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صحة الفم هي النافذة لللصحة العامة2

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صحة الفم هي النافذة لللصحة العامة2

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صحة الفم هي النافذة لللصحة العامة2

  1. 1. ‫إعداد‬ ‫د‬.‫داغستاني‬ ‫عبدالعزيز‬ ‫حسن‬‫مها‬ Oral health: A window to your overall health ‫العامة‬‫لصحتك‬ ‫النافذة‬‫هي‬ ‫الفم‬‫صحة‬
  2. 2. • We all have our own unique talents, skills . . . and mouth bacteria. • More than 600 microbe species live in our saliva. Few of these are shared from person to person, and your neighbor’s mouth is likely to be just as different from yours as the mouth of someone on the other side of the Earth, according to a study published in the journal Genome Research ‫مهارات‬ ‫و‬ ‫مواهب‬ ‫منا‬ ‫لكل‬ ‫فإن‬ ً‫ا‬‫أيض‬ ،‫به‬ ‫خاصة‬ ‫فريدة‬ ‫أنواع‬ ‫على‬ ‫تحتوي‬ ‫أفواهنا‬ ‫منا‬ ‫واحد‬ ‫بكل‬ ‫خاصة‬ ‫بكتريا‬. ‫من‬ ‫أكثر‬ ‫تعيش‬600‫نوع‬ ‫لعابنا‬ ‫في‬ ‫الميكروبات‬ ‫من‬. ‫من‬ ‫قليل‬ ‫عدد‬ ‫في‬ ‫نتشارك‬ ‫قد‬ ‫ولكن‬ ‫الميكروبية‬ ‫األنواع‬ ‫هذه‬ ‫الميكروبي‬ ‫المحتوى‬ ‫اليتشابه‬ ‫اخر‬ ‫شخص‬ ‫مع‬ ‫شخص‬ ‫لفم‬ ‫في‬ ‫نشرت‬ ‫لدراسة‬ ً‫ا‬‫وفق‬ ‫وذلك‬ ‫الجينوم‬ ‫بحوث‬ ‫مجلة‬.
  3. 3. What is periodontal disease? ‫اللثة؟‬ ‫مرض‬ ‫هو‬ ‫ما‬ The word "periodontal" literally means "around the tooth". Plaque accumulates in the areas where the teeth meet the gums, causing inflammation. ‫كلمة‬ ‫تعني‬periodontal‫حول‬ ‫السن‬. ‫السن‬ ‫إلتقاء‬ ‫منطقة‬ ‫حول‬ ‫الجير‬ ‫يتجمع‬ ‫البكتريا‬ ‫تجمع‬ ‫بسبب‬ ً‫ا‬‫إلتهاب‬ ً‫ا‬‫مسبب‬ ،‫باللثة‬ ‫المنطقة‬ ‫هذه‬ ‫في‬.
  4. 4. ‫بمايلي‬ ‫اللثة‬ ‫أمراض‬ ‫تعريف‬ ‫يمكن‬ ‫لذلك‬ • Periodontal diseases are chronic bacterial infections that release toxins that cause redness and inflammation. This inflammation damages the gums and bone supporting the teeth and if left untreated can lead to tooth loss. Furthermore, this infection can travel throughout the body. ‫اللثة‬ ‫أمراض‬‫إلتهابات‬ ‫عن‬ ‫عبارة‬ ‫مزمنة‬ ‫بكترية‬‫البكتريا‬ ‫هذه‬ ‫تفرز‬ ‫حيث‬ ‫و‬ ‫إلتهاب‬ ‫إلى‬ ‫يؤدي‬ ‫مما‬ ‫سمومها‬ ‫اإللتهابات‬ ‫هذه‬ ‫تؤدي‬ ،‫اللثة‬ ‫إحمرار‬‫إلى‬ ‫االسنان‬ ‫تدعم‬ ‫التي‬ ‫والعظام‬ ‫اللثة‬ ‫إصابة‬ ‫يمكن‬ ‫عالج‬ ‫بدون‬ ‫تركت‬ ‫وإذا‬ ،‫بأضرار‬ ‫األسنان‬ ‫فقدان‬ ‫إلى‬ ‫ذلك‬ ‫يؤدي‬ ‫أن‬. ‫اإللتهابات‬ ‫فإن‬ ‫ذلك‬ ‫على‬ ‫وعالوة‬ ‫اللثة‬ ‫من‬ ‫تنتشر‬ ‫قد‬ ‫البكتريا‬‫مختلف‬ ‫إلى‬ ‫الجسم‬ ‫أجزاء‬.
