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Most-Needed Chemicals for New Disruptive Electronics and Electrics


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Most-Needed Chemicals for New Disruptive Electronics and Electrics

  1. 1. Most-Needed Chemicals for New Disruptive Electronics andElectricsReport Details:Published:September 2012No. of Pages: 176Price: Single User License – US$4995The chemistry of the new electronics and electrics is key to its future, whether it is invisible, tightlyrollable, biodegradable, edible, employing the memristor logic of the human brain or possessingany other previously- impossible capability in a manufactured device. De-risking that materialdevelopment is vital yet the information on which to base that has been unavailable. No more.See how the metals aluminium, copper and silver are widely deployed, sometimes in mildlyalloyed, nano, precursor, ink or other form. Understand the 12 basic compounds most widely usedin the new electronics and electrics and compare them with compounds exhibiting the broadestrange of appropriate electrical and optical functions for the future. Those seeking low volume,premium priced opportunities can learn of other broad opportunities. Indeed, we cover in detail allthe key inorganic and organic compounds and carbon isomers. We show how the element siliconhas a new and very different place beyond the silicon chip. Learn how the tailoring of a chosen,widely-applicable chemical can permit premium pricing and barriers to entry based on strong newintellectual property. For example, see which of 15 basic formulations are used in the anode orcathode of the re-invented lithium-ion batteries of 131 manufacturers and what comes next.We identify 37 families of new and rapidly-evolving electronic and electric device, spanning nanoto very large devices. Most chemical and material companies wish to de-risk their investment byfinding common formulations across this new business that has a potential of over $50 billion forthem. This will reduce R&D cost and provide escape routes to sell their current formulationselsewhere if they prove unsuccessful in the first application addressed. Indeed, the biggestmarkets for new and reinvented electrical and electronic devices may get commoditised first orcollapse suddenly, leaving the materials suppliers high and dry. Read this report to avoid such afate.Who should buy this report?All advanced chemical and material manufacturers and developers - both chemical companiesand equipment manufacturers with deep vertical integration like Toyota, Hewlett Packard and Intel.
  2. 2. To a lesser extent those making the devices and key circuit technologies such as printedelectronics, organic electronics, wide area electrics and very high volume electronics. Smartpackaging. Smart labels. Investors and acquirors in these industries, particularly in advancedchemical and material manufacturers and developers. Academics and research centers coveringadvanced chemicals and materials for electronics and electrics. Particularly huge opportunity inJapan, Germany and USA.Get your copy of this report @ points covered in Table of Contents of this report include1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS1.1. The most important materials by three criteria1.2. Chemical giants reposition to benefit1.2.1. Itochu and partners1.2.2. BASF and partners1.2.3. Dow and others1.3. Need for de-risking1.4. The most widely useful compounds1.5. Much scope for premium-priced variants1.6. The most versatile compounds electronically1.7. Disruptive new electronics and electrics - the market pull1.8. Fine metals and semiconductors that will be most widely used - survey result1.9. Fine chemical compounds most widely needed - survey results1.10. The inorganic compounds - detailed results for 37 families of device1.11. Isomers of carbon most widely needed - survey result1.12. Fine organic compounds most widely needed - survey results1.13. Survey results for lithium salts in the biggest battery market1.14. Less prevalent or less established formulations2. INTRODUCTION2.1. Elements being targeted2.2. Here come composites and mixtures2.3. Disparate value propositions2.4. Here comes printing2.5. Great breadth2.6. Fragile chemicals2.7. Challenges of ink formulation2.8. Company size is not a problem2.9. Uncertainties2.10. Inorganic vs organic
  3. 3. 2.11. Impediments2.12. Photovoltaics2.13. Examples of company activity2.13.1. Dow Chemical2.13.2. Merck, DuPont and Honeywell2.13.3. Bayer2.14. Progress with Semiconductors2.15. Printed and multilayer electronics and electrics needs new design rules2.16. Metamaterials, nantennas and memristors2.17. The toolkit becomes large2.17.1. Three dimensional2.17.2. Leveraging smart substrates2.17.3. Planned applications can have plenty of area2.17.4. Health and environment to the fore2.17.5. Three generations?3. THE MOST IMPORTANT EMERGING DEVICES AND THEIR REQUIREMENTS3.1. Conductive patterning: antennas, electrodes, interconnects, metamaterials3.1.1. Silver flake inks continue to reign supreme for printing3.1.2. Alternatives gain share3.1.3. ITO Replacement3.1.4. For RFID Tags3.1.5. For logic and memory3.1.6. For sensors3.1.7. For smart packaging3.1.8. For memristors3.2. CIGS Photovoltaics3.2.1. Brief description of technology3.3. DSSC Photovoltaics3.3.1. Brief description of technology3.4. Electrophoretic displays and alternatives3.4.1. Brief description of the technology3.4.2. Applications of E-paper displays3.4.3. E ink3.4.4. The Killer Application3.4.5. SiPix, Taiwan3.4.6. Alternatives - electrowetting3.5. Inorganic LED3.6. Li-ion battery rechargeable3.7. Rechargeable lithium/lithium metal battery and PEM fuel cell3.8. MEMS & NEMS3.9. Organic Light Emitting Diode OLED displays and lighting3.10. Power semiconductors
