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Mainstreaming biofortification indicators in the National Agricultural Investment Plans (NAIPs) & AATS


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Bho Mudyahoto, Head, Monitoring & Evaluation
ReSAKSS Conference, October 24-26th, 2018 | Addis Ababa

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Mainstreaming biofortification indicators in the National Agricultural Investment Plans (NAIPs) & AATS

  1. 1. • Mainstreaming biofortification indicators in the National Agricultural Investment Plans (NAIPs) & AATS Bho Mudyahoto, Head, Monitoring & Evaluation ReSAKSS Conference, October 24-26th, 2018 | Addis Ababa
  2. 2. Presentation Outline • Introducing biofortification • Reflecting biofortification in AATS and NAIPs • M&E biofortification projects and programs • Partnerships in M&E
  3. 3. Micronutrient malnutrition • 2.5 billion people are at RISK of micronutrient deficiencies  vitamin A, iron and zinc • “Hidden” hunger is affecting 1 in 3 people • Inhibits children from reaching their full growth and development potential • It compromises adult health and productivity • The Malabo commitments highlight the importance of agriculture and nutrition
  4. 4. Strategies for tackling hidden hunger ― Dietary diversity ― Supplementation ― Fortification ― Biofortification
  5. 5. Biofortification is a process of increasing the density of vitamins and minerals in a crop through plant breeding or agronomic practices, so that the biofortified crops, when consumed regularly, will generate measurable improvement in vitamin and mineral nutritional status.
  6. 6. Sweet Potato Biofortified crops currently available Maize Currently, over people are benefiting from biofortified crops throughout Africa (70%), Asia, and Latin America and the Caribbean. BeansCassava Banana/ Plantain Sorghum Lentil Pearl Millet
  7. 7. Varieties released in Africa
  8. 8. Ongoing efforts on biofortification at the AUC level • Biofortification endorsed by the Specialized Technical Committee (STC) of Agriculture Ministers and the AU Executive council of AU Foreign Affairs Ministers - 2018 • AUC & technical partners working towards the AU Continental Declaration • The 10th Africa Task Force on Food and Nutrition Development Meeting in Bujumbura recommended that the STC of Health, Nutrition and Drug control, endorse biofortification. • Efforts to include BFCs in the school feeding program in Ethiopia, Rwanda and Uganda – pilot basis • NEPAD support to RECs to include BF in their plans • Post Accra 2016 ReSAKSS conference - indicators into NAIPs
  9. 9. Reflecting biofortification in Malabo commitments & NAIP, indicators Theme 3 (Ending Hunger) indicators can reflect biofortification • 3.1 Access to agriculture inputs and technologies • 3.2 - Agricultural productivity • 3.5 - Food security and nutrition
  10. 10. Potentially useful indicators for inclusion AATS Theme 3 – BR –Market share indicators for tracking contribution staple [crop] (biofortified and non-biofortified) a. Staple [crop e.g. maize] seed supply disaggregated by biofortified/non-biofortified b. Land area planted with staple [crop] disaggregated by biofortified/non-biofortified c. Produce staple [crop] disaggregated by biofortified/non- biofortified
