-Elizabethan Era- -Shakespeare--Romeo and Juliet-
Elizabethan England• Known as the __________________(rebirth) • England was ruled by , daughter of King Henry VIII, from . • The and the arts, so during this period, the arts (poetry, plays, painting, etc.) ﬂourished. (c) 2007 brainybetty.com ALL 2 RIGHTS RESERVED.
Life in the Elizabethan Era _________________ • Certain fabrics, textures, and of clothing . • If a person , they would be ____________ because it was against the law. (c) 2007 brainybetty.com ALL 3 RIGHTS RESERVED.
Life in the Elizabethan Era• A . • Marriages were by the families of the bride and the groom in order for both sides to beneﬁt from one another. • ; they could not work outside the home. (c) 2007 brainybetty.com ALL 4 RIGHTS RESERVED.
Life in the Elizabethan Era __________ • Many members of a family, often 4-8 people, would live in the same room. • There was , no , no ____________ _____________. • The streets were ﬁlled with waste, both human and animal. • There were two outbreaks of the _____________ (c) 2007 brainybetty.com ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. 5
Life in the Elizabethan EraOther interesting facts: • ___________________________________ • Going to the _____________ • _________________________________ – Robbers would have limbs cut oﬀ by a saw, have ﬁngers torn oﬀ, eyes dug out with hot pinchers, or death sentence – Women gossips had sharp device put in mouth and, with any movement, the tongue would be cut or damaged – For adultery, one would be attached to stool and continuously dunked under water until death (c) 2007 brainybetty.com ALL 6 RIGHTS RESERVED.
Life in the Elizabethan Era• The lower class would bathe a couple times A YEAR, and the upper class bathed once every couple of weeks. • Instead of toilet paper, clumps of grass or hay was used. • _________was considered beautiful, so they avoided the sun. • A ___________was a sign of intelligence, so many women would shave a portion on top of their head. (c) 2007 brainybetty.com ALL 7 RIGHTS RESERVED.
William Shakespeare• The ______ ___________ of all time • Born: ___________ ; Died: ______ • At 18, he ________26 year-old _____________ • Had _________, one of which died at 11 (c) 2007 brainybetty.com ALL 8 RIGHTS RESERVED.
William Shakespeare • 1585 – 1592 were considered his lost years. No one knew of his whereabouts. • By 1592, he had become well known in London theatrical circles. • In his lifetime Shakespeare wrote ____ plays (c) 2007 brainybetty.com ALL 9 RIGHTS RESERVED.
William Shakespeare Types of Plays • 1. comedy – ____________________ • 2. history – a retelling of the history of England • 3. tragedy – ____________ a. a _______has a high position b. hero falls ___________ (c) 2007 brainybetty.com ALL 10 RIGHTS RESERVED.
The Globe Theatre• Famous ________of the time • Plays were held at 2:00 pm because there was no lighting in the theaters. And in good weather because it had no roof • __________________ _________________ _____________ (c) 2007 brainybetty.com ALL 11 RIGHTS RESERVED.
The Globe Theatre • __________________ _________________ _______________ • It had several levels of seating – _________, or pit, was the cheapest; the “___________” stood here (c) 2007 brainybetty.com ALL 12 RIGHTS RESERVED.
The Globe Theatre • __________________ _________________ _________________ • ALL roles were played by men/boys • __________________ _________________ _______________ (c) 2007 brainybetty.com ALL 13 RIGHTS RESERVED.
The Globe Theatre• In the 1590s, the theaters had to close a few times due to outbreaks of the Plague • Germs were EASILY spread at the theaters (c) 2007 brainybetty.com ALL 14 RIGHTS RESERVED.
Romeo and Juliet William Shakespeare“Star-crossed lovers” (c) 2007 brainybetty.com ALL 15 RIGHTS RESERVED.
Romeo and Juliet• The play is set in __________ (c) 2007 brainybetty.com ALL 16 RIGHTS RESERVED.
Juliet’s Balcony• Although ________________________, this actual building in Verona (built around the 13th century) is said to have been the home to a prominent family in Italy back then. ___________________ _______________, and some believe that Shakespeare based his ﬁctional family, the Capulets, on them. • Pictured here is Juliet’s balcony. Some couples even get married there today. (c) 2007 brainybetty.com ALL 17 RIGHTS RESERVED.
Basics of Romeo and Juliet• Written around ______ • Involves _________________ _________________ ____ • Entire play takes place over _____ days • Fate of Romeo and Juliet is given at the beginning of play (c) 2007 brainybetty.com ALL 18 RIGHTS RESERVED.
Romeo and Juliet - Characters The _________ The __________ • ______- ﬁrst loves Rosaline; sees • ________– daughter of Capulet; Juliet and forgets Rosaline. happy, innocent girl who loves• Lord _______- Romeo’s father Romeo • Lady _______- Romeo’s mother • Lord and Lady _______- Juliet’s• ________- nephew of Montague parents and friend of Romeo • _______- Juliet’s cousin; likes to• ________- servant of Romeo ﬁght • ________- servant of Montague; • _______- Juliet’s nanny and enjoys ﬁghting with Capulets friend • ______- servant to the Nurse • _______ and ________– servants (c) 2007 brainybetty.com ALL 19 RIGHTS RESERVED.
Romeo and Juliet - Characters The Others • Prince ______- ruler of Verona; tired of the ﬁghting in the city and threatens anyone who disturbs thepeace with death • _________- relative of the prince and friend of Romeo (sides with Montague); serves as comic relief • Friar ________- a Franciscan priest; helps Romeo and Juliet; good man • Friar _______- another Franciscan priest • Count _______- a young nobleman and relative ofthe prince (sides with Capulet); Juliet’s parents arrange for her to marry him (c) 2007 brainybetty.com ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.
Literary Terms• Pun – a ______ based on the use of a word or words that has ____________. Mercutio: Nay, gentle Romeo, we must have you dance. Romeo: Not I, believe me. You have dancing shoes with nimble soles; I have a soul of lead.• Oxymoron– a figure of speech that _____________________ Juliet: Beautiful tyrant! Fiend angelical! 22
Literary Terms• Foil – a _______who ________and ________another _________in the story. – Benvolio is a peacemaker, while Tybalt is confrontational.• Catharsis – the point where a ________accepts his/her _______.• Dramatic Irony – the _______ knows something that the _______________________________. 23
Literary Terms• Allusion – an _______________by casually mentioning something that is ___________like __________, the ______, _________, etc. Romeo: … She’ll not be hit With Cupid’s arrow; she hath Dian’s wit.• Tragic Flaw – a ____________that leads to his/her ______________. 24
Literary Terms -- Speeches• Soliloquy –____________given by a character _____________; reveals ________________about the character.• Monologue – ___________given by one character to _______________.• Aside – a “___________;” lines ________________________________ (not meant to be _______________on stage. 25
Poetry Terms• Meter – ____________of poetic lines.• Couplet – a pair of ___________with usually the _____________.• Blank verse – __________verse.• Iambic pentameter – a line or verse with ____________that is _________on every ___________beat. 26