MERGERS IN HIGHER EDUCATIONUniversity Reforms in Denmark – the Case of Aarhus University                                  ...
UNIVERSITY REFORMS IN DENMARK – THECASE OF AARHUS UNIVERSITY•   CONTEXT     • The higher education system and its performa...
INCREASING DEMAND FOR KNOWLEDGE:MOTIVATION FOR CHANGE • Globalization • Food security • Water quality                     ...
THE OFFICIAL GOALS OF THORNING-SCHMIDT GOVERNMENT 2011-  • 95 % should complete youth education, 60% higher  education  • ...
HIGHER EDUCATION                                        YearsDenmark:• is signatory to the Bologna process• has introduced...
UNIVERSITIES IN GLOBAL RANKINGS 2011                                         Technical             University of          ...
GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE ON CITATION IMPACT                              Aarhus UniversityDanish Technical UniversityNormalizedc...
ATTRACTIVENESS OF UNIVERSITY SYSTEMS                                              Researchers satisfaction by countryCrite...
RECTOR LAURITZ B. HOLM-NIELSEN     RECTOR LAURITZ B. HOLM-NIELSEN   08-03-2012                                        08-0...
UNIVERSITY REFORMS IN DENMARK – THECASE OF AARHUS UNIVERSITY•   CONTEXT     • The higher education system and its performa...
INCENTIVES AND REASONS FOR INITIATINGTHE DANISH MERGERS• Stronger institutions through consolidation of resources• Increas...
NEW FRAMEWORK CONDITIONS  1998/99, Intergovernmental      2003 – 2007, Danish sector reforms:         2010, The AU Academi...
NEW UNIVERSITY ACT OF 2003   • Autonomy – going from state institutions to autonomous entities   within the public sector ...
REORGANIZING HE&R INSTITUTIONS IN 2007                       RECTOR LAURITZ B. HOLM-NIELSEN   08-03-2012
MODERNIZING THE FUNDING COMPACT                                                                      •Committed to the Lis...
RECTOR LAURITZ B. HOLM-NIELSEN
UNIVERSITY MERGERS IN DENMARK•   CONTEXT     • The higher education system and its performance•   REFORM PROCESS     • Gov...
MOTIVATION FOR CHANGE  Ambition to further improve quality, impact and international reach  Strong performance in terms ...
CHANGE PROCESS AT AARHUS UNIVERSITY  Merger with   Danish School of Education                                            ...
A MERGER PROCESS IN THREE PHASES1.    Safe performance after mergers     •    Staff relations     •    Student relations  ...
THE TRIPLE HELIXUNIVERSITY           THE HUMBOLDT UNIVERSITYA MODERN UNIVERSITY – COMBINING MASS AND ELITE                ...
CHANGE PROCESS AND EMPOWERMENT AT AU • Academic organization: A unified university with fewer internal boundaries   From n...
CHECQUES AND BALANCES IN THEGOVERNANCE STRUCTURE                      AU Board       External                             ...
RECTOR LAURITZ B. HOLM-NIELSEN     RECTOR LAURITZ B. HOLM-NIELSEN   08-03-2012                                        08-0...
UNIVERSITY MERGERS IN DENMARK•   CONTEXT     • The higher education system and its performance•   REFORM PROCESS     • Gov...
THE NEW AARHUS UNIVERSITY• ORGANISATIONAL AUTONOMY    • AU reforms and a focus on interdisciplinarity• FINANCIAL AUTONOMY•...
A SINGLE UNIFIED MANAGEMENT WHEREDEANS HAVE DOUBLE RESPONSIBILITIES                     RECTOR LAURITZ B. HOLM-NIELSEN   0...
TODAY 2012 EXAMPLE - ARTS           • Department of Culture and Society                          • Department of Aesthetic...
INTERDISCIPLINARY SOLUTIONS TOCOMPLEX CHALLENGESInterdisciplinary centers     • iNANO     • MINDlab     • Neurocampus     ...
AU CONTRIBUTIONS TO GLOBAL RESEARCHINFRASTRUCTURE Aarhus Institute of Advanced Studies     • Exceptionally talented younge...
