Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Alison Phipps


Published on

Published in: Technology, Education
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Alison Phipps

  1. 1. Researching Multilingually: Linguistic Incompetence Alison Phipps University of Glasgow
  2. 2. Knowing Multilingual ResearchingHow can I know what researchingmultilingually means if I ammonolingual?No point of comparisonNo story of growing access toother linguistic worldsNo experience of leaving one setof framings and using a differentsetNo experience of the feel ofcompetence
  3. 3. Researching multilingual researchListening to and gatheringbiographies / data of researchingmonolinguallyNarratives and novels (HelenSullivan)Compare research undertakenmultilingually with researchundertaken monolingually foraccuracy and results (use ofmultilingual questionnaires;interviewing with interpretation;participant observation
  4. 4. Autoethnography of Linguistic Incompetence1) Learning the Arts ofLinguistic Survival2) Asylum Languages3) Lifelong Learning inPalestine4) From languageedges (pain/joy – wordfailure)
  5. 5. Learning the Arts2 year of autoethnographic workin adult education touristlanguage classes for Italian andPortugueseLanguage holiday in LisbonBeginners language classes
  6. 6. Researching without the languageEthnographic notes:Difficulty and struggle to hear andmake meaningThe jouiscence of makingprogressResource to common language(German and English) for rest andreflection and writingNotes full of new words andphrases – mulitlingual researchnotes
  7. 7. Asylum LanguagesResponse to Call (Radio 4)Linguistics neededLanguages uselessLanguage greetings learned withdetaineesContact with Swahlii, Georgian,Arabic, Congolese, Somali;Language teaching as levellerResearch value in ignorance.Access.
  8. 8. Mother Tonguelen & Tigrinyaew scriptonalityew questions oflanguage and poweringuistic exhaustion andpain - autodidacticismaucity of resource andopportunity. (paymentfor lessons illegal;
  9. 9. Mothers IncompetenceAllowed space for processing andrecovery in English (traumavictims often process better in adifferent language – seeHolocaust survival – Grossmann)Required patience and vigilanceValue of object, story, each wordand scriptKeyman keyboardMaterials- phrase books; CD
  10. 10. PatternsRelationships formed throughother means (food, joint worship,coffee ceremonies, gifts)Listening in to patterns for handholds – food, greetings, God,place names, goodness andbeauty.
  11. 11. Ritual LearningHabituated practices (Coffee,food, greetings, prayer)(Mary Oliver)Sensory awareness heightened:incense, cloth, scarf, coffeebeans, skin and hair oil; spices,texture)Linguistic power remains withpowerlessTsada: expections of whiteness
  12. 12. ChichewaGreetingsAnimalsStatus of peopleSurprise - Mzungu
  13. 13. Lifelong Learning in PalestineArabic: script andspeechBordersWelcomesSecurityResearch interviewsNGO/academicEnglish
  14. 14. Suspicion or TrustBecause I am alinguist/ethnographer I quicklylearned:- greetings- food names- Prayer language (Inshaallah)Monolinguals: la,la,la: Gesture and someaggression/suspicion thattranslation maybe in correct
  15. 15. PalestineMaterial objectsScarvesChildren practising English andteaching usFlowers in a gardenReliance on translationGifts and appreciation.Movement of body in segregatedspaceEnforced time for observation
  16. 16. Pain/Joylaine Scarry: Pain islanguage destroyingrauma fragments anddisrupts patterns ofmemory.ain/Joy are producedfrom same patterns ofneurological processing.dvocacy as thecompensation forlinguistic incompetence(Amnesty International)
  17. 17. Words Fail MeResearchers are presumed to belinguistically ableFailure of words / writers block is aserious businessFailure to engage multilingually isseen largely as a necessaryinconvenience.Some dimensions of life may behighlighted (notably those traditionallynoticed by anthropologists)
  18. 18. Ingrid de Kok: Words failing
  19. 19. Researching MultilinguallyLanguage acquisition – the formits takes, where it occurs, how itoccurs is an important dimensionto fieldwork and to researchWe are positioned through ourcompetence/incompetence andour stories of acquisition andmistake
  20. 20. Social Humility or Technological ControlAutodidactic, technologicalcourses mask incompetence, hideerror and failureSocial classes make space forrehearsal and allow speech to beembodied and embeddedHumility, performed andlanguaged, enables the buildingof relationships of trust in the fieldfor an ethics of access to benegotiated
  21. 21. The Value in IncompetenceTime to observePractice of researcherly patienceExperience of frustration andpowerlessness which enablesempathyNoticing of greetings, rituals, sensorydimensionsValuable stage, but not status quo.A glimpse into early ethnography andanthropology- a stage in enteringother worlds. (Evans Pritchard)
  22. 22. Thank You
  23. 23. Solutions for Incompetence?• Rosetta Stone gives you the flexibility to fit language learning into your life whenever it’s convenient. All it takes is a computer or an Internet connection.
  24. 24. Rosetta Stone Makes Inc. 500 List• “We deliver the best technology-based solutions for learning languages. Every day our innovations help people improve their lives and make the world a better place”.
  25. 25. Languages as TechnologyTechnology is therefore agame pertaining not tothe true, the just, or thebeautiful, etc., but toefficiency: a technical“move” is “good” when itdoes better and /orexpends less energy thananother.(Lyotard 1984)
  26. 26. “Making the World a Better Place”• “Rosetta Stone®, today announces a new contract with the United States Army. The agreement, worth $4.2 million for one year, makes the Rosetta Stone language learning program available to all active Army, National Guard, Reservist, and Department of Army Civilian personnel worldwide.”
  27. 27. “Make the Most of Your Time”• “Building Community through Language Learning!”• Rosetta Stone Personal Edition contains everything you need to start learning a language. It’s built around our award-winning Rosetta Stone curriculum, which has been adopted by Deutsch [sic] Telekom, NASA, and over 10,000 schools worldwide—and is available in 30 languages spoken by over 90% of the world’s population.
  28. 28. Your Time• 200 hours, 92 lessons, 3 month subscription.• Languages measured out in technologically controlled time.• Liquid languages for liquid modernity.
  29. 29. Rosetta Stone: A Counter-Story • Discovered 1799 • 1814 – Demotic translation • 1822-24 Greek & Coptic & hieroglyphic • 1858 – Full English Translation • Egypt, France, England, U.S. • 57 years