G322: Section B: Institutions and Audiences<br />In the exam you will need to be prepared to discuss the following in rela...
G322: Section B: Institutions and Audiences<br />	The issues raised by media ownership<br />	For this you need to be aware...
G322: Section B: Institutions and Audiences<br />	The importance of cross media convergence and synergy in production dist...
G322: Section B: Institutions and Audiences<br />	The technologies that have been introduced  in recent years at the level...
G322: Section B: Institutions and Audiences<br />The significance of the proliferation of hardware and content for institu...
G322: Section B: Institutions and Audiences<br />The importance of technological convergence for institutions and audience...
G322: Section B: Institutions and Audiences<br />The issues raised in the targeting of national and local audiences (speci...
G322: Section B: Institutions and Audiences<br />The ways in which your own experiences of media consumption illustrate wi...
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Areas that may come up in the exam

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Areas that may come up in the exam

  1. 1. G322: Section B: Institutions and Audiences<br />In the exam you will need to be prepared to discuss the following in relation to your study of the music industry<br />The issues raised by media ownership<br />The importance of cross media convergence and synergy in production distribution and marketing<br />The technologies that have been introduced in recent years at the levels of production, distribution, marketing and exchange.<br />The significance of the proliferation of hardware and content for institutions and audiences.<br />The importance of technological convergence for institutions and audiences<br />The issues raised in the targeting of national and local audiences (specifically British) by international or global institutions.<br />The ways in which your own experiences of media consumption illustrate wider patterns of audience behaviour.<br />
  2. 2. G322: Section B: Institutions and Audiences<br /> The issues raised by media ownership<br /> For this you need to be aware of the differences between major and independent record companies. In the exam you could discuss some of the issues regarding Dr. Rubberfunk as an independent producer. You may also consider the different types of audience for music produced by independent labels (in this case Jalapeno Records rather than say one of the Big 4 labels ) i.eniche rather than mass, national rather than global. You should also refer to some of the issues regarding creative control if contracted to a major record label (e.g the dispute between EMI and Pink Floyd) <br />
  3. 3. G322: Section B: Institutions and Audiences<br /> The importance of cross media convergence and synergy in production distribution and marketing<br /> For this you need to consider the importance of different media to the success of an artists work. For example Dr.Rubberfunk relies on live performance, radio appearances social networking and file sharing sites (facebook, twitter, flickr, myspace, youtube) to promote his music. This things are of particular importance to an independent producer as a small distributor will not have the resources to market Dr Rubberfunk’s music in the same way that a major label can (e.g TV advertising, Billboards)<br />
  4. 4. G322: Section B: Institutions and Audiences<br /> The technologies that have been introduced in recent years at the levels of production, distribution, marketing and exchange.<br /> For this you will need to consider how new technology has affected the industry. Dr.Rubberfunk’s music is produced using digital software such as Apple Logic, Cubase and Audacity which has made the production of music much easier and cheaper. Dr. Rubberfunk’s music is also distributed digitally by his distributor Kudos Records. Dr. Rubberfunk’s music is mostly marketed online and is consumed via download egitunes or streaming sites such as Spotify<br />
  5. 5. G322: Section B: Institutions and Audiences<br />The significance of the proliferation of hardware and content for institutions and audiences.<br /> For this you will need to consider the extent to which the increase in new media hardware has led to changes in the way music is produced and consumed. You could discuss the ipod/iphone and ipad and the perceived advantages (and possible disadvantages) for record labels and consumers. <br />
  6. 6. G322: Section B: Institutions and Audiences<br />The importance of technological convergence for institutions and audiences<br />This is a broad area of discussion that overlaps with other areas of the specification. Technological convergence is the tendency for different technological systems to evolve towards performing similar tasks. This is something that has affected the production of music (e.g using Apple Macs to produce music through software such as Logic) the distribution of music (e.g online distribution) and consumption (e.g downloads, consuming music through mobiledevices such as iphone and ipad.)<br />
  7. 7. G322: Section B: Institutions and Audiences<br />The issues raised in the targeting of national and local audiences (specifically British) by international or global institutions.<br />For this aspect of the specification, you need to consider the advantage major record labels ( e.gThe Big 4) have in terms of distributing music on a global scale. For Dr.Rubberfunk a disadvantage of operating on an independent basis is that it is difficult to compete with the reach of the major labels due to a relative lack or resources to promote his music (Kudos Records being a small distributor) You could also make the point that the audience for Dr.Rubberfunk’s music is a niche rather than a mass audience due to the nature of the music he produces<br />
  8. 8. G322: Section B: Institutions and Audiences<br />The ways in which your own experiences of media consumption illustrate wider patterns of audience behaviour.<br /> For this you need to discuss how you consume music and how typical this is of the way in which the consumption of music is changing. This aspect of the specification again relates to technology and how this has affected music consumption,( e.g the idea that CD sales are down and more and more people are now downloading music both legally and illegally and the implications of this) you could refer to the voxpops/research you did in groups as well as the evidence presented in the Panorama episode on illegal downloading.<br />

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