World Water Week 2011 Conferences report


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Short reports about conferences. World Water Week 2011: Stockholm.

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World Water Week 2011 Conferences report

  1. 1. Beginning Sunday 21 august 2011 Stockholm Sweden.World Water Week. (Sessions from 21th to 24th)First conference K23Integrated flood management Manual on and WMO collaborative program.Training program focuses on management, measures and tools for decision making people.Jakarta situation about population,Nov 2025 sea level rising 2.25 m.Increasing of flood volumeLot of people in flood area, mostly poor ones.ZERO Q policy = associated to flood management.Flood management by building canals to direct water toward other areas.Also reforestation is used to retain water.Early Warning System in Jakarta. Also « sending flood » is signal sent by distance measure systemsoutside of Jakarta territories.Working on coordination team for flood management.Strategies for Ciliwun river : – short cut in river curves – low cost housing – resettlements – rehabilitation... – elevation of bridges – facilities use by population for bath – building artificial land over the sea, and toll roadNew building of houses are on the same spot because people refuse to move away. Then, livingroom is built over rooms and water free elevations.Strategies for the future : – Key challenges and essential components – Building knowledge base – Network of Universities, institutions and companies – Platform of urban flood managers – Concept for sustainable urban flood management – Expected outputs – Unaccounted population around large cities like Mumbay concerned by flooding – Cultural and spiritual aspects in flooding management
  2. 2. Disaster relief K16/K17Sri Lanka case legacy disaster response ITT and Mercy Corp.ITT water equipment company : clean water equipment to be installed on the spot.Emergency response committee managing situation in real time with fast response.Ten field operations in ten countries. Central America, Middle east, Asia.Acting the day after disaster is already too late.Mercy Corp want to act as model. Relationship do work between NGOs and communities.Partnership for the future : – what situation in the futurePoints about water usage : – inefficiencies in water management – Chlorine resistance – INGOs and CBOs standing where governments can not respond to emergencies – Need for competent WASH practitioners – Dense urban situations – Focus on what responses that already worksLocal communities to be involved into local Disaster Relief Response, Mercy Corps, IRC – seasonal flooding response – integrating DRR in programs – Build better response – Protect live-hood and diversify economies – Conflict reduction using DRR, China, TajikistanAdvocate DRR policy at local level, national and international and support Hyogo Framework forAction HFAStrategies for Local, National and regional partnerships, open field for poor and communitiesPrivate sector best positioned for DRR support with money, material and solutionsHaiti example for DRR – 1000 IDP camps set-up – survey say they want to go back home – cholera cases, but not big outbreaks – UNICEF and EU surveyed that 97% doesnt have house water connection – Gadyen Dlo is now supported by US NGO for activity (pre earthquake business), chlorine product is simple use and recommended by WHO increasing demand for this product and need of funds for more production – Schools reopening and hygienic promotion toward children – Water treatment at home, easy and lost cost 15USD kit with 1USD recharge – Confusion because of free treatments from NGOs coming after earthquake is due to UN people loss during earthquake. These 17 victims where coordinating body.
