“Knowledge, Tools and Lessons”
for Informing the Design and Implementation of
Food Security Strategies in Asia
By H.E. Sru...
 The Royal Government of Cambodia (RGC) is strongly
committed to ensuring “Right to Food” and achieving MDGs,
in particul...
 CARD coordinates and participates in the formulation and
implementation of FSN-related policies &strategies.
 Design an...
(1) FSN Strategy Paper
 In 2005 CARD initiated the design of “FSN Strategy
Paper" and the process was through the TWG-FSN...
(2) Strategic Framework for Food Security and
Nutrition in Cambodia 2008-2012 (SFFSN)
In 2007 CARD, through TWG-FNS, star...
SFFSN Vision :
"All Cambodians have physical and economic access
to sufficient, safe, and nutritious food, at all times, t...
SFFSN Objectives:
1. Increased food availability (" Food-insecure households
increase food availability from their own agr...
(3) Strategy for Agriculture and Water (SAW)
 The formulation process was led by MAFF and
MoWRAM, through TWG-AW, and sup...
 The 5 programmes under SAW are:
1. Institutional capacity building and management
support programme for agriculture and ...
(4) Food Security Support Programme (FSSP)
 The design of the FSSP was done by a design task
team under TWG-AW.
 CARD, a...
The below on-going programmes are designed based on and aligned with the
aforesaid policies and strategies to address FSN ...
To ensure effective design and
implementation of strategies, programmes
and projects, the following structures and
systems...
 National Food Security Forum
 Members are representatives from government agencies, DPs,
research institutions, and NGO...
 An integrated food security and nutrition monitoring
system has been established and managed by CARD in
collaboration wi...
FSNIS (www.foodsecurity.gov.kh) was established by
CARD in 2004.
 as a platform for information and knowledge sharing;
 ...
 Coordination and cooperation among FSN
stakeholders are not yet satisfactory;
 FSN issues are insufficiently integrated...
 It’s good to have multi-disciplinary coordination
structures for FSN which consist of government
agencies, DPs and NGOs....
Many thanks for your
kind attention.
18
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Design and implementation of food security strategies in Cambodia

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"Design and implementation of food security strategies in Cambodia" presented by Srun Darith, Council for Agricultural and Rural Development (CARD) at the ReSAKSS-Asia Conference, Nov 14-16, 2011, in Kathmandu, Nepal.

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Design and implementation of food security strategies in Cambodia

