The Basics of AutismSpectrum Disorders Training Series Regional Autism Advisory Council of Southwest Ohio (RAAC-SWO) Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorders Task Force
Adult Training S i s M d l sAd lt T i i Series ModulesModule One: Autism Defined, Autism Prevalenceand Primary CharacteristicsModule Two: Physical Characteristics of AutismModule Three: Cognition and Learning in Autism g gModule Four: Autism and Sensory DifferencesModule Five: CM d l Fi Communication and A ti i ti d Autism
Adult Training S i s M d l sAd lt T i i Series ModulesModule Six: B h i Ch llM d l Si Behavior Challenges and A ti d AutismModule Seven: Understanding Behavior in Personswith A ti ith AutismModule Eight: Functional Behavior AssessmentModule Nine: Autism and Leisure Skills to TeachModule Ten: Special Issues of Adolescence andAdulthoodModule Eleven: Safety and Autism
Autism Spectrum Disorder Defined d f d An Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a brain-based or neurobiological disorder of development development. ASD causes differences in the way the brain b i processes ASD affects understanding and use of g language to interact and communicate with people.
Big IdeaASD is a brain-based disorder brain basedthat results in differences in theway individuals understand andinteract with their world.
Effects f Eff t of ASD on Individuals I di id lASD affects:• the way a person relates to people, events, and people events objects in the environment.• the way a person responds to sensory stimuli such as pain, hearing, taste, smell, etc.• the way a person learns and thinks thinks.
Autistic DisorderBiggest Challenges: gg g • Difficulties with social interaction. • Difficulties with communication. • Restricted interests and activities that they like to do over and over y again. • Repetitive behaviors, such as p , rocking or arm flapping.
Autistic Disorder ContinuedOther Characteristics: • Usually behaviors can be seen by three years of age. • Some children develop regularly the first years, then begin to lose their learned skills skills.
Asperger SyndromeBiggest Challenges: • Difficulty with social interactions. • Individuals appear to understand directions pp even when they don’t. For example, we may think they are being uncooperative. • Individuals like to talk a lot about things that really interest them.
Asperger Syndrome C tiA S d Continued dOther Characteristics:Oth Ch t i ti : Intelligence ranges from average to well I t lli f t ll above average, so they may appear really smart, but cannot do everyday things independently.
PDD-NOS (Pervasive Developmental Disorder - Not Otherwise Specified) Diagnosis often made when a person does not meet the criteria for a specific di ifi diagnosis (i A i i (i.e. Autism, Asperger).• There is generally an overall impairment in communication, social interactions, interactions and individuals may have restricted interests.
Who Gets ASD?All races, nationalities and socioeconomicgroupsBoys are more likely to be diagnosed withASDMore common within families
Prevalence of ASDLeukemia 1 in 25,000Muscular Dystrophy 1 in 20 000 20,000Pediatric Aids 1 in 8,000Childhood Cancer 1 in 7,000Polio (1952 peak rate) 1 in 4,000Hearing Impairment 1 in 900Visual Impairment l 1 in 800Down Syndrome 1 in 800Juvenile Diabetes 1 in 500Cerebral Palsy 1 in 400Autism (per Centers for Disease Control (CDC) 1 in 110MarchM h 2011)
WhyWh are more people diagnosed today? l di d t d ? Better rules f di B l for diagnosis i Asperger Syndrome added to ASD in 1994 p g y Increased awareness of ASD People believe there are more services for an individual if the person has a diagnosis of ASD f ASD. Wrong diagnosis g g
There are no two persons with autism exactly alike “If you’ve met one person with If you ve autism, you’ve met one person with autism ” autism. Stephen Shore, Adult with Autism
Quick F t b t Autism Q i k Facts about A tiAutism is the most common developmental disability,affecting 1 in 110 births … most recent March 2011Centers for Disease Control (CDC) study. ( ) yA decade ago the rate was thought to be 4-5 in 10,000.4 children with autism are born in the USA every hour …35,000 per year.Autism is 4 times more common in boys than in girls. m m m mm y g . Autism is often under-diagnosed in children – typicallydiagnosed by age 3-7.
Autism Facts ContinuedAutism is the fastest growing serious developmentaldisability in the US growing 10-17% per year US, 10 17% year.Cost of autism is estimated at $35-$90 billion –90% of that is spent on adult services services.Recent estimate (by Harvard) is that cost is$3.2M/person$3 2M/person over their lifetime lifetime.The costs are expected to more than double in thenext decade decade.For more information, see: www.autism-society.orgor www autismspeaks org www.autismspeaks.org. “The greatest underserved disability group”