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Cuba conference presentation2 (short version)

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Cuba conference presentation2 (short version)

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Cuba conference presentation2 (short version)

  1. 1. 5th International Conference of Agroecology and Cooperatives, November 22-27, 2015, Centro Nacional de Capacitación Niceto Pérez, in Güira de Melena, Cuba. Creating Food Security Agroforestry with Soil Remineralization
  2. 2. What is remineralization? The process of recycling the minerals and trace elements of finely ground rock dust and sea minerals back into our soils. Basalt from Brazil
  3. 3. Soil Remineralization Not only do we need to recycle and return the organic matter to the soil, it is equally vital to return all of the mineral nutrients, which create fertile soils and healthy crops and forests. Remineralization is essential to restore ecological balance and stabilize the climate.
  4. 4. Soil remineralization and the Climate Volcanic eruptions such as Mount St. Helens fertilize soils Remineralization of the world's soils and forests will dramatically increase carbon sequestration and is crucial to stabilizing the climate. Soil Remineralization (SR) creates fertile soils by returning the minerals to the soil much the same way the Earth does:  Glaciation  Volcanoes  Alluvial Deposits
  5. 5. What do we mean by finely ground rock dust? There are millions of tons of by-product from the aggregate and stone industries, which come from hard silicate rocks of igneous, metamorphic and sedimentary origins, containing a full spectrum of minerals and trace elements. Other sources • Sea solids • Diluted sea water • Limestone • Rock phosphate • Paramagnetic rocks • Humates • Numerous other natural mineral amendments.
  6. 6. Integrated Farm, Food, Feed, Fertilizers, Fuel and Power System Remineralization can be integrated into all kinds of systems that utilize: • biochar • microrganisms • compost & compost teas • worm castings and vermiculture • permaculture, etc. Integrating innovative cutting edge technologies.
  7. 7. Why Remineralize? • Provides slow, natural release of elements and trace minerals • Increases yields as much as 2-4 times • Increases nutrient intake of plants • More nutritious crops • Rebalances soil pH • Increases microorganisms and earthworm activity • Builds humus complex • Prevents soil erosion • Increases the storage capacity of the soil • Enhances flavor in crops • Decreases dependence on fertilizers, pesticides, herbicides • Increases resistance to insects, disease, frost, and drought With rock dust Without rock dust
  8. 8. • Increases composting rate • Increases heat generated during composting • Reduces odors generated by composting • Binds up ammonia into the soil • Improves compost fertility Composting with Rock Dust
  9. 9. Mission Remineralize the Earth (RTE) promotes the use of natural land and sea based minerals to restore soils and forests, produce more nutritious food, and remove excess CO2 from the atmosphere.
  10. 10. Vision Given the immediate and growing threats of climate change, desertification, and increased food insecurity, RTE, through soil remineralization, is helping to create better soils, better food and a better planet. Through our research, education, advocacy, partnerships, and implementation we are: • Regenerating soils and forests around the world • Increasing the nutritional quality and yield of food production • Stabilizing the climate
  11. 11. Geotherapy is a guide to policy-making and practical steps to restore severely damaged ecosystems. It contains new research studies with comprehensive data showing the benefits of rock dust and biochar.
  12. 12. RTE assists in connecting the growing industry of commercial rock dust and sea minerals to the grassroots and agricultural sector. Gaia Green Glacial Rock Dust
  13. 13. Commercial Engagement As the grassroots movement increased so did the demand for remineralization products. Then Only a handful of US companies in the 1980s marketing rock dust Now • US • Europe • South America • Asia: China, Indonesia, Vietnam
  14. 14. Rocks are the most abundant resource on earth. We can move from an economics based on scarcity using fossil fuels to an economics of abundance through remineralization. Waste to Valuable Product
  15. 15. Brazil Enacts Groundbreaking Legislation for Sustainable Agriculture Brazil is the emerging leader for remineralization in the public policy arena pertaining to agriculture. Suzi Huff Theodoro, PhD Congresso Rochagem 2013 Embrapa research team and speakers visiting Brazil quarry
  16. 16. Brazil
  17. 17. AS-PTA (Assessoria e Serviços a Projetos em Agricultura Alternativa) Edinei Almeida, Brazilian Agroecologist Edinei works with 500 family farms in Southern Brazil to show the benefits of adding rock dust to soil, known locally as “independence fertilizer.” LEISA Magazine (now Farming Matters) Brazil
  18. 18. Remineralization of 22,000 hectares with government subsidies (2008-2009) After a huge decline in bean production from 2002- 2007 rock dust replaced Urea and increased production 300%. Increase production of corn, grape, peach, nopal and several varieties of chili pepper. Zacatecas, Mexico Farmers were trained to use rock dust in 28 towns. The government initiative included public parks, gardens, and a forest area. 500 children attended a workshop to learn how to remineralize trees with rock dust. Zapopan, Jalisco Increasing Crop Yields in Mexico Agro Insumos Nova Terra SA
  19. 19. Mexico ECOAGRO Farmer’s Collaborative in Sinaloa A farmers collaborative is at the forefront of campaigns promoting the use of rock dust.
  20. 20. Costa Rica
  21. 21. Bioremediation Stabilizing the Climate Pest Control Farming, Dairy & Livestock Carbon Sequestration Sustainable Biofuels
  22. 22. Trees grown in highly infertile soils were compared to those grown in basalt rock dust. No chemical fertilizer or compost was added. The results of a 5 year study were: • an 8-fold increase in biomass • 2.17 increase in the height of the trees • 4 times the survivability from the trees on basalt • the trees on the local soil did not survive Panama Basalt Powder Restores Soil Fertility And Greatly Accelerates Tree Growth On Impoverished Tropical Soils In Panama H (basalt quarry rock powder), M (transition zone), L (local soil) Thomas J. Goreau, Marina Goreau, Felix Lufkin, Carlos A. Arango, Gabriel Despaigne-Matchett, Gabriel Despaigne-Ceballos, Roque Solis, & Joanna Campe
  23. 23. Panama H (basalt quarry rock powder), M (transition zone), L (local soil)
  24. 24. This agroforestry model in Brazil uses only one initial application of rock dust to establish a self- sustaining system of food forests. We can greatly enhance food security in Cuba and worldwide producing higher yields and more nutrient dense food. Remineralization can be integrated into most existing agriculture, forestry, and pasture systems. Ernst Gotsch Dayana Andrade Felipe Pasini From Brazil to Cuba — Enhancing Food Security
  25. 25. Restoring degraded land with agroforestry
  26. 26. Creatively attuning to the Earth’s cycles and dynamics
  27. 27. Banana trees and eucalyptus fertilize vegetable beds
  28. 28. Vegetable -> Fruit trees -> Cacao, coffee & papaya
  29. 29. Less work, higher production
  30. 30. From food forest to market
  31. 31. http://www.sitiosemente.com
  32. 32. Using Local Sources of Rock Dust in Cuba Basalts, Granites, Sedimentary rocks are locally available. A small portable rock crusher is currently being developed that is ideal for community stakeholder projects. Small portable biodiesel rock grinder ideal for community stakeholder projects
  33. 33. Thank You! “What will fertilizing with stone dust accomplish? It will turn stone into bread…. make barren regions fruitful and feed the hungry” -Julius Hensel, Bread from Stones (1984)

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