  5. 5. Bacteria Cause Gum Disease and Worse ‫ذلك‬ ‫من‬ ‫أسوء‬ ‫و‬ ‫اللثه‬ ‫أمراض‬ ‫البكتريا‬ ‫تسبب‬
  6. 6.  In fact, periodontal diseases have been linked to other inflammatory conditions such as  cardiovascular disease  diabetes  rheumatoid arthritis.. ‫الحقيقة‬ ‫في‬‫ربط‬ ‫تم‬ ‫فقد‬ ، ‫اللثة‬ ‫إلتهابات‬ ‫و‬ ‫اإللتهابية‬ ‫الحاالت‬ ‫من‬ ‫بالعديد‬ ‫تتضمن‬ ‫التي‬: ‫الوعائية‬ ‫القلب‬ ‫أمراض‬ ‫السكري‬ ‫مرض‬ ‫المفاصل‬ ‫إلتهاب‬ ‫أمراض‬ ‫الرماتيزمية‬.
  7. 7. ‫التي‬ ‫الصحية‬ ‫المشاكل‬ ‫بعض‬ ‫نستعرض‬ ‫دعونا‬ ‫األسنان‬ ‫ومشاكل‬ ‫اللثه‬ ‫إلتهابات‬ ‫سببها‬ُ‫ت‬
  8. 8. Bad breath ‫الكريهة‬ ‫النفس‬ ‫رائحة‬
  9. 9. Bad breath ‫الكريهة‬ ‫النفس‬ ‫رائحة‬ • Did you know that over 95% of bad breath and mouth odors (halitosis) problems come from bacteria in the mouth? • In a few cases, bad breath may come from the nose, or stomach, but most are from the breakdown of compounds in the mouth which produce that "rotten egg" smell of sulphur (sulfur) compounds. ‫من‬ ‫أكثر‬ ‫ان‬ ‫تعلمي‬ ‫هل‬95% ‫تسببها‬ ‫الكريهة‬ ‫النفس‬ ‫رائحة‬ ‫من‬ ‫الفم‬ ‫في‬ ‫تتواجد‬ ‫بكتريا‬. ‫مصدر‬ ‫تكون‬ ‫قليلة‬ ‫حاالت‬ ‫في‬ ‫الكريهة‬ ‫الرائحة‬‫األنف‬‫او‬ ،‫المعدة‬، ‫هذه‬ ‫تكون‬ ‫الحاالت‬ ‫معظم‬ ‫في‬ ‫لكن‬ ‫بقايا‬ ‫تكسر‬ ‫عن‬ ‫ناتجة‬ ‫الرائحة‬ ‫إلى‬ ‫تحللها‬ ‫يؤدي‬ ‫مركبات‬ ‫و‬ ‫الطعام‬ ‫التي‬ ‫و‬ ‫الكبريت‬ ‫إنتشاررائحة‬ ‫إلى‬ ‫الفاسد‬ ‫البيض‬ ‫رائحة‬ ‫تشبه‬.
  10. 10. • Sometimes bad breath can be due to gum disease, smoking, cavities, or even a chronic cold or flu. A chronic dry mouth can also contribute to bad breath problems. In many cases, where the patient doesn't have any of those problems, the solution may be something as simple as mildly altering oral home care regimens. ‫تكون‬ ‫االحيان‬ ‫بعض‬ ‫في‬ ‫الكريهة‬ ‫الرائحة‬ ‫مصدر‬‫أمراض‬ ‫اللثة‬،‫التدخين‬،‫السن‬ ‫في‬ ‫النخر‬، ‫المزمنة‬ ‫اإلصابة‬ ً‫ا‬‫ايض‬‫بنزالت‬ ‫البرد‬‫و‬‫اإلنفلونزا‬.‫كماان‬‫جفاف‬ ‫الفم‬‫في‬ ‫يتسبب‬ ‫قد‬ ‫المزمن‬ ‫الكريهة‬ ‫الرائحة‬ ‫إنبعاث‬.
