Autism 011


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Autism 011

  1. 1. The Basics of AutismSpectrum Disorders Training Series Regional Autism Advisory Council of Southwest Ohio (RAAC-SWO) Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorders Task Force
  2. 2. Adult Training Series g ModulesModule One: Autism Defined, Autism Prevalenceand Primary CharacteristicsModule Two: Physical Characteristics of AutismModule Three: Cognition and Learning in AutismModule Four: Autism and Sensory DifferencesModule Five: Communication and Autism
  3. 3. Adult Training Series ModulesModule Six: Behavior Challenges and AutismModule Seven: Understanding Behavior in Persons withAutismA tisModule Eight: Functional Behavior AssessmentModule Nine: Autism and Leisure Skills to TeachModule Ten: Special Issues of Adolescence andAdulthoodModule Eleven: Safety and Autism
  4. 4. SafetyEmergencies: g Because people with ASD can look like everyone else, police and other emergency responders may expect answers to questions that the person is not able to give (for example, giving their name). Some behaviors can be misunderstood (for example, reaching t t hi to touch th officer’s b d ) h the ffi ’ badge).
  5. 5. SafetyEmergencies: Because people with ASD may have low muscle tone tone, emergency responders should never restrain the person by placing on his/her stomach. This type of restraint has caused death death.
  6. 6. SafetyDangerous situations: The person may be drawn to materials such as matches and other dangerous items. Wandering off may be a problem. The person may not know how to move around in traffic, such as safely crossing the street. The person may not understand the danger of going off with a stranger.
  7. 7. Big IdeaA person with ASD may notrecognize a dangerous situation.
  8. 8. Safety StrategiesGet to know the neighbors.Get to know nearby public safety agencies, police,fire department, and other emergency responders.Consider notifying them that a person with ASDlives in the home including where they sleep andother special needs.If st ff is in th c mmunit with s m n with staff the community ith someone ithASD, they should carry/wear identification.
  9. 9. Safety Strategies IdentificationThe person with ASD should carryidentification at all times.The person should practice showing their p p gidentification.The person should wear a medical alertbracelet/Identification bracelet bracelet.Identification information should say that theperson may not be able to speak or may be toofrightened to answer questions in anf hemergency.
  10. 10. Safety and ASD: Strategies t Home St t i at HAt home, door alarms may be helpful to make sure theperson doesn’t leave the house without your knowledge.If the person with ASD has dietary restrictions,refrigerator locks and cabinet locks may be needed. y(Special permission is necessary for this.)Removable stove knobs may be helpful if the personwith ASD isn’t aware of the danger of burning g gthemselves.Cleaning supplies and other dangerous products mayneed to be locked up. p
  11. 11. Safety and ASD: y In the CommunityAutism decals for car windows are available tomake sure that in case of an emergency,responders know that there is a passenger withASD in the vehicle. (contact www autismcincy org) people with ASD are attracted to water.Swimming lessons are helpful to make sure theperson is water safe.
  12. 12. Behavior and SafetyWhen possible, be prepared for situations that p , p p fcould lead to behavior difficulties.Know the early signs of a problem behavior. y g f p mHave a plan for when problems occur.Get to know the people who work in the places yougo to frequently in the community so they can behelpful in an emergency. n
  13. 13. Big IdeaGet to know the warning signs of abehavior problem so that littleproblems do not become big ones ones.