Copper combat climate_change_webinar_april_11_v3

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Copper combat climate_change_webinar_april_11_v3

  1. 1. Copper Contribution to Combat Climate Change<br />Fernando Nuño<br />European Copper Institute<br />fng@eurocopper.org<br />April 2011<br />
  2. 2. The European Copper Institute (ECI) <br />Network of Associations<br />Non profit organisation<br />Mission<br />Brussels based headquarters with a network of 11 Copper Development Associations<br />Representing the world's mining companies and the European copper industry<br />Communicate copper's essentiality for health, technology and quality of life. <br />
  3. 3. Index <br />Electric Motors<br />Transformers<br />Cabling<br />Renewables<br />
  4. 4. ELECTRIC MOTORS<br />
  5. 5. Electric motors : key figures<br />65% of EU industrial electricity use<br />202 TWh / year savings potential<br />by switching to energy efficient motor driven systems<br />http://www.leonardo-energy.org/high-efficiency-motor-systems-0<br />
  6. 6. Electric motors : electricity savings potential<br />7% of total electricity consumption of EU<br />Total amount of EU network electricity losses<br />35 nuclear power plants (1000 MW)<br />70% load factor<br />130 fossil fuel power plants (350 MW) <br />50% load factor<br />1.1 times the EU’s total 2010 wind capacity (181 TWh generated in 2010)<br />202 TWh annual savings potential<br />by switching to energy efficient motor driven systems<br />Electricity System impact<br />
  7. 7. Electric motors : GHG savings potential<br />100 Million Tonnesannually CO2 saved<br />About20% of the GHG emission reduction in EU between 1990 and 2010 (400 - 500 MT)*<br />202 TWh annual savings potential<br />by switching to energy efficient motor driven systems<br />GHG impact<br />GHG impact<br />Significant reductions in NOx, SO2, heavy metal, and<br />dust emissions<br />*Source : Report of the review of the initial report of the European Community, FCCC/IRR/2007/EC. UNFCCC, 15 February 2008.<br />2008 GHG inventories 1990-2006 (submissions to UNFCCC)<br />
  8. 8. Electric motors : economic savings potential<br />€ 10 Billionannual operating costs saved<br />€ 50 Billion investment saved for new generation capacity<br />Lower Life Cycle Cost — a typical reduction of 35%<br />6% reduction on fossil fuel imports<br />202 TWh annual savings potential<br />by switching to energy efficient motor driven systems<br />Economic impact<br />
  9. 9. Electric motors : barriers to be removed<br />Split Budgets : purchase department and operating costs managers need to make a common approach on Life Cycle Cost basis<br />Existing stocks : back-up spares of the same type and efficiency in the warehouses, even if LCC is higher<br />Lack of Information : education is needed in terms of definitions and Life Cycle Cost<br />Long Life Cycle : 20 years. A poorly-reasoned purchasing decision will have a negative impact lasting for 20 years.<br />High efficiency motors (Eff1) represent only 12% of the market in the EU. If energy efficient motor systems have in the large majority of the cases the lowest Life Cycle Cost (LCC), why is the adoption rate so slow? <br />
  10. 10. How Copper saves CO2 emissions in motors<br />Increasing<br />Copper<br />22 kW<br />Increasing<br />Efficiency<br />+1 kg Cu -> - 3 Tons CO2<br />Eco-design analysis<br />Utilisation<br />Manufacturing<br />End of Life<br />Decreasing CO2<br />Given that one kg of copper takes 3 kg of CO2emissions in production the environmental payback is more than a factor 1000, while at the end of life, the kg copper can be recycled for the next application.<br />http://www.leonardo-energy.org/webfm_send/359<br />
  11. 11. The European Copper Institute : a long tradition in promoting efficient motor systems<br />European Motor Challenge Program<br /><ul><li>ECI supports this program launched in 2003
