INDIRA PRIYAI GANDHIwas the third PrimeMinister of India and acentral figure in Indianpolitics during the secondhalf of the 20th century.She was elected a recordfour terms as PrimeMinister from 1966–77and again from 1980until her assassination in1984.Indira Gandhi was theonly child of Indian PrimeMinister Jawaharlal
As Prime Minister, Gandhi became known for herpolitical ruthlessness and unprecedentedcentralisation of power. She presided over a periodwhere India emerged with greater power than before.She ruled by decree and made lasting changes to theconstitution of India. She also came first in the"Woman of the Millennium" poll organised by the in1999.
Indira Gandhi was born on 19 November 1917 at the AnandBhavan in the historically important town of Allahabad, inwhat was then the United Provinces of agra and Oudh, intothe politically influential Nehru family. Indira Gandhisfather was Jawaharlal Nehru and her mother was Kamla Nehru.Her grandfather, Motilal Nehru, was a prominent Indiannationalist leader. Her father, Jawaharlal Nehru, was a pivotalfigure in the independence movement of India.
Gandhi presided over three Five-Year plans as Prime Minister. Allbut one of them succeeding inmeeting the targetedgrowth.There is considerabledebate regarding whether Gandhiwas a socialist on principle or outof political expediency. S. K.Datta-Ray described her as "amaster of rhetoric...often moreposture than policy", while the TheTimes journalist, PeterHazelhurst, famously quippedthat Gandhis socialism was"slightly left of self-interest.“.
The Green Revolution inIndia subsequently culminated underGandhi in the 1970s and transformedthe country from a nation heavilyreliant on imported grains and proneto famine to being largely able to feeditself, and become successful inachieving its goal of food security.Gandhi had a personal motive inpursuing agricultural self-sufficiency,having found Indias dependency onthe United States for shipments ofgrains in exchange for diplomaticsupport for the intervention inVietnam humiliating.
The principle of equal pay for equal work for both menand women was enshrined in the Indian Constitutionunder the Gandhi administration.Gandhi questioned thecontinued existence of a privy purses for Indianmonarchs. She argued the case for abolition based onequal rights for all citizens and the need to reduce thegovernments revenue deficit. The nobility responded byrallying around the jana Sangh and other right-wingparties that stood in opposition to Gandhis attempts toabolish royal privileges. The motion to abolish privypurses, and the official recognition of the titles, wasoriginally brought before the Parliament in 1970. It waspassed in the Lok Sabha but felt short of the two-thirds majority in the Rajya Sabha by a single vote.
Operation Blue Star:In the 1977 elections, a coalition led by the Sikh-majority Akali Dal came to power in thenorthern Indian state of Punjab. In an effort to split the Akali Dal and gain popular supportamong the Sikhs, Indira Gandhis Congress helped bring the orthodox religiousleader Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale to prominence in the Punjab politics.Later, Bhindranwales organisation Damdami Taksal became embroiled in violence withanother religious sect called the Sant Nirankari Mission, and he was accused ofinstigating the murder of the Congress leader Jagat Narain. After being arrested in thismatter, Bhindranwale disassociated himself from Congress.
On 31 October 1984, two of Gandhis bodyguards, SatwantSingh and Beant Singh, shot her with their service weaponsin the garden of the Prime Ministers residence. Gnndhi wascremated on 3 November near Raj Ghat. The site where shewas cremated is today known as Shakti Sthala,
“I am alive today, I may not be theretomorrow. I shall continue to serve tillmy last breath and when I die everydrop of my blood will strengthen Indiaand keep a united India alive."
We hope that you enjoyed thispresentation and got to know somethingnew from it , something new about one ofthe greatest heroes, the symbol ofwoman power, Indira Gandhi. Thank you for watching!