Copyright Clarity: How Fair Use Supports Digital Learning


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Use these slides along with Renee Hobbs' new book, Copyright Clarity: How Fair Use Supports Digital Learning (Corwin Press, 2010) to offer a professional development workshop for educators in your community.

Published in: Education
  • Thanks for this good info!.... Also you can send your pitchdeck to thousands of VC's and Angel's with just 1 click. Visit:
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  • Nice !! Download 100 % Free Ebooks, PPts, Study Notes, Novels, etc @
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  • Renee,
    This is a fantastic resource...when I linked to the Media Education Lab's page...I was in heaven. This is exactly what I've been looking for to help my students and teachers understand that fear is not the end-all tactic/approach for copyright, as YouTube (and others) would have us believe. My copy of Copyright Clarity is in the mail!


    Jennifer Perino
    Peoria Notre Dame High School
    Director of Instructional Technology
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  • Renee and Andrew, thanks again for this constructive discussion. Just when I feel like I have a decent grasp of the concepts surrounding Fair Use, Copyright, Creative Commons and how it all applies to schools and education, something comes along and makes me think more deeply about it. Sometimes I wish it was all so cut-and-dried to be easily understood. But then I remember that this is how our students must feel ALL the time!

    BTW, I'm anxiously awaiting the arrival of 'Copyright Clarity' to our professional resources library!
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  • Thanks Renee
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Copyright Clarity: How Fair Use Supports Digital Learning

  1. Finally the end to copyright confusionhas arrived!<br />
  2. Critical Thinking, Reflection & Ethics<br />Using Technology Tools Well<br />Self-Expression & Creativity<br />Teamwork & Collaboration<br />
  3. What’s your level of confidence in understanding copyright and fair use:<br />A. Very confident<br />B. Confident<br />C. I think I understand it<br />D. Confused<br />E. Completely confused!<br />
  4. What is the purpose of <br />
  5. To promote creativity, innovation and the spread of knowledge<br />Article 1 Section 8<br />U.S. Constitution<br />
  6. Technology makes it easy to:<br /><ul><li>Use and share
  7. Copy
  8. Modify & Repurpose
  9. Excerpt & Quote From
  10. Distribute</li></li></ul><li>Owners forcefully assert their rights to:<br /><ul><li>Restrict
  11. Limit
  12. Charge high fees
  13. Discourage use
  14. Use scare tactics</li></li></ul><li>How Teachers Cope<br />See no Evil<br />Close the Door<br />Hyper-Comply<br />
  15. Problem:<br />Educational Use Guidelines are Confusing!<br />NEGOTIATED AGREEMENTS BETWEEN MEDIA COMPANIES AND EDUCATIONAL GROUPS<br />Agreement on Guidelines for Classroom Copying in Not-for-Profit Educational Institutions<br />Fair Use Guidelines for Educational Multimedia<br />Guidelines for the Educational Use of Music<br />
  16. The documents created by these negotiated agreements give them “the appearance of positive law. These qualities are merely illusory, and consequently the guidelines have had a seriously detrimental effect. They interfere with an actual understanding of the law and erode confidence in the law as created by Congress and the courts” <br /> --Kenneth Crews, 2001<br />Educational Use Guidelinesare NOT the Law!<br />
  17. It’s time to replace old knowledge<br />with<br />accurate knowledge<br />
  18. --Section 107<br /> Copyright Act of 1976<br />The Doctrine of Fair Use<br />
  19. The Doctrine of Fair Use<br />“It not only allows but encourages socially beneficial uses of copyrighted works such as teaching, learning, and scholarship. Without fair use, those beneficial uses— quoting from copyrighted works, providing multiple copies to students in class, creating new knowledge based on previously published knowledge—would be infringements. Fair use is the means for assuring a robust and vigorous exchange of copyrighted information.”<br />--Carrie Russell, American Library Association<br />
  20. Reflects the “best practices” of educators who use copyrighted material to build critical thinking and communication skills<br />
  21. Five Principles Code of Best Practices in Fair Use <br />Educators can:<br />make copies of newspaper articles, TV shows, and other copyrighted works and use them and keep them for educational use<br />create curriculum materials and scholarship with copyrighted materials embedded<br />share, sell and distribute curriculum materials with copyrighted materials embedded <br />Learners can:<br />use copyrighted works in creating new material <br />distribute their works digitally if they meet the transformativeness standard<br />
  22. Transformative Use is Fair Use<br /> When a user of copyrighted materials adds value to, or repurposes materials for a use different from that for which it was originally intended, it will likely be considered transformative use; it will also likely be considered fair use. Fair use embraces the modifying of existing media content, placing it in new context.  <br />--Joyce Valenza, School Library Journal<br />
  23. Bill Graham Archives vs. Dorling Kindersley, Ltd. (2006)<br />
  24. An Example of Transformative Use<br /> The purpose of the original: To generate publicity for a concert.<br />The purpose of the new work: To document and illustrate the concert events in historical context.<br />
  25. Organizations Supporting the Code of Best Practices<br />Association of College and Research Libraries (ACRL)<br />National Association for Media Literacy Education (NAMLE)<br />Action Coalition for Media Education (ACME)<br />National Council of Teachers Of English (NCTE)<br />Visual Studies Division<br />International Communication Association (ICA)<br />
  26. Music Videos<br />Copyright? What’s Copyright?<br />Users’ Rights, Section 107<br />
  27. Video Case Studies <br />Elementary School Case Study:<br />P.S. 124 The Silas B. Dutcher School<br />Brooklyn, NY<br />High School Case Study:<br />Upper Merion Area High School <br />King of Prussia, PA<br />College Case Study: <br />Project Look Sharp at Ithaca College<br />Ithaca, NY<br />
  28. Wikispaces Online Community <br />
  29. Exercising Your Fair Use ReasoningInvolves Critical Thinking<br />
  30. Educators Can Rely on Fair Use <br />National Council of Teachers of English (NCTE) has adopted the “Code of Best Practices in Fair Use for Media Literacy Education” as its official policy on fair use<br />
  31. The Code of Best Practices Helps<br /><ul><li> To educate educators themselves about how fair use applies to their work
  32. To persuade gatekeepers, including school </li></ul> leaders, librarians, and publishers, to accept well-founded assertions of fair use<br /><ul><li> To promote revisions to school policies regarding the use of copyrighted materials that are used in education
  33. To discourage copyright owners from threatening or bringing lawsuits
  34. In the unlikely event that such suits were brought, to provide the defendant with a basis on which to show that her or his uses were both objectively reasonable and undertaken in good faith.</li></li></ul><li>Communities of Practice Assert Their Fair Use Rights<br />
  35. Is Your Use of Copyrighted Materials a Fair Use?<br />Did the unlicensed use “transform” the material taken from the copyrighted work by using it for a different purpose than that of the original, or did it just repeat the work for the same intent and value as the original?<br />Was the material taken appropriate in kind and amount, considering the nature of the copyrighted work and of the use?<br />
  36.<br />