DIVERSIFIED– INCOME STRUCTURE                                   Other. 9%              Study                    Government...
TOWARDS FINANCIAL INDEPENDENCE:       AU RESEARCH FOUNDATION                      AARHUS UNIVERSITY BOARD                 ...
EXPENDITURES AT AARHUS UNIVERSITY               The Humboldtuniversity               The triple helix university          ...
AARHUS UNIVERSITY -A UNIVERSITY GROWING STRONGER                                             Expenditures (EUR million)   ...
RESULTS, PROGRESS IN COMPETITIVENESS  RANKINGS              AARHUS UNIVERSITY RANK                 2011   2010    2009    ...
MUITO OBRIGADOLAURITZ B. HOLM-NIELSENRECTOR@AU.DK
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Danish University Mergers - the Case of Aarhus University

2,122 views

Published on

A Universidade Técnica de Lisboa (UTL) promoveu a 8 de março, no Auditório Lagoa Branca do Instituto Superior de Agronomia (ISA), da Universidade Técnica de Lisboa (UTL), o workshop «A Fusão entre Universidades: Experiências Europeias», que contou com a presença de vários especialistas de renome internacional nesta temática entre eles o Prof. Holm Nielsen, Reitor da Universidade de Aarhus, Dinamarca, que proferiu a palestra "Danish University Mergers - the Case of Aarhus University".

Published in: Education
0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
2,122
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
6
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Danish University Mergers - the Case of Aarhus University

  1. 1. MERGERS IN HIGHER EDUCATIONUniversity Reforms in Denmark – the Case of Aarhus University RECTOR LAURITZ B. HOLM-NIELSEN 08-03-2012
  2. 2. UNIVERSITY REFORMS IN DENMARK – THECASE OF AARHUS UNIVERSITY• CONTEXT • The higher education system and its performance• REFORM PROCESS • Governance, mergers and a new funding compact• AARHUS RESPONSE • Shaping the modern European university• NEW AARHUS UNIVERSITY • Organizational, financial and academic autonomy, a focus on interdisciplinarity, access and openness RECTOR LAURITZ B. HOLM-NIELSEN 08-03-2012
  3. 3. INCREASING DEMAND FOR KNOWLEDGE:MOTIVATION FOR CHANGE • Globalization • Food security • Water quality The world is globalized, with complex • Energy sustainability interconnected challenges which transgress • Demography and migration disciplinary boundaries – with regard to • Public health causes, consequences, and solutions • Transnational economies • Political stability and security • Climate change • ... RECTOR LAURITZ B. HOLM-NIELSEN 08-03-2012
  4. 4. THE OFFICIAL GOALS OF THORNING-SCHMIDT GOVERNMENT 2011- • 95 % should complete youth education, 60% higher education • 25 % should complete research based higher education by 2020 • 2.5 % in PhD and 1% in post doc programmes • Strengthen the national innovation strategy: education, research, innovation • State Education Grant, taximeter for first two cycles RECTOR LAURITZ B. HOLM-NIELSEN 08-03-2012
  5. 5. HIGHER EDUCATION YearsDenmark:• is signatory to the Bologna process• has introduced the Europeanqualifications framework• has an independent accreditationboard, and works towards a flexiblepost secondary education system5 RECTOR LAURITZ B. HOLM-NIELSEN 08-03-2012
  6. 6. UNIVERSITIES IN GLOBAL RANKINGS 2011 Technical University of University of Aarhus Aalborg University of Southern Copenhagen University University Denmark Denmark ARWU 43 86 151-200 201-300 - QS Ranking 52 79 150 311 362 THE 135 125 178 251-275 301-350 HEEACT 40 96 211 223 - LEIDEN 54 53 - - - RECTOR LAURITZ B. HOLM-NIELSEN 08-03-2012
