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Psych Circle Psychopathy

PPT about psychopathy, for the Psych Circle meeting on the same topic

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Psych Circle Psychopathy

  1. 1. Psychopathy
  2. 2. The Robert Hare Psychopath Test Each Trait is scored a 0,1 or 2 <ul><li>Factor 1: Personality &quot;Aggressive narcissism&quot; </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>キ  Glibness/ superficial charm </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>キ  Grandiose sense of self-worth </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>キ  Pathological lying </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>キ  Cunning/ manipulative </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>キ  Lack of remorse or guilt </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>キ  Shallow affect (genuine emotion is short-lived and egocentric ) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>キ  Callousness; lack of empathy </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>キ  Failure to accept responsibility for own actions </li></ul></ul></ul>
  3. 3. The Robert Hare Psychopath Test <ul><li>Factor 2: Case history &quot;Socially deviant lifestyle&quot;. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>キ  Need for stimulation/proneness to boredom </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>キ  Parasitic lifestyle </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>キ  Poor behavioral control </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>キ  Lack of realistic long-term goals </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>キ  Impulsivity </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>キ  Irresponsibility </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>キ  Juvenile delinquency </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>キ  Early behavior problems </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>キ  Revocation of conditional release </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Psychopathy vs Sociopathy vs APD <ul><li>Included in the DSM - V </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Failure to contribute to social norms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Deceitfulness; manipulativeness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Impulsivity; failure to plan ahead </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Irritability; aggressiveness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reckless disregard for safety of self and others </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Consistent irresponsibility </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lack of remorse for having, hurt, mistreated, or stolen from another person </li></ul></ul><ul><li>essentially criminal behavior </li></ul><ul><ul><li>60-72% of incarcerated criminals meet the DSM - V criteria for ASPD </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Found in ~4% of total population </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A bucket diagnosis? </li></ul></ul>Anti-social Personality Disorder
  5. 5. Psychopathy vs Sociopathy vs APD <ul><li>Not a defined disorder in DSM </li></ul><ul><li>According to APA, found in ~3% of population </li></ul><ul><li>The “environmental” psychopathy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lack of conscience </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Atypical idea of social norms (gangs) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>More even-tempered than psychopaths </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Should sociopathy be studied/ considered a real disorder? </li></ul></ul>Sociopathy
  6. 6. Dissocial Personality Disorder <ul><li>The WHO released the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Health-Related Problems, tenth edition (ICD -10) with the following disorder: </li></ul><ul><li>Dissocial Personality Disorder </li></ul><ul><li>Callous unconcern for the feelings of others and lack of the capacity for empathy. </li></ul><ul><li>Gross and persistent attitude of irresponsibility and disregard for social norms, rules, and obligations. </li></ul><ul><li>Incapacity to maintain enduring relationships. </li></ul><ul><li>Very low tolerance to frustration and a low threshold for discharge of aggression, including violence. </li></ul><ul><li>Incapacity to experience guilt and to profit from experience, particularly punishment. </li></ul><ul><li>Markedly prone to blame others or to offer plausible rationalizations for the behavior bringing the subject into conflict. </li></ul><ul><li>Persistent irritability. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Psychopathy vs. Sociopathy vs. APD <ul><li>“ All psychopaths are antisocial, but not all antisocial personalities are psychopaths” </li></ul><ul><li>Believed to be found in 1% of population </li></ul><ul><li>Distempered psychopaths vs charismatic psychopaths </li></ul><ul><li>Should all these disorders be lumped together, or does more research need to be done in order to better define each disorder? </li></ul>Psychopathy
  8. 8. Richard Kulkinski - The Iceman <ul><li>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uJ0Q37--5XI (part 1) </li></ul><ul><li>What classic traits of a psychopath does Kulkinski portray? </li></ul><ul><li>Would you ever consider studying people like Kulkinski? </li></ul><ul><li>Is there any way to treat someone like Kulkinski? Maybe during childhood? </li></ul>
  9. 9. What makes a psychopath? <ul><li>From conduct disorder to APD </li></ul><ul><li>Nature </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Low activity in orbital cortex </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Semantic aphasia (difficulty relating language and emotions) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The “warrior” gene, MAO-A </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Environment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Is a history of abuse necessary? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=127888976 </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Further Reading/watching <ul><li>The Psychopath Test: A journey through the madness industry by Jon Ronson </li></ul><ul><li>Snakes in Suits by Paul Babiak & Robert Hare </li></ul><ul><li>The Mask of Sanity by Hervey Cleckly </li></ul><ul><li>“ We Need To Talk About Kevin”, directed by Lynne Ramsey </li></ul><ul><li>“ I, Psychopath”, documentary </li></ul>

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