Keys Issues In the Rice Sub-sector and      Regional Trade in the EAC  A brief presentation made at the KILIMO TRUST 1st S...
An overviewISSUE                            SourceProduction and productivity      Annual Trends and Outlook              ...
Average annual change (%) in production and productivity                     (1990 -2010)                        Productio...
Exports from EAC Countries to COMESA Region                in 2010(MT)250000200000150000100000                            ...
Exports from EAC Countries to COMESA Region          in 2010 (Current US$ 1000) 60000 50000 40000 30000                   ...
Trade protection• Intra-regional trade in rice is mainly duty-free  with a few imports from the EAC member  countries appl...
Tariff escalation…Product Product Name          S. Ave. W. Ave. Min Max      Value (USHs code                             ...
Price trends400300200100  0      May-07      May-08      May-09      May-10      May-11       Jan-07      Mar-07       Jan...
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Key issues in the rice sub sector and regional trade in the eca paul guthiga-july 11 2012

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Presented by Paul Guthiga, Policy Analyst of IFPRI-ILRI ReSAKSS-ECA at the International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI), at the KILIMO TRUST 1st Stakeholder Consultative Meeting Held on 11th July 2012

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Key issues in the rice sub sector and regional trade in the eca paul guthiga-july 11 2012

  1. 1. Keys Issues In the Rice Sub-sector and Regional Trade in the EAC A brief presentation made at the KILIMO TRUST 1st Stakeholder Consultative Meeting Held on 11th July 2012 Paul Guthiga, Policy Analyst, ReSAKSS-ECA
  2. 2. An overviewISSUE SourceProduction and productivity Annual Trends and Outlook Report for Key Agriculture and Rural Development Indicators in the COMESA regionRegional Trade Flow Status of Intra-COMESA Trade in Food StaplesLevel of trade protectiveness Study on Trade Openness in COMESA Region for Key StaplesRegional and global food price Food Staples price trackingtrends
  3. 3. Average annual change (%) in production and productivity (1990 -2010) Production YieldCountry/region Maize Rice Wheat Maize Rice WheatBurundi -1.8 4.4 -0.3 -1.7 0.6 0.6Kenya 1.0 0.4 1.7 -0.6 -2.4 2.2Rwanda 4.8 14.9 11.6 -0.2 5.2 0.0Uganda 4.2 6.6 6.3 0.3 0.3 -0.5Tanzania 3.1 4.9 0.6 -0.5 0.7 2.9Sudan 1.5 22.3 -0.2 7.3 9.8 2.1COMESA 2.4 2.9 3.2 0.5 1.8 0.3EAST AFRICA 2.3 4.7 1.0 -0.5 0.6 1.2In general , rice production and productivity is increasing fasterthan maize production in EACSource: ReSAKKS’s computations based on data from FAOSTAT
  4. 4. Exports from EAC Countries to COMESA Region in 2010(MT)250000200000150000100000 Maize grain Rice grain 50000 0
  5. 5. Exports from EAC Countries to COMESA Region in 2010 (Current US$ 1000) 60000 50000 40000 30000 Maize grain Rice grain 20000 10000 0 Burundi Kenya Rwanda Tanzania Uganda Total
  6. 6. Trade protection• Intra-regional trade in rice is mainly duty-free with a few imports from the EAC member countries applying high tariffs of 75 percent to imports from outside EAC.• Escalating tariffs apply with processing…
  7. 7. Tariff escalation…Product Product Name S. Ave. W. Ave. Min Max Value (USHs code Rate Rate $’000)Rice100610 Rice in the husk 6.54 0.00 0.00 75.00 11601.9 (paddy or rough)100620 Husked (brown) rice 13.33 0.03 0.00 75.00 2086.6100640 Broken rice 17.37 1.62 0.00 75.00 3159.9100630 Semi-milled or wholly 17.80 0.37 0.00 75.00 12898.5 milled rice,
  8. 8. Price trends400300200100 0 May-07 May-08 May-09 May-10 May-11 Jan-07 Mar-07 Jan-08 Mar-08 Jan-09 Mar-09 Jan-10 Mar-10 Jan-11 Mar-11 Jan-12 Mar-12 Jul-09 Jul-07 Jul-08 Jul-10 Jul-11 Sep-07 Sep-08 Sep-09 Sep-10 Sep-11 Nov-07 Nov-08 Nov-09 Nov-10 Nov-11 Rwanda - Rice (Price Data in USD/MT) Ethiopia - Rice Imported Kg Zambia- Rice (local), Retail, Kwacha, Kg Uganda- Rice Kg FAO GLOBAL - Rice (White Rice, Thai 100% B second grade, f.o.b. Bangkok (Wednesday)) US$/Ton

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