  11. 11. Gum Disease and Respiratory Diseases ‫التنفسية‬ ‫األمراض‬ ‫و‬ ‫اللثه‬ ‫مرض‬ • Scientists have found that bacteria that grow in the oral cavity can be aspirated into the lung to cause respiratory diseases such as pneumonia, especially in people with periodontal disease. ‫التي‬ ‫البكتريا‬ ‫ان‬ ‫العلماء‬ ‫وجد‬ ‫الفم‬ ‫تجويف‬ ‫في‬ ‫تنمو‬‫يمكنها‬ ‫أمراض‬ ‫مسببة‬ ‫الرئة‬ ‫إلى‬ ‫اإلنتقال‬ ‫مثل‬ ‫تنفسية‬‫الرئوي‬ ‫اإللتهاب‬، ‫لدى‬ ‫خاصة‬ ‫بصفة‬ ‫ذلك‬ ‫يحدث‬ ‫بأمراض‬ ‫المصابون‬ ‫األشخاص‬ ‫اللثه‬.
  12. 12. Can Mouth Bacteria Affect the Heart? ‫القلب‬ ‫على‬ ‫الفم‬ ‫بكتيريا‬ ‫تؤثر‬ ‫هل‬
  13. 13. • Some studies show that people with gum disease are more likely to suffer from heart disease than those with healthy, pink gums. ‫ان‬ ‫الدراسات‬ ‫بعض‬ ‫اوضحت‬ ‫امراض‬ ‫من‬ ‫يعانون‬ ‫الذين‬ ‫االشخاص‬ ‫لالصابة‬ ‫عرضة‬ ‫اكثر‬ ‫هم‬ ‫اللثة‬ ‫من‬ ‫غيرهم‬ ‫من‬ ‫اكثر‬ ‫القلب‬ ‫بامراض‬ ‫يتمتعون‬ ‫الذين‬ ‫االشخاص‬‫وردية‬ ‫بلثة‬ ‫صحية‬.
  14. 14. ‫االن‬ ‫حتى‬ ‫الباحثون‬ ‫يعرف‬ ‫ال‬ ‫العالقة‬ ‫هذه‬ ‫سبب‬. ‫بكتريا‬ ‫ان‬ ‫هي‬ ‫النظريات‬ ‫احد‬ ‫وتعلق‬ ‫الدم‬ ‫مجرى‬ ‫الى‬ ‫تنتقل‬ ‫الفم‬ ،‫الشرايين‬ ‫في‬ ‫الدهنية‬ ‫باللويحات‬ ‫يؤدي‬ ‫إلتهاب‬ ‫في‬ ‫يتسبب‬ ‫مما‬ ‫قلبية‬ ‫بنوبة‬ ‫لإلصابة‬. ‫في‬ ‫مشاكل‬ ‫من‬ ‫تعاني‬ ‫كنت‬ ‫إن‬ ‫ما‬ ‫اذا‬ ‫لتتأكد‬ ‫الطبيب‬ ‫راجع‬ ،‫اللثة‬ ‫خطر‬ ‫في‬ ‫كنت‬. Researchers aren't sure why this association exists. One theory is that oral bacteria travel into the bloodstream where it may attach to fatty plaques in the arteries, causing inflammation and setting the stage for a heart attack. Are you at risk? Talk to your doctor
  15. 15. Gum Disease and Diabetes ‫السكري‬ ‫و‬ ‫اللثة‬ ‫مرض‬
  16. 16. Gum Disease and Diabetes ‫السكر‬ ‫مرض‬ ‫و‬ ‫اللثة‬ ‫مرض‬ • Diabetes can reduce the body’s resistance to infection. Elevated blood sugars increase the risk of developing gum disease. What's more, gum disease can make it harder to keep blood sugar levels in check. ‫يقلل‬‫مقاومة‬ ‫من‬ ‫السكري‬ ‫لإللتهاب‬ ‫الجسم‬. ‫الدم‬ ‫السكرفي‬ ‫ارتفاع‬ ‫ان‬ ‫زيادة‬ ‫إلى‬ ‫يؤدي‬‫مخاطرإصابة‬ ‫بإللتهابات‬ ‫اللثة‬. ‫امراض‬ ،‫ذلك‬ ‫الى‬ ‫إضافة‬ ‫الصعب‬ ‫من‬ ‫تجعل‬ ‫اللثة‬ ‫السكر‬ ‫مستويات‬ ‫على‬ ‫المحافظة‬ ‫الدم‬ ‫في‬.