  1. 1. “Knowledge, Tools and Lessons” for Informing the Design and Implementation of Food Security Strategies in Asia By H.E. Srun Darith, Deputy Secretary General of CARD and Head of TWG-FSN Secretariat Office of the Council of Ministers Kathmandu, 14-16 November 2011 Design and Implementation of Food Security Strategies in Cambodia Technical Workshop and Conference on
  2. 2.  The Royal Government of Cambodia (RGC) is strongly committed to ensuring “Right to Food” and achieving MDGs, in particular MDG1.  Recognizing the importance of the cross-cutting issue of food security and nutrition (FSN) in addressing the development priorities, in 1999 RGC mandated the Council for Agricultural and Rural Development (CARD) to coordinate FSN.  To achieve the goal of improved FSN, CARD as a coordinating body for FSN, focuses its work on four areas: 1. Coordination and Networking, 2. Policy support, 3. Monitoring and Evaluation, and 4. Knowledge and Information management (KIM) Background 2
  3. 3.  CARD coordinates and participates in the formulation and implementation of FSN-related policies &strategies.  Design and implementation processes go through the coordination structures (incl. TWG-FSN ,TWG-AW...)  The processes is participatory, led by the gov’t and supported by DPs.  The gov’t ownership  Most projects and programmes funded by DPs are designed based on and aligned with the gov’t policies/strategies.  To track the progress and assess the impact of projects and programmes, a food security and nutrition monitoring system was created.  The following are the existing policies/strategies related to FSN. Formulation and Implementation of FSN-Related Policies and Strategies 3
  4. 4. (1) FSN Strategy Paper  In 2005 CARD initiated the design of “FSN Strategy Paper" and the process was through the TWG-FSN  The strategy was used as inputs for the formulation of National Strategic Development Plan (NSDP) replacing the National Poverty Reduction Strategy (NPRS) and Socio-Economic Development Plan (SEDP).  The overall objective of the paper is to improve food security and nutrition for all Cambodians. 4
  5. 5. (2) Strategic Framework for Food Security and Nutrition in Cambodia 2008-2012 (SFFSN) In 2007 CARD, through TWG-FNS, started to develop the SFFSN based on the FSN Strategy Paper 2005. The formulation went through a broad consultative process involving key stakeholders especially the members of TWG-FNS. The SFFSN was approved and disseminated in 2008. The government (CARD) led the process and DPs supported.  Government-owned FSN reference document used for sector strategy/programme design. The review of the SFFSN is underway and nearly finished. The update of SFFSN is planned early next year based on the findings of the review. 5
  6. 6. SFFSN Vision : "All Cambodians have physical and economic access to sufficient, safe, and nutritious food, at all times, to meet their dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy life.” SFFSN Goal: “By 2012, poor and food-insecure Cambodians have substantially improved physical and economic access to sufficient, safe, and nutritious food to meet their dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy life.” 6
  7. 7. SFFSN Objectives: 1. Increased food availability (" Food-insecure households increase food availability from their own agriculture and livestock production and from common property forests and fisheries"). 2. Increased food access (Food-insecure households increase their food access by increasing household employment and incomes to buy foods). 3. Improved use and utilization of food: (Food-insecure households improve their food use and utilization, as a means to reduce malnutrition, morbidity and mortality, particularly among women and children). 4. Increased stability of food supply: (Food insecure households increase their capacities to cope with risks through reducing vulnerability to shocks and thereby increase the stability of food supply). 5. Enhanced institutional and policy environment for FSN: (The institutional and policy environment for achieving improved food security and nutrition in Cambodia is enhanced). 7
  8. 8. (3) Strategy for Agriculture and Water (SAW)  The formulation process was led by MAFF and MoWRAM, through TWG-AW, and supported by DPs.  CARD, as a member of TWG-AW, actively participated in the process and managed to convince the two ministries to include FS issue in the strategy.  As a result, a programme to improve household FSN, called Food Security Support Programme (FSSP), was included in the SAW as one of the 5 programmes. 8
  9. 9.  The 5 programmes under SAW are: 1. Institutional capacity building and management support programme for agriculture and water resources 2. Food security support programme (FSSP) 3. Agricultural and agri-business (value-chain) support programme 4. Water resources, irrigation management and land programme 5. Agricultural and water resources research, education and extension programme 9
  10. 10. (4) Food Security Support Programme (FSSP)  The design of the FSSP was done by a design task team under TWG-AW.  CARD, as a member of TWG-AW, actively participated in and coordinated the programme design process.  The overall objective of the programme is to improve household food security and nutrition.  The FSSP has 2 components: 1.Component I: Community Self-reliance for FS & Poverty Reduction (increased productivity, income generation, nutrition..,) 2.Component II: Enhancement of Institutional and Policy Environment for FSN (Coordination structure, capacity building, …) 10
  11. 11. The below on-going programmes are designed based on and aligned with the aforesaid policies and strategies to address FSN issues. The National Nutrition Strategy (NNS 2009-2015) developed in 2009 by the MoH to improve maternal and young child malnutrition. National Social Protection Strategy for the Poor and Vulnerable (NSPS 2009-2013) was developed by CARD in collaboration with sector ministries and DP’s and approved by the RGC in 3/2011. The main goal of the NSPS is that “poor and vulnerable Cambodians will be increasingly protected against chronic poverty and hunger, shocks, destitution and social exclusion and benefit from investments in their human capital”. Policy on Promotion of Paddy Production and Export of Milled Rice with the vision to turn Cambodia into a key rice exporting country. MDG-F Joint Programme for Children, Food Security and Nutrition in Cambodia focuses on improving infant and young child feeding practices and mainstreaming access to food and nutrition into relevant policies. GAFSP (Global Agriculture and Food Security Program) was designed by MAFF in consultation with key stakeholders (including CARD). HARVEST (Helping Address Rural Vulnerabilities and Ecosystem Stability) is a five year large food security initiative supported through USAID. A lot more... On-going programmes and projects 11
  12. 12. To ensure effective design and implementation of strategies, programmes and projects, the following structures and systems have been created. Supporting structures and systems 12
  13. 13.  National Food Security Forum  Members are representatives from government agencies, DPs, research institutions, and NGOs;  Created by CARD in 2003, the forum has been used as a platform to exchange/share information, knowledge, experiences and best practices related to FSN;  TWG-FSN (Co-chaired by CARD & MoP, and facilitated by WFP)  Created in 2005 as a joint Government-donor Working Group responsible for the coordination of FSN issues;  Its members are representatives from relevant ministries, donor/UN agencies, and selected NGOs;  FSN-Information Management Taskforce (Co-chaired by CARD and NIS/MoP)  Established in late 2009 to coordinate different FSN-related information systems in Cambodia 1. FSN Coordination and Networking Structures 13
  14. 14.  An integrated food security and nutrition monitoring system has been established and managed by CARD in collaboration with concerned gov’t agencies & DPs.  A Food Security and Nutrition Data Analysis Team (FSN- DAT) was formed under the FSN Info Management Taskforce last year.  The team, whose members are from most concerned government agencies namely CARD, NIS, MoH, MAFF, and MOWRAM, is responsible for the production of annual FSN monitoring reports and quarterly FSN bulletins by making analysis of available data and findings. 2. Monitoring and Evaluation System 14
  15. 15. FSNIS (www.foodsecurity.gov.kh) was established by CARD in 2004.  as a platform for information and knowledge sharing;  a web portal for other FSN-related websites (SRI, Food Security Atlas of WFP, FIVIMS…);  one of the most updated websites in Cambodia. 3. Food Security and Nutrition Information System (FSNIS) 15
  16. 16.  Coordination and cooperation among FSN stakeholders are not yet satisfactory;  FSN issues are insufficiently integrated in national and sub-national planning process due to limited knowledge and understanding of policy makers and planners.  Active participation of key players is still limited.  Some DPs ignore the coordinating structures, resulting in doubling of efforts, high transaction costs for RGC and low sustainability.  Some DPs have their own agenda, and therefore programmes or projects funded by them are not aligned with the government’s policies and strategies. Major Challenges and constraints 16
  17. 17.  It’s good to have multi-disciplinary coordination structures for FSN which consist of government agencies, DPs and NGOs.  Engage all relevant stakeholders in any process from the very beginning.  Active participation of key actors is the key to success.  Communications and advocacy are needed for FSN coordination.  Competence, trust, and responsiveness are importance for successful coordination. Lessons learnt 17
  18. 18. Many thanks for your kind attention. 18

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