Barriers against employment of older workers Per Erik Solem  Norwegian Social Research (NOVA) Presentation to the Dialogue...
Non-workers 40-79 years  who want a job <ul><li>17 % (6% want full time, 11 % part time)  </li></ul><ul><li>This equals  1...
Are they able to work? <ul><li>3/4 (90 000 persons)  have a health condition that is compareable to those working.  (measu...
Sample: 40-79 years from 30 local communities in Norway 2002/2003 (N=5589) (second wave in 2007/2008) Telephone interview ...
What are the barriers? <ul><li>In recruitment </li></ul><ul><li>At the work-place </li></ul><ul><li>By retirement </li></ul>
Barriers in recruitment <ul><li>Negative stereotypes about ageing pervade western culture </li></ul><ul><li>Self-stereotyp...
Barriers at the work-place <ul><li>Lack of adaptations to health and functional limitations </li></ul><ul><li>Adaptations ...
Barriers by retirement <ul><li>Mandatory retirement in general </li></ul><ul><li>Mandatory retirement for special occupati...
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Workplaces In Change 2 - Slide 2/4

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From the conference Competence 50+ 2007 in Gothenburg, Sweden.

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  • Workplaces In Change 2 - Slide 2/4

    1. 1. Barriers against employment of older workers Per Erik Solem Norwegian Social Research (NOVA) Presentation to the Dialogue seminar ‘ Workplaces in change 1’ At the European Conference on Age Management ‘Competence 50+ 2007’ Göteborg 18 -20 June, 2007
    2. 2. Non-workers 40-79 years who want a job <ul><li>17 % (6% want full time, 11 % part time) </li></ul><ul><li>This equals 120.000 persons </li></ul><ul><li>(40.000 want full time, 80.000 part time) </li></ul><ul><li>Stipulated need to meet increase in pension costs: 45.000 less pensioners </li></ul>
    3. 3. Are they able to work? <ul><li>3/4 (90 000 persons) have a health condition that is compareable to those working. (measured by SF-12) </li></ul>
    4. 4. Sample: 40-79 years from 30 local communities in Norway 2002/2003 (N=5589) (second wave in 2007/2008) Telephone interview (CATI) Response rate: 67,0 % NorLAG: The Norwegian Life Course, Ageing and Generation Study
    5. 5. What are the barriers? <ul><li>In recruitment </li></ul><ul><li>At the work-place </li></ul><ul><li>By retirement </li></ul>
    6. 6. Barriers in recruitment <ul><li>Negative stereotypes about ageing pervade western culture </li></ul><ul><li>Self-stereotypes older persons have about themselves may be a barrier (Levy 2003) </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of openness and reflection about positive and negative sides of ageing. (openness may counteract ageism) </li></ul><ul><li>Weak self-confidence and social cohesion may reinforce the terror of ageing and death (Solomon et al. 2004, Howard & Scott 1965) </li></ul>
    7. 7. Barriers at the work-place <ul><li>Lack of adaptations to health and functional limitations </li></ul><ul><li>Adaptations of working conditions to age (NB! as a barrier) </li></ul><ul><li>Less challenges for older workers (training, organisational changes, new - more challencing- tasks etc.) </li></ul>
    8. 8. Barriers by retirement <ul><li>Mandatory retirement in general </li></ul><ul><li>Mandatory retirement for special occupations (f.i. security personnel) </li></ul><ul><li>Expectations (social norms) about voluntary early exit. </li></ul>

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