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Elizabethan shakes-rj2


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Elizabethan shakes-rj2

  1. 1. -Elizabethan Era- -Shakespeare--Romeo and Juliet-
  2. 2. Elizabethan England• Known as the English Renaissance (rebirth)• England was ruled by Queen Elizabeth I , daughter of King Henry VIII, from 1533-1603.• The Queen had a love for theater and the arts, so during this period, the arts (poetry, plays, painting, etc.) flourished. (c) 2007 ALL 2 RIGHTS RESERVED.
  3. 3. Life in the Elizabethan EraClothing/Fashion• Certain fabrics, textures, and colors of clothing indicated  which social class a person was a part of.• If a person dressed out of his/her social class, they would be  punished because it was against the law. (c) 2007 ALL 3 RIGHTS RESERVED.
  4. 4. Life in the Elizabethan EraMarriages• A woman didn’t choose  husband.• Marriages were usually arranged  by the families of the bride and  the groom in order for both sides  to benefit from one another.• Once married, women had  practically no rights; they could  not work outside the home. (c) 2007 ALL 4 RIGHTS RESERVED.
  5. 5. Life in the Elizabethan EraHealth• Many members of a family,  often 4­8 people, would live in  the same room.• There was no sanitation, no  indoor plumbing, no concept of  germs or sterilization.• The streets were filled with  waste, both human and animal.• There were two outbreaks of the  Bubonic Plague (c) 2007 ALL 5 RIGHTS RESERVED.
  6. 6. Life in the Elizabethan EraOther interesting facts:• Only boys were allowed to attend formal education• Going to the dentist was deadly• Punishment for crimes was VERY harsh – Robbers would have limbs cut off by a saw, have fingers torn off,  eyes dug out with hot pinchers, or death sentence – Women gossips had sharp device put in mouth and, with any  movement, the tongue would be cut or damaged – For adultery, one would be attached to stool and continuously  dunked under water until death (c) 2007 ALL 6 RIGHTS RESERVED.
  7. 7. Life in the Elizabethan Era• The lower class would bathe a couple times A YEAR, and the  upper class bathed once every couple of weeks.• Instead of toilet paper, clumps of grass or hay was used.• Pale skin was considered beautiful, so they avoided the sun.• A high forehead was a sign of intelligence, so many women  would shave a portion on top of their head. (c) 2007 ALL 7 RIGHTS RESERVED.
  8. 8. William Shakespeare• The most famous  playwright of all time• Born: 1564 in Stratford­ upon­Avon; Died: 1616• At 18, he married 26 year­ old Anne Hathaway• Had 3 children, one of  which died at 11 (c) 2007 ALL 8 RIGHTS RESERVED.
  9. 9. William Shakespeare • 1585 – 1592 were considered  his lost years.  No one knew  of his whereabouts. • By 1592, he had become well  known in London theatrical  circles. • In his lifetime Shakespeare  wrote 37 plays  (c) 2007 ALL 9 RIGHTS RESERVED.
  10. 10. William ShakespeareTypes of Plays• 1. comedy – usually ends with  weddings.  • 2. history – a retelling of the  history of England• 3. tragedy – ends with death a. a hero has a high position b. hero falls (causes his own  fall) (c) 2007 ALL 10 RIGHTS RESERVED.
  11. 11. The Globe Theatre• Famous theatre of the time• Plays were held at 2:00 pm because there was no  lighting in the theaters.  And in good weather  because it had no roof • Few props were used;  language focused on  imagery (c) 2007 ALL 11 RIGHTS RESERVED.
  12. 12. The Globe Theatre • Both poor and rich  people alike attended plays  in Shakespeare’s time.  • It had several levels of  seating – Lowest level, or pit, was  the cheapest; the  “groundlings” stood here (c) 2007 ALL 12 RIGHTS RESERVED.
  13. 13. The Globe Theatre • During this time, women  were NOT allowed to be  actors • ALL roles were played by  men/boys • The character of Juliet  would have been played by  a boy (c) 2007 ALL 13 RIGHTS RESERVED.