  17. 17. • Protect your gums by keeping blood sugar levels as close to normal as possible. Brush after each meal and floss daily. See your dentist at least once a year. ‫طريق‬ ‫عن‬ ‫لثتك‬ ‫احمي‬ ‫لذا‬ ‫السكر‬ ‫مستويات‬ ‫على‬ ‫المحافظة‬ ‫قدر‬ ‫الطبيعي‬ ‫المستوى‬ ‫عند‬ ‫بالدم‬ ‫االمكان‬. ‫كل‬ ‫بعد‬ ‫أسنانك‬ ‫بتفريش‬ ‫قم‬ ‫للتنظيف‬ ‫الخيط‬ ‫واستخدم‬ ‫وجبة‬ ‫يوميا‬. ‫االسنان‬ ‫طبيب‬ ‫بمراجعة‬ ‫قم‬ ‫السنة‬ ‫في‬ ‫مرة‬ ‫االقل‬ ‫على‬.
  18. 18. Dry Mouth and Tongue Cause Tooth Decay ‫االسنان‬ ‫تسوس‬ ‫يسبب‬ ‫واللسان‬ ‫الفم‬ ‫جفاف‬
  19. 19. • Subjects who have Sjögren's syndrome are more prone to have oral health problems, too. With Sjögren's, the body's immune system mistakenly attacks tear ducts and saliva glands, leading to chronically dry eyes and dry mouth (called xerostomia). ‫المصابون‬ ‫األشخاص‬ ‫شوغرن‬ ‫بمتالزمة‬‫اكثر‬ ‫وهم‬ ‫صحية‬ ‫بمشاكل‬ ‫لإلصابة‬ ‫عرضة‬ ‫الفم‬ ‫في‬. ‫ان‬ ‫حيث‬‫المناعي‬ ‫الجهاز‬ ‫المصابين‬ ‫االشخاص‬ ‫لدى‬ ‫عن‬ ‫يهاجم‬ ‫شوغرن‬ ‫بمتالزمة‬ ‫الخطأ‬ ‫طريق‬‫الدمعية‬ ‫القنوات‬ ‫اللعابية‬ ‫والغدد‬‫الى‬ ‫يؤدي‬ ‫مما‬ ، ‫وجفاف‬ ‫العين‬ ‫في‬ ‫مزمن‬ ‫جفاف‬ ‫الفم‬(‫عليه‬ ‫يطلق‬xerostomia.)
  20. 20. • Saliva helps protect teeth and gums from bacteria that cause cavities and gingivitis. So a perpetually dry mouth is more susceptible to tooth decay and gum disease. ‫في‬ ‫يساعد‬ ‫اللعاب‬ ‫ان‬‫حماية‬ ‫البكتريا‬ ‫من‬ ‫واللثة‬ ‫االسنان‬ ‫وإلتهاب‬ ‫االسنان‬ ‫لتسوس‬ ‫المسببة‬ ‫اللثة‬. ‫بإستمرار‬ ‫الجاف‬ ‫الفم‬ ‫فان‬ ‫لذا‬ ‫هو‬‫عرضة‬ ‫اكثر‬‫االسنان‬ ‫لتسوس‬ ‫اللثة‬ ‫وأمراض‬.
  21. 21. Medications That Cause Dry Mouth ‫الفم‬ ‫جفاف‬ ‫تسبب‬ ‫أدوية‬
  22. 22. • Given that a chronically dry mouth raises risk of cavities and gum disease, you may want to check your medicine cabinet. Antihistamines, decongestants, painkillers, and antidepressants are among the drugs that can cause dry mouth. Talk to your doctor or dentist to find out if your medication regimen is affecting your oral health, and what you can do about it ‫يزيد‬ ‫المزمن‬ ‫الفم‬ ‫جفاف‬ ‫ان‬ ‫بما‬ ‫بالتسوس‬ ‫االصابة‬ ‫خطر‬ ‫من‬ ‫يلزمك‬ ‫فانه‬ ، ‫اللثة‬ ‫وامراض‬ ‫في‬ ‫االدوية‬ ‫خزانة‬ ‫الى‬ ‫االنتباه‬ ‫منزلك‬.‫تعتبر‬ ‫حيث‬‫مضادات‬ ‫الهيستامين‬،‫االحتقان‬ ‫ادوية‬، ‫المسكنات‬،‫االكتئاب‬ ‫مضادات‬‫من‬ ‫للفم‬ ‫جفاف‬ ‫تسبب‬ ‫التي‬ ‫االدوية‬. ‫اذا‬ ‫ما‬ ‫لمعرفة‬ ‫الطبيب‬ ‫راجع‬ ‫على‬ ‫تؤثر‬ ‫الدواء‬ ‫طبيعة‬ ‫كانت‬ ‫فمك‬ ‫صحة‬.
