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Integrating and alignment of policy commitments: Lessons from an assessment of country NAIPs

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Integrating and alignment of policy commitments:
Lessons from an assessment of country NAIPs

Sheryl Hendriks, Moraka Makhura, Nic Olivier, Nokuthula Vilakazi and Nosipho Mabuza, University of Pretoria, South Africa

Published in: Government & Nonprofit
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Integrating and alignment of policy commitments: Lessons from an assessment of country NAIPs

  1. 1. Title goes here Integrating and alignment of policy commitments: Lessons from an assessment of country NAIPs Sheryl Hendriks, Moraka Makhura, Nic Olivier, Nokuthula Vilakazi and Nosipho Mabuza, University of Pretoria, South Africa
  2. 2. Introduction and Overview • A deeper understanding of: i. Trends in policy and programme change ii. The scope and extent of the translation of international policy into national policies and programmes with regard to food security and nutrition into performance mechanisms iii. Institutional changes to accommodate the policy changes and the increasing need coordination among sectors and stakeholders.
  3. 3. The NAIPs as vehicles for domesticating Malabo • Performance Themes 1. Commitment to the CAADP process 2. Investment finance in agriculture 3. Ending hunger 4. Eradicating poverty through agriculture 5. Intra-African trade in agricultural commodities and services 6. Resilience to climate variability 7. Mutual accountability.
  4. 4. Algeria Angola Botswana Burkina Faso Cameroon Central African Republic Chad Comoros B DR Congo Djibouti Egypt EG Ethiopia Gabon The Gambia Ghana Guinea Côte d'Ivoire Guinea-Bissau Kenya L Libya Mali Mauritania Namibia Niger Nigeria R São Tomé and Príncipe Senegal Sierra Leone South Africa South Sudan Sudan E Tanzania Zambia Zimbabwe B=Burundi EG=Equatorial Guinea L=Lesotho R=Rwanda E -= Eswathini Indicators, institutional architecture and policy change Institutional architecture and policies Seychelles
  5. 5. Overview of session • Overview of the insights, lessons learnt and innovations with regard to NAIP indicator sets related to i. CAADP Commitments, Mutual Accountability and Investment in Agriculture ii. Ending hunger iii. Poverty iv. Intra-African Trade and Resilience to Climate Change
  6. 6. Title goes here Overview of the insights, lessons learnt and innovations with regard to NAIP indicator sets related to CAADP commitments, mutual accountability and investment in agriculture
  7. 7. Theme 1: Commitment to the CAADP process 47% 48% 100% 50% 36% 100% 57% 53% 52% 50% 64% 43% Togo Nigeria Niger Malawi Liberia Guinea-Bissau Guinea Cote d'Ivoire Burkina Faso Benin CAADP based cooperation, partnership and alliance CAADP –based policy and institutional review
  8. 8. Key Findings • Niger had the most indicators under this component. • No indicators pertaining country CAADP process. • Mixed commitment to CAADP: Niger & Togo • Countries aligned with Agenda 2063 Goal 12 (Capable institutions)
  9. 9. Innovations and idea for improvement • Niger and Togo monitor the number of policy and programme reforms implemented. • Malawi included coordination of services at all levels. • Guinea-Bissau had indicators on the existence of inter-ministerial committee for oversight.
  10. 10. Theme 2: Investment finance in agriculture 36% 11% 75% 91% 25% 8% 75% 38% 38% 8% 1 21% 25% 6% 11% 33% 25% 31% 25% 13% 11% 33% 25% 31% 25% 13% 43% 67% 25% 33% 100% 9% 25% 23% 13% 31% Togo Nigeria Niger Malawi Liberia Guinea-Bissau Guinea Cote d'Ivoire Burkina Faso Benin Total Public exp/AgGDP Foreign Private Public exp/total exp. Domestic Private Investment Access to finance ODA
  11. 11. Key Findings • Most focus was on Public expenditure/total expenditure and Access to finance. • No differentiation between domestic and foreign private investment. • Only Burkina Faso and Togo included ODA indicators. • Only Cote d’Ivoire included indicators on public expenditure/agriculture GDP. • Few aligned with Agenda 2063 Goal 20: Africa financing her development
  12. 12. Innovations and idea for improvement • Liberia included innovative agro-financing indicators. • Benin, Burkina Faso, Malawi and Togo included execution rate of the budget. • Benin included capacity to spend. • Togo included time for awarding contracts.
  13. 13. Theme 7: Mutual accountability 67% 43% 50% 20% 29% 50% 100 22% 50% 41% 33% 57% 50% 60% 71% 50% 56% 50% 52% 20% 22% 7 Togo Nigeria Niger Malawi Liberia Guinea-Bissau Guinea Cote d' Ivoire Burkina Faso Benin Total Index capacity to generate and use ASCI Institutionalised mechanism for mutual accountability Biennial Report submission
  14. 14. Key findings • It had the lowest number of indicators (5%). • Countries generally ready for ASCI & inclusive mechanism. • Few indicators focusing on quality reporting for the BR. • Most indicators relate to the rate of execution of projects and programmes. • This component aligns with SDG 17 and Agenda 2063, goal 3.12.2.