  14. 14. The Globe Theatre• In the 1590s, the theaters  had to close a few times due  to outbreaks of the Plague• Germs were EASILY  spread at the theaters (c) 2007 ALL 14 RIGHTS RESERVED.
  15. 15. Romeo and Juliet William Shakespeare“Star­crossed lovers” (c) 2007 ALL 15 RIGHTS RESERVED.
  16. 16. Romeo and Juliet• The play is set in  Verona, Italy (c) 2007 ALL 16 RIGHTS RESERVED.
  17. 17. Juliet’s Balcony• Although Juliet is a fictional  character, this actual building in  Verona (built around the 13th century)  is said to have been the home to a  prominent family in Italy back then.   The Capuleti was a family that  actually existed, and some believe that  Shakespeare based his fictional family,  the Capulets, on them.• Pictured here is Juliet’s balcony.  Some  couples even get married there today. (c) 2007 ALL 17 RIGHTS RESERVED.
  18. 18. Basics of Romeo and Juliet• Written around 1595• Involves two major families  who hate each other• Entire play takes place over  5 days• Fate of Romeo and Juliet is  given at the beginning of  play (c) 2007 ALL 18 RIGHTS RESERVED.
  19. 19. Romeo and Juliet - Characters The Montagues The Capulets• Romeo ­ first loves Rosaline; sees Juliet  • Juliet – daughter of Capulet; happy,  and forgets Rosaline. innocent girl who loves Romeo• Lord Montague ­ Romeo’s father • Lord and Lady Capulet ­ Juliet’s • Lady Montague ­ Romeo’s mother parents• Benvolio ­ nephew of Montague and  • Tybalt ­ Juliet’s cousin; likes to fight friend of Romeo • Nurse ­ Juliet’s nanny and friend• Balthasar ­ servant of Romeo • Peter ­ servant to the Nurse• Abram ­ servant of Montague; enjoys  • Sampson and Gregory – servants fighting with Capulets (c) 2007 ALL 19 RIGHTS RESERVED.
  20. 20. Romeo and Juliet - Characters The Others•Prince Escalus ­ ruler of Verona; tired of the fighting in the city and threatens anyone who disturbs the peace with death•Mercutio ­ relative of the prince and friend of Romeo (sides with Montague); serves as comic relief •Friar Laurence ­ a Franciscan priest; helps Romeo and Juliet; good man•Friar John ­ another Franciscan priest•Count Paris ­ a young nobleman and relative of the prince (sides with Capulet); Juliet’s parents arrange for her to marry him (c) 2007 ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.
  21. 21. Other Romeo and Juliet Stories?
  22. 22. Literary Terms• Pun – a joke based on the use of a word or words that has multiple meanings. Mercutio: Nay, gentle Romeo, we must have you dance. Romeo: Not I, believe me. You have dancing shoes with nimble soles; I have a soul of lead.• Oxymoron– a figure of speech that combines two contradicting terms Juliet: Beautiful tyrant! Fiend angelical! 22
  23. 23. Literary Terms• Foil – a character who contrasts and balances another character in the story. – Benvolio is a peacemaker, while Tybalt is confrontational.• Catharsis – the point where a character accepts his/her fate.• Dramatic Irony – the audience knows something that the character on stage is not aware of. 23
  24. 24. Literary Terms• Allusion – an indirect reference by casually mentioning something that is generally familiar like mythology, the Bible, history, etc. Romeo: … She’ll not be hit With Cupid’s arrow; she hath Dian’s wit.• Tragic Flaw – a character’s trait that leads to his/her downfall or destruction. 24
  25. 25. Literary Terms -- Speeches• Soliloquy –long speech given by a character directly to the audience; reveals private, inner thoughts about the character.• Monologue – long speech given by one character to other characters.• Aside – a “mini soliloquy;” lines whispered to the audience or one other character (not meant to be heard by everyone on stage. 25
  26. 26. Poetry Terms• Meter – rhythmic structure of poetic lines.• Couplet – a pair of rhyming lines with usually the same meter.• Blank verse – unrhymed verse.• Iambic pentameter – a line over verse with ten syllables that is accented on every second beat. 26