Reflections on challenges for program design and implementation

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“Reflections on challenges for program design and implementation” presented by Sanath Reddy, USAID-Indonesia, at the ReSAKSS-Asia Conference, Nov 14-16, 2011, in Kathmandu, Nepal.

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Reflections on challenges for program design and implementation

  1. 1. CHALLENGES AND EXPERIENCES IN PROGRAM DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION Dr. S.K. Reddy Knowledge and Information Tools For Supporting Agriculture and Food Security Strategies in Asia. Kathmandu, Nepal November 14-17, 20111
  2. 2. 2 • Successful development produces measurable results and impacts • Development impacts are sustained • Development Impacts and Results Depend on the quality of Program Design and Implementation
  3. 3. 3 PROGRAM DESIGN PRINCIPLES AND PROCESSES 1. Determining the rationale for the project/activity 2. Linking the project to the relevant Strategy 3. Applying Analytical Rigor
  4. 4. 4 PROGRAM DESIGN - CHALLENGES 4. Promoting collaboration and mutual accountability USAID/ key stakeholders/ host country ownership 5. Flexibility 6. Sustainability of key development outcomes
  5. 5. 5 PROGRAM DESIGN - CHALLENGES 7. A rigorous M&E plan 8. Consider broad/range of implementation options 9. Peer review and input process 10.Cross-cutting issues
  6. 6. 6 PROGRAM DESIGN - CHALLENGES 11.Interpreting Food Security 12.Major challenges in a project design: – Integrating sound design principle – Multifarious interests 13.Finally--The KIS principle: Keep It Simple
  7. 7. 7 PROGRAM DESIGN – KEY COMPONENTS 1. Problem Analyses 2. Development Hypothesis (DH) – Articulates how a specific result is to be achieved 3. Log Frame (LF) Approach to Project design – Connects goals, purpose, outputs and inputs 4. Results Framework (RF) – A graphic representation of the DH used as a planning tool 5. Public-Private-Partnerships (PPPs)
  8. 8. 8 6. Performance Management Plan (PMP) • Indicators are the heart of PMP – Consists of Standard Indicators (Mission Operational Plan) and any specific indicators deemed necessary in the design • Indicators: what will be measured and reported, and describe how well a program is achieving objectives • Indicators must be direct, objective, practical and adequate PROGRAM DESIGN – KEY COMPONENTS
  9. 9. 9 PROGRAM DESIGN – KEY COMPONENTS 7. Projects and Activities – Project: addresses problems to be solved under several program elements within a program area – Activity: addresses problem to be solved under a single program element 8. Identifying appropriate interventions: – Assess similar interventions tried and their outcomes. – Review lessons learned
  10. 10. 10 PROGRAM IMPLEMENTATION: EXPERIENCES 1. The RFAS and RFPs: – Project implementation begins with the RFP/RFA – Drafting of SOW 2. Work Plan Development: – Stakeholder consultations and input – Structure the Work Plan – Results / Indicators / Outputs / Annual targets
  11. 11. 11 PROGRAM IMPLEMENTATION EXPERIENCES (CONTD.) 3. Structuring Public Private Partnerships: – Real partners/Nominal--yet very important (e.g. host country) – PPPs (management changes, commitments, lack of collaborative experiences) – Co-funded programs
  12. 12. 12 PROGRAM IMPLEMENTATION EXPERIENCES (CONTD.) 4. Monitoring Project Implementation • Reviewing & Analyzing Project Performance • Progress Reporting • Does Implementation Track Work Plan? • Timely Delivery of Inputs • Technical Directions • Planning and Conducting Site Visits • USAID Internal Management • Effecting Mid-Course corrections • Monitoring Critical Assumptions
  13. 13. 13 PROGRAM IMPLEMENTATION EXPERIENCES (CONTD) 5. Host Country Issues – Inter-ministerial Rivalries and Differences – Institutional Capacities
  14. 14. 14 PROGRAM IMPLEMENTATION EXPERIENCES (CONTD) 6. Managing Conflict and Negotiating – Styles: Assertive / Unassertive / Passive – Avoiding/ Accommodating/ Compromising/ Collaborating
  15. 15. 15 PROGRAM IMPLEMENTATION EXPERIENCES (CONTD) 7. Innovative Thinking and Pro-activeness. – Bridging the gap between phases – Enabling sustainability
  16. 16. THANK YOU FOR YOUR KIND ATTENTION

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