  11. 11. Potentially useful indicators for inclusion in NAIPs Staple [crop] production disaggregated by biofortified/non- biofortified • Population: Rural Farming Households • Possible data sources: Living Standards Measurement Study - Integrated Surveys on Agriculture (LSMS-ISA) (World Bank), FAOSTAT, Household Consumption and Expenditure Surveys, National Agricultural Sample Surveys (NASS), etc. • Metric(s): annual and national level • Computing for % biofortified crop only 𝐵𝑖𝑜𝑓𝑜𝑟𝑡𝑖𝑓𝑖𝑒𝑑 𝑐𝑟𝑜𝑝 𝑜𝑢𝑡𝑝𝑢𝑡/𝑝𝑟𝑜𝑑𝑢𝑐𝑡𝑖𝑜𝑛 (𝑀𝑇) 𝑇𝑜𝑡𝑎𝑙 𝑐𝑟𝑜𝑝 𝑜𝑢𝑡𝑝𝑢𝑡/𝑝𝑟𝑜𝑑𝑢𝑐𝑡𝑖𝑜𝑛 (𝑀𝑇) ∗ 100
  12. 12. Potentially useful indicators for inclusion in NAIPs Released staple crop varieties disaggregated by biofortified/non- biofortified crop • Possible data sources: Government agencies (Ministry of Agriculture) and NARS; Other national institutions (such as universities) that release crop varieties (private seed companies) • Data collection – review of secondary data sources e.g. – National records – Records from private seed companies and other institutions • Computing for biofortified crop only (recommended metric): 𝑁𝑢𝑚𝑏𝑒𝑟 𝑜𝑓 𝑏𝑖𝑜𝑓𝑜𝑟𝑡𝑖𝑓𝑖𝑒𝑑 [𝑐𝑟𝑜𝑝] 𝑣𝑎𝑟𝑖𝑒𝑡𝑖𝑒𝑠 𝑟𝑒𝑙𝑒𝑎𝑠𝑒𝑑 𝑇𝑜𝑡𝑎𝑙 𝑛𝑢𝑚𝑏𝑒𝑟 𝑜𝑓 [𝑐𝑟𝑜𝑝] 𝑣𝑎𝑟𝑖𝑒𝑡𝑖𝑒𝑠 𝑟𝑒𝑙𝑒𝑎𝑠𝑒𝑑 ∗ 100
  13. 13. Potentially useful indicators for inclusion in NAIPs Contribution of [crop] to staple calorie intake disaggregated by biofortified/non-biofortified crop • Consumption indicator – used to determine the share of caloric intake for staple crop that is obtained from biofortified crops. • Population: All Households • Possible sources: FAO food balance sheets; National Agricultural Statistics • Metric: Share of dietary energy consumption derived from biofortified crops (%) • Computing for biofortified crop only (recommended metric): 𝐶𝑎𝑙𝑜𝑟𝑖𝑒𝑠 𝑜𝑏𝑡𝑎𝑖𝑛𝑒𝑑 𝑓𝑟𝑜𝑚 𝑏𝑖𝑜𝑓𝑜𝑟𝑡𝑖𝑓𝑖𝑒𝑑 𝑐𝑟𝑜𝑝 𝑇𝑜𝑡𝑎𝑙 𝑐𝑎𝑙𝑜𝑟𝑖𝑒𝑠 𝑜𝑏𝑡𝑎𝑖𝑛𝑒𝑑 𝑓𝑟𝑜𝑚 𝑎𝑙𝑙 𝑠𝑡𝑎𝑝𝑙𝑒 𝑐𝑟𝑜𝑝𝑠 ∗ 100
  14. 14. Monitoring and Evaluating biofortification Projects and Programs
  15. 15. Biofortified varieties released Planting material delivered Farmers grow & share Households consume Micronutrient deficiency reduced 5 Process and 10 Output Indicators Implementation monitoring custom developed tools and platforms 12 Outcome Indicators Outcome monitoring monitoring surveys, adoption surveys, consumption surveys, models 3 Impact Indicators Impact measurement models and impact evaluations
  16. 16. Methods and tools – outcome measurement
  17. 17. Monitoring surveys
  18. 18. Listing survey
  19. 19. Main survey
  20. 20. Qualitative evaluation
  21. 21. Qualitative evaluation ctd…
  22. 22. Adoption Surveys
  23. 23. Listing survey
  24. 24. Main survey
  25. 25. Qualitative evaluation
  26. 26. Consumption Studies • 24 hour recall surveys to estimate the additional intake of micronutrient
  27. 27. Impact Evaluations (effectiveness) • Randomized controlled trials to estimate outcome (adoption and intake) and impact (reduction of micronutrient deficiencies and improvement in health outcomes among target populations)
  28. 28. Partnerships in M&E for better CAADP monitoring