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  1. 1. ONLINE ASSIGNMENT Submitted By, Shehna Shajahan First Year Bed. Natural Science FMTC Mylapure Submitted To, Reshma Thulasi.T Assistant Professor Natural Science FMTC Mylapure
  2. 2. TOPIC Manmade Resources
  3. 3. INTRODUCTION A resource is a source or supply from which benefit is produced. Typically resources are materials, energy, services, staff, knowledge, or other assets that are transformed to produce benefit and in that process it may be consumed and made available. Man made resources is defined as a resource created by humans. It does not occur naturally and is produced and consumed by humans. Man made resources are items or substances that have value to human lives that do not occur in the natural world. The major man made resources are 1.Museum 2.Zoo 3.Botanical Garden 4.Agrifarms 5.Hospital 6.Krishi Vinjaan Kendram 7.Research Centres under state & central government
  4. 4. 1. MUSEUM A museum is a building where a large number of interesting and valuable objects, such as works of art or historical items,are kept, studied, and displayed to the public.It is an institution that cares for (conserves)a collectionof artifacts and other objects of artistic, cultural, historical,or scientific importance. It is distinguished by a collectionof often unique objects that forms the core of its activities for exhibitions,education, research,etc. ... The process by which an object is formally included in the collectionis called accessioning and each object is givena unique accessionnumber.  Importance of Museum The traditional role of museums is to collect objects and materials of cultural, religious and historical importance, preserve them, researchinto them and
  5. 5. present them to the public for the purpose of education and enjoyment. 2. Zoo A zoo is a facility in which animals are housed within enclosures, displayed to the public, and in which they may also breed. The term "zoological garden" refers to zoology, the study of animals, a term deriving from the Greek zōon and lógos. A zoo is a facility in which are housed within enclosures, displayed to the public, and in which they may also breed.
  6. 6.  Importance of Zoo Many zoos see their primary purpose as breeding endangered species in captivity and reintroducing them into the wild. Modern zoos also aim to help teach visitors the importance on animal conservation, often through letting visitors witness the animals firsthand.They teach people about the importance of nature. They provide scientists with opportunities to study wild animals. And they are also important because thousands of species of wild animals are in danger of dying out. Saving these endangered species is one of the purposes of modernzoos.
  7. 7. 3.Botanical Garden A botanical garden or botanic garden is a garden dedicated to the collection, cultivation and display of a wide range of plants labelled with their botanical names.A botanical garden or botanic garden is a garden dedicated to the collection, cultivation and display of a wide range of plants labelled with their botanical names. It may contain specialist plant collections such as cacti and other succulent plants, herb gardens, plants from particular parts of the world,and so on.
  8. 8.  Importance of botanical garden The Role of Botanic Gardens in Plant Conservation. ... Horticulture and cultivation skills allow us to grow plants that might be lost in nature, which means that species diversity can be conserved in the gardens, but also allows us to consider restoration and rehabilitation of degraded habitats.Biodiversity is Being Lost at an Unprecedented Rate. ... So, plant conservation is an essential component of efforts for biodiversity conservation. As plants are at risk of extinction, in all parts of the world, their conservation is a priority. Species extinction (where a species ceases to exist) is a normal process.
  9. 9. 4. AGRIFARMS Agriculture is the cultivation and breeding of animals, plants and fungi for food, fiber, biofuel, medicinal plants and other products used to sustain and enhance life. Agrifarm is a new co-operative form of production and transport of agricultural products. They are other form of botanical garden. It plays a vital role in educational field.
  10. 10.  Importance of Agrifarms Agrifarms mainly offered to those students who wish to have a career in agriculture. It provides interest to agriculture. It create agricultural awareness and provides agricultural education.
  11. 11. 5. HOSPITAL A hospital is a health care institution providing patient treatment with specialized staff and equipment. The word hospital comes from the Latin “hospes”, signifying a stranger or foreigner, hence a guest. They are usually funded by the public sector, by health organizations, health insurance companies including direct charitable donations. Historically hospitals were often founded and funded by religious orders or charitable individuals and leaders.
