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Fisheries sub-sector example

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“Fisheries sub-sector example” presented by Michael Pido, Palawan State University, the Philippines at the ReSAKSS-Asia Conference, Nov 14-16, 2011, in Kathmandu, Nepal.

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Fisheries sub-sector example

  1. 1. Parallel Sessions 1-B, Parallel Session # 3 Knowledge and Information Tools for Supporting Agriculture and Food Security Strategies in Asia Hyatt Regency Hotel, Kathmandu, Nepal 1400, Day One, Monday, November 14th, 2011 Sustainability of Small-scale Fisheries and Aquaculture Sub-sector s Michael D Pido, PhD Palawan State University, Philippines Maripaz L Perez, PhD Len R Garces, MSc The WorldFish Center, Philippine Country Office, Philippines Nerissa G Salayo, PhD Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center, Iloilo, Philippines
  2. 2. Is Managing the Fishery Becoming 'A Dog's Breakfast’? (John Doohan, Chairman, Sunfish March 1998, p 2)
  3. 3. Outline 1. Importance of small-scale fisheries and aquaculture sub-sectors 2. Key sub-sectors problems/issues 3. Technological innovations and governance improvements 4. Moving forward
  4. 4. Fisheries Sub-sector 1. Capture fisheries 1. Commercial 2. Municipal 2. Aquaculture 3. Post-harvest
  5. 5. Source: BFAR Philippine Fisheries: importance
  6. 6. Source: BFAR Philippine Fisheries: trends by sub-sector Commercial Municipal Aquaculture
  7. 7. 1 Higher production volume More gains from trade Production (million mt) World Rank Country Growth Rate Past Decade (%) 1.7 3rd Vietnam 17.6 1.4 4th Thailand 4.9 1.3 5th Indonesia 11.2 0.62 10th Philippines 10.3 0.03 14th Cambodia 28.6 0.01 17th Singapore 25.9 Rapid aquaculture growth in Southeast Asia
  8. 8. Outline 1. Importance of small-scale fisheries and aquaculture sub-sectors 2. Key sub-sectors problems/issues 3. Technological innovations and governance improvements 4. Moving forward
  9. 9. Threats to Fishery Resources and Habitats All Photo credits: PCSDS
  10. 10. 1 National defense 5 Human Settlements 2 Fisheries 4 Energy 3 Tourism Versus Multiple-use conflicts
  11. 11. Conservation 1. Philippine Fisheries Code of 1998 2. National Integrated Protected Areas System Act of 1992 Utilization 1. Agriculture and Fisheries Modernization Act of 1997 2. Philippine Mining Act of 1995 Policy Tug-of-War
  12. 12. •US$ 4.2 million losses •fishkill was man-made •12,000 fish cages in lake twice its carrying capacity “Greed, not climate, caused fishkill in Taal Lake and Pangasinan, Philippines” Senator Pangilinan, 9 June 2011 Photo: GA Corpuz, www.bulatlat.com
  13. 13. Socio-economic issues in aquaculture 1. Polarity of stakeholder status 2. Technology & production cost dualism 3. Social conflicts & economic loss arise from misguided choices among competing uses 4. Cost of habitat rehabilitation beyond capacity of governments chemicals & effluents factories peri-urban aquaculture: Vietnam overfeeding
  14. 14. Greater poverty More resource use conflict Reduced contribution to economy Unsustainable management of Philippine Fisheries Inadequate fishery management systems and structure Post harvest losses Uncompetitive products Unrealized full potential of aquaculture and commercial fishing grounds Intensified resource use competition Degraded fishery habitats Depleted fishery resources Source: DA-BFAR 2006Key problems/issues in Philippine fisheries
  15. 15. Exacerbating Fisheries Challenge! • Situation difficult without climate change • Fisheries: common pool resource • Fishing as employer of last resort • Vulnerable sector
  16. 16. Outline 1. Importance of small-scale fisheries and aquaculture sub-sectors 2. Key sub-sectors problems/issues 3. Technological innovations and governance improvements 4. Moving forward
  17. 17. Establishment of Fish Sanctuaries All photo credits: City Agriculture Office, PPC
  18. 18. All photo credits: City Agriculture Office, PPC Mangrove Restoration
  19. 19. Livelihood Trainings Fish Processing Fish Processing Fish Processing Nipa Plantation Mud Crab Culture Seaweeds Culture Seaweeds Culture Tourism All photo credits: City Agriculture Office, PPC Fish Processing Fish Processing Fish Processing