  7. 7. GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE ON CITATION IMPACT Aarhus UniversityDanish Technical UniversityNormalizedcitationimpact University of Copenhagen US top universities European top universities Total number of publications 2003-07 RECTOR LAURITZ B. HOLM-NIELSEN 08-03-2012
  8. 8. ATTRACTIVENESS OF UNIVERSITY SYSTEMS Researchers satisfaction by countryCriteria Degree of independence 0,90 Guidance received from superior or 0,80 coworkers 0,70 Salary 0,60 Holiday entitlement 0,50 0,40 Health-care benefits 0,30 Maternity or paternity leave 0,20 Retirement plan 0,10 Total hours worked per week 0,00 South Korea China Netherlands India US Australia Sweden Japan Italy France Switzerland UK Canada Denmark Spain Germany Source: Nature Vol 465 24 June 2010
  9. 9. RECTOR LAURITZ B. HOLM-NIELSEN RECTOR LAURITZ B. HOLM-NIELSEN 08-03-2012 08-03-2012
  10. 10. UNIVERSITY REFORMS IN DENMARK – THECASE OF AARHUS UNIVERSITY• CONTEXT • The higher education system and its performance• REFORM PROCESS • Governance, mergers and a new funding compact• AARHUS RESPONSE • Shaping the modern European university• NEW AARHUS UNIVERSITY • Organizational, financial and academic autonomy, a focus on interdisciplinarity, access and openness RECTOR LAURITZ B. HOLM-NIELSEN 08-03-2012
  11. 11. INCENTIVES AND REASONS FOR INITIATINGTHE DANISH MERGERS• Stronger institutions through consolidation of resources• Increased international competitiveness• Acadcemic synergies and innovation in education and research• Cross organizational cost effectiveness RECTOR LAURITZ B. HOLM-NIELSEN 08-03-2012
  12. 12. NEW FRAMEWORK CONDITIONS 1998/99, Intergovernmental 2003 – 2007, Danish sector reforms: 2010, The AU Academic agreement: Governmental • New University Act (2003) (2011) Development Process: push for convergence of HE • Reorganizing HE&R institutions (2007) • Unified management systems by 2010 • Modernizing the funding compact • Interdisciplinarity1999, Bologna 2000, European Research 2008, Aarhus 2010, European HigherDeclaration: Area: University’s Strategy: Education Area:Key principles Cohesion in European • Research 10 years after the Bolognaadopted by Ministers research, promoting • Talent development process. Adopted by 47of Education of 29 transnational scientific • Knowledge exchange countries, facilitating effortsEuropean countries knowledge flow, • Education to enhance European HE competition, collaboration comparability, compatibility and mobility and coherence RECTOR LAURITZ B. HOLM-NIELSEN 08-03-2012
  13. 13. NEW UNIVERSITY ACT OF 2003 • Autonomy – going from state institutions to autonomous entities within the public sector • Accountability through the use of performance contracts, audits and accreditation • Governing boards with a majority of external members, which safeguard the university’s interests and determine guidelines for its organization, strategy and development. Appoints the rector. • Appointed leaders in university management structure (rector, deans, department heads, heads of administration etc.) RECTOR LAURITZ B. HOLM-NIELSEN 08-03-2012
  14. 14. REORGANIZING HE&R INSTITUTIONS IN 2007 RECTOR LAURITZ B. HOLM-NIELSEN 08-03-2012
  15. 15. MODERNIZING THE FUNDING COMPACT •Committed to the Lisbon and Barcelona targets Gross Public R&D investment (million EUR)2.700 •Public investments in research 1 percent of GDP by 20102.500 •University core-funding is based on performance indicators (45%2.300 graduation, 10% Ph.D. program efficiency, “25% bibliometry, 20% external funding)2.100 •Study programs are taximeter1.900 funded (automatic and follows accumulated completed ECTS)1.700 •50-60% of research funding through competitive mechanisms1.500 e.g. research councils (includes a 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 flat overhead rate of 44%) RECTOR LAURITZ B. HOLM-NIELSEN 08-03-2012
