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Online Assignment

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Online Assignment

  1. 1. Topic: “HumanResources : Resource Persons / EminentTeachers / Personalities / Scientist InLocal Community”. Submitted by: Mahitha G Natural Science F.M.T.C. Mylapore Submitted to: Reshma Tulsi T.L. Assistant Professor F.M.T.C. Mylapore
  2. 2. Introduction : Pioneering economist John R. Commons used the term "human resource" in his 1893 bookThe Distribution of Wealth. Human resources are the people who make up the workforce of an organization , business sector , or economy. Human capital is sometimes used synonymously with human resources. Likewise , other terms sometimes used include “manpower” , “talent” , “labour” , “personnel” , or simply “ people”. Here I include some of the most eminent persons who shows their talents in different fields, namely Dr.Vikram Sarabhai, Dr.SarvepalliRadhakrishnan,AvulPakirJainulabdeenAbdulKalam(A. P. J. Abdul Kalam),Sir Alexander Fleming .
  3. 3. Resource person: Dr.Vikram Sarabhai
  4. 4. Born: August 12, 1919 Died: December 31,1971 Vikram Sarabhai was one of the greatest scientists of India. He is considered as the Father of the Indian space program. Apart from being a scientist, he was a rare combination of an innovator, industrialist and visionary. Vikram Ambalal Sarabhai was born on August 12, 1919 at Ahmedabad. He was one of eight children of Ambalal and Sarla Devi. After his matriculation, Vikram Sarabhai proceeded to Cambridge for his college education and took the tripos in Natural Sciences from St. John's college in 1940. When World War II began, he returned home and joined as a research scholar under Sir C. V. Raman at the Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore. His interest in solar physics and cosmic ray led him to set up many observation stations around the country. Vikram Sarabhai was instrumental in establishing the Physical Research Laboratory (PRL) in Ahmedabad in November 1947. Vikram Sarabhai did research on the time variations of cosmic rays and concluded that meteorological effects could not entirely affect the observed daily variations of cosmic rays. He visualized a new field of research opening up in solar and interplanetary Physics. The year 1957-1958 was designated as International Geo-physical year (IGY). The Indian program for the IGY had been one of the most significant ventures of Sarabhai. It exposed him to the new vistas of spacescience with the launching in 1957 of Sputnik-I. Subsequently, the Indian National Committee for SpaceResearch was created, of which Vikram Sarabhai became Chairman. He initiated India’s space programme, which today is renowned all over the world. Awards and Achievements  Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Medal – 1962.  Padma Bhushan - 1966.  Appointed as Chairman- Atomic Energy Commission - -May 1966.  Set up the first Rocket Launching station (TERLS) in the country at Thumba near Thiruvananthapuram.  The first rocket launched on - November 21, 1963.  The year 1957-1958 designated as - International Geo-physical year (IGY).
  5. 5. EminentTeachers : Dr.Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan
  6. 6. Dr.SarvepalliRadhakrishnan was a philosopher and was the first Vice President of India as well. Eventually, he became the second Indian President. He introduced Western idealism into Indian philosophy. Early Life of SarvepalliRadhakrishnan: Dr.SarvepalliRadhakrishnan was born on 5th September, 1888, to the parents SarvepalliVeeraswami and Sitamma, at Tiruttani , a town in Tamil Nadu, India. PhilosophicalAchievements : His major work: Idealist View of Life, He made a powerful case for the importance of natural thinking as opposed to purely intellectual forms of thought. He is well known for having commented on the PrasthanaTrayi of the Bhagavad Gita, the Upanishads and the Brahma Sutra.
  7. 7. Awards Received:  Bharat Ratna - 1954  The Order of Merit - 1963.  Peace Prize of the German Book Trade and the Templeton Prize - 1975.
  8. 8. EminentPersonalities: Dr. A. P. J. Abdul Kalam Born On - 15 October1931 Born In - Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu, India Died On - 27 July 2015 AvulPakirJainulabdeenAbdulKalam(A. P. J. ), was a scientist and engineer, who served as the President of India from 2002 to 2007. Kalam had spent four decades as a scientist and science administrator at several prestigious organizations like the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) and Indian SpaceResearch Organisation (ISRO). Born into a family of humble means in Tamil Nadu, Kalam went on to study aerospaceengineering in Madras Institute of Technology. His initial dream was to