  23. 23. Stress and Teeth Grinding ‫االسنان‬ ‫على‬ ‫والضغط‬ ‫التوتر‬
  24. 24. • If you are stressed, anxious, or depressed, you may be at higher risk for oral health problems. People under stress produce high levels of the hormone cortisol, which wreaks havoc on the gums and body. Stress also leads to poor oral care. ‫كنت‬ ‫اذا‬‫متوترا‬‫او‬ً‫ا‬‫قلق‬‫او‬ً‫ا‬‫محبط‬ ‫عرضة‬ ‫تكون‬ ‫ان‬ ‫الممكن‬ ‫من‬ ‫فانه‬ ‫بمشاكل‬ ‫لالصابة‬ ‫اكبر‬ ‫بشكل‬‫صحية‬ ‫الفم‬ ‫في‬. ‫يقعون‬ ‫الذين‬ ‫االشخاص‬ ‫ان‬ ‫حيث‬ ‫مستويات‬ ‫يفرزون‬ ‫الضغط‬ ‫تحت‬ ‫من‬ ‫أعلى‬‫الكورتيزول‬ ‫هرمون‬، ‫اللثة‬ ‫على‬ ‫سيئة‬ ‫اثار‬ ‫له‬ ‫الذي‬ ‫والجسم‬. ‫يؤدي‬ ‫والتوتر‬ ‫الضغط‬ ‫ان‬ ‫كما‬ ‫باألسنان‬ ‫الرعاية‬ ‫اهمال‬ ‫الى‬.
  25. 25. ‫من‬ ‫اكثر‬50%‫االشخاص‬ ‫من‬ ‫الضغط‬ ‫تحت‬ ‫يقعون‬ ‫الذين‬‫ال‬ ‫يستخدمون‬‫والخيط‬ ‫الفرشاة‬ ،‫االسنان‬ ‫لتنظيف‬ ‫باستمرار‬ ‫بالعادات‬ ‫القيام‬ ‫الى‬ ‫باالضافة‬ ‫مثل‬ ‫بالتوتر‬ ‫عالقة‬ ‫لها‬ ‫التي‬: ‫التدخين‬ ‫االسنان‬ ‫على‬ ‫والضغط‬ ‫الطحن‬. • More than 50% of people don't brush or floss regularly when stressed. Other stress-related habits include: Smoking  clenching and grinding teeth (called bruxism).
  26. 26. Osteoporosis and Tooth Loss ‫االسنان‬ ‫وفقدان‬ ‫العظام‬ ‫هشاشة‬
  27. 27. • The brittle bone disease osteoporosis affects all the bones in your body -- including your jaw bone -- and can cause tooth loss. Bacteria from periodontitis, which is severe gum disease, can also break down the jaw bone. One kind of osteoporosis m e d ic at i o n - - bisphosphonates -- may slightly increase the risk of a rare condition called osteonecrosis, which causes bone death of the jaw. Tell your dentist if you take bisphosphonates. ‫تؤثر‬‫العظام‬ ‫هشاشة‬‫جميع‬ ‫على‬ ‫فيها‬ ‫بما‬ ‫الجسم‬ ‫في‬ ‫العظام‬‫الفك‬ ‫عظم‬، ‫فقدان‬ ‫في‬ ‫ذلك‬ ‫يتسبب‬ ‫ان‬ ‫الممكن‬ ‫ومن‬ ‫االسنان‬.‫اللتهاب‬ ‫المسببه‬ ‫البكتريا‬ ‫ان‬ ‫تتسبب‬ ‫ان‬ ‫الممكن‬ ‫من‬ ،‫الشديد‬ ‫اللثة‬ ‫الفك‬ ‫عظم‬ ‫كسر‬ ‫في‬.‫ادوية‬ ‫احد‬ ‫ان‬ ‫كما‬ ‫العظام‬ ‫هشاشة‬bisphosphonates ‫خطر‬ ‫من‬ ‫طفيف‬ ‫بشكل‬ ‫يزيد‬ ‫قد‬ ‫تسمى‬ ‫التي‬ ‫النادرة‬ ‫بالحالة‬ ‫االصابة‬ osteonecrosis‫موت‬ ‫تسبب‬ ‫وهي‬ ، ‫الفك‬ ‫عظم‬.‫طبيب‬ ‫إخبار‬ ‫عليك‬ ‫لذا‬ ‫الدواء‬ ‫هذا‬ ‫تتناول‬ ‫كنت‬ ‫اذا‬ ‫االسنان‬.