  12. 12. Voluntary program of European Commission focused on improving the efficiency of motor driven systems</li></li></ul><li>The European Copper Institute : removing barriers through education<br />Leonardo ENERGY<br />Reports the latest developments in motor efficiency standards, case studies, etc.<br />
  13. 13. The European Copper Institute : removing barriers through education<br />Eco-design<br />Policy Briefings<br />Technology Dissemination<br />Seminars on the Web<br />
  14. 14. Index <br />Electric Motors<br />Transformers<br />Cabling<br />Renewables<br />
  15. 15. TRANSFORMERS<br />
  16. 16. Distribution transformers : key figures<br />222 TWh EU electricity network losses<br />19 TWh / year savings potential<br />by switching to energy efficient distribution transformers<br />http://www.leonardo-energy.org/seedt-highlights-european-distribution-transformers<br />
  17. 17. Distribution transformers : electricity savings potential<br />0,7% of total electricity consumption of EU<br />9% of total amount of EU network electricity losses<br />3 nuclear power plants (1000 MW)<br />70% load factor<br />13 fossil fuel power plants (350 MW) <br />50% load factor<br />10% of EU’s total 2010 wind capacity (181 TWh generated in 2010)<br />19 TWh annual savings potential<br />by switching to energy efficient distribution transformers<br />Electricity System impact<br />
  18. 18. Distribution transformers : GHG savings potential<br />10 Million Tonnesannually CO2 saved<br />About2% of the GHG emission reduction in EU between 1990 and 2010 (400 - 500 MT)*<br />19 TWh annual savings potential<br />by switching to energy efficient distribution transformers<br />GHG impact<br />GHG impact<br />Significant reductions in NOx, SO2, heavy metal, and<br />dust emissions<br />*Source : Report of the review of the initial report of the European Community, FCCC/IRR/2007/EC. UNFCCC, 15 February 2008.<br />2008 GHG inventories 1990-2006 (submissions to UNFCCC)<br />
  19. 19. Distribution transformers : economic savings potential<br />€ 1 Billionannual operating costs saved<br />€ 5 Billion investment saved for new generation capacity<br />Lower Life Cycle Cost — IRR from 10% to 70%<br />A reduced dependency on fossil fuel imports<br />19 TWh annual savings potential<br />by switching to energy efficient distribution transformers<br />Economic impact<br />
  20. 20. Transformers : barriers to be removed<br />Regulatory Model Proposal<br />Do not remove benefits before a period long enough<br />Current Regulatory Practice<br />Discourages investments in efficient transformers<br />Life Cycle Cost Analysis<br />The higher efficiency,<br />the higher benefit<br />2, 3 or more regulatory periods before benefit removal encourages renovation using efficient equipment<br />Benefits removed at regulatory review avoid positive NPV<br />Investment premium is recovered and generates positive NPV<br />80% of EU distribution transformers population belong to electricity distribution companies, whose activity is regulated<br />Regulatory Models to integrate Life Cycle Cost analysis <br />Legend: Investment premium (green),energy savings (yellow),net present value (red)<br /> 400 kVA C-C’ vs. A-A’; 5% discount rate (real); energy valued at 35 €/MWh<br />
  21. 21. How Copper saves CO2 emissions in transformers<br />Increasing<br />Copper<br />1.6 MVA<br />Increasing<br />Efficiency<br />+1 kg Cu -> - 0.5 Ton CO2<br />Eco-design analysis<br />Utilisation<br />Manufacturing<br />End of Life<br />Decreasing CO2<br />One kg of copper takes 3 kg of CO2emissions in production, while at the end of life, the kg copper can be recycled for the next application.<br />http://www.leonardo-energy.org/webfm_send/361<br />
  22. 22. The European Copper Institute : a long tradition in promoting efficient distribution transformers <br />Strategies for Development and Diffusion of Energy Efficient Distribution Transformers<br /><ul><li>ECI participates in this program.
  23. 23. SEEDT builds the business case for development and diffusion of energy efficient distribution transformers.
  24. 24. A project within the framework of the Intelligent Energy program of the European Union.