  20. 20. Establishment of Bay Watch (Bantay Dagat) All photo credits: City Agriculture Office, PPC
  21. 21. North West West Central West Sulu Sea South South East East Central North East Integrated Fisheries Management Units (FOO of BFAR) Source: FISH Project / G. Silvestre
  22. 22. 1 Enhancing role of aquaculture in food, income & livelihood security a) develop small & medium aquaculture enterprises (SMEs) b) conduct price, market and value-chain studies c) address training needs, capitalization & other production factors of diverse types of aquaculture stakeholders d) enhance public-private partnerships (PPPs) in capital investments & market development e) prioritize policy research to identify regulations that support socially equitable fish production and livelihood programs
  23. 23. Promoting sustainable aquaculture through enabling policies that support management of natural & environmental resources mariculture technology for small scale operators Policies to address: • resource use costs (fry & feeds from wild) • resource use conflicts • environmental impacts & valuation of externalities
  24. 24. 1 Enabling mechanisms, institutions & infrastructures to encourage adoption of better aquaculture practices R&D plan of action: • developing policies to assess compliance to CCRF- Aquaculture • bioeconomic modelling to evaluate sustainability of aquaculture systems
  25. 25. 1 Enabling mechanisms, institutions & infrastructures to encourage adoption of better aquaculture practices (cont.) R&D plan of action: • comparative cost-benefit analysis of improved aquaculture systems e.g. biosecurity measures, recirculating system
  26. 26. Agree-Build-Operate-Transfer Aquaculture Business “SEAFDEC AQD packages and builds science-based ready-for-handover operational businesses for new and re-focusing entrepreneurs of our clients.” SEAFDEC/AQD Programs to encourage adoption of better aquaculture practices
  27. 27. Institutional Capacity Development for Sustainable Aquaculture (ICDSA) SEAFDEC/AQD Programs to encourage adoption of better aquaculture practices Build capacity of: • local government • community-based organizations • non-government organizations • fishery schools • other “on-the-ground” institutions on sustainable aquaculture
  28. 28. 1 Understanding & improving linkages from production to marketing & trade of fishery products to support small & medium enterprise (SME) development
  29. 29. Example of SME: Tilapia Hatchery •Broodstock development, selection •Hatching •Size grading •Nursery rearing •Marketing Source: Eguia, RV. 2007. ABOT AquaNegosyo: Tilapia hatchery production Improve support & linkages
  30. 30. Outline 1. Importance of small-scale fisheries and aquaculture sub-sectors 2. Key sub-sectors problems/issues 3. Technological innovations and governance improvements 4. Moving forward
  31. 31. Ecosystem Approach to Fisheries (EAF) • EAF defined as “managing fisheries in a manner that addresses multiple needs and desires of society, without jeopardizing options for future generations, to benefit from the full range of goods and services provided by marine ecosystems” (FAO 2003)
  32. 32. 1 Collaborative R&D on regional assessment of role of aquaculture in poverty alleviation & provide basis for policy formulation
  33. 33. 1 Prioritize budget & logistics on impacts of climate change & global trade on aquaculture with emphasis on small-holder fish farmers off-shore reef fish farmers: vulnerable livelihoods & resources in Coral Triangle Area – Center of Biodiversity groupers: high demand & incomes
  34. 34. Depleted fishery resources Degraded fishery habitats Intensified resource use competition and conflict Post-harvest losses Greater poverty among fishing households Declining contribution of fisheries to local and national economy 1. Sustain 2. Protect 3. Develop 4. Capacitate 5. Institutionalize 6. Communicate Problems/Issues Strategies Core strategies to address the key problems/issues about small-scale fisheries in the Philippines
  35. 35. Expanding the Sustainability Constructs Sustainability of aquaculture and capture fisheries Social Political Administrative Environmental Biological Economic
  36. 36. Integration of fisheries with other economic sectors

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