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Renzo marcella ed tech final report

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Chapter 2: History of Educational Technology and information and communication technology

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Renzo marcella ed tech final report

  1. 1. ****************
  2. 2. • Development of agricultural technology, fishing techniques, domesticating animals and establishment of permanent homes • Developed metal technology using copper and bronze
  3. 3. • Resorting to iron smelting technology • This age was the last period prior to the discovery of writing
  4. 4. • Paul Saettler (2004) • Tribal Priest introduced bodies of knowledge and sign writing or pictographs
  5. 5. • Harrapan People developed pictographic script • Making tools of length, mass and time
  6. 6. Chinese Civilization Technology in paper, seismological detectors, toilet paper, matches, iron plough and etc. Chinese Civilization The invention of different handmade paper products as a visual aids.
  7. 7. Egyptian Language Hieroglyph- made up of pictures of real things and made up above 500 hieroglyphs
  8. 8. China during early 2nd cent. A.D. Paper and pulp papermaking process, discovery of spinning wheel increased the productivity of thread making process
  9. 9. Lynn white Added the increasing supply of rags which lead to the production of cheap paper which the prime factor of printing technology
  10. 10. In 1450 A.D. , Gutenburg took place the invention of printing press. Johannes Gutenburg (German Inventor)
  11. 11. Using gadget like slate, horn book, blackboard and chalk Using Audio Visual Education 1873, in Vienna
  12. 12. Maria Montessori In 1870-1952, a child educator, introduced the Montessori Method , a graded designed activities for the proper sequencing of subject matter for each learner
  13. 13. Charles Babage 1883 Designed a general purpose computing devise laid the foundation of modern computer
  14. 14. 1929, Germany Practical use of regular television broadcast. And the Olympic Games in 1936 in Berlin 1950, open circuit t.v. begun to broadcast entertainment 1960, television was used in education 1966, O.K. Moore made a talking type tutorial computer assisted instruction ( CAI) 1974, computers were used in schools, colleges and universities
  15. 15. 1952, 20 states had the provision of educational broadcasting 1960, educational technology begun from America and Russia, then spread to England, Europe and India 1960, Micro Teaching technique was developed by Dwight W. Allen and his co-workers at Stanford University in USA Today’s classroom, like technology laboratory such as seminars, conferences , power point and online learning facility
  16. 16. 5 Stages Educational Technology Development Use of Aids ( Charts, Symbols, Models) Audio-Visual Aids
  17. 17. 5 Stages Educational Technology Development Introduction of Electronics (Hardware and Software) (Projector, tape recorder, and television)
  18. 18. 5 Stages Educational Technology Development The use of Communication (Computer-assisted Instruction)
  19. 19. 5 Stages Educational Technology Development Programmed learning and programmed institution (self learning with teaching machines)
  20. 20. 5 Stages Educational Technology Development System engineering or system approach (focuses language laboratory)
  21. 21. Information and Communication United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Uses the term ICT’s (Information and Communication) Includes hardware, software, and telecommunication
  22. 22. Late 1970’s – Early 1980: Programming, drill and practice The use of teaching automated data processing (ADP) using Nokia MikroMikko They mainly stimulating students short term memory
  23. 23. Late 1970’s – Early 1980: Computer Based Training with multimedia Advanced graphics Learned better by watching movies or animations and listening to audios
  24. 24. Early 1990’s: Internet-Based Training (IBT) Adoption of the World Wide Web The E-learning didn’t make people very smart
  25. 25. Early 1990’s – Early 2000: E-learning Learning Management System (LMS) created because of e-learning course
  26. 26. Blogs and wikis, Social constructivist theory and cultural- historical psychology Late 2000: Social Software+ Free and Open Content Mikhail Bakhtin and Lev Nygotsky “all higher (mental) functions originate as actual relations between human individuals”

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