• RC-DtD>>DtD: 176 kg/inh/year
• DtD-RC: 183 kg/inh/year
• DtD: 195 kg/inh/year
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Calculation tool
developed by
for the calculation of the
Carbon Footprint of Waste Management
Interregional Training Session, 14th May 2014 – Graz, Styria
Carbon Footprint of MSW Management in Catalonia. 2012 [1]
Ramon Farreny | Carles M. Gasol | Xavier Gabarrell
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Interregional Training Session, 14th May 2014 – Graz, Styria
Carbon Footprint of MSW Management in Catalonia. 2012 [2]
Total Emissions generated 2012
1.558.560 t CO2 eq/year
Total Emissions avoided 2012
-769.167 t CO2 eq/year
Total Carbon Footprint 2012
789.393 t CO2 eq/year considering
emissions avoided
Emissions generated per inhabitant 2012
206kg CO2 eq/inh·year
Emissions avoided per inhabitant 2012
-102 kg CO2 eq/inh·year
Carbon Footprint per inhabitant 2012
104 kg CO2 eq/inh·year considering
emissions avoided
Emissions generated per tonne 2012
418kg CO2 eq/tonne·year
Emissions avoided per tonne2012
-206 kg CO2 eq/tonne·year
Carbon Footprint per tonne 2012
212 kg CO2 eq/tonne·year considering
emissions avoided
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Interregional Training Session, 14th May 2014 – Graz, Styria
Carbon Footprint of MSW Management in Catalonia. 2012 [3]
Carbon Footprint by treatment
Landfill
Incineration
MBT
Recycling
Separate
collection
Direct Indirect Avoided
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Interregional Training Session, 14th May 2014 – Graz, Styria
Carbon Footprint of MSW Management in Catalonia. 2012 [4]
Kg CO2 eq / inh·year
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Interregional Training Session, 14th May 2014 – Graz, Styria
Carbon Footprint of MSW Management in Catalonia. 2012 [5]
Separate collection (%)
ResidualwastedirectlytoLandfill(kg/inh/year)
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Interregional Training Session, 14th May 2014 – Graz, Styria
Carbon Footprint of MSW Management in Catalonia. 2012 [6]
Average CO2 Footprint
Catalonia (212 Kg CO2eq/t·y)
Average CO2 Footprint
Catalonia (104 Kg CO2eq/inh·y)
n=947
THANK YOU FOR YOUR
ATTENTION !
www.regions4recycling.eu

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Door to Door collection of MSW in Catalonia

  • 1. DOOR TO DOOR COLLECTION OF MSW IN CATALONIA Francesc Giró Agència de Residus de Catalunya 14/05/2014
  • 2. Your logo here Interregional Training Session, 14th May 2014 – Graz, Styria • Much more than a waste collection system • Allows to exert and demand shared responsibility for waste management by establishing a “pact” between citizens and administration • A system based on technical and common sense What is Door to Door Collection?
  • 3. Your logo here Interregional Training Session, 14th May 2014 – Graz, Styria What is NOT Door to Door Collection  A waste collection system that automatically works wonders on the collection results  An excentric whim of waste management officials and/or politicians  A collection system only fit for small municipalities and rural areas  A collection system entailing higher costs than others
  • 4. Your logo here Interregional Training Session, 14th May 2014 – Graz, Styria Road Containers Door to Door Collection The citizens bring their wastes to the different collection systems located in the public space: The different municipal waste streams are collected directly at their point of origin, according to an established schedule and time table..
