Pioneering economist John R. Commons used the term "human resource" in his 1893
bookThe Distribution of Wealth. Human resources are the people who make up the
workforce of an organization , business sector , or economy. Human capital is
sometimes used synonymously with human resources. Likewise , other terms
sometimes used include “manpower” , “talent” , “labour” , “personnel” , or simply “
people”. Here I include some of the most eminent persons who shows their talents in
different fields, namely
Dr.SarvepalliRadhakrishnan,AvulPakirJainulabdeenAbdulKalam(A. P. J. Abdul
Kalam),Sir Alexander Fleming .
Born: August 12, 1919
Died: December 31,1971
Vikram Sarabhai was one of the greatest scientists of India. He is considered as the
Father of the Indian space program. Apart from being a scientist, he was a rare
combination of an innovator, industrialist and visionary.
Vikram Ambalal Sarabhai was born on August 12, 1919 at Ahmedabad. He was one of
eight children of Ambalal and Sarla Devi. After his matriculation, Vikram Sarabhai
proceeded to Cambridge for his college education and took the tripos in Natural
Sciences from St. John's college in 1940. When World War II began, he returned home
and joined as a research scholar under Sir C. V. Raman at the Indian Institute of
Science, Bangalore. His interest in solar physics and cosmic ray led him to set up many
observation stations around the country.
Vikram Sarabhai was instrumental in establishing the Physical Research Laboratory
(PRL) in Ahmedabad in November 1947. Vikram Sarabhai did research on the time
variations of cosmic rays and concluded that meteorological effects could not entirely
affect the observed daily variations of cosmic rays. He visualized a new field of
research opening up in solar and interplanetary Physics.
The year 1957-1958 was designated as International Geo-physical year (IGY). The
Indian program for the IGY had been one of the most significant ventures of Sarabhai.
It exposed him to the new vistas of spacescience with the launching in 1957 of
Sputnik-I. Subsequently, the Indian National Committee for SpaceResearch was
created, of which Vikram Sarabhai became Chairman. He initiated India’s space
programme, which today is renowned all over the world.
Awards and Achievements
Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Medal – 1962.
Padma Bhushan - 1966.
Appointed as Chairman- Atomic Energy Commission -
Set up the first Rocket Launching station (TERLS) in the country at Thumba near
The first rocket launched on - November 21, 1963.
The year 1957-1958 designated as - International Geo-physical year (IGY).
Dr.SarvepalliRadhakrishnan was a philosopher and was the first Vice President of India
as well. Eventually, he became the second Indian President. He introduced Western
idealism into Indian philosophy.
Early Life of SarvepalliRadhakrishnan:
Dr.SarvepalliRadhakrishnan was born on 5th September, 1888, to the parents
SarvepalliVeeraswami and Sitamma, at Tiruttani , a town in Tamil Nadu, India.
His major work: Idealist View of Life, He made a powerful case for the importance of
natural thinking as opposed to purely intellectual forms of thought. He is well known
for having commented on the PrasthanaTrayi of the Bhagavad Gita, the Upanishads and
the Brahma Sutra.
Bharat Ratna - 1954
The Order of Merit - 1963.
Peace Prize of the German Book Trade and the Templeton Prize - 1975.
Dr. A. P. J. Abdul Kalam
Born On - 15 October1931
Born In - Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu, India
Died On - 27 July 2015
AvulPakirJainulabdeenAbdulKalam(A. P. J. ), was a scientist and engineer, who served
as the President of India from 2002 to 2007. Kalam had spent four decades as a scientist
and science administrator at several prestigious organizations like the Defence Research
and Development Organisation (DRDO) and Indian SpaceResearch Organisation
(ISRO). Born into a family of humble means in Tamil Nadu, Kalam went on to study
aerospaceengineering in Madras Institute of Technology. His initial dream was to
become a fighter pilot but he failed to qualify for the Indian Air Force. He then started
working at the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) as a scientist
and was later transferred to the Indian SpaceResearch Organisation (ISRO). Eventually
he was appointed as the Chief Scientific Adviser to the Prime Minister and in this
position he played a key role in the Pokharan II nuclear tests. He became the President
of India in 2002 and was known as the’’ People's President”.
