Implementation of the SADC Harmonized Seed Regulatory System: Progress and Future Prospects


Published on

Implementation of the SADC Harmonized Seed Regulatory System: Progress and Future Prospects, presented by K.C. Kawonga , Interim Coordinator, SADC Seed Centre, at at The 2013 Southern Africa Regional Dialogue on Agriculture, 05-06 November 2013

Published in: Education, Technology, Business
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Implementation of the SADC Harmonized Seed Regulatory System: Progress and Future Prospects

  1. 1. Implementation of the SADC Harmonized Seed Regulatory System: Progress and Future Prospects K.C. Kawonga Interim Coordinator SADC Seed Centre
  2. 2. Introduction • The quality of seed is one of key determinants of crop yield meaning • The availability of quality seed affect crop productivity and food security • Facilitation of seed trade would positively impact on regional seed security
  3. 3. Introduction Cont. • Recognize A dual seed system : Informal and Formal sector. • Both of which need proportionate development intervention support.
  4. 4. The Objectives • Inform the stakeholders in the seed value chain on the progress and future prospects of implementation of the harmonized seed regulation in the SADC region. • Get feedback from stakeholders on how best the Zambian seed sector can domesticate the implementation of MOU on the HSRS
  5. 5. What is SADC doing to transform the Seed System in the Region?
  6. 6. Direction of Change Current •segregated, small, and difficult to access • National variety testing and release Effect • Limit investment by entrepreneur • Unnecessary repeated testing • Increase cost of variety release SADC HSRS • Addresses three areas: • a) Common variety testing and release • diversity of national regulatory systems • Delays farmers access to new improved • b) Common seed certification and quality assurance • Variable national standard in SPS, seed certification and quality assurance • complicates intra regional trade • c) Common sanitary & Phytosanitary • d) New plant variety protection (PBR)
  7. 7. Process Stakeholder consultations Member States Regional International organisations: ICRISAT; CYMMT Farmer organisations What it entails a) Common variety testing and release • b) Common seed certification and quality assurance B. Approved .by Council (2007, 2009) c) Common sanitary & Phytosanitary measures MOU on Implementation of SADC Seed Regulation (+Technical agreements with Procedure manuals) A) Development of HSRS Composition of HSRS • • • • • • • • • Test & release in 2 Member states Breeder’s own volition apply for regional variety release Released Variety is Registered on a SADC Catalogue Register seed crops Pass field inspections & Lab tests Gets SADC certification To access regional market Agreed on common disease and pest of Regional importance Field Seed Crop and seed lot are inspected Gets a SADC Certification
  8. 8. Progress • HSRS was Approved by Council of Minister-2007 • MOU on the implementation of the Harmonized seed regulatory system .was approved in May 2009 • 10th Member States signed the MOU June 2013 • The MOU entered into force on 7 July 2013 • Now the region can forge ahead with its implementation.
  9. 9. Implementation • National authorities will implement the harmonization systems (Agreements)-based the principle of subsidiarity • The Systems make use of existing, national facilities • The SADC Secretariat (Seed Centre) simply plays a coordinating and facilitating role.) • Qualifying var: maize (41); G/nut (6); Beans (8) etc.
  10. 10. Future Prospects • The implementation process will begin with Member States domesticating the regional technical agreements into their respective domes tic seed laws in order to effect the HSRS technical agreements. The specific activities will be centred on enforcement of the agreed procedures and standards on variety release, seed certification and phytosantary measures.
  11. 11. Future Prospects • Implementation the SADC Harmonization Systems requires : – Plant Variety Protection is introduced in more SADC Member States, – Plant breeders and seed companies will make increasing use of the Systems – Finance for HSRS implementation is mobilized i) establishment of SADC Seed Centre
  12. 12. Conclusion • The implementation of the HSRS offers prospects to increase regional seed security and improved agricultural productivity through increased investment in variety development that the expanded market offers and ease intraregional movement of safe seed especially during times of disasters.