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Agricultural transformation in uganda december 3 4 2012

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Godfrey Bahiigwa, ReSAKSS-AW Coordinator, presented at Expert Group Meeting on Rethinking Africa’s Agriculture and Rural Transformation on December 4, 2012

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Agricultural transformation in uganda december 3 4 2012

  1. 1. IFPRI Agricultural Modernization Experiences in Uganda Expert Group Meeting on Agriculture and Rural Transformation Godfrey Bahiigwa December 4, 2012 Addis Ababa, EthiopiaINTERNATIONAL FOOD POLICY RESEARCH INSTITUTE
  2. 2. Outline of Presentation  Policy frameworks for agricultural transformation  Is transformation happening in Uganda’s agriculture?  Some lessons learnt over the years
  3. 3. Uganda’s Agricultural Policy Frameworks (1)  Plan for Modernization of Agriculture (PMA): 2001-2008 » Poverty focused, small scale farmer driven » Holistic approach to agricultural development » Government role limited to public goods  Rural Development Strategy (RDS): 2005- 2007 » Advocated for proactive government, but short- lived
  4. 4. Uganda’s Agricultural Policy Frameworks (2)  Prosperity for All (PFA): 2006 to date » Improved version of RDS » Elements of PMA in it » Used for political mobilization » Quietly fizzling away  Agricultural Sector Development Strategy and Investment Plan (DSIP): 2010-2015 » Captures key elements of PMA, RDS, PFA » Focused more on role of ministry of agriculture » Supports all farmer categories » Not as popularized at the PMA » Commodity approach adopted for implementation
  5. 5. Indicators of Agricultural Transformation  Increasing productivity, sustained over several decades  Increasing incomes, sustained over several decades  Declining share of agriculture in GDP  Declining labor employed in agriculture
  6. 6. Cereal yields have hardly changes in 30 years 2500 2000 1500 1000 500 0 Uganda Cereal Yield Kenya Cereal Yield
  7. 7. Per capita incomes started rising in last 10 years 600 500 400 300 200 100 0 Per Capita GDP ($)
  8. 8. Agriculture Share in GDP has declined, but not employment 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 Ag. Value Added GDP (%) Non Ag GDP (%)
  9. 9. 7372 72717069 69686766 66 66656463 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
  10. 10. Population is predominantly rural and changing slowly 94 92 90 88 86 84 82 80 Rural Population (%)
  11. 11.  THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION

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