  25. 25. For the SEEDT project, ECI works in collaboration with the NTUA (Greece), Wuppertal Institute (Germany), and ENDESA (Spain).</li></li></ul><li>The European Copper Institute : removing barriers through education <br />Leonardo ENERGY<br />Reports the latest developments in transformer efficiency<br />standards, regulation, and technology.<br />
  26. 26. Removing barriers by active regulatory actions <br />EU Regulators Group-ERGEG<br />Treatment of Electricity Losses - CONSULTATION<br />WEBINAR SERIES<br />Regulatory Incentives for Energy Efficiency in Networks<br />REPORT<br />Insuficient Regulatory Incentives for Investments in Electricity Networks<br />Active contribution to promote regulatory reform<br />Spreading the regulatory proposals to the professionals<br />Pointing at the savings potential and the regulatory proposals<br />REGULATORY MODEL<br />http://www.leonardo-energy.org/huge-potential-energy-savings-improved-regulatory-models-efficient-investment-and-loss-reduction<br />
  27. 27. Index <br />Electric Motors<br />Transformers<br />Cabling<br />Renewables<br />
  28. 28. CABLING<br />
  29. 29. Powerloss in cables<br />Standards and codes determine the maximum voltage drop, then the minimal cross section of the conductor<br /><ul><li>ΔV : Voltage drop (power losses)
  30. 30. L : Length of conductor
  31. 31. C : Current
  32. 32. γ : Conductivity of the conductor
  33. 33. S : Section of the conductor</li></ul>ΔV : Voltagedrop<br />S: Cross-section<br />
  34. 34. Goingbeyondstandards<br />ΔV : Voltagedrop<br />ΔP : Power losses<br />S: Cross-section<br />
  35. 35. Utilization<br />(operation cost)<br />End of life<br />(dismantling cost)<br />Manufacturing<br />(investment cost)<br />Evolving in theway of thinking: fromminimalinvestmentcosttominimallifecyclecost<br />Highersectionmeanslowerpowerlosses, loweroperationcost<br />Highersectionmeanshigherinvestmentcost<br />
  36. 36. Lifecyclecost as a function of crosssection<br />Optimal cross section:<br />3 sizes up beyond the code<br />Increasingcross-section<br />Net savings: <br />(avoidedlosses – extra investment) (€)<br />S0<br />S1<br />S2<br />S3<br />S4<br />S5<br />S6<br />S0 : size according to the standard<br />
  37. 37. ECI isrunningsimulationstoestimatethe EU savingspotential<br />Advanced Software<br />€ / MWh<br />€ / Ton CO2<br />Kg CO2 / MWh<br />CO2 in Cu manufacturing<br />Cost of labour<br />Financial parameters<br />
  38. 38. Determiningtheeconomicallyoptimal cable sectionincrease<br />Net savings: <br />(avoidedlosses – extra investment) (€)<br />Increasingcross-section<br />Highest value solution in this example:<br />4 sections up beyond the code<br />
  39. 39. Determiningtheenvironmentalimprovement<br />Lifecycle CO2 emmissions<br />Increasingcross-section<br />CO2 savings at economic optimal section<br />Maximum CO2 savings at environmentally optimal section<br />
  40. 40. Expectedresults<br />Up to 3% of electricity in buildings could be saved by optimizing the cable section<br />
  41. 41. 12 nuclear power plants (1000 MW)<br />70% load factor<br />47 fossil fuel power plants (350 MW) <br />50% load factor<br />0,5 times the EU’s total 2010 wind capacity (181 TWh generated in 2010)<br />Expectedresults<br />Up to 83 TWh energy savings in EU27<br />
  42. 42. Index <br />Electric Motors<br />Transformers<br />Cabling<br />Renewables<br />
  43. 43. RENEWABLES<br />
  44. 44. Renewables : key figures<br />EU to reach 20% renewables in final energy consumption by 2020<br />Electricity : from 15% to 35%<br />Heating : from 10% to 25%<br />Fuels : from 1% to 10%<br />
  45. 45. Generator<br />0,7 - 4,0<br />Tm/MW<br />Cabling<br />0,7 Tm/MW<br />2,5 - 6 Tonnes Cu / MW<br />Transformers<br />Earthing<br />Miscellaneous<br />Where is copper in WIND technology?<br />
  46. 46. Where is copper in PHOTOVOLTAIC technology?<br />Cabling<br />Earthing<br />5 Tonnes Cu / MW<br />Inverter<br />Transformer<br />PV cellribbons<br />
  47. 47. Where is copper in SOLAR THERMAL ELECTRICITY technology?<br />Cabling<br />3 Tm / MW<br />4 Tonnes Cu / MW<br />Motors<br />Transformers<br />
  48. 48. Legal / Administrative<br />Technology / Research<br />Grid Integration<br />Barriers to renewables development<br /><ul><li>National, Regional and Local coordination. Responsibilities definition and share