  9. 9. become a fighter pilot but he failed to qualify for the Indian Air Force. He then started working at the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) as a scientist and was later transferred to the Indian SpaceResearch Organisation (ISRO). Eventually he was appointed as the Chief Scientific Adviser to the Prime Minister and in this position he played a key role in the Pokharan II nuclear tests. He became the President of India in 2002 and was known as the’’ People's President”. Careerat DRDO :After completing his studies he joined the Aeronautical Development Establishment of the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) as a scientist. One of the first projects he worked on was to design a small helicopter for the Indian Army. He also got the opportunity to work with the renowned spacescientist, Vikram Sarabhai. Careerat ISRO:Kalam was transferred to the Indian SpaceResearch Organisation (ISRO) in 1969 as the project director of India's first Satellite Launch Vehicle (SLV- III). An expandable rocket project on which he had started working independently in 1965 got the governments approval for expansion in 1969. Over the next several years he developed the Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) and SLV-III projects, both of which proved to be successful. Presidency:Kalam stood for presidency in 2002 and easily won the 2002 presidential election. He had the supportof both the ruling Bharatiya Janata Party and the opposition Indian National Congress and was sworn in as the 11th president of the Republic of India on 25 July 2002. He was the first scientist to occupyRashtrapatiBhawan. He was a popular president who was much respected by the citizens of the country. As an Author:  India 2020: A Vision for the New Millennium – 1998.  Wings of Fire: An Autobiography – 1999.  A Manifesto for Change: A Sequel to India 2020 -2014 Awards and Honors :  Padma Bhushan – 1981.  Padma Vibhushan -1990.  Bharat Ratna - 1997.  Following his death, the Tamil Nadu state government announced that his birthday, 15 October, would be observed across the state as "Youth Renaissance Day".
  10. 10. EminentScientist: Dr.Alexander Fleming Sir Alexander Fleming was born in Scotland on August 6th, 1881. He gained M.B., B.S., (London), with Gold Medal in 1908, and became a lecturer at St. Mary's until
  11. 11. 1914. He served throughout World War I as a captain in the Army Medical Corps. He was Emeritus ProfessorofBacteriology, University of London in 1948. ‘When I woke up just after dawn on September 28, 1928, I certainly didn't plan to revolutionise all medicine by discovering the world's first antibiotic, or bacteria killer. But I supposethat was exactly what I did.’ — Alexander Fleming By 1927, Fleming had been investigating the properties of staphylococci. He identified the mould as being from the Penicillium genus, and, after some months of calling it "mould juice", named the substanceit released penicillin .The laboratory in which Fleming discovered and tested penicillin is preserved as the Alexander Fleming Laboratory Museum in St. Mary's Hospital, Paddington. He investigated its positive anti-bacterial effect on many organisms, and noticed that it affected bacteria suchas staphylococciand many other Gram-positive pathogens that cause scarlet fever, pneumonia, meningitis and diphtheria, but not typhoid fever or paratyphoid fever, which are caused by Gram-negative bacteria, for which he was seeking a cure at the time. Fleming published his discovery in 1929, in the British Journal of Experimental Pathology. Antibiotics Fleming's accidental discovery and isolation of penicillin in September 1928 marks the start of modern antibiotics. Before that, several scientists had published or pointed out that mould or penicillium sp. were able to inhibit bacterial growth, and even to cure bacterial infections in animals. His discovery of penicillin had changed the world of modern medicine by introducing the age of useful antibiotics; penicillin has saved, and is still saving, millions of people around the world. Awards and Honours :  Nobel Prize in Medicine -1945.  When 2000 was approaching, at least three large Swedish magazines ranked penicillin as the most important discovery of the millennium.
  12. 12. Conclusion: Human resources are the people who make up the work force of an organization , business sector, or economy. Forthis online assignment I were selected 4 eminent persons from different field. Which includes ,Dr.Vikram Sarabhai, Dr.A.P.J.AbdulKalam,Dr.SarvepalliRadhakrishnan and Dr.Alexander Fleming. Each of them were gave somany important contributions to our nation as well as in our society. They made so many valuable and significant inventions and discoveries in to the world of science.
  13. 13. Reference :  http://shortbiography.in/scientists/apj-abdul-kalam-short-biography-essay/  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alexander_Fleming  http://www.iloveindia.com/indian-heroes/sarvepalli-radhakrishnan.html  http://www.iloveindia.com/indian-heroes/vikramsarabhai.html. Checked and corrected by; Reshma Tulsi T.L. AssistantProfessor F.M.T.C. Mylapore.

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