Tracking intraregional trade in food staples june 2012

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Strategic Analysis to inform Agricultural Policy
ReSAKSS ECA stakeholder workshop, 11th June, 2012

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Tracking intraregional trade in food staples june 2012

  1. 1. Tracking intraregional trade in food staples in COMESA region Presented at the ReSAKSS Stakeholder Workshop on Strategic Analysis to inform Agricultural Policy 11th June, 2012 Julliet Wanjiku
  2. 2. Presentation outline• Introduction• The process of tracking intraregional trade• Challenges of tracking intraregional trade• Status of intra-COMESA trade in food staples• Conclusion
  3. 3. Introduction• Existing initiatives to explain trade potential among COMESA member countries – The Regional Agricultural Trade Intelligence Network (RATIN) of the Eastern Africa Grain Council (EAGC) – Alliance for Commodity Trade for Eastern and Southern Africa (ACTESA) by COMESA• However, the initiatives do not continuously track the progress in trade• Thus ReSAKSS has on going project on trade Indicator  Annual trade indicator  From baseline, 2008
  4. 4. ReSAKSS’ Trade Indicator: the process• Identification of data sources: Formal and informal• Evaluating quality of existing data• Assessing trade indicators development options• Stakeholder workshops• Final methodological framework developed & shared with stakeholders• Methodology adopted: Use of mirror records for formal data, all available informal trade data are used
  5. 5. Challenges• Formal trade - discrepancies between mirror records• Informal trade – incompleteness/ absence of data• only a few agencies collect informal trade data on a regular basis- UBOS and Market Analysis Subgroup (MAS)• Lack of harmonised protocol for cross-border trade monitoring –Manual to be published
  6. 6. Data discrepancies: maize trade between Kenya and Tanzania 70000 Ken to Tan 60000 Reported maize trade (tonnes) Tan from Ken 50000 Tan to Ken Ken from Tan 40000 30000 20000 10000 0 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003Data source: COMTRADE, 2010
  7. 7. Data discrepancies: maize trade between Kenya and Uganda 50000 45000 Ken to Uga Reported maize trade (tonnes) 40000 Uga from Ken 35000 Uga to Ken 30000 Ken from Uga 25000 20000 15000 10000 5000 0 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003Data source: FAOSTAT, 2010
  8. 8. Data discrepancy: maize trade between Kenya and Uganda 140000 Ken to Uga 120000 Reported maize trade (tonnes) Uga from 100000 Ken Uga to Ken 80000 60000 40000 20000 0 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003Data source: COMSTAT, 2010
  9. 9. Data discrepancy: maize trade between Canada and USA 3000000 Can to USA Reported maize trade (tonnes) 2500000 USA from Can USA to Can 2000000 Can from USA 1500000 1000000 500000 0 2007 2006Data source: COMSTRADE, 2010
  10. 10. Border markets with informal trade in staple foods in ESA Only a few border points are monitored, hence incompleteness of data
  11. 11. Status of intra-COMESA trade in food staples
  12. 12. Trends in intra-COMESA trade 2008-10Source: International Trade Centre, Trade Map
  13. 13. Trends in intra-COMESA food staples trade 2008-2010 Source: COMstat, UBOS, EAGC and FEWSNET Both values and volumes are tracked
  14. 14. Growth in Intra-COMESA Food Staple Trade 2008 – 2010Source: Computed using data from COMStat, UBOS and MAS group
  15. 15. Conclusion• 10 countries were selected based on availability of data• Several data gaps especially for informal trade; need for improvement in trade data collection infrastructure• Trade was reported to go down between 2008 and 2009; between 2009 and 2010, trade increased• Decline in trade was caused by change in weather conditions, existence of restrictive trade policies e.g. export bans, increase in trade was caused by good agricultural harvests• unique and severe constraints to trade: land-locked countries; poor infrastructure and services; cumbersome border procedures; inadequate mainstreaming of trade in national development strategies; lack of progress in deepening economic integration• There is need to mobilise resources for financing trade facilitation within the region
  16. 16. Thank you for listening 16 www.resakss.org

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