Feedstock for biofuels status and market trends asia

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  • Feedstocks For Biofuels Status and Market Trends Asia
  • Feedstocks For Biofuels Status and Market Trends Asia
  • Feedstock for biofuels status and market trends asia

    1. 1. Feedstock For Biofuels Status and Market Trends Asia Corn Cassava Jatropha Soya Palm Towards a Micro algae world 02/21/10 Presented by Himadri Banerji Leading Expert GLG Inc at the Biofuels Asia, Jakarta on 29th June 2009
    2. 2. Feedstock For Biofuels Status and Market Trends 02/21/10 Presented by Himadri Banerji Leading Expert GLG Inc at the Biofuels Asia, Jakarta on 29th June 2009
    3. 3. Feedstock For Biofuels Status and Market Trends 02/21/10 Presented by Himadri Banerji Leading Expert GLG Inc at the Biofuels Asia, Jakarta on 29th June 2009
    4. 4. Feedstock For Biofuels Status and Market Trends 02/21/10 Presented by Himadri Banerji Leading Expert GLG Inc at the Biofuels Asia, Jakarta on 29th June 2009
    5. 5. Feedstock For Biofuels Status and Market Trends 02/21/10 Presented by Himadri Banerji Leading Expert GLG Inc at the Biofuels Asia, Jakarta on 29th June 2009 Rapeseed
    6. 6. Cassava and Jatropha World 02/21/10 Presented by Himadri Banerji Leading Expert GLG Inc at the Biofuels Asia, Jakarta on 29th June 2009 <ul><li>CASSAVA </li></ul><ul><li>Production: 16% 54% </li></ul><ul><li>30% </li></ul><ul><li>Trade: 95% </li></ul>
    7. 7. Feedstock For Biofuels Status and Market Trends News on Jatropha 02/21/10 Presented by Himadri Banerji Leading Expert GLG Inc at the Biofuels Asia, Jakarta on 29th June 2009 Jatropha bears 30 kg fruits giving 18 kg /hour beans with two harvest times corresponding to flowering times. Study and practical hands on showed one ton equivalent to 70kg refined petroleum, 270 kg coke like char,200 kg ammoniac water which can be used to fertilize the land again. Besides, the following by products are available to the producer for other earnings. Glycerin for high grade soap, seed cake for animal feed while cosmetics can be derived using 36% linoleic oil. Indian industries claimed 400 kg/acre/year in dry land at average. Currently India invested $480m in jatropha biofuel. At average one hectare of Jatropha yield 1500 L of biodiesel or above.
    8. 8. Cassava and Jatropha World <ul><li>50% of the 3.8 million ha grown to cassava in Asia is planted with CIAT( Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical ) -related varieties </li></ul><ul><li>Much higher percentages in some countries: Thailand (98), Cambodia (80), Vietnam (70), China (30), Burma (20), Indonesia (19) </li></ul>02/21/10 Presented by Himadri Banerji Leading Expert GLG Inc at the Biofuels Asia, Jakarta on 29th June 2009
    9. 9. Feedstock For Biofuels Status and Market Trends News on Cassava <ul><li>China, Brazil, Thailand and Indonesia are reported to produced 13.172 million tons ethanol from Cassava. Cassava has 25% convertible starch for bioethanol . </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>China is producing one million tons bioethanol output from cassava along. Vehicles are already running on cassava bioethanol. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>China says it will produce local fuel to reduce foreign reliance on fuel while creating local employment for her people. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cassava alone could supply as much as 4 million tons of fuel ethanol in China. Spec: starch 67% min, moisture 14% max, sand 3% max fiber 5% max. </li></ul></ul></ul>02/21/10 Presented by Himadri Banerji Leading Expert GLG Inc at the Biofuels Asia, Jakarta on 29th June 2009
    10. 10. News On Asia Trends 02/21/10 Presented by Himadri Banerji Leading Expert GLG Inc at the Biofuels Asia, Jakarta on 29th June 2009 The Wall Street Journal published a round-up of Asian biofuel development . The report said that there were 45 approved ethanol projects in Thailand, with a total capacity of more than 1000 Mgy. More than half of the projects utilize cassava as a feedstock and those account for at least 700 Mgy in capacity. The report also pointed out that China, which established an E10 mandate in 2002 for nine provinces, has not extended the mandate, in part because of shortages of feedstocks.Malaysia has announced a 5 percent blending mandate, but delayed implementation until palm oil prices fall below $590, which is unlikely in the next few years. The report quoted an FAO study which showed that cassava ethanol could be produced for $45 per barrel, compared to $43 for jatropha biodiesel, $45 for sugar cane ethanol, from corn, $83 for corn ethanol; and $122 for soybean diesel. The last four figures came from a recent report from Morgan
    11. 11. 02/21/10 Presented by Himadri Banerji Leading Expert GLG Inc at the Biofuels Asia, Jakarta on 29th June 2009 Related Stories Biofuel Feedstock Trends Asia Novozymes prepares for expected US enzyme demand surge with cellulosic ethanol commercialization; ramps up at new $200 million Nebraska plant. In Denmark, enzyme manufacturer Novozymes announced that it has placed a $6 million order for membranes and heat exchangers with Alfa Laval as part of its construction at the new plant in Blair, Nebraska · Mitsubishi, Idemtsu planning 53-132 Mgy ethanol from biomass plant . In Japan, Mitsubishi Corp and Idemitsu Kosan are conducting a feasibility study on a $92 million potential investment in a 53 to 132 Mgy ethanol plant, using waste biomass or other non-food sources.
