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Pakistan’s Multi-Sectoral Nutrition Strategy

Pakistan’s Multi-Sectoral Nutrition Strategy by Amna Ejaz, Research Analyst, IFPRI-Pakistan.
Presented at the ReSAKSS-Asia - MIID conference "Evolving Agrifood Systems in Asia: Achieving food and nutrition security by 2030" on Oct 30-31, 2019 in Yangon, Myanmar.

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Pakistan’s Multi-Sectoral Nutrition Strategy

  1. 1. Pakistan’s Multi-Sectoral Nutrition Strategy Amna Ejaz International Food Policy Research Institute – Pakistan Yangon, Myanmar | October 30, 2019
  2. 2. Brief Background
  3. 3. Brief Background  Self-sufficient in cereal and grain production  High burden of malnutrition (NNS, 2011)  66% of households cannot afford a nutritious diet, given their current food expenditures (GoP & WFP, 2016)  High inadequacies in food intake Ministry of Planning, Development and Reform and World Food Programme (2016). Minimum Cost of the Diet – Pakistan. Islamabad, Pakistan, 2016.
  4. 4. 80 85 90 95 100 105 110 115 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 Index(2000-01=100) Food Availability Per Capita (1/2) Food Production Per Capita (1/6) Self-Sufficiency Ratio (1/6) Relative Food Price (1/6) Trends in Food Availability and Accessibility in Pakistan Status of Nutrition over the Decades (IFPRI & AKU, 2017) 49 43 42 42 44 45 38 11 9 11 12 15 11 7 53 48 40 32 30 23 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 Stunting Wasting Underweight Trends in Food and Nutrition Security
  5. 5. Government Initiatives
  6. 6. Government is Taking Ownership  Key Strategies in Place: o Agricultural and related policies (National Water Policy, National Food Security Policy, provincial Agricultural Policies, Seed Amendment and Plant Breeders Rights Act). o Protection of Breastfeeding and Child Nutrition Act, Food Fortification Acts and the Early Marriage Restraint Act o Multi-Sectoral Nutrition Strategies  Expanded social safety nets. o Expansion of Benazir Income Support Program (BISP) coverage o Initiatives under the ‘Ehsaas’ Program  Provincial programs to address stunting, wasting, malnutrition
  7. 7. Pakistan Multi-Sectoral Nutrition Strategy 2018-2025
  8. 8. Multi-Sectoral Nutrition Strategy  A multi-sectoral portfolio of both “nutrition-specific” and “nutrition-sensitive” interventions  Significantly and sustainably reduce the burden of malnutrition in the Country. Malnutrition & Food Insecurity Agriculture Crop, Livestock, Fisheries Food Health Water, Sanitation & Hygiene Education Social Protection
  9. 9. Multi-Sectoral Nutrition Strategy  Guiding Principles: #5: Plan Multi-sectorally; implement sectorally; and review inter-sectorally. #7: Ensure Private Sector Engagement Malnutrition & Food Insecurity Agriculture Crop, Livestock, Fisheries Food Health Water, Sanitation & Hygiene Education Social Protection
  10. 10. Program Coordination & Governance Framework  Federal o national policy & planning; o standardization & regulation; o coordination & information sharing; o overall monitoring and evaluation.  Provincial o Implementation  All provincial governments have developed and endorsed MSNS with varying stages of development towards integrated PC-1s.
  11. 11. Multi-Sectoral Nutrition Strategy Successes and Potential Challenges. - ’thinking through a nutrition- lens’ - Potential (future) issues in coordination, communication, and knowledge sharing. Malnutrition & Food Insecurity Agriculture Crop, Livestock, Fisheries Food Health Water, Sanitation & Hygiene Education Social Protection
  12. 12. SDG-2 in Pakistan
  13. 13. Data Sources: State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World 2019. National Nutrition Survey 2011. Pakistan Demographic and Health Survey 2012-13; 2017-18 Note: Horizontal bars represent the target set forth by the SDGs for each of the indicators. 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 Prevalenceof Undernourish ment(PoU) Stunting Wasting Underweight Percentage(%) National Baseline (2014-15) PDHS 2017-18 SDG Target 2030 Progress towards SDG-2 in Pakistan
  14. 14. Thank you!

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