  • 5. Your logo here Interregional Training Session, 14th May 2014 – Graz, Styria • The results of more than 10 years of experience with D-t-D in over 100 municipalities lead to the following CONLUSIONS : – It is a drastic and sudden change • Of concepts and customs • Of citizens’ habits -> requires thorough preparation: Training + Awareness • Of quantitative and qualitative results -> satisfies everyone • Of attitude -> requires alliance of all stakeholders (citizens, administration, collection company) • Of improved results for Biowaste, Glass, Paper-Cardboard, mixed Packaging – It requires adjustment to particular geographic,social, urbanistic, etc. contexts, • D-t-D is feasible in different circumstances. It just requires enough understanding to adapt it to the particular conditions. – It is well accepted by • Citizens: for its convenience, in spite of the inevitable effort of separation at source. • Politicians: consider it beneficial in general terms • Some municipalities switch to Door-to-Door Collection
  • 6. Your logo here Interregional Training Session, 14th May 2014 – Graz, Styria • Reduction of Total MSW Generation – 5 - 20 % reduction – Reasons: waste form small industries are excluded from collection, awareness of citizens, shift in consumption patterns, waste exportation • Improved results regarding quantity and quality of Biowaste, Glass, P/C, Packaging – Increase of separate collection of Biowaste increases the other waste streams – Global separate collection rate: 60-85 %. – Immediate compliance with collection targets (PROGREMIC and FWD) – Immediate compliance with reduction targets for biodegradable waste (Landfill Directive) – Less contamination in Biowaste [< 5 %] (or < 2% when the use of compostable bags is compulsory), what improves the operation of biological treatment and the quality of the compost. – Lower cost for treatment infraestructures and operations. • Long term results that tend to improve over time
  • 7. Your logo here Interregional Training Session, 14th May 2014 – Graz, Styria • Costs are equivalents – An integrated (not addditive) view on waste management is required, – Collection frequency needs to be adjusted to the real arising of each waste stream, in order to restrict collection cost – The cost increase for the collection is balanced by the decrease of treatment cost and revenues from recyclable materials (EPR schemes) and refunding of the disposal tax – An integrated financial balance is required: • Costs – Collection: D-t-D helps to optimize costs. – Treatment: » Biowaste. Better input quality lowers operation costs » Residual waste. Treatment cost will rise substantially over the coming years – Disposal Tax: will rise substantially over the coming years • Revenues – Fees: Tend to keep stable – Refund of Disposal Tax: Tends to rise for high quality material – EPR revenues (Ecoembes, Ecovidrio): New agreements for 2013
  • 8. Your logo here Interregional Training Session, 14th May 2014 – Graz, Styria • Conviction and commitment to D-t-D • Political consens • Participation process • Implication of all stakeholdersde (City Council, political groups, collection company, associations, etc.) • Well designed technical - financial implementation of D-t-D • Comunication+Training+Awareness campaigns • Monitoring of D-t-D performance and feedback to the citizens Success Factors
  • 9. Your logo here Interregional Training Session, 14th May 2014 – Graz, Styria 110 Separate Collection Door to Door in Catalonia [1] DtD abandoned Municipalities DtD Door to Door 86 3 83 Road Containers and Door to Door 30 2 28 Total 116 5 111 2008 VILASSAR DE MAR 2011 SANT JULIÀ DE LLOR I BONMATÍ 2013 MASLLORENÇ 2013 SANTA EULÀLIA DE RONÇANA 2013 CASTELLÓ D'EMPÚRIES Number of Municipalities 99 municipalities implement simultaniously DtD and separate collection of biowaste 11 municipalities switch from road containers to Door to Door collection November 2013
  • 10. Your logo here Interregional Training Session, 14th May 2014 – Graz, Styria Separate Collection Door to Door in Catalonia [2] > 70 % DtD > 50 % DtD < 50 % DtD DtD DtD-RC RC-DtD >> DtD RC-DtD Door to Door 82 82 Road Containers and Door to Door 28 13 7 8 Total 110 8 ALIÓ 91% ARENYS DE MAR 52% BLANES 29% ARENYS DE MUNT 91% BRULL 36% CABRA DEL CAMP 38% ARGENTONA 73% CENTELLES 48% CERDANYOLA DEL VALLÈS 6% FIGUEROLA DEL CAMP 94% MALLA 15% ESPARREGUERA 2% LLAGOSTERA 75% SANT ANDREU DE LLAVANERES 57% GAVÀ 10% NULLES 98% SANT JOAN DE LES ABADESSES 52% PALAFRUGELL 8% RODONYÀ 70% VILOBÍ D'ONYAR 59% SANT CUGAT DEL VALLÈS 9% SANT FELIU DE CODINES 92% TORREDEMBARRA 12% SANT POL DE MAR 77% SANT SADURNÍ D'ANOIA 94% SEVA 78% SUBIRATS 70% TIVISSA 101% Number of Municipalities 102
  • 11. Your logo here Interregional Training Session, 14th May 2014 – Graz, Styria Separate Collection Door to Door in Catalonia [3]
