Evaluatingyourownproposals analternativetothedevilsadvocate-110827163929-phpapp02


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Evaluatingyourownproposals analternativetothedevilsadvocate-110827163929-phpapp02

  1. 1. Using your group to evaluate your own proposals Devil’s advocate and an alternative: MAADPrepared by J. Scott Armstrong (details on him at jscottarmstrong.com).Please inform Scott about errors and also make suggestions (armstrong@wharton.upenn.edu)Scott has taken these slides from adprin.com, a site that he founded. That site contains interactive versions of theseslides, along with linked references, videos, and webcasts, all in PPT and PPTX format that you can download.
  2. 2. Have you used the Devil’s Advocate approach?If yes, please define it. In 1587, the Roman Catholic Pope instituted the DA to evaluate if someone should be canonized. A group arbitrarily selects a member to find is wrong with their own proposal. When meeting face-to- face, the DA session should be short – perhaps 15 minutes. Adapted from AdPrin.com 2
  3. 3. What do you see as the possible defects in the Devil’s Advocate?Write your ideas.Then go to the next slide for the evidence-based findings. Adapted from AdPrin.com 3
  4. 4. Presenters believe there is no hope of convincing someonewho has been instructed to be negative (the DA).Thus, they reinforce their current campaign instead ofusing the criticisms for change. The DA becomesunpopular.To learn more, see AdPrin.com
  5. 5. Evidence on the value of DAA review by Nemeth and Nemeth-Brown (2003) found little support for Devil’s Advocate.Why? Presenters believe• There is no hope of convincing someone who has been instructed to be negative (the DA).• Thus, they reinforce their current campaign instead of using the criticisms for change. Adapted from AdPrin.com 5
  6. 6. Alternatives to the Devil’s Advocateauthentic dissent - When people are arguing for what they believe. The group realizes that an authentic dissenter might change, whereas there is no hope for this with the DA. The role does not protect the people playing as Devil’s Advocates – they became unpopular. Authentic dissenters also unpopular, but people respect them for their courage. Adapted from AdPrin.com 6
  7. 7. Authentic dissent Those with authentic beliefs do a better job in arguing their positions than do those who are merely assigned to the role.Authentic dissenters have been found (in experiments) to get people to focus more on opposing thoughts than supporting ones - thus more change. Adapted from AdPrin.com 7
  8. 8. Multiple Anonymous Authentic Dissent (MAAD)• Multiple Anonymous Authentic Dissent (MAAD) involves asking experts (e.g., project group members) to act as dissenters.• Each person independently describes all perceived defects in a proposal. They send them to an assembler who distributes a report.• Each person assumes that each objection has merit, and develops ways to improve the proposals.• The suggested improvements are summarized and appropriate revisions are made in the advertising proposal.• For more information see Persuasive Advertising p 287-9. Adapted from AdPrin.com 8
  9. 9. Based on this exercise, write a small application step for yourself,and set a deadline, preferably within one week. If you areworking with someone else, share your application plan and theresults of your application.• For example, on your next group task, request the group members to try MAAD. Adapted from AdPrin.com