  16. 16. RECTOR LAURITZ B. HOLM-NIELSEN
  17. 17. UNIVERSITY MERGERS IN DENMARK• CONTEXT • The higher education system and its performance• REFORM PROCESS • Governance, mergers and a new funding compact• AARHUS RESPONSE • Shaping the modern European university• NEW AARHUS UNIVERSITY • Organizational, financial and academic autonomy, a focus on interdisciplinarity, access and openness RECTOR LAURITZ B. HOLM-NIELSEN 08-03-2012
  18. 18. MOTIVATION FOR CHANGE  Ambition to further improve quality, impact and international reach  Strong performance in terms of academic and financial results  Complete the merger process to create one unified university  Move to tear down internal boundaries and stimulate collaboration across disciplines  Ensure a more professional and efficient administration RECTOR LAURITZ B. HOLM-NIELSEN 08-03-2012
  19. 19. CHANGE PROCESS AT AARHUS UNIVERSITY Merger with  Danish School of Education Merger with  Aarhus School of Business  Aarhus Engineering School  Danish Agricultural Institute  National Environmental Research Institute Academic Implementation development process5 faculties, 9 faculties with 55 institutes, 4 faculties with 27 instituteslocated in Aarhus located all over Denmark located mostly in Aarhus 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 RECTOR LAURITZ B. HOLM-NIELSEN 08-03-2012
  20. 20. A MERGER PROCESS IN THREE PHASES1. Safe performance after mergers • Staff relations • Student relations • External relations • Web site and contact information • Relationship with international partners, EU etc.2. Strategy and planning of administrative and academic integration3. The academic development process RECTOR LAURITZ B. HOLM-NIELSEN 08-03-2012
  21. 21. THE TRIPLE HELIXUNIVERSITY THE HUMBOLDT UNIVERSITYA MODERN UNIVERSITY – COMBINING MASS AND ELITE TALENT DEVELOPMENT RESEARCH EDUCATION KNOWLEDGE EXCHANGE RECTOR LAURITZ B. HOLM-NIELSEN 08-03-2012
  22. 22. CHANGE PROCESS AND EMPOWERMENT AT AU • Academic organization: A unified university with fewer internal boundaries From nine to four main academic areas, from 55 to 26 departments, • Governance: Management with appointed leaders and joint responsibility for the entire university. From ten management units to a senior leadership team with cross-cutting responsibility for strategic management and quality assurance • Administration and finance: A single university with an integrated administration A common financial model, standardised quality service for the whole university; from three to one (two) levels of administration – front office and back office philosophy • Academic cheques and balances: one academic council per faculty (main academic area), and 4 AU Fora, one for each core activity: research, talent development, knowledge exchange and education RECTOR LAURITZ B. HOLM-NIELSEN 08-03-2012
  23. 23. CHECQUES AND BALANCES IN THEGOVERNANCE STRUCTURE AU Board External Internal Advisory Boards AU Forums AU Management Employer Panels Academic Councils Advisory Departmental Committees Forums RECTOR LAURITZ B. HOLM-NIELSEN 08-03-2012
  24. 24. RECTOR LAURITZ B. HOLM-NIELSEN RECTOR LAURITZ B. HOLM-NIELSEN 08-03-2012 08-03-2012
  25. 25. UNIVERSITY MERGERS IN DENMARK• CONTEXT • The higher education system and its performance• REFORM PROCESS • Governance, mergers and a new funding compact• AARHUS RESPONSE • Shaping the modern European university• NEW AARHUS UNIVERSITY • Organizational, financial and academic autonomy, a focus on interdisciplinarity, access and openness RECTOR LAURITZ B. HOLM-NIELSEN 08-03-2012
  26. 26. THE NEW AARHUS UNIVERSITY• ORGANISATIONAL AUTONOMY • AU reforms and a focus on interdisciplinarity• FINANCIAL AUTONOMY• ACADEMIC AUTONOMY• ACCESS AND OPENNESS RECTOR LAURITZ B. HOLM-NIELSEN 08-03-2012
