Stage Age Title ExplanationInfant 0-1 Trust v. Mistrust •Help required to meet basic needs& develop trust in othersToddler 1-2 Autonomy v. Shame • Learn some indep. Or have bad & Self-doubt self-confidencePreschool 3-5 Initiative v. guilt •Learn to do basic tasks & carry out plans or you feel guilty about desire for
Elementary 6- teen Competence v. •Learn to feel happySchool Inferiority about achievements or feel bad about failuresAdolescence Teen- 20s Identity v. • Find multiple roles Role confusion that makeup who you are Or become confused about your identityYoung Adulthood 20s-40s Intimacy v. •Go thru difficulty to Isolation develop close relationships or feel isolated
Middle 40s-60s Generativity •Feel you’veAdulthood v. contributed to Stagnation the world or a lack of purposeLate Adulthood 60s and on Integrity v. •Reflect on your life & Despair feel content or hopeless
James MarciaStages of Adolescent Development– These makeup the identity crisis as identified by Erickson– You will not necessarily go through all of the states
ForeclosureNot exploring Bad: who you are isalternate identities determined by others,You are content with no exploration canthe identity you were lead to negativetaught as a child identities Ex. troublemakers
Identity DiffusionNo clear identity and Bad: no commitmentnot trying to find one to values or personal goals
MoratoriumTry to find an identity Bad: if you don’t findby experimenting one wou like OR you enjoy experimenting too & it leads to diffusion
Identity AchievementGone through the GOOD!identity crisis andhave your own idea ofgoal, morals andvalues.