  3. 3. Monday 22 Opening sessionSIWI director opening the welcoming session about water.Back on history with aquaduc building in Roma, London experience with black-death. Cholera alsocomes to the stage with first research from 1866. Also humanitarian field work has interest here.The week is based on discussion, agreements and future collaborations.Mr Anders Berntell,presenting the role and opportunities of the conference.SIWI will continue working on water subject internationally for better access to water. Diseasesspreading because of bad hygienic situation also need to have program implementation. A largenumber of people are living in cities, then mayors, ministers are in need of success in managingwater sanitation, flooding, and water cycle. The bottom million are people that does not have accessto clean water.Water flood and renewable energies were important subjects before 2011s conference and still willbe during the water week.Discussions will help making this week interesting and successful.Humanitarian Aid by Sweden, MinisterClean water is important factor for better life. Water week is an opportunity for Water actors tocollect ideas from younger generation in that matter. Humanitarian action from Sweden has alsodone work on water solutions.Sten Nordin, mayor of Stockholm.« In every country water is important. » Most construction in Sweden are based on watermanagement. Stockholm is built on water, with many islands and bridges.1861 was the first construction of water facility to connect 80 buildings. Health started to improvehere in Stockholm. Before water system, Stockholm was not a nice place to be. Now, people canswim and fish in the centre of Stockholm. Good quality of life comes from water management.Environmental concern is not a cost but an investment. Mostly, old people are living in cities. Todaywe are cleaner and healthier that the previous century. We also use less water daily.Conflicts can araise from lack of water because many communities does not have access to cleanwater.Dr Joan Clos, UN Habitat and settlementsSituation for cities is different for Northern and southern countries. Northern towns are reducingcity density of population and increasing land permeability. This is creating a problem of largersurface of land occupied by buildings and reducing water possibility to go back into the earth.Streets are the places were we are communicating with others, but we are investing more publiccapital in improving street network and cable, connections of gas, electricity, sewage, fiber opticsthan before. Previous main investment was in clean water.Ms Sheela PatelIn poor areas, people are organising their communities as network with powerful leaders. Cities thatcan not provide facilities to poor people should be registered and their projects submitted toInternational organisations. Situations in India is that sometimes people have to face Police forces
  4. 4. to defend their rights to access water facilities and this is leading to conflicts inside the states. Wateractors and anybody is welcome to join the movement Shack / Slum Dweller International.Prof. Steven CarpenterPhosphorus and nitrogen over-enrichment is based on run-off from agriculture, cities and humanwaste that are not treated. This leading to development and algeas.Cycle of carbon have been modified, but phosphorus has changed dramatically. According toRobert Paine, cycle of food in lakes is linked to predators life and affects other plants and food web.An idea for lake management is increasing big fish population because it will control smaller fishes.Then, smaller fishes will not eat so much small organisms and does not leave space to algeasbecause small organism will control algeas.Phosphorus is very heavily over applied in major regions of the world, like North America, Asiaand India, also Europe. Peak phosphorus could happen in 30 years and this means that phosphoruscould not be absorbed by environment.Side event about state of land and water resources K22 SOLAWParviz Koohafkan, Director, Land and Water division, FAO.Up-to-date report about water situation. Agriculture in under pressure because of need for food andproblem in pollution. 70% more food is needed and then will increase agriculture rôle. Agricultureand food security may communicate together. Food and agriculture report is here to open discussionon the subject.Based in ROMA, FAO did not have recent report about state of land and water resources. Thenthere was a need of knowing real situation.Land availability is higher in developed countries and land quality is better. Europe, North Americahave good lands and large surface.+12% cultivated surface, +117 irrigated land +200% food production.Scarcity of water is not every-where, there are spots.Physical scarcity, economic water scarcity (not funds but water) water that does not meet healthquality for humans.Managing systems at risk : a lot of ground water have been jeopardized because of pollution withpesticides and fertilizers, production or limit of sustainability.Question is how to improve small farmers production with low cost and locally availabletechnologies.Beef, cereals and fruits need water for production, but fruits and cereals need ten times less thanmeat.Food security with resource management. Investing in land will help reducing poverty. Investing inagriculture is not only in food production but also in social service and side activities of the sector.7 to 9 September FAO ROMA head-quarter GLOBAL SOIL PARTNERSHIP project.Goals : technical assistance, efficiency to be improved, planning of ground use, ecosystem approachand payment for environmental services...Around agriculture development are other activities like tourism, this might not have negative effectbecause farmers can find opportunities to sell their products to tourists. Sometimes it is bettereconomic solution than going to market. Also land is used for green gas; non food items and foodfor animals. The main concern in land use if migration from rural cities toward main towns. Inchina more than 500 millions people are currently living in cities, they might be 1 billion soon andwill move to towns. This have a huge effect on water needs, electricity net, sewage and otherservices to be set-up.Land management is included in good governance, but members states did not include waterbecause of frontiers issue in that matter. Traditional right to land is also included in negotiations
