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  1. 1. Igneous, Metamorphic, and Sedimentary Rocks<br />
  2. 2. Definition of Rock Type<br />Formation of Rock Type<br />Examples of each kind of rock<br />The Rock Cycle<br />Quiz<br />Summary<br />Overview<br />
  3. 3. What is an Igneous Rock?<br />Formed by the solidification of magma<br />Sail Rock/<br />Igneous Rock<br />Igneous Rock<br />
  4. 4. How are Igneous Rocks formed?<br />Process 1<br />Formed underground<br />Formed from melted rock(magma)<br />Magma trapped in small pockets<br />Magma cools down<br />
  5. 5. Process 2<br />Formed above ground<br />Volcanoes erupt<br />Magma flows above ground<br />As known as lava<br />Lava cools down<br />Igneous Formation Continued<br />
  6. 6. Granite<br />Scoria<br />Pumice<br />Obsidiar<br />Examples of Igneous Rocks<br />Granite Rock<br />Scoria Rocks<br />
  7. 7. What is a Metamorphic Rock?<br />Metamorphism- Change effected by heat/pressure<br />Produced by metamorphism<br />Creigh Hill, Scotland <br />
  8. 8. How are Metamorphic Rocks formed?<br />Once “igneous” or “sedimentary”<br />Rock under large amount of pressure<br />Heat builds up<br />This is what morphs(changes) them<br />
  9. 9. Examples of Metamorphic Rocks<br />Schist<br />Gneiss<br />Marble<br />Slate<br />Marble Rock<br />Slate Rocks<br />
  10. 10. What is a Sedimentary Rock?<br />Formed by sedimentation of earth’s surface<br />Bryce Canyon National Park<br />Red Canyon, Utah<br />
  11. 11. How are Sedimentary Rocks formed?<br />Pieces of the earth breaks down<br />Wash downstream<br />Sit at bottom of the waters<br />Repeats process to form layers<br />Layers form pressure over time<br />Pressure forms the sedimentary rock<br />
  12. 12. Sandstone<br />Limestone<br />Shale<br />Conglomerate<br />Gypsum<br />Examples of Sedimentary Rocks<br />Sandstone Rock<br />Shale Rock<br />
  13. 13. The<br />Rock<br />Igneous<br />Rocks<br />Melting<br />Heat/Pressure<br />Weathering/<br />Erosion<br />Melting<br />Cycle<br />Sedimentary<br />Rocks<br />Metamorphic<br />Rocks<br />Heat/Pressure<br />Weathering/Erosion<br />
  14. 14. What rock is formed from…<br />Solidification of magma?<br />Large amounts of pressure or heat?<br />Pieces of the earth breaking down?<br />Quiz<br />
  15. 15. Igneous-From cooled magma/lave<br />Can be above or below ground<br />Metamorphic-From pressure/heat on rocks<br />Once an igneous/sedimentary rock<br />Sedimentary-From pressure on layers<br />Pieces of the earth breaking down<br />Summary<br />
  16. 16. Shandshem, “Igneous rock intrusion by a green mineral common throughout the gabbro on BlaBheinn and the Cuillin ridge” August 15, 2009 via Flickr, Attribution License.<br />Fermion, “Sail Rock” July 8, 2009 via Flickr, Attribution License.<br />Shandshem, “Banding in a metamorphic rock called psammite/pelite, Creigh Hill, Angus, Scotland.” August 28, 2009 via Flickr, Attribution License.<br />Wolfgang Staudt, “nature” February 11, 2008 via Flickr, Attribution License.<br />Alan Vernon, “Red Canyon overlook with Snow dusting” June 8, 2009 via Flickr, Attribution License.<br />Sunset Sailor, “Shoreline granite” September 8, 2006 via Flickr, Attribution License.<br />Kiwi Flickr, “Scoria” March 6, 2005 via Flickr, Attribution License.<br />Dominic’s Pics, “Marble Rock” September 24, 2008 via Flickr, Attribution License.<br />Aldenchadwick, “Sharp Slate” May 23, 2010 via Flickr, Attribution License.<br />pepper_panharris, “Sandstone III” May 27, 2009 via Flickr, Attribution License.<br />Seldom Scene Photography (was Old Dog Photo), “Bonne Bay shale” October 20, 2009 via Flickr, Attribution License.<br />