  • 12. Your logo here Interregional Training Session, 14th May 2014 – Graz, Styria Separate Collection Door to Door in Catalonia [4]
  • 13. Your logo here Interregional Training Session, 14th May 2014 – Graz, Styria Separate Collection Door to Door in Catalonia [5]
  • 14. Your logo here Interregional Training Session, 14th May 2014 – Graz, Styria Separate Collection Door to Door in Catalonia [6] n=110 / 102 Inhabitants_DtD Households_DtD Commerce/Industry_DtD 306.604 131.443 3.951 274.433 116.385 2.777 Considering 110 municipalities Considering 102 municipalities
  • 15. Your logo here Interregional Training Session, 14th May 2014 – Graz, Styria Separate Collection Door to Door in Catalonia [7] n=110
  • 16. Your logo here Interregional Training Session, 14th May 2014 – Graz, Styria Separate Collection Door to Door in Catalonia [8] n=110
  • 17. Your logo here Interregional Training Session, 14th May 2014 – Graz, Styria Separate Collection Door to Door in Catalonia [9] n=110 DtD DtD-RC RC-DtD >> DtD AV-PAP Total Bio R G P/C PK MP FI 2 [Bio+R] 15 3 3 3 24 2 Waste Streams 3 [Bio+MP+R] 13 1 2 16 Multiproduct 4 [Bio+MP+GL+R] 1 1 Multiproduct 3 [Bio+P/C+FIRM] 1 1 Residu Mínim 4 [Bio+R+P/C+PK] 21 9 1 1 32 4 Waste Streams 5 [Bio+R+GL+P/C+PK] 31 1 4 36 5 Waste Streams Total 82 13 7 8 110 Strategic Waste Streams
  • 18. Your logo here Interregional Training Session, 14th May 2014 – Graz, Styria Results of Waste Generation and Separate Collection in Catalonia. 2012 [1] Indicator MSW Generation Expressed in: kg / inh / day kg / inh / year Average CAT 2012: 1,35 kg/inh/day DtD << RC
  • 19. Your logo here Interregional Training Session, 14th May 2014 – Graz, Styria Results of Waste Generation and Separate Collection in Catalonia. 2012 [2] Indicator GSC and NSC Includes: ORDINARY: Bio,Glass,P/C, Pack. Other: Bulky, Wood, WEEE, Metal, Cooking Oils, Textile, C&D, Haz. Waste, Batteries, Medicines, Asbestos, Mineral oils, Tyres, etc. NSC= GSC- Contaminants Expressed in: % Average CAT 2012: GSC: 39% NSC: 32%
  • 20. Your logo here Interregional Training Session, 14th May 2014 – Graz, Styria Results of Waste Generation and Separate Collection in Catalonia. 2012 [3] Indicator NSC [Bio+Glass+P/C+Pack] NSC= GSC-Contaminants Expressed in: kg/inh/year Average CAT 2012: BIO: 51,8 kg/inh/year P/C: 28,4 kg/inh/year Glass: 28,5 kg/inh/year Mixed Pack: 14,6 kg/inh/year BIO+Glass+P/C+Pack: 123 kg/inh/year
  • 21. Your logo here Interregional Training Session, 14th May 2014 – Graz, Styria Results of Waste Generation and Separate Collection in Catalonia. 2012 [4] • Indicator NSC [Bio+Glass+P/C+Pack] • NSC= GSC-Contaminants • Expressed in: kg/inh/year • Average CAT 2012: • BIO+Glass+P/C+Pack: 123 kg/inh/year • Average CAT 2012 by Collection System • RC: 115 kg/inh/year • RC-DtD: 104 kg/inh/year • RC-DtD>>DtD: 176 kg/inh/year • DtD-RC: 183 kg/inh/year • DtD: 195 kg/inh/year
  • 22. Your logo here Calculation tool developed by for the calculation of the Carbon Footprint of Waste Management Interregional Training Session, 14th May 2014 – Graz, Styria Carbon Footprint of MSW Management in Catalonia. 2012 [1] Ramon Farreny | Carles M. Gasol | Xavier Gabarrell
  • 23. Your logo here Interregional Training Session, 14th May 2014 – Graz, Styria Carbon Footprint of MSW Management in Catalonia. 2012 [2] Total Emissions generated 2012 1.558.560 t CO2 eq/year Total Emissions avoided 2012 -769.167 t CO2 eq/year Total Carbon Footprint 2012 789.393 t CO2 eq/year considering emissions avoided Emissions generated per inhabitant 2012 206kg CO2 eq/inh·year Emissions avoided per inhabitant 2012 -102 kg CO2 eq/inh·year Carbon Footprint per inhabitant 2012 104 kg CO2 eq/inh·year considering emissions avoided Emissions generated per tonne 2012 418kg CO2 eq/tonne·year Emissions avoided per tonne2012 -206 kg CO2 eq/tonne·year Carbon Footprint per tonne 2012 212 kg CO2 eq/tonne·year considering emissions avoided
  • 24. Your logo here Interregional Training Session, 14th May 2014 – Graz, Styria Carbon Footprint of MSW Management in Catalonia. 2012 [3] Carbon Footprint by treatment Landfill Incineration MBT Recycling Separate collection Direct Indirect Avoided
  • 25. Your logo here Interregional Training Session, 14th May 2014 – Graz, Styria Carbon Footprint of MSW Management in Catalonia. 2012 [4] Kg CO2 eq / inh·year
  • 26. Your logo here Interregional Training Session, 14th May 2014 – Graz, Styria Carbon Footprint of MSW Management in Catalonia. 2012 [5] Separate collection (%) ResidualwastedirectlytoLandfill(kg/inh/year)
  • 27. Your logo here Interregional Training Session, 14th May 2014 – Graz, Styria Carbon Footprint of MSW Management in Catalonia. 2012 [6] Average CO2 Footprint Catalonia (212 Kg CO2eq/t·y) Average CO2 Footprint Catalonia (104 Kg CO2eq/inh·y) n=947
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