    12. 12. Feedstock For Biofuels Status and Market Trends 02/21/10 Presented by Himadri Banerji Leading Expert GLG Inc at the Biofuels Asia, Jakarta on 29th June 2009
    13. 13. 02/21/10 Presented by Himadri Banerji Leading Expert GLG Inc at the Biofuels Asia, Jakarta on 29th June 2009 · Malaysia to impose B5 palm oil biodiesel mandate in 2010 In Malaysia, Plantation Industries and Commodities Minister Datuk Peter Chin Fah Kui said that the country will impose a B5 palm oil biodiesel mandate effective in February 2010. The mandate is unusua... · China expected to impose 5 percent biodiesel blend mandate by end of 2007; oil price hikes a worry China is drafting biodiesel blend standards and is expected to impose a 5 percent blending target by the end of the year, according to reports, and is looking at potential target dates for a 10 percen... · Japan begins mandated move to E3 with debut of two pumps in Osaka In Japan, E3 ethanol will debut at two pumps in Osaka as Japan finally begins to rollout its biofuels mandate. The Japanese government has set a goal of replacing 0.6 percent of gasoline fuel with bio
    14. 14. 02/21/10 Presented by Himadri Banerji Leading Expert GLG Inc at the Biofuels Asia, Jakarta on 29th June 2009 Rural Households, Farmer Groups Cassava Production Livestock Production Small-scale Processing (wet starch) roots leaves processing “wastes” Forages & Food Crops manure manure biogas <ul><ul><ul><li>Linking farmers to higher-value agro-industrial markets </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Diversifying livelihoods, improving eco-efficiency of smallholder production systems </li></ul>
    15. 15. Feedstock For Biofuels Status and Market Trends Carbon Credit 02/21/10 Presented by Himadri Banerji Leading Expert GLG Inc at the Biofuels Asia, Jakarta on 29th June 2009 China and India to become the largest carbon credit assets in the world
    16. 16. 02/21/10 Presented by Himadri Banerji Leading Expert GLG Inc at the Biofuels Asia, Jakarta on 29th June 2009
    17. 17. Feedstock For Biofuels Status and Market Trends Country wise Status <ul><li>Indonesia </li></ul><ul><li>China </li></ul><ul><li>India </li></ul><ul><li>Japan </li></ul><ul><li>Korea </li></ul><ul><li>Malaysia </li></ul><ul><li>Thailand </li></ul>02/21/10 Presented by Himadri Banerji Leading Expert GLG Inc at the Biofuels Asia, Jakarta on 29th June 2009
    18. 18. Feedstock For Biofuels Status and Market Trends Indonesia 02/21/10 Presented by Himadri Banerji Leading Expert GLG Inc at the Biofuels Asia, Jakarta on 29th June 2009 By the end of 2009, annual biodiesel production could reach 1,000,000 MT and annual ethanol production should reach 390,000 MT. Production capacity will be higher, but the availability of feedstock will be a limiting factor. If available feedstock continues to be a problem or if export markets do not grow, then some producers may choose to halt plans to build production facilities.