  27. 27. A SINGLE UNIFIED MANAGEMENT WHEREDEANS HAVE DOUBLE RESPONSIBILITIES RECTOR LAURITZ B. HOLM-NIELSEN 08-03-2012
  28. 28. TODAY 2012 EXAMPLE - ARTS • Department of Culture and Society • Department of Aesthetics and Communication • Department of Education • Centre for Teaching Development and Digital MediaBEFORE 2011 HUM ARTS DSE TEO RECTOR LAURITZ B. HOLM-NIELSEN 08-03-2012
  29. 29. INTERDISCIPLINARY SOLUTIONS TOCOMPLEX CHALLENGESInterdisciplinary centers • iNANO • MINDlab • Neurocampus • Food, Nutrition and Health • Global Change and Development • Integrated Register-based Research • Arctic Research • … • …National Centers of Excellence • 18 National Research Foundation centers • 5 Lundbeck Foundation and VKR Foundation Centers RECTOR LAURITZ B. HOLM-NIELSEN 08-03-2012
  30. 30. AU CONTRIBUTIONS TO GLOBAL RESEARCHINFRASTRUCTURE Aarhus Institute of Advanced Studies • Exceptionally talented younger researchers from all over the world • Stimulating, international and interdisciplinary environment • Opportunity to pursue own research interests for a 2-3 year period • Independent managerial structure with international advisory board International research platforms • ASTRID II – Heavy Ion Storage Ring and Synchrotron Radiation Facility • Research Vessel • National Centre for Particle Radiotherapy • National Centre for NMR • Testing Facilities for Wind and Bio Energy Systems • Information intensive population databases • Zackenberg High Arctic Research Station RECTOR LAURITZ B. HOLM-NIELSEN RECTOR LAURITZ B. HOLM-NIELSEN 08-03-2012 08-03-2012
  31. 31. DIVERSIFIED– INCOME STRUCTURE Other. 9% Study Government programmes contracts 4% 25%Budget 2012:EUR 825 million Competitive research funding. 28% Core research 34% RECTOR LAURITZ B. HOLM-NIELSEN 08-03-2012
  32. 32. TOWARDS FINANCIAL INDEPENDENCE: AU RESEARCH FOUNDATION AARHUS UNIVERSITY BOARD Aarhus University Research Foundation RECTOR’S OFFICE ADM. AURF BOARD AURF Equity: EUR 400 m AURF Balance: app. EUR 1 bn. ARTS AURF Grant Budget: EUR 10 m. SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY RESEARCH FOUNDATIONBUSINESS AND SOCIAL SCIENCES RESEARCH FOUNDATION’S HEALTH REAL ESTATE LTD. AURIGA INDUSTRIES LTD.AU Student body: 42,492 studentsAU Staff: 13,389 employees ØSTJYSK INNOVATION A/S,AU 2012 Budget: EUR 825 M. INCUBA LTD. INCUBA SCIENCE PARK LTD. RECTOR LAURITZ B. HOLM-NIELSEN 08-03-2012
  33. 33. EXPENDITURES AT AARHUS UNIVERSITY The Humboldtuniversity The triple helix university The modern university AU – Expenses per core activity Talent development Talent PhDs development 24% Post docs StudentsResearch Education Research Education Professors Research 33% 31% Studies projects Research Lifelong programmes learning Knowledge Knowledge exchange exchange Contracts 12% RECTOR LAURITZ B. HOLM-NIELSEN 08-03-2012
  34. 34. AARHUS UNIVERSITY -A UNIVERSITY GROWING STRONGER Expenditures (EUR million) 900 826• 40,500 students (FTE) 803 761 (52% graduate level students) 800 693 733 700 643• 3,000 PhD students and 600 early career researchers 500 392 400• 4,300 international students 300• 7,200 employees (FTE) 200 100• 11,731 publications in 2010 0 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 RECTOR LAURITZ B. HOLM-NIELSEN 08-03-2012
  35. 35. RESULTS, PROGRESS IN COMPETITIVENESS RANKINGS AARHUS UNIVERSITY RANK 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 Leiden Crown 53 55 - 105 - Indicator ARWU 86 98 97 93 102 QS WU Ranking 79 84 63 81 114 THE 125 167 - - - HEEACT 96 105 101 118 132 RECTOR LAURITZ B. HOLM-NIELSEN 08-03-2012
  36. 36. MUITO OBRIGADOLAURITZ B. HOLM-NIELSENRECTOR@AU.DK

×