The What and Why of Guidance


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The What and Why of Guidance

  1. 1. The What <br />And<br />Why of Guidance<br />Prepared by:<br />Bicarme, Jenny Dalnesa<br />Cabahit, Purther<br />
  2. 2. WHAT IS GUIDANCE<br />Republic Act 9258<br /> Defines guidance and counseling as a profession involving an “integrated approach to the development of a well-functioning individual primarily by helping him/her to utilize his/potentials to the fullest and plan his/her future in accordance to his/her abilities, interests and needs.”<br />
  3. 3. WHAT IS GUIDANCE<br />Dictionary of Psychology<br /> Defines guidance as the procedures used to assist individuals to find maximum satisfaction in their educational and vocational careers. Guidance involves the utilization of interviews and tests, and the study of background information, in order to arrive at a systematic plan of educational or vocational pursuits. <br />
  4. 4. WHAT IS GUIDANCE<br />Hatch and Costar (1961)<br /> Defined guidance program as a system of services designed to improve the adjustment of each and every person for whom it was organized.<br />
  5. 5. GUIDANCE and Counseling Services:<br />Guidance and Counseling Services<br /> According to the Rules and Regulations of RA 9258:<br /><ul><li>Counseling
  6. 6. Psychological testing
  7. 7. Research
  8. 8. Placement
  9. 9. Referral
  10. 10. Group processes</li></li></ul><li>GUIDANCE Services:<br />Other services included by Gibson and Higgins:<br /><ul><li>Individual Inventory/Analysis
  11. 11. Information
  12. 12. Counseling
  13. 13. Research
  14. 14. Placement
  15. 15. Referral
  16. 16. Follow-up
  17. 17. Evaluation</li></li></ul><li>Recently Added Services:<br /><ul><li>Consultation
  18. 18. Program Development
  19. 19. Public Relations</li></li></ul><li>Basic Principles of the Guidance Program<br />1. Guidance is a fundamental and integral part of the educational system. <br />a. It provides for the holistic development of the students.<br />b. Education and guidance support and complement each other to maximize students’ growth and development.<br />
  20. 20. Basic Principles of the Guidance Program<br />c. Administrative and faculty understanding and support to the Guidance Program are crucial to its success.<br />d. Guidance personnel perform specific tasks distinct and separate from teaching and disciplining.<br /> <br />
  21. 21. Basic Principles of the Guidance Program<br />2. The Guidance Program is responsive to the students’ needs.<br />a. The Guidance Program addresses the developmental and adjustment needs of the students.<br />b. The Program considers the unique culture and climate of the specific population and environment it serves.<br />c. The program offerings are based on regular, systematic assessment of the students’ needs and environment.<br />
  22. 22. Basic Principles of the Guidance Program<br />d. Guidance is a continuous process throughout the person’s stay in school.<br />e. Guidance activities are specifically planned and develop to ensure Program effectiveness.<br />f. The Guidance team consists of the school counselor, psychologists, social workers, teachers, administrators and other professionals and staff who work together for the welfare of the students. <br />
  23. 23. Basic Principles of the Guidance Program<br />g. The Guidance program recognizes the need to provide objective evidence of accomplishments and the rationale for its continued existence.<br />
  24. 24. Basic Principles of the Guidance Program<br />3. The Guidance Program recognizes the student as an individual and is promised on the following:<br />a. Every individual has needs that must be attended to.<br />b. Guidance should be extended to all.<br />c. Every individual is unique and possesses worth and dignity.<br />
  25. 25. Basic Principles of the Guidance Program<br />d. Human beings can develop their own insights.<br />e. All individuals have the right and capability to make decisions and plans.<br />
  26. 26. Basic Principles of the Guidance Program<br /> <br />4. The Program is in the hands of qualified personnel.<br />The school counselor is a role model of positive human relations.<br />b. Professionally trained guidance personnel are indispensable for ensuring competence, leadership, and direction.<br />
  27. 27. The Need for Guidance Services:<br />A. The Family Situations<br /><ul><li>The Disappearing Family
  28. 28. The Unready Family
  29. 29. The Pathological Family</li></li></ul><li>The Need for Guidance Services:<br />The Need for Guidance Services<br />B. The Complexity of Living<br />Increased Mobility of Filipinos<br />Increasing Course Options and Educational Attainment<br />3. New Job Titles<br />4. Lack of Job Possibilities<br />5. New Trends in Permanency and Tenure<br />6. Increasing Financial Difficulty<br />
  30. 30. The Need for Guidance Services:<br />C. Increasing Possibilities of Experiencing: <br />Crisis<br />Calamities<br />Crimes<br />Learning and Other Disorders<br />