  4. 4. 3.11. Supercapacitor3.12. Supercabattery3.13. Touch screen3.13.1. Main Touch Technologies3.13.2. Leading Market Applications3.13.3. ITO Alternatives for touch screens3.13.4. Over 100 profiled organizations3.14. Transistor, diode, thermistor, thyristor for electronics3.15. Other devices of interest4. CARBON NANOTUBES AND GRAPHENE4.1. Carbon Nanotubes4.2. Graphene4.3. Carbon Nanotubes and graphene summary4.4. 113 Organizations profiled5. TITANIUM COMPOUNDS IN THE NEW ELECTRONICS AND ELECTRICS6. FLUORINE COMPOUNDS FOR THE NEW ELECTRONICS AND ELECTRICSAPPENDIX 1: IDTECHEX PUBLICATIONS AND CONSULTANCYTABLES1.1. Description and images of the 37 families of new electronics and electrics1.2. The 20 categories of chemical and physical property exploited by the key materials in thedevices are identified1.3. Four families of carbon isomer needed in the new electronics and electrics1.4. Organic materials used and researched for the 37 families of new electronics and electrics1.5. Manufacturers and putative manufacturers of lithium-based rechargeable batteries showingcountry, cathode and anode chemistry, electrolyte form, case, targeted applicational sectors andsales relationships and successes by vehicle1.6. Examples of relatively less prevalent or less established formulations than those examinedearlier2.1. Examples of inorganic materials needed for printed electronics and their suppliers.2.2. Comparison of the more challenging inorganic and organic materials used in printed andpotentially printed electronics2.3. Typical quantum dot materials from Evident Technologies and their likely application.2.4. The leading photovoltaic technologies compared3.1. Key chemicals and materials for conductive patterning: antennas, electrodes, interconnects,metamaterials3.2. Product Overview of conductive printed electronics3.3. Advantages and disadvantages of electrophoretic displays3.4. Comparison between OLEDs and E-Ink of various parameters3.5. Manufacturers and putative manufacturers of lithium-based rechargeable batteries showingcountry, cathode and anode chemistry, electrolyte form, case, targeted applicational sectors andsales relationships and successes by vehicle3.6. Some materials needs for small molecule vs polymeric OLEDs.
  5. 5. 3.7. Organisations working in touch screens3.8. The 20 categories of chemical and physical property exploited by the key materials in thedevices are identified3.9. Four families of carbon isomer needed in the new electronics and electrics3.10. Organic materials used and researched for the 37 families of new electronics and electrics4.1. Semiconductors4.2. Activities of 113 OrganizationsFIGURES1.1. Inorganic elements and compounds most widely needed for growth markets in the newelectronics and electrics over the coming decade1.2. Number of new device families using elemental or mildly alloyed aluminium, copper, gold,silicon and silver giving % of 37 device families analysed and typical functional form over thecoming decade1.3. The anions or metals in the most popular inorganic compounds in the new electronics bynumber of device families using them and percentage of the 37 device families (there is overlapfor multi-metal formulations). Main functional1.4. The incidence of the isomers of carbon that are most widely being used, at leastexperimentally, for the 37 types of new electronics and electrics giving functional form and % andnumber of surveyed devices involved1.5. The families of organic compound that are most widely being used or investigated for the newelectronics as % of sample and number of device families using them2.1. Some of the most promising elements employed in research and production of the newelectronics and electrics - much broader than today and away from silicon2.2. The increasing potential of progress towards the printing and multilayering of electric andelectronic devices2.3. Attributes and problems of inorganic, hybrid and organic thin film electronics form a spectrum2.4. Likely impact of inorganic printed and potentially printed technology to 2020 - dominanttechnology by device and element. Dark green shows where inorganic technology is extremelyimportant for the active (non-linear) components s2.5. Mass production of flexible thin film electronic devices using the three generations oftechnology2.6. Strategy options for chemical companies seeking a major share of the printed electronicsmarket, with examples.2.7. Metal interconnect and antennas on a BlueSpark printed manganese dioxide zinc batterysupporting integral antenna and interconnects3.1. Negative refractive index metamaterial bends electromagnetic radiation the "wrong" way3.2. Split ring resonator and micro-wire array that form negative refractive index material whenprinted together in the correct dimensions3.3. Schematic representation of a CIGS thin film solar cell3.4. Principle of operation of electrophoretic displays3.5. E-paper displays on a magazine sold in the US in October 20083.6. Retail Shelf Edge Labels from UPM
  6. 6. 3.7. Secondary display on a cell phone3.8. Amazon Kindle 2, launched in the US in February 20093.9. Electrophoretic display on a commercially sold financial card3.10. Flow chart of the manufacture process3.11. Process for printing LEDs3.12. OLED structure showing left the vacuum -based technology3.13. Examples of OLED light-emitting and hole transport molecules3.14. Functions within a small molecule OLED, typically made by vacuum processing3.15. Illustration of how the active matrix OLED AMOLED is much simpler than the AMLCD itreplaces.3.16. Families of power semiconductor3.17. Latest power semiconductors by frequency of use3.18. Touch market forecast by technology in 20123.19. Conductance in ohms per square for the different printable conductive materials, at typicalthicknesses used, compared with bulk metal, where nanotubes refers to carb on nanotube orgraphene4.1. Structure of single-wall carbon nanotubes4.2. The chiral vector is represented by a pair of indices (n, m). T denotes the tube axis, and a1and a2 are the unit vectors of graphene in real space4.3. Targeted applications for carbon nanotubes by EikosContact: for more information.