  5. 5. with governments about investment into land management financing.Current use of water is a virtual canal of 7 millions km long, 100 meters wide and 10 meters deep.The future need for increasing food production is 5 millions more km. The loss in water networkand agriculture pollution means that it can be improve, it does not mean that farmers are wastingwater because it is free.Tuesday 23Focus on Africa K2 Full day meetingAfrican focus attendance have raised in quality and number of participants. AMCOW is AfricanMinisters Cooperation On Water. Based in Nigeria, Federal Ministry of Water resources PMB 159,AMCOW secretariat, 11 TY Danjuma Street, Asoko, Abuja, Nigeria, Alsoafrican music and drums will be present because Africa without dance and drums would not beAfrica.Water and Climate Change: issues arising in UNFCCC climate change negotiations by Tosi MpanuMpanu DRC. Making short review about Cancun decisions linked to water and goals fordiscussions over water issues. NWP Nairobi Work Program limit for defining agenda is 15September 2011. Water should be raised in Durban agenda as prominent issue.Alex Simalabwi: raising issues about negotiations about water. African negotiations about waterpersons not present (or invited). Alex Simalabwi is asking that water becomes a major subject innegotiations instead of being marginalized. Moving toward COP17 it may be possible to strengthenwater issues. AMCOW might help negotiators by providing experts on water. This might simplifywater discussions for Ministers.Mike Young, water in green economy. “Greening the water dimensions of African economies” – how you invest into economy: benefit of good management and hight cost of poor management. – water investment and protection of environment. – Definitions of rights for users – Recognition of ecosystem services – Management of water supply and treatments – removal of perverse effect of rulesWater is still undelivered to poor and does not help in term of diseases. Cost for individual is highwhen buying daily water. Increasing water demand in the world is a future massive water scarcity.Strict governance in water management of clean and safe catchments. Dams offer easieropportunities for the transition toward good reforms. Accelerated investment should be directedtoward water dependant ecosystems. Africa lack storage and sanitation. When management andgovernance are coupled, they offer a better efficiency. Reform needs to be at governance,entitlement (for equality of water supply) and allocation system levels. Security, hydrology, returnflows and ground-surface interaction are important issues at ecosystem level.Report on UNEP green economy/water.Dick Van Ginhoven, Improving Aid effectiveness for Water and Sanitation in Africa.WIAWG EU Water Initiative Africa Working Group.Water management and water sanitation: report about work of this group.
  6. 6. EU Aid toward water have doubled from about USD 500 million in 2005 to USD 950 millions in2009. 59% of all reported Aid in WASH comes from EU and member states. 60% of EU Aidconcerning water goes to Africa.The improvement that should come is linking sector aid to real needs, but it is currently more linkedto political issues. EU water aid show that some countries receive less than other, or nothing.Also improvement should be in term of fragmentation of Aid, taking account of additional costs oforganising meetings, better use of cooperation links wit donor countries.African countries can improve responsibility assignment in water sector.There is a need of increasing funding toward water and sanitation sector in Africa. Aid effectivenessand efficiency could improve.Robert Gakubia,“Responding to the urban challenge by improving water and sanitation services for the poor.”Urban poor are the worst off and the most vulnerable. Quality of water can be poor & overpriced.Water reform creates enabling environment: By profesionalization, Strong pro-poor orientation andRegulation for service in line with Human Rights.Water action groups help consumers to speak-up towards companies. It helps them in demandstoward companies and also raise their knowledge in Human Rights.Water Action Group Pilots help to learn about consumers attitude and needs regarding water.Several types of follow-up can bring results of water service complaints from consumers. There areseveral Successes and Challenges in term of enhancement, support, stop in illegal connections,corruption...Lessons from WAG: consumers involvement, low income areas efforts, need for training andsupervision, improvement of WAG supervision.Mose Kwery, manager of Water in Mombassa. Kenya.Scientists declare that Kilimanjaro glacier may disappear. The work for adaptation to Climatechange work is done toward communication with consumers by forums and improving waterequipments like water retailers and reduction of water. Responses by water bladders could providepoor with water during crisis. Losses of water are reduced by peoples participation.Philipp Peters, adviser on water in Mombassa.New constitution does not allow only reports, but also acting toward better situation.Collaborative pathways for water secure future K23It is a collaboration between several countries around water ressources. Starting with Jordan, Indiaand Mexico, the group as now Mongolia and South Africa in membership among other privatepartners.How water future security comes up into Water Week Conference ?Opening by Usha Rao-MonariMexican representative, Marco AntonioVelazquez Holguin