  12. 12.  Importance of Hospitals A hospital is a health care institution providing patient treatment with specialized medical and nursing staff and medical equipment. ... The medical facility smaller than a hospital is generally called a clinic. Hospitals have a range of departments and specialistunits.
  13. 13. 6. Krishi Vignaan Kendram The Education Commission (1964-66) recommended that a vigorous effort be made to establish specialized institutions to provide vocational education in agriculture and allied fields at the pre and post matriculate levels to cater the training needs of a large number of boys and girls coming from rural areas, it is the krishi vignaan kendram . The Commission, further, suggested that such institutions be named as ‘Agricultural Polytechnics’. Krsihi Vigyan Kendra (KVK) are agricultural extension centres created by ICAR (Indian Council for Agricultural Research) and its affiliated institutions at district level to provide various types of farm support to the agricultural sector. The first KVK was established during 1974 (Pondichery) and has grown as a largest network in the country.
  14. 14.  Importance of Krishi Vignaan Kendram The KVKs are evolving as the future grass root level institutions for empowering the farming community. KVKs have made dent and has become part of decentralized planning and implementation instrument to achieve desired level of growth in agriculture and alliedsector. Role of Krishi Vignaaan Kendram
  15. 15. On-Farm Testing: Each KVK operates a small farm to test new technologies, such as seed varieties or innovative farming methods, developed by ICAR institutes. This allows new technologies to be tested at the local level before being transferred to farmers. Front-line Demonstration: Due to the KVK's farm and its proximity to nearby villages, it organizes programs to show the efficacy of new technologies on farmer fields. Capacity Building: In addition to demonstrating new technologies, the KVK also hosts capacity building exercises and workshops to discuss modern farming techniques with groups of farmers.
  16. 16. Multi-sector Support: Offer support to various private and public initiatives through its local network and expertise. It is very common for government research institutes to leverage the network of KVKs when performing surveys with a wide range of farmers. Advisory Services: Due to the growing use of ICT, KVKs have implemented technologies to provide farmers information, such as weather advisories or market pricing, through radio and mobile phones.
  17. 17. 7. RESEARCH CENTRES UNDER STATE AND CENTRAL GOVERNMENT A research center is a facility or building dedicated to research, commonly with the focus on a specific area. There are over 14,000 research centers in the United States. Centers apply varied disciplines including basic research and applied research in addition to nontraditional techniques. However, a research center should not be confused with a research institute. Additionally, today many universities are establishing research centers to conduct a specific research or education activity. Over a hundred of research centers can be established in one university. This number certainly differs from a university to a university, but most of
  18. 18. the research centers there do bring something to the scientifictable. Listed below are some of the centrally-funded institutes along with their location. Institute Location All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) New Delhi, Bhopal, Bhubaneswar, Jodhpur, Patna, Raipur, Rishikesh, Bilaspur All India Institute of Speechand Hearing (AIISH) Mysore AryabhattaResearchInstituteof Observational Sciences (ARIES) Nainital Birbal Sahni Institute of Palaeobotany Lucknow
  19. 19. Listed below are some of the state funded institutes along with their location Institute Location CentralTuber CropsResearch Institute ICAR Thiruvananthapuram CentralPlantation CropsResearch Institute Kasargod Kerala AgriculturalResearch Institute Thiruvananthapuram Fluid ControlResearch Institute Palakkad Centre for DevelopmentStudies Thiruvananthapuram TropicalBotanicalGarden And Research Institute Palode NationalCentre For Earth Studies Thiruvananthapuram Indian Institute of Spice Research Kozhikode CentralInstitute of Fisheries Technology Kochi
  20. 20. CONCLUSION There are several community resources for science learning. Man made resources like museum, botanical gardens, zoo, agrifarms, hospitals, research centres create natural awareness to students. Thus play vital role in education. Such resources create scientific temper, interest and curiosity in pupils. Science teachers have important role in the process of familiarizing manmade resources to the students. As most of them create a new world of science.