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OpenCoesione Promoting transparency and civic monitoring on Cohesion Policy


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Promoting transparency and civic monitoring on Cohesion Policy
Carlo Amati, Simona De Luca, Aline Pennisi, Luigi Reggi
Center for Technology in Government State University of New York at Albany 23rd September 2014

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OpenCoesione Promoting transparency and civic monitoring on Cohesion Policy

  1. 1. OpenCoesione Promoting transparency and civic monitoring on Cohesion Policy Center for Technology in Government State University of New York at Albany 23rd September 2014 Carlo Amati, Simona De Luca, Aline Pennisi, Luigi Reggi
  2. 2. Open government and transparency on public funds The main purposes of this initiative: • more efficient and effective usage of resources and destination of funds consistent with people’s needs • improve decision making and policy design, also by increasing access to and quality of information • increasing involvement of stakeholders and civic partners • broadening the opportunities for analyses and evaluations on relevant policy issues • encouraging the creation of new tools and services revolving around the availability of open data
  3. 3. 807,536 projects funded 80,1 billion euro assigned 32,3 billion euro actually spent over 80 thousand entities involved all over Italy (although mostly on the South) in many different policy sectors to reduce disparties, attract business and enhance opportunities and the quality of services What is Eu and Italian Cohesion Policy about?
  4. 4. Inforegio September 2014 Countries with interactive portals on Structural Funds projects: DK, F, H, NL, PL, IT ional_policy/projects/ map/index_en.cfm
  5. 5. OpenCoesione published in Italy in July, 2012 2011 2012 Transparency on cohesion funds in Europe? The transparency on the beneficiaries of Structural Funds in Europe and Italy L. Reggi, Materiali UVAL, Issue 27, 2012 Data in machine readable format
  6. 6. What’s in OpenCoesione? Information about projects undertaken for implementing regional policies: • description • funding (amount and sources) • locations • thematic areas • public/private subjects involved • deployment timing Highlights of data provided Access to web portal since launch (July 17th 2012) to September 18th 2014 2.193.718 pages visualizations, 526.098 visitors, 2 minutes average time on the site, 4,3% from outside Italy
  7. 7. Projects and funds (total or subets accoding to user’s queries) Interactive graphs for immediate distribution of investment and number of projects by nature and policy theme Interactive table on investment by nature and policy theme Direct search of public authorities in charge for programming and other recipients of projects Direct access to locations through interactive maps and search to discover the number of projects undertaken, the amount of overall investments in the place and the list of projects Top projects listing in home page (most recently completed and largest financially) Main contents: homepage Highlights of data provided Periodical insights and short focuses
  8. 8. For each policy theme a selection of territorial indicators on the social and economic context of each region Highlighted indicators assure comparable information among regions The idea is to invite the user to make connections between projects and the issues they should impact on Main contents: homepage Highlights of data provided
  9. 9. Main contents: project search E.g.: transportation infrastructures over 100.000 € in Naples
  10. 10. 30.06.2014 Project at a glance
  11. 11. 30.06.2014 Recepients at a glance
  12. 12. Enabling factors on various dimensions: • awareness within a branch of administration of the relevance of the data ordinarily produced to spend the funds (but little used for directing the policy) • political insight on benefits of transparency and citizens’ voice • the availability of a national unitary monitoring system (since 2007) • the open government and open data discourse, which helped combine the previous factors How was OpenCoesione made possible? A combination of factors ….
  13. 13. National unitary monitoring system Marche Regional Admin Calabria Regional Admin … Ministry Dev.t Ministry Education University and Research Ministry Interior Veneto Regional Admin National unitary monitoring system • Federate architecture: a system of systems • Based on data exchange protocol shared by all systems
  14. 14. • Data from monitoring systems are updated every two months by the Administrations in charge of managing the funds and are made available in OpenCoesione approximately three months after the reference date. • Data currently available on OpenCoesione is updated to June 30th 2014 • The set of published variables and web-portal default analyses are in increasing over time, on the basis both of capacity to inspect quality standards and of user demands How often are OpenCoesione data updated?
