Seed Systems Issues in Asia -David spielman

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Seed Systems Issues in Asia -David spielman

  1. 1. Public policies and strategic investments for improving seed systems and markets in Asia David J Spielman  Rob Tripp Siem Reap, Cambodia September 25, 2013 International Food Policy Research Institute
  2. 2. Seed systemarchitectures:Key attributes National policy regime (research priorities, varietal registration, seed production, certification, importation, breeder/farmer rights, biosafety, etc.) Strategic oversight and policy implementation (ministries of agriculture and other bodies) National research system (public and private R&D) Production (State enterprises & farms) National regulatory system (quality, efficacy, safety, etc.) Production (private firms, coops, etc.) Production (CBOs/NGO projects) Marketing (Private dealers, traders) Marketing (Public extension services) Marketing (CBOs/NGO projects)
  3. 3. Seed systems and markets: Key issues • Strategic oversight and policy implementation • Limited data and information for strategic decision-making • Research • Financial and human resources allocated to breeding • Equitable access to public research materials • Regulation • Untimely, cumbersome testing standards and procedures • Poor monitoring seed quality in the marketplace • Seed production and marketing • The role of the state – level playing fields • Tax, tariff, and non-tariff barriers to trade and investment
  4. 4. Seed systems and markets: Some solutions • Build decision-making tools for policy implementation • Enhance investment and reform in research systems • Rationalize regulatory systems • Reallocate of public/private roles in production

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