  15. 15. Innovations and ideas for improvement • Togo included an indicator for agricultural census report. • Burkina Faso, Benin, Guinea-Bissau included number of joint sector reviews. • Liberia included indicators on quality of the country management team. • Improvement is needed to align this section with the Malabo objectives.
  16. 16. Title goes here Overview of the insights, lessons learnt and innovations with regard to NAIP indicator sets related to ending hunger
  17. 17. Theme 3: Ending hunger 82% 50% 67% 29% 46% 50% 18% 36% 65% 20% 56% 10% 8% 19% 13% 42% 18% 32% 29% 40% 18% 3% 5% 5% 24% 4% 2 9% 14% 10% 6% 3% 8% 2 9% 9% 4% 12% 35% 12% 29% 38% 4% 46% 9% 6% 30% 16% Togo Nigeria Niger Malawi Liberia Guinea-Bissau Guinea Cote d'Ivoire Burkina Faso Benin Overall Access to inputs and technologies Ag productivity Post harvest losses Social protection FSN
  18. 18. 3.5. Food security and nutrition % under 5 stunting Women’s MDD Togo Nigeria Niger Malawi Liberia Guinea-Bissau Guinea Cote d'Ivoire Burkina Faso Benin 50% 50% 20% 25% 20% 50% 17% 20% 25% 20% 17% 20% 32% 20% 50% 17% 13% 100% 50% 100% 20% 20% 50% 50% % population undernourished % underweight children under 5 % under 5 wasting Children’s MAD
  19. 19. Key gaps • BR includes several measures for child nutrition and dietary diversity • Agenda 2063 includes diversification, commercialisation and WASH • SDGs includes Food Insecurity Experience Scale (FIES) and measures sustainable production and consumption practices
  20. 20. Innovations and ideas for improvement • BR should rename performance area as food security and nutrition • Niger included micronutrient deficiencies, levels of food insecurity, breastfeeding (not BR indicators) • Malawi included number of people requiring food assistance • Togo included biofortification and fortification (not BR indicators) • BR should include WASH
  21. 21. Title goes here Overview of the insights, lessons learnt and innovations with regard to NAIP indicator sets related to poverty
  22. 22. Togo Nigeria Niger Malawi Liberia Guinea… Guinea Cote… Burkin… Benin 0 25 66.7 14.3 50.0 57.9 22.2 26.3 57.1 66.7 0 12.5 13.3 28.6 25.0 5.3 11.1 10.5 14.3 0.0 50 0 13.3 28.6 0.0 0.0 11.1 21.1 0.0 8.3 0 0 0.0 14.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 5.3 0.0 0.0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 15.8 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 50 12.5 0.0 14.3 25.0 5.3 11.1 10.5 0.0 8.3 0 37.5 6.7 0.0 0.0 15.8 22.2 21.1 14.3 8.3 0 12.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 22.2 5.3 0.0 8.3 % Youth in new jobs % empowered women Rate of Ag value added in US$ Ag contribution to poverty reduction ↓Poverty headcount national ↓Poverty headcount international ↓ Gap between wholesale and farm prices No, value chains with PPPs with smallholders Theme 4: Eradicating Poverty through Agriculture
  23. 23. Key findings • Aligned with SDG 1, 5, 8 & Agenda 2063 Goal 1 • BR must strengthen focus on economic diversification (Agenda 2063) • Need for more smallholder farmer involvement • Wholesale, farm gate price gap influence on differential • National vs international poverty line • Youth and women empower
  24. 24. Innovations and ideas for improvement More needs to be done: • Smallholders • Unemployment rate by sex, age and persons with disabilities
  25. 25. Title goes here Overview of the insights, lessons learnt and innovations with regard to NAIP indicator sets related to intra-African trade and resilience to climate change
  26. 26. Theme 5: Intra-African trade in agricultural commodities and services 100% 67% 43% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 89% 33% 43% 9% 14% 2 Togo Nigeria Niger Malawi Liberia Guinea-Bissau Guinea Cote d'Ivoire Burkina Faso Benin Total Domestic Price Value of agric trade within Africa Trade Facilitation Index
  27. 27. Key Findings SDG 17.10 Agenda 2063, 2.8.1 Agenda 2063, 1.4.3.4 Component 5 BR Indicators
  28. 28. Innovations and ideas for improvement • Guinea-Bissau - diversification index of the exported products as well as number of exporters. • Niger - indicator on number of agreements and trade negotiations. • Country NAIPs should include Domestic Price volatility. • Continental Free Trade Agreement.
  29. 29. Resilience to climate variability 27% 11% 33% 29% 5% 10% 18% 14% 46% 66% 67% 71% 81% 100% 70% 71% 33% 68% 27% 23% 14% 20% 11% 67% 18% Togo Nigeria Niger Malawi Liberia Guinea-Bissau Guinea Cote d'Ivoire Burkina Faso Benin Total Building resilience initiatives % households resilient to climate change Sustainable Land Management Practices
  30. 30. Key Findings • Some countries included indicators not found in the BR but related to this theme.  Niger - carbon mobilization rates.  Togo - indicators on renewable energy. • Most of the NAIP indicators align with:  SDG 2.4.1, SDG 13 (climate action) and 15 (life on land) and  Agenda 2063, target 1.7.3 and goal 7.
  31. 31. Innovations and ideas for improvement • BR should include a broader definition of resilience. • Monitoring - deaths, missing and persons affected by disasters. • Integrated policy for climate change.
  32. 32. www.feedthefuture.g ov

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