  7. 7. Water agenda in Mexico 2030. Different changes will be engaged at appropriate moment in order toreach goals by 2030. Demand will increase by 2030, then measures must come slowly to cover thisvariation. Better efficiency and technology for water management in localities. Agriculture mayhelp to cover the gap by 61% because of better use of water.National water management will be improved by initiatives. Wide improvement of situation aroundwater use and water threats like flooding. Water needs are linked to National growth.Final solutions might be coming from shared reflections.Jordan representative, Ali275 millions cubic meter consumption per year, available less than 750 millions, 1.5 billions cubicmeters of demand.From 60 to 100 litters available per person/day. Less rain fall in Jordan. Projects are, one partagreed for commitment of Government of Jordan and others more risky because of simpleproposals.USAID representative, Mr RhodesJordan have a good water management so far. But water springs are disappearing every year. Lessagriculture better water management. Ministry is asked how much water they need and USAIDpartnership will help to define how much it will cost and where it could come from.Ministry of water, South Africa, Mr Trever-BalzerSouth Africa is a country with scarcity of water, but not as much as Jordan. Not much rain falls.Climate change could have good effect in term of modifying locally the weather and wateravailability.62% of water goes to Agriculture. Around 27% to human consumption. 3% to deforestation.The limit has been reached on fresh water, flooding and droughts at the same time. Agriculture haveto repair damages from flooding that will be broken by next flooding. On part of the country isfacing drought, while the other is flooded. Desalination is possible close to the sea but still costlysolution. Recycling waste water is also possible at industrial use and even drinkable waterstandards. The aim is to get private sector partners involved in water mix.Pepsi Co, Mr BenaPepsi Co has a role because of being a big beverage company. Pepsi Co is an agriculture companyhas 20% of raw materials comes from agriculture. Crops comes from commercial farmers and smallfarmers from developing countries. Food products are supposed to raise from 35% to more.Progress is about efficiency in water use. Industry can not do everything alone, neither NGOs orgovernments could.Coca Cola, Mr KochRole of private company in Water Resources Group. This company serve local consumers becausewater is too heavy to prepare beverage in different country than where it is sold. Competitionbetween Coca and Pepsi is not about water resources but participating to water reflection.Nestlé, Mr Oberhaensli
  8. 8. Water shortage would occur by 2025 2030 and then stop business in beverage companies. Water islocal and asking to small users would not face good attention because they have many otherproblems to cop with. The best strategy would be proposing a relevant and adapted solution.GTZ, Mr Winfried ZargesJoining hands is like using two oxen for agriculture fields. The playing field is not empty andamong team actually playing each one have to show what advantage he is providing to others.When looking at National policies you can have impression that it is almost perfect because it waswritten by consultant. The same consultant may have written the same policy in another country.Wednesday 24Focus Latin America & The CaribbeanWater management in cities, innovative ways to water share in communities, corporate governance,water demand in cities.Abel Mejìa, Banco mundial.Water in urban cities.Urban water and myths of plenty of water, service of water. Urbanization is progress anddevelopment and it is changing water cycle. In Latin America y Caribbean population will increaseof 100 millions by 2030. Growth and urban share are linked. Agglomeration of economies isleading cities in growing.Hot spots are based on water cycle en Ecuador, golfo de Mexico, pacific coast de Mexico, sur deBrazil y Argentina.Water services for agriculture and urban population are using water resources. The use of water inlarge countries is a major importance due to industrialization.Latin America has a lot of water compared to the world situation. But the territories are dry andsome regions does not give access to sufficient water volume. It is due to seasons changes in rainand flooding. The problem in Latin America is that population is not living in zones where islocated water, this is the case for several countries.Disastrous situation in the theme of water contamination with no more than 36% of recycling watersystem in Mexico. These data are leading to bad health situation and also disasters and landdegradation cost millions. Fresh water needs to be produce by treatment and population is facingcost in buying daily water. A ratio of consumption and cost of water shows LAC a main concern interm of water access for population. Slums are places where is located difficulties with cost ofwater, violence and drug trafficking.Even if water is present everywhere in LAC, many cities are facing water scarcity and this isleading to a need of reforms, actions for treatment and monitoring. There is a strong participation inwater issues from populations and NGOs. 25% of the population in LAC are living in slums. Forsome countries participation of private sector is showing good results. Flooding is another problemwith consequences in diseases and morbidity. Only Brazil and Mexico have Water SystemManagement.