  28. 28. Pale Gums and Anemia ‫الدم‬ ‫فقر‬ ‫و‬ ‫اللثة‬ ‫شحوب‬
  29. 29. • Your mouth may be sore and pale if you're anemic, and your tongue can become swollen and smooth (glossitis). When you have anemia, your body doesn't have enough red blood cells, or your red blood cells don't contain enough hemoglobin. As a result, your body doesn't get enough oxygen. There are a many types of anemia, and treatment varies. Talk to your doctor to find out what type you have and how to treat it. ‫و‬ ،‫وتقرحها‬ ‫اللثة‬ ‫شحوب‬ ‫يكون‬ ‫قد‬ ‫تورم‬‫اصابتك‬ ‫على‬ ‫دليل‬ ‫اللسان‬ ‫باالنيميا‬. ‫دمك‬ ‫فان‬ ‫باالنيميا‬ ‫اصابتك‬ ‫عند‬ ‫على‬ ‫اليحتوي‬‫كريات‬ ‫من‬ ‫كافية‬ ‫كمية‬ ‫الحمراء‬ ‫الدم‬‫الدم‬ ‫كريات‬ ‫ان‬ ‫او‬ ‫على‬ ‫التحتوي‬ ‫الحمراء‬‫من‬ ‫كافية‬ ‫كمية‬ ‫الهيموجلوبين‬‫وبذلك‬‫جسمك‬ ‫يحصل‬ ‫ال‬ ‫االكسجين‬ ‫من‬ ‫كافية‬ ‫كمية‬ ‫على‬. ‫والعالج‬ ‫الدم‬ ‫فقر‬ ‫من‬ ‫انواع‬ ‫عدة‬ ‫هناك‬ ‫نوع‬ ‫لكل‬ ‫يختلف‬. ‫الطبيب‬ ‫راجع‬‫الدم‬ ‫فقر‬ ‫نوع‬ ‫لمعرفة‬ ‫عالجه‬ ‫وكيفية‬.
  30. 30. Eating Disorders Erode Tooth Enamel ‫االسنان‬ ‫مينا‬ ‫تاكل‬ ‫في‬ ‫االكل‬ ‫اضطرابات‬ ‫تتسبب‬
  31. 31. • A dentist may be the first to notice signs of an eating disorder such as bulimia. The stomach acid from repeated vomiting can severely erode tooth enamel. Anorexia, bulimia, and other eating disorders can also cause serious nutritional shortfalls that can affect the health of your teeth. ‫من‬ ‫اول‬ ‫هو‬ ‫ن‬ ‫االسنا‬ ‫طبيب‬ ‫يكون‬ ‫قد‬ ‫عالمات‬ ‫يالحظ‬‫االكل‬ ‫اضطراب‬‫الشره‬ ‫مثل‬ ‫المرضي‬. ‫تجويف‬ ‫وتعرض‬ ‫المتكرر‬ ‫القيء‬ ‫يؤدي‬ ‫االسنان‬ ‫مينا‬ ‫تآكل‬ ‫إلى‬ ‫المعدة‬ ‫لحمض‬ ‫الفم‬. ‫مثل‬ ‫االكل‬ ‫اضطرابات‬‫الشهية‬ ‫فقدان‬ ‫المرضي‬ ‫والشره‬‫تسبب‬ ‫ان‬ ‫يمكن‬ ‫وغيرها‬ ‫الحاد‬ ‫التغذية‬ ‫نقص‬‫صحة‬ ‫على‬ ‫يؤثر‬ ‫الذي‬ ‫االسنان‬.