    19. 19. Feedstock For Biofuels Status and Market Trends China Nearly 80% of the fuel ethanol in China is made from corn. China Three of the existing facilities (Heilongjiang, Jilin, and Anhui) use the grain as feedstock. The biorefinery in Henan uses wheat. Concerns about food supply and high prices led to non-grain feedstock, such as cassava, sweet sorghum, and sweet potato, viewed as transitional feedstock in the long term. 02/21/10 Presented by Himadri Banerji Leading Expert GLG Inc at the Biofuels Asia, Jakarta on 29th June 2009
    20. 20. 02/21/10 Presented by Himadri Banerji Leading Expert GLG Inc at the Biofuels Asia, Jakarta on 29th June 2009 China Biofuel Centers
    21. 21. Feedstock For Biofuel Status and Market Trends China The crops could be grown on China's 116 million hectares of marginal land unsuitable for producing grains. Ultimately, China plans to transition to ethanol production from cellulosic biomass, particularly crop residue, which is of sufficient supply. Estimates show that the member economy generates approximately 1,500 million tonnes/year of agricultural and forest residues, which is sufficient to produce 370 million tonnes of ethanol. Currently, there are several pilot plants producing ethanol from lignocellulosic biomass via biochemical conversion process. 02/21/10 Presented by Himadri Banerji Leading Expert GLG Inc at the Biofuels Asia, Jakarta on 29th June 2009
    22. 22. 02/21/10 Presented by Himadri Banerji Leading Expert GLG Inc at the Biofuels Asia, Jakarta on 29th June 2009 Market dynamics, research, and policies cause the supply and demand for biofuels and feedstocks to expand or contract over time. But some factors that directly boost demand for biofuels—such as higher energy prices or policies to limit carbon emissions—could actually reduce incentives to supply feedstocks, even as demand for them increases. For example, higher petroleum prices should stimulate biofuels demand, but can reduce supply at any given biofuels price by raising the costs of feedstock production, transportation, and conversion. Similarly, a carbon policy placing an explicit value on carbon storage or abatement may raise the relative value of biofuels that have lower carbon emissions, but may also affect feedstock production by promoting conservation practices (e.g., no-till, reduced energy and fertilizer use) that could restrain yield growth or raise the cost of feedstock production. Recognizing these interactions can help to clarify tradeoffs, anticipate outcomes, and indicate research and development priorities. Influence Factors for Market and Supply Dynamics The Market Environment in Asia
    23. 23. Market and Supply Dynamics The Market Environment in Asia 02/21/10 Presented by Himadri Banerji Leading Expert GLG Inc at the Biofuels Asia, Jakarta on 29th June 2009
    24. 24. Market and Supply Dynamics Feedstock Environment 02/21/10 Presented by Himadri Banerji Leading Expert GLG Inc at the Biofuels Asia, Jakarta on 29th June 2009
    25. 25. Feedstock For Biofuels Status and Market Trends Modeling <ul><li>Future of Biofuels and Feedstocks </li></ul><ul><li>Mechanics of Supply </li></ul><ul><li>Demand </li></ul><ul><li>Classical Economics </li></ul><ul><li>Market Dynamics Feedbacks and Loops </li></ul>02/21/10 Presented by Himadri Banerji Leading Expert GLG Inc at the Biofuels Asia, Jakarta on 29th June 2009
    26. 26. The biomass-to-biofuels supply chain: a system of five systems (top) and concerns within those (bottom). 02/21/10 Presented by Himadri Banerji Leading Expert GLG Inc at the Biofuels Asia, Jakarta on 29th June 2009
    27. 27. Key feedbacks 02/21/10 Presented by Himadri Banerji Leading Expert GLG Inc at the Biofuels Asia, Jakarta on 29th June 2009
    28. 28. Economics of Supply and Demand 02/21/10 Presented by Himadri Banerji Leading Expert GLG Inc at the Biofuels Asia, Jakarta on 29th June 2009
    29. 29. Feedstock For Biofuels Status and Market Trends Productivity of Feedstock 02/21/10 Presented by Himadri Banerji Leading Expert GLG Inc at the Biofuels Asia, Jakarta on 29th June 2009
    30. 30. Feedstock For Biofuels Status and Market Trends Which feedstock is most economic? 02/21/10 Presented by Himadri Banerji Leading Expert GLG Inc at the Biofuels Asia, Jakarta on 29th June 2009 1 – An alternative oil from new crops of Jatropha curcas 2 – PlantaBio’s estimated cost of production, FOB farm Sources: * Handbook of Energy Crops – James A. Duke, 1983. Unpublished. ** Jacobsen Publishing Co. – Mkt. News: Vegetable Oil (07/11/05)
    31. 31. Feedstock For Biofuels Status and Market Trends <ul><li>The New Frontiers in Feedstock </li></ul><ul><li>Micro algae </li></ul>02/21/10 Presented by Himadri Banerji Leading Expert GLG Inc at the Biofuels Asia, Jakarta on 29th June 2009
    32. 32. 02/21/10 Presented by Himadri Banerji Leading Expert GLG Inc at the Biofuels Asia, Jakarta on 29th June 2009 Towards a Micro algae world
    33. 33. 02/21/10 Presented by Himadri Banerji Leading Expert GLG Inc at the Biofuels Asia, Jakarta on 29th June 2009 The Journey in Asia is through a labyrinth of economics, politics, and regulation
    34. 34. 02/21/10 Presented by Himadri Banerji Leading Expert GLG Inc at the Biofuels Asia, Jakarta on 29th June 2009
    35. 35. 02/21/10 Presented by Himadri Banerji Leading Expert GLG Inc at the Biofuels Asia, Jakarta on 29th June 2009 The biofuel development has taken leap. First generation was food based-Food to fuel collects a lot of critics due to land clearing and changes in biodiversity, micro climate change and high food prices. Second generation, billions invested in non food land crops like grasses, jatropha. Food chain dislocation avoided but major issues of land and water use. The third generation biofuels are sustainable-not a food crop. Such include algae sequestrating CO2, minimum land use converting even waste to biofuel . First generation cassava, corn soya sugar cane Cassava needs more land, fertilizer while it takes minimum of 6 months for maturation Algae mass in a glass beaker Asia can lead in major supplies throughout pacific biofuel market (below) is algae in photobioreactor,Very high potential for daily production output with less day thank 7 days from culture to biomass production .

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