  9. 9. The problem of clientelismo still exists and many people still out of water distribution becausepolitics are choosing what company will provide what groups of citizens.The next 20 years will be an opportunity for LAC to radically change water management within theterritories.Fernando VEIGA, AGUA somos cooperation.It is a partnership between public and private sector about conservation of water sources providingcities. Technical advisors, secretariat and Natural patrimony.Objectives are linked with nature preservation concerning ecosystems and resources. Campaigns areorganized for awareness and fund raising. Communication is organized through free press for betteroutreach. Also project are restoration, rehabilitation and preservation of Nature.Environment is organized with regulations coming from government of Columbia like Naturalparks, Natural zones for protection.Xavier VIDAL, Water and drainage in Quito Ecuador.Situation of Quito makes special case because of altitude and volcanoes. The valley has about 1,5million inhabitants in urban area and half million in rural settlements. The long territory of Quitodistrict is leading to difficulties for water services. The company EPMAPS Empresa PublicaMetropolitana de Agua Potable y Saneamiento de Quito.Pinchicha Hillside area has 35 quebradas (creeks) where waste and water management have to beorganised. Small green areas inside settlements are not clean and people may suffer of it. Thedevelopment of housing have covered old natural and agriculture areas.Projects are linked to structures, landscape and environmental restoration with participation ofcommunities. One of the first project that include peoples though on environment situation.Also relocation of families or reconstruction of their home is participating to a better environmentin term of health, education, housing and water supply. Pichincha-Atacazo hillside management iscreated in order to avoid facing similar problems than current living areas.Ger BERGKAMP, World Water Council.Latin America and Caribbean is facing a movement of population going from rural areas to settledown around cities. 8000 people are arriving daily in slums or towns that are already over crowdedand facing difficulties in water management.Adriana Nelly Correa, Universidad Technologico de Monterrey.Political questions and environmental issues in providing water and water treatment for cities ofLatin America y Caribbean. There are different ways of organising water management depending towitch country you are looking at. Everything is part of the same system. Then, it is important toconsider the global situation on water for water resource management at Continent level.Carlos Manuel Rodriguez, Minister of Costa Rica.It is important to have feet on the ground. The need of water is only starting and the middle class
  10. 10. population in Latin America and Caribbean will grow with similar wishes of water consumption asEuropean people.Albert Einstein: We can solve the futur problem when it causes real troubles.We have destroyed water resources, we need to improve water effort in restoring clean water even ifwe have created the trouble. Some technical units are only looking at water like production assets.The use of water should change with time and that would help to solve the problem with ministriesand water agencies.Water is still a free resources of industry without link to Nature protection, and probably no Latincities have water source coming from other catchment than Natural areas. The market has influenceon Natural area location because needs of resources has always been filled by ecosystems. Then,scarcity of resources would not be resolved without effort on treatment, recycling, and watermanagement.John REYNOLDS, Reynolds international.Glaciers melting.Graphic about glaciers in Latin America. Glaciers are not only thin or melting but disintegrating. Inparticular in south Chile and Patagonia. These melting effect are creating flooding with waves of2.5 meters 200 km the source. Around open mines roads are simply disappearing or showing cracks.In Peru, a melting glacier is threatening to fall into the Hualcan lake. 5000 people were at risk butwere protected by rocky wall.Maya A. TROTZ University of South Florida. Guyana native.Sea level rise.Life now, Our future, interconnectedness, opportunities.Loss of land is visible on the coast. Flooding is putting GDP at trouble. Disease coming fromwarming like dengue and malaria. Increase of run-off, change in rain fall. Food supply affected byflooding. Waste system contaminating fresh water. Salt water inside fresh sources because of coastalpenetration. Guyana is under sea level. Hotels might be relocated and rebuilt.Regional collaboration can lead to long term solutions. Downscaling models can help adaptation toregion level.In Belize, a city and new is 50 miles away from the coast.New house management can help saving energy and fluids.In Florida, effort is made on education about sea rise.To work at community level with University research.How to develop the capacity to deal with Climate Change issues.Marcial SOLIS PAZ, Rain water in dry regions of Honduras.NGO for best use of natural resources.Corredor seco de Honduras. A dry zone of Honduras. From green land it became dry, but farmersstill think that it will rain in popular day 13 of May. Would non sense to make effort because thereno more water. The local Culture is a main concern added to rain loss.Because of El Niño and La Niña. Consequences are temperature increase of 14 to 30%.Installation of small rain water tanks had failed one time, but by installing them in 20 schools it waspossible to educate children and make parents confident. Later, 200 tanks were installed in families.