  49. 49. Precise deadlines for planning approval
  50. 50. Lighter process for smaller projects
  51. 51. Administrative charges transparent and cost-related
  52. 52. Development of technical specifications
  53. 53. European Standards (eco-label, energy-label…)
  54. 54. Needed more EU Research interaction and cooperation
  55. 55. Improve spreading the quickly evolving technology of renewables
  56. 56. Grid infrastructure development
  57. 57. Interconnections between countries
  58. 58. Rules for bearing and sharing the costs of grid development and reinforcement
  59. 59. Provide physical access to grid
  60. 60. Dispatching priority
  61. 61. Dealing with variability and forecast ability</li></ul>As indicated in the proposal for Directive by EC : http://ec.europa.eu/energy/climate_actions/doc/2008_res_directive_en.pdf<br />
  62. 62. CERTIFICATION schemes<br />Information on SUPPORT MEASURES<br />Guidance for PLANNERS and ARCHITECTS<br />Information on BENEFITS, COSTS and ENERGY EFFICIENCY<br />Special accent by the European Commission: INFORMATION AND TRAINING<br />To be made available to the broad public (consumers, builders, installers, architects…)<br />Of equipment and systems for the use of electricity, heating and cooling from renewable sources<br />For installers of small-scale RE:<br /><ul><li>Biomass boilers and stoves
  63. 63. Solar Photovoltaic and Thermal systems
  64. 64. Heat pumps</li></ul>Objective : consider the use of RE and district heating & cooling when planning, designing, building and renovating industrial or residential areas<br />As indicated in the proposal for Directive by EC : http://ec.europa.eu/energy/climate_actions/doc/2008_res_directive_en.pdf<br />
  65. 65. The European Copper Institute : removing barriers for renewables <br />Leonardo ENERGY<br />Technology introduction, project assessment, engineering practice, support mechanisms, addressing barriers, case studies, how to manuals for small scale…<br />
  66. 66. Removing barriers for renewables:Leonardo Energy PARTNERSHIP Program<br />Partnership with RETSCreen<br />Addressing LEGAL issues and PROJECT assessment<br />Partnership with European RENEWABLE ENERGY RESEARCH Centres Agency<br />Partnership with ESTELA / PROTERMOSOLAR<br />European Solar Thermal Electricity Association<br />Supporting and spreading 43 PROMINENT RESEARCH GROUPS from all over Europe in strengthening and rationalizing European Research<br />Clean Energy Project Analysis Tools<br />Intensive WEBINAR PROGRAM<br />Spreading the technology, congress contributions, relevance of CSP as a dispatchable technology<br />LEGAL / ADMINISTRATIVE<br />TECHNOLOGY / RESEARCH<br />GRID INTEGRATION<br />Other relevant partners for renewables : REEEP / Reegle, Green Power Labs, CSP Today, Deuman Climate Change Consulting, OLADE…<br />
  67. 67. Activities focusing barriers for renewables<br />WEBINAR PROGRAM<br />Generation of a wide and INTERACTIVE COMMUNITY of PROFESSIONALS<br />TECHNOLOGY INTRODUCTION<br />Solar Thermal Electricity and Photovoltaics Technology Educational Series<br />IN-DEPTH ANALYSIS<br />Grid Integration, Support Mechanisms<br />Documentaries, Webinars, Partnership with 3000+ professionals community<br />Weekly : Renewables, Clean Development Mechanism…<br />LEGAL / ADMINISTRATIVE<br />TECHNOLOGY / RESEARCH<br />GRID INTEGRATION<br />
  68. 68. Concrete contribution to European Commission objectives on INFORMATION and TRAINING<br />Briefing WEBINARS and WEBCASTS introducing the EU Directive and Support Measures<br />SMALL SCALE RENEWABLES <br />How To Manuals<br />Partnership with REEGLE<br />CERTIFICATION schemes<br />Information on SUPPORT MEASURES<br />Guidance for PLANNERS and ARCHITECTS<br />Information on BENEFITS, COSTS and ENERGY EFFICIENCY<br />Valuable resource center for project developers<br />Photovoltaics, Wind, Heat Pumps<br />Renewables and Energy Efficiency dedicated SEARCH ENGINE<br />
  69. 69. Copper contributestocombatclimatechange in itsvariousapplications…<br />300 TWh/year savings potential in EU<br />(> 10% electricity consumption)<br />
  70. 70. … and coppernetworkworkstodeploythebenefits of copper<br />
  71. 71. Thankyou!<br />Fernando Nuño<br />European Copper Institute<br />fng@eurocopper.org<br />

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