Careerat DRDO :After completing his studies he joined the Aeronautical
Development Establishment of the Defence Research and Development Organisation
(DRDO) as a scientist. One of the first projects he worked on was to design a small
helicopter for the Indian Army. He also got the opportunity to work with the renowned
spacescientist, Vikram Sarabhai.
Careerat ISRO:Kalam was transferred to the Indian SpaceResearch Organisation
(ISRO) in 1969 as the project director of India's first Satellite Launch Vehicle (SLV-
III). An expandable rocket project on which he had started working independently in
1965 got the governments approval for expansion in 1969. Over the next several years
he developed the Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) and SLV-III projects, both of
which proved to be successful.
Presidency:Kalam stood for presidency in 2002 and easily won the 2002 presidential
election. He had the supportof both the ruling Bharatiya Janata Party and the opposition
Indian National Congress and was sworn in as the 11th president of the Republic of
India on 25 July 2002. He was the first scientist to occupyRashtrapatiBhawan. He was
a popular president who was much respected by the citizens of the country.
As an Author:
India 2020: A Vision for the New Millennium – 1998.
Wings of Fire: An Autobiography – 1999.
A Manifesto for Change: A Sequel to India 2020 -2014
Awards and Honors :
Padma Bhushan – 1981.
Padma Vibhushan -1990.
Bharat Ratna - 1997.
Following his death, the Tamil Nadu state government announced that his
birthday, 15 October, would be observed across the state as "Youth Renaissance
Sir Alexander Fleming was born in Scotland on August 6th, 1881. He gained M.B.,
B.S., (London), with Gold Medal in 1908, and became a lecturer at St. Mary's until
1914. He served throughout World War I as a captain in the Army Medical Corps. He
was Emeritus ProfessorofBacteriology, University of London in 1948.
‘When I woke up just after dawn on September 28, 1928, I certainly didn't plan to
revolutionise all medicine by discovering the world's first antibiotic, or bacteria killer.
But I supposethat was exactly what I did.’
— Alexander Fleming
By 1927, Fleming had been investigating the properties of staphylococci. He identified
the mould as being from the Penicillium genus, and, after some months of calling
it "mould juice", named the substanceit released penicillin .The laboratory in which
Fleming discovered and tested penicillin is preserved as the Alexander Fleming
Laboratory Museum in St. Mary's Hospital, Paddington.
He investigated its positive anti-bacterial effect on many organisms, and noticed that it
affected bacteria suchas staphylococciand many other Gram-positive pathogens that
cause scarlet fever, pneumonia, meningitis and diphtheria, but not typhoid
fever or paratyphoid fever, which are caused by Gram-negative bacteria, for which he
was seeking a cure at the time.
Fleming published his discovery in 1929, in the British Journal of Experimental
Fleming's accidental discovery and isolation of penicillin in September 1928 marks the
start of modern antibiotics. Before that, several scientists had published or pointed out
that mould or penicillium sp. were able to inhibit bacterial growth, and even to cure
bacterial infections in animals.
His discovery of penicillin had changed the world of modern medicine by introducing
the age of useful antibiotics; penicillin has saved, and is still saving, millions of people
around the world.
Awards and Honours :
Nobel Prize in Medicine -1945.
When 2000 was approaching, at least three large Swedish magazines ranked
penicillin as the most important discovery of the millennium.
Human resources are the people who make up the work force of an organization ,
business sector, or economy. Forthis online assignment I were selected 4 eminent
persons from different field. Which includes ,Dr.Vikram Sarabhai,
Dr.A.P.J.AbdulKalam,Dr.SarvepalliRadhakrishnan and Dr.Alexander Fleming. Each of
them were gave somany important contributions to our nation as well as in our society.
They made so many valuable and significant inventions and discoveries in to the world