  11. 11. Mario LOPEZ, Technologico de Monterey.Rain falls due to hurricanes were flooding Monterrey bridge and highway. Amount of water wasdouble that previous hurricanes. It was the same situation than 1909. Then, the response to ClimateChange must adaptation and relevant solution. It is important to avoid wrong adaptation.Eugenio BARRIOS WWF CONAGUA.New water management in Mexico. San Pedro Mezquital (northern cities) and Colipa (Southerncities). Identification of water resources, availability, dams, irrigation, density of population,aquifers, restrictions.Water reserves in Mexico: on the coast and center, baja California.Program of National Water Reserve in Mexico to be presented soon.Please do not keep after reading, give it to another reader.Dominique Deschampsreporter@orange.fr 25New paradigm shift: new technologies and new life styles.Maria KENNEDY, Water scarcity / desalination technologySeveral maps shows desalination installations in the world, the mostly used technology ismembrane based desalination. Countries that have been listed in water scarce situation have alreadytaken measures. But, other countries wich may become water scarce have not started to react withnew technologies or programs. Algeria is the country that have more increased is use ofdesalination.Is desalination a solution for developing countries ?It does not rely on river flow and it seems to be able to handle situations for no drought.India, China, Algeria.China has adopted a strategy to use desalination water for Industry instead of using drinkableground water.Concentrate discharge, marine pollution, sea water intake, chemical use, material, land, Energy useand CO2 emissions are the main concern around desalination plants use.Energy can be provided by local power station based on gas, or coming from electric grid.Newly installed desalination plant are compensate with wind power or other renewable energies. Itis only renewable energy compensation, the main power used is normal grid electricity. Only somesmall renewable energy production are used is desalination plants.
  12. 12. Sustainable solutions are technically feasible for desalination plants. In term of treatment of run off,recycling materials, land use can be compensate. Chlorine must be treated.Sydney example: Treatments, environment studies, conservation, and other measures in sustainablespirit.Desalination is a very good solution due to lower energy consumption than thermal technology. Itcan be turn to an efficient way of providing water to water scarce countries.Wasted water collection can be treated and is needs less energy because has much less material tobe removed from it compared to sea water.Choong-Hyun KIM, desalination technology.Due to the shocking situation of subsaharian countries, Choong-Hyun has think about a solution forpoor people. USA has already tried to use desalination but failed with pressure problem due to highlevel of residual in salted water. The use of mid salted water in sea/ground frontier helped a bit, butnot reliable solution.Capital and energy needed for desalination process is an environmental disavantage.Prototype is made for small scale use. It is made with panels helping seawater to boil and beginningthe process. No use of fuel, chemicals.Application would be in agriculture, remote area, islands and modules can be added for betterproduction.What amount of water can be produced ? Prototype could not be tested yet in Cuba. More than 30litters a day.Jules VAN LIER, re-treatment of urban water.It is less power consuming than desalination of seawater.Sewer mining treatment is a project combining three technologies, water extract, organic treatmentand re-concentration of high quality water.Chris Jefferies, urban water management SWIFT University DundeeManual to be downloaded at