  15. 15. Monitoring System 113 variables downloadable in CSV format 32 variables downloadable from project search on OC + APIs classifications by CUP system Identification, classifications by NSRF, funding, timing, locations, subjects Var1 …………………… Var32 Var1 …………………… Var93 Var1 ……………………………… VarN Available data on implemented projects Different sets of variables classifications by CUP system Identification, classifications by NSRF, funding, timing, locations, subjects
  16. 16. A user licence is granted in order to support the re-use of published data. The CC BY-SA 3.0 licence allows users to reproduce, distribute and communicate to the public data and analysis, as well as to modify and adapt or even use data for commercial purposes. Data to be re-used User license agreement: CC BY-SA
  17. 17. A long way to go on data … • From EU Funds to all resources for cohesion policy in Italy • The monitoring system collects indicators on actual targets of individual projects (hopefully to be published in future) • Too few data on actual beneficiaries/recipients of projects and sub-awards • integration with other data sources (register of public and private bodies, procurement process, etc.)
  18. 18. • Data Journalism Days are seminars for journalists, policy analysts, researchers and students interested in using information on investment projects funded by cohesion policy. They are aimed at understanding what kind of data is available and at promoting mashups between OpenCoesione data and other sources in order to draft analyses, graphics, maps and tell stories. How to promote knowledge society Actions to help the role of information intermediaries
  19. 19. • Moni-thon (from mara-thon and hacka-thon) is a civic monitoring marathon: groups of citizens map out the projects funded by cohesion policy in their town or area, select a theme or another specific feature and they go on the spot to see what the project in really about and check on its realisation. The evidence is uploaded into a common experimental platform. Fostering civic monitoring Actions to help citizens’ voice and dissemination
  20. 20. Raising a new generation of civic awareness Involvement of high schools in an experimental civic monitoring that mixes civic education, digital competencies and data journalism in order to understand and communicate, with innovative methods, how cohesion policy affect our neighbourhoods.  Development of digital competencies (data skills, data journalism skills)  Implementation of a project work on storytelling about projects funded by cohesion policy  Providing feedback on results in a public event
  21. 21. Slow pace in implementing cohesion policy Low absorption rates of the funds Understanding whether policy is effective Why should citizens be involved ?
  22. 22. Moni-thon is an independent initiative for Citizen monitoring of Cohesion policy projects in Italy based on the Open Data from Citizen monitoring as a possible solution
  23. 23. A meso-level action - between TOP-DOWN and BOTTOM-UP
  24. 24. Public Agencies Open Data Portals Citizen monitoring Administrative data Open Data + visualizations Evidence, Ideas, suggestions How citizen monitoring should work
  25. 25. Tools 1. Interactive map including • user-generated Citizen monitoring reports • Relevant projects selected by the community 2. Toolkit / Common methodology 3. Storytelling • Blog • Tips&tricks 4. News on financed projects
  26. 26. Involving civic communities Shared methodology Light organization and community management High heterogeneity: Different interests, selected themes, geographical areas, teams, etc.
  27. 27. Citizen monitoring reports Local communities • 56 reports • Some throughout investigations • 10+ local communities involved • Concentration in the South
  28. 28. Monithon Toolkit + Mailing list (we do speak English! ☺) The Toolkit
  29. 29. Projects selection Monithon “ex-ante” Crowdsourced ideas and suggestions Monithon “in itinere” Measuring progress Monithon “ex post” Measuring results Monithon “ex post” Measuring outcomes / impact The phases of a Monithon
  30. 30. ILVA production site EU Projects Areas near the ILVA plant Projects selection The case of ILVA - Taranto @LinoCastrovilli @luigreggi @PaolaLilianaB
  31. 31. Monithon “ex ante” The Palermo future metro track • Project analysis • Why is it stucked? • What do people say? • The experts’ opinion • How the Municipality tell this story to the public • Suggestions from local stakeholders @giuliodichiara & friends
  32. 32. Monithon “in itinere”: Combating organized crime through the re-use of confiscated assets
  33. 33. Monithon “ex post” - Live testing of local transport systems @PaolaLilianaB @chiaracio @cristinatogna Qualitative & Quantitative Data collected
  34. 34. What kind of questions this initiative raises for us?  Are we really meeting citizen expectations regarding transparency on the use of funds  How to deal with data quality problems, mainly on results of the funded projects  How to deal with privacy problems related to recipients  How can we gain from (and promote) collaboration and information sharing to improve government’s capabilities  Making data interoperable in the global world (and first of all in the EU!)  How can we make better use of technology to engage citizens