Institutional Architecture for Food
Security Policy Reform:
Program Highlights
Cambodia
September 2013
Policy changes are complex,
non-linear processes that are
often unique to a particular
country.
Solution: Country Level
An...
Methodology
Part I - Mapping
of Institutional
Architecture:
• Key Systems
• Processes
• Relationships
that influence
the f...
Schedule of Countries in Asia
Nepal
Bangladesh
Cambodia
July 2013
Planned 2013
Planned 2013
Lessons Learned from Africa
Policy making not
based on sound,
evidence-based
analysis
Slow
implementatio
n of
agricultural...
The Situation in Nepal
Council of
Ministers
The policy change process in Nepal is complex, with numerous Ministries, and A...
Capacity of Food Security Policy Change in Nepal
1. Guiding Policy Framework
• Clearly Defined and Consistent Policy Frame...
Capacity of Food Security Policy Change in Nepal
3. Inclusivity and Stakeholder Consultation
• Inclusive Participation wit...
Capacity of Food Security Policy Change in Nepal
5. Policy Implementation
• Implementation Plans Developed: Status Green
•...
Key IA Findings in Nepal
• Clearly articulated strategic vision and policy framework
• Several barriers prevent a truly ef...
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Institutional Architecture for Food Security: Program Highlights from Nepal-- Rave Aulakh

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Institutional Architecture for Food Security: Program Highlights from Nepal-- Rave Aulakh

  1. 1. Institutional Architecture for Food Security Policy Reform: Program Highlights Cambodia September 2013
  2. 2. Policy changes are complex, non-linear processes that are often unique to a particular country. Solution: Country Level Analysis Coordinate Action across Institutions Design Policy Options Identify Implementation Barriers Effective policy change processes share similar characteristics: Predictable, Transparent, Inclusive Why Institutional Architecture?
  3. 3. Methodology Part I - Mapping of Institutional Architecture: • Key Systems • Processes • Relationships that influence the food security policy development process. Part II – Capacity of Policy Change: • Guiding Policy Framework • Development & Coordination • Inclusivity & Consultation • Evidence-Based Analysis • Implementation • Mutual Accountability
  4. 4. Schedule of Countries in Asia Nepal Bangladesh Cambodia July 2013 Planned 2013 Planned 2013
  5. 5. Lessons Learned from Africa Policy making not based on sound, evidence-based analysis Slow implementatio n of agricultural investment plans Lack of private sector and civil society engageme nt Lack of strategic planning and multi- sector coordinatio n Limited capacity for mutual accountability, transparency, and M&E
  6. 6. The Situation in Nepal Council of Ministers The policy change process in Nepal is complex, with numerous Ministries, and Agencies holding different, frequently overlapping responsibilities. This situation is exacerbated by a recent history of political and social instability from a 10-year violent conflict beginning in 1996. Ministries of: • Agricultural Development • Cooperatives and Poverty Alleviation • Federal Affairs and Local Development • Land Reform and Management Autonomous Nepal Agriculture Research Council
  7. 7. Capacity of Food Security Policy Change in Nepal 1. Guiding Policy Framework • Clearly Defined and Consistent Policy Framework: Status Yellow • Predictability and Transparency of the Policy-Making Process: Status Yellow • Clear and Functional Legislative System: Status Red • Appropriate Dispute Resolution Process/Judicial Framework: Status Yellow • Clearly defined Institutional Responsibilities: Status Yellow 2. Policy Development and Coordination • Approved Food Security Strategy/Investment Plan: Status Green • Predictable Policy Agenda and Priorities Developed: Status Green • Annual Work Plans: Status Green • Functioning Coordination Process: Status Yellow • Secretariat/Administrative Support Function: Status Red • Technical Capacity: Status Red • Political Support and Approval: Status Yellow • Engagement of Parliament /Legislative Body: Status Red
  8. 8. Capacity of Food Security Policy Change in Nepal 3. Inclusivity and Stakeholder Consultation • Inclusive Participation within the Policy Coordination Management Entity: Status Yellow • Outreach And Communications: Status Green • Private Sector Participation-Opportunity/Space: Status Green • Private Sector Participation-Capacity to participate: Status Green • Participation of CSOs-Opportunity/Space: Status Yellow • Participation of CSOs-Capacity to Participate: Status Yellow 4. Evidence-Based Analysis • Economic and Financial Analysis Completed as a Component of Planning: Status Yellow • Performance Monitoring Measures and Targets Developed: Status Yellow • Quality Data Exists for Policy Monitoring: Status Yellow • Quality Data is available for Policy Making: Status Green • Inclusion of Analysis in the Policy Development Process: Status Yellow • Annual Performance Measurement Report Produced and Reviewed. : Status Green • Independent Analysis Capacity Exists: Status Green Conti….
  9. 9. Capacity of Food Security Policy Change in Nepal 5. Policy Implementation • Implementation Plans Developed: Status Green • System in Place to Analyze Implementation Capacity Constraints: Status Green • Food Security Policy Priorities Aligned with Work Plans of Line Ministries: Status Red • Policy Implementation Budget Committed by Host Country: Status Red • Supplemental Implementation Funds Secured: Status Yellow • Administrative and Technical Capacity of Staff to Implement Policy Change: Status Yellow • Monitoring and Evaluation: Status Yellow 6. Mutual Accountability • A Forum Exists for Regularly Scheduled Donor-GON Meetings: Status Yellow • Joint Policy Priorities Developed : Status Green • Monitoring System Exists : Status Green • Donor Coordination-Alignment and Harmonization: Status Green • Private Sector Accountability : Status Red • CSO Sector Accountability. : Status Red
  10. 10. Key IA Findings in Nepal • Clearly articulated strategic vision and policy framework • Several barriers prevent a truly effective process • Key commitments are needed: Demonstrate a credible political commitment to agriculture through funding and management capacity increases. Improve coordination mechanisms at all levels of the policy process through cross- sectoral committees. Create accountability in program implementation by strengthening M&E at all levels of implementation.
  11. 11. Thank You

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