  32. 32. Treating Gum Disease May Help RA ‫المفاصل‬ ‫بالتهاب‬ ‫المصابين‬ ‫تساعد‬ ‫قد‬ ‫اللثة‬ ‫أمراض‬ ‫عالج‬
  33. 33. Rheumatoid arthritis ‫الرماتويدي‬ ‫المفاصل‬ ‫إلتهاب‬
  34. 34. • People with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) are eight times more likely to have gum disease than people without this autoimmune disease. Inflammation may be the common denominator between the two. Making matters worse: people with RA can have trouble brushing and flossing because of damage to finger joints. The good news is that treating existing gum inflammation and infection can also reduce joint pain and inflammation. ‫المفاصل‬ ‫بالتهاب‬ ‫المصابين‬ ‫أن‬ ‫عرضة‬ ‫أكثر‬ ‫يكونون‬ ‫الروماتويدي‬ ‫ألمراض‬‫مرات‬ ‫بثماني‬ ‫اللثة‬‫من‬ ‫المرض‬ ‫بهذا‬ ‫مصابين‬ ‫الغير‬ ‫الناس‬. ‫االلتهاب‬ ‫هو‬ ‫اإلثنين‬ ‫بين‬ ‫والفرق‬. ‫سوء‬ ‫أكثر‬ ‫األمور‬ ‫يجعل‬ ‫ومما‬:‫إن‬ ‫يكون‬ ‫ما‬ ‫عادة‬ ،‫بالمرض‬ ‫المصابين‬ ‫بالفرشاة‬ ‫التنظيف‬‫و‬‫الخيط‬‫مشكلة‬ ‫األضرار‬ ‫بسبب‬ ‫وذلك‬ ‫لهم‬ ‫كبيرة‬ ‫لحقت‬ ‫التي‬‫االصابع‬ ‫بمفصل‬. ‫التهاب‬ ‫عالج‬ ‫أن‬ ‫هنا‬ ‫المبشر‬ ‫والشئ‬ ‫المفاصل‬ ‫آالم‬ ‫تقليل‬ ‫أيضا‬ ‫يمكنه‬ ‫اللثة‬ .‫وااللتهابات‬
  35. 35. Tooth Loss and Kidney Disease ‫الكلى‬ ‫ومرض‬ ‫األسنان‬ ‫فقدان‬
  36. 36. • Adults without teeth may be more likely to have chronic kidney disease than those who still have teeth. Exactly how kidney disease and periodontal disease are linked is not 100% clear yet. • But researchers suggest that chronic inflammation may be the common thread. So taking care of your teeth and gums may reduce your risk of developing chronic kidney problems. ‫أسنانهم‬ ‫خسروا‬ ‫الذين‬ ‫البالغين‬ ‫إن‬ ‫لمرض‬ ‫عرضة‬ ‫أكثر‬ ‫يكونون‬ ‫قد‬ ‫ال‬ ‫الذين‬ ‫أولئك‬ ‫من‬ ‫الكلى‬ ‫في‬ ‫مزمن‬ ‫أسنان‬ ‫لديهم‬ ‫تزال‬. ‫الكلى‬ ‫امرض‬ ‫بين‬ ‫اإلرتباط‬ ‫بعد‬ ‫واضحة‬ ‫ليست‬ ‫اللثة‬ ‫وامراض‬. ‫أن‬ ‫إلى‬ ‫الباحثون‬ ‫يشير‬ ‫ولكن‬ ‫اللثة‬ ‫في‬ ‫المزمن‬ ‫االلتهاب‬‫يكون‬ ‫قد‬ ‫المشترك‬ ‫الخيط‬. ‫قد‬ ‫واللثة‬ ‫باألسنان‬ ‫االهتمام‬ ‫لذا‬ ‫بمشاكل‬ ‫االصابة‬ ‫مخاطر‬ ‫من‬ ‫يقلل‬ ‫المزمنة‬ ‫الكلى‬.
