The experience of the Biotech Coalition in the Philippines?


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“The experience of the Biotech Coalition in the Philippines?” presented by Abraham Manalo, Biotech Coalition of the Philippines (BCP) at the ReSAKSS-Asia Conference, Nov 14-16, 2011, in Kathmandu, Nepal.

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The experience of the Biotech Coalition in the Philippines?

  1. 1. Stakeholder Partnership for Biotechnology and Agricultural Modernization – Shared Experiences of the Biotech Coalition of the Philippines Abraham Manalo Kathmandu, Nepal 15 November 2011
  2. 2. Outline • Philippine Situation o The problem then o A response – creation of the Biotech Coalition • Case Studies on Effective Partnership o On capacity building o On product stewardship o On public participation and education o Special case: halal standards
  3. 3. The Anti-Biotech Environment… The problem then: Advances in modern biotechnology were not fully exploited in the Philippines, particularly in the area of agriculture due to strong anti-biotech lobbying.
  4. 4. A response to counter wrong information about the technology and identify experts/champions on biotech The Biotechnology Coalition of the Philippines (BCP), a civil society organization registered at the Philippines in 2002, is a multi-sectoral coalition of advocates for the safe and responsible use of modern biotechnology for the country
  5. 5. Industry Science Community Local Farmer Organizations Academe & Research Instituions Religious, Media, Other CSOs BC P BCP Members
  6. 6. BCP Mission Statement “To contribute to national development goals of eradicating poverty, achieving food security, improving health, and sustaining the environment by harnessing the actual and potential benefits of modern biotechnology through its safe and responsible use.”
  7. 7. Phil. Case Studies on Effective Partnership 1. Capacity building for the safe and responsible use of modern biotechnology 2. Product stewardship: the insect resistance management (IRM) strategy for Bt corn 3. IEC activities for meaningful public participation and education 4. Evidence-based policymaking: the case of the Philippine national standards on halal food
  8. 8. I. Partnership for Capacity Building 1. Co-organizing and sharing of resources, expertise, facilities, other logistics 2. Involves both institutional and individual capacitation; for policy and regulatory agencies, independent scientists, public research institutions 3. Includes: basics of molecular biology & biotech, conduct of field trials, laboratory testing & techniques, food safety, environmental safety, risk assessment & management, sampling & detection, safety assessment of specific biotech crops, post-approval monitoring
  9. 9. 11 60 50 128 314 348 327 543 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 Area('000ha) Mindanao Visayas Luzon Philippine Biotech Corn Hectarage by Major Island, 2003-2010 * Includes Insect-Resistant, Herbicide-Tolerant and Stacked-Trait Corns Source: BPI, 2011
  10. 10. Corn Production in the Philippines, 2000-2009 - 1,000,000 2,000,000 3,000,000 4,000,000 5,000,000 6,000,000 7,000,000 8,000,000 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Year hectares|metrictons - 0.500 1.000 1.500 2.000 2.500 3.000 Yield(tonsperhectare) Area (hectares) Total Production (metric tons) Yield (ton per hectare) Biotech Corn Adoption Source: BAS, DA, 2010; compiled by ISAAA (R. Hautea 2010)
  11. 11. BIOTECH CORN IN PHILIPPINES BIOTECH CORN REGULAR CORN YIELD + 20 to 37% INCOME ~Php 12,500/Ha Sources: JYorobe; GRamon (2005); LGonzales (2005)
  12. 12. II. Partnership on Product Stewardship o Product stewardship – responsible management of a product from inception thru to its use & discontinuation o Insect resistance management (IRM) for Bt corn – necessary strategy involving all concerned stakeholders to delay development of pest resistance to Bt corn thus prolonging its effective use Gene Discovery Plant Development Seed Marketing & Distribution Crop Production Crop Utilization Product Discontinuation Biotech Plant Product Life Cycle Seed Production
  13. 13. Approved IRM plan (involving technology developer, government, farmers, scientists, other stakeholders) High Dose Bt protein expression in plant Natural Refuge for susceptible borer population Monitoring and remedial actions IPM & alternative control measures Education and training Insect Resistance Management (IRM) Plan
  14. 14. Region 1 – Pangasinan Reg. 2 – Cagayan Isabela Reg. 3 – Pampanga Reg. 10 – Bukidnon Reg. 12 – South Cotabato Sultan Kudarat National Farmer Acceptability Survey (2005) n = 926 Source: G Ramon (BCP), 2005
  15. 15. *Alcantara, Edwin (2011). Monitoring of Bt Corn Resistance Development in the Asian Corn Borer (ACB) Conclusions of the government-commissioned study*: o Philippine corn borer populations are highly susceptible to crystalline protein of Bt corn. o After 4 years of monitoring for possible field- evolved resistance, corn borer populations in the Philippines remain susceptible to Bt corn hybrids. Evidence on Successful Implementation of the Phil. IRM Plan –
  16. 16. III. Partnership for Public Participation & Education Different modalities employed include: 1. Conduct of public seminar, forum, scientific symposium, roundtable discussions 2. Conduct of one-on-one dialogues with key stakeholders, focused group discussions 3. Guest appearances on TV and radio programs 4. Writing of news features and press releases 5. Production of books on the different aspects of biotechnology and biosafety; other printed materials (primers, brochures, newsletters, magazines, comic books, posters) 6. Production of documentary videos and instructional CDs 7. Development of dedicated websites on biotech and biosafety; maintenance of e- newsletters, email distributions lists and discussion groups 8. Conduct of study tours, laboratory demos, biotech farm visits, biotech fairs and exhibits 9. Others: biotech journalism awards, biotech quiz contests, biotech games
  17. 17. Biotechnology information materials
  18. 18. Media Outreach and Press Releases
  19. 19. National Biotech Quiz Asian Farmers’ Exchange Programs Public Seminars Exhibits
  20. 20. Annual Biotech Journalism Awards
  21. 21. National Biotech Week (every last week of November)
  22. 22. Comparative perception on perceived benefits of food biotech in the next 5 years – the five (5) representative countries % 35% 55% 10% China 25% 70% 5% India Philippines 18% 73% 9% Japan Korea 45% 24% 31% 71% 11% 18% Yes No Don't Know Results from: “Consumer Perceptions of Food Biotech in Asia: 2008 Consumer Survey” by the Asian Food Information Center
  23. 23. Philippines: Awareness about plant biotechnology is high and positively correlates with favorability and acceptance of biotechnology to produce foods. 73% of respondents expect benefits from food biotechnology 78% of respondents have a neutral or favorable impression of using biotechnology to produce foods Perceived benefits of food biotechnology in the next 5Y Attitude toward biotech food Don't know 18% Yes 73% No 9% quite favorable 18% neutral 19% quite unfav 16% very unfavorable 0% no opinion 6% very favorable 41% Source: AFIC, 2008
  24. 24. IV. Partnership for Evidence-Based Policy: Phil. National Standard (PNS) on Halal Food o From 2008, there was active engagement with the Filipino Muslim community, especially the Ulama, to address the issue of non-certification as halal of biotech- derived food o Original PNS provision concerning biotech-derived food: Section 13.3: Food derived from genetically engineered food cannot be subject to halal certification.
  25. 25. Source: FAHIM, World Halal Forum 2009, Malaysia
  26. 26. With the endorsement of the ulama, the TWG of DTI recently voted unanimously to endorse the amendment of the Halal Standards
  27. 27. for the safe and responsible use of biotechnology Thank you