  37. 37. Gum Disease and Complications during Pregnancy ‫الحمل‬ ‫خالل‬ ‫المرضية‬ ‫والتعقيدات‬ ‫اللثة‬ ‫إلتهاب‬
  38. 38.  When periodontal disease is present in the oral cavity, the number of bacteria there can increase by as much as 10,000 times the original population.  The immune system relaxes slightly during pregnancy so as not to harm the baby.  When you have periodontal disease your gums are more likely to bleed.  When this happens this bacteria can enter the blood stream, travel through the mother's body, and enter the placenta to trigger a preterm birth and low-birth weight babies ‫عدد‬ ‫زيادة‬ ‫إلي‬ ‫اللثة‬ ‫إلتهابات‬ ‫تؤدي‬ ‫العدد‬ ‫عن‬ ‫مرة‬ ‫االف‬ ‫عشر‬ ‫البكتريا‬ ‫الفم‬ ‫تجويف‬ ‫في‬ ‫الطبيعي‬. ‫المناعي‬ ‫الجهاز‬ ‫ان‬ ‫المعروف‬ ‫من‬ ‫للمحافظة‬ ‫الحمل‬ ‫خالل‬ ‫تثبيط‬ ‫له‬ ‫يحدث‬ ‫الجنين‬ ‫على‬. ‫الحمل‬ ‫اثناء‬ ‫اللثة‬ ‫إلتهابات‬ ‫بوجود‬ ‫بإستمرار‬ ‫اللثة‬ ‫نزف‬ ‫إلى‬ ‫ذلك‬ ‫يؤدي‬. ‫للبكتريا‬ ‫يمكن‬ ‫اللثة‬ ‫نزف‬ ‫خالل‬ ‫االم‬ ‫جسم‬ ‫عبر‬ ‫وتنتقل‬ ‫الدم‬ ‫مجرى‬ ‫دخول‬ ‫المشيمة‬ ‫تخترق‬ ‫و‬ ‫للرحم‬ ‫تصل‬ ‫ان‬ ‫إلى‬ ‫ألطفال‬ ‫مبكرة‬ ‫والدة‬ ‫حدوث‬ ‫في‬ ‫مسببة‬ ‫الوزن‬ ‫ناقصي‬.
  39. 39. ‫صحتك‬ ‫على‬ ‫حافظي‬ ‫سعيدة‬ ‫حمل‬ ‫بمرحلة‬ ‫لتستمتعي‬ ‫خاص‬ ‫بشكل‬ ‫لثتك‬ ‫صحة‬ ‫على‬ ‫و‬ ‫عام‬ ‫بشكل‬
  40. 40. What Healthy Gums Look Like? ‫الصحية؟‬ ‫اللثة‬ ‫تبدو‬ ‫كيف‬
  41. 41. • Healthy gums should look pink and firm, not red and swollen. To keep gums healthy, practice good oral hygiene. Brush your teeth at least twice a day, floss at least once a day, see your dentist regularly, and avoid smoking or chewing t o b a c c o ‫السليمة‬ ‫اللثة‬‫تبدو‬ ‫أن‬ ‫يجب‬ ‫وردية‬‫و‬‫مستوية‬‫وليس‬ ،‫حمراء‬ ‫ومنتفخة‬.‫صحة‬ ‫على‬ ‫وللحفاظ‬ ‫على‬ ‫المحافظة‬ ‫يجب‬ ، ‫اللثة‬ ‫للفم‬ ‫الجيدة‬ ‫النظافة‬.‫استخدم‬ ‫األسنان‬ ‫فرشاة‬‫مرتين‬ ‫األقل‬ ‫على‬ ‫،و‬ ‫اليوم‬ ‫في‬‫األقل‬ ‫على‬ ‫الخيط‬ ً‫ا‬‫يومي‬ ‫مرة‬‫مراجعة‬ ‫وعليك‬ ، ،‫بانتظام‬ ‫األسنان‬ ‫طبيب‬‫وتجنب‬ ‫التبغ‬ ‫مضغ‬ ‫أو‬ ‫التدخين‬.
  42. 42. ‫الفائدة‬ ‫تعم‬ ‫أن‬ ‫أرجو‬ ‫المركزي‬ ‫المختبر‬ ‫منسوبات‬ ‫تحيات‬ ‫مع‬ ‫سعود‬ ‫الملك‬ ‫جامعة‬/‫الطبية‬ ‫والدراسات‬ ‫العلوم‬ ‫أقسام‬ Clab.ksu.edu.sa

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