Application of gis and remote sensing in agriculture

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Application of gis and remote sensing in agriculture

  1. 1. Topic of Presentation: ApplicAtions of Remote sensing And gis in AgRicultuRe By ReHAnA KHAliQ luciAn BlAgA univeRsity siBiu
  2. 2. Geographic Information System  A GIS is a computer system capable of capturing, storing, analyzing, and displaying geographically referenced information; that is, data identified according to location.  Practitioners also define a GIS as including the procedures, operating personnel, and spatial data that go into the system. 
  3. 3. A GIS makes it possible to link, or integrate, information that is difficult to associate through any other means.  Thus, a GIS can use combinations of mapped variables to build and analyze new variables.  GIS is most useful when used to perform data analysis 
  4. 4. First developed in North America, particularly the U.S. and Canada in the mid-1960s  Previously been used in natural resources and environmental research 
  5. 5. GIS: OLD AND NEW Traditional GIS MAP TYPEWRITER MANUAL DRAFING TOOLS New GIS COMPUTER PLOTTER CD-ROM
  6. 6.  the real world has a lot of spatial data ◦ manipulation, analysis and modeling can be effective and efficiently carried out with a GIS      the neighborhood of the intended purchase of house the route for fire-fighting vehicles to the fire area location of historical sites to visit the earth surface for purposes of army the earth surface is a limited resource  rational decisions on space utilization  fast and quality information in decision making
  7. 7.  complexity of management ◦ due to the need to combine and process many sets of data, in addition to judge as many as possible, situation that might happen.  intense competition ◦ the need to use technology in making decisions and strategy in the world of intense competition.
  8. 8. GIS USES VARIOUS DATA SOURCES 1 2 MAPS IMAGE AND DIGITAL PRODUCTS VARIOUS DATA FORMATS GPS TEXT DATA TABULAR DATA DATABASE MAPS 4 REPORTS 3 4
  9. 9. •Data Acquisition and prepossessing •Database Management and Retrieval •Spatial Measurement and Analysis •Graphic output and Visualization
  10. 10. • Maximize the efficiency of planning and decision making • Provide efficient means for data distribution and handling • Elimination of redundant data base - minimize duplication • Capacity to integrate information from many sources • Complex analysis/query involving geographical referenced data to generate
  11. 11. Geospatial data are better maintained in a standard format.  Revision and updating are easier.  Geospatial data and information are easier to search, analysis and represent.  More value added product.  Geospatial data can be shared and exchanged freely.  Productivity of the staff improved and more efficient.  Time and money are saved.  Better decision can be made.   
  12. 12.          Facilities Management: Locating underground pipes & cables, planning facility maintenance, telecommunication network services Environmental and Natural Resources Management: Environmental impact analysis, disaster management and mitigation Street Network: Locating houses and streets, car navigation, transportation planning Planning and Engineering: Urban planning, regional planning, development of public facilities Land Information: Taxation, zoning of land use, land acquisition
  13. 13.  Remote Sensing: ◦ The art and science of obtaining information about an object without physically contact between the object and sensor ◦ The processes of collecting information about Earth surfaces and phenomena using sensors not in physical contact with the surfaces and phenomena of interest. ◦ There is a medium of transmission involved i.e. Earth’s Atmosphere.
  14. 14. Remote Sensing Process Components Energy Source or Illumination (A) Radiation and the Atmosphere (B) Interaction with the Target (C) Recording of Energy by the Sensor (D)  Transmission, Reception, and  Processing (E) Interpretation and Analysis (F) Source: Canadian Centre for Remote Sensing Application (G)
  15. 15. Agriculture  Forestry  Geology  Hydrology  Sea Ice  Land Cover & Land Use  Mapping  Oceans & Coastal Monitoring 
  16. 16. Application Domain Source: Jensen (2000)
  17. 17.   Use of Remote Sensing and GIS technology in these areas of sustainable agricultural management.   Cropping system map generated through integrated use of temporal digital satellite data and GIS
  18. 18.  Urbanization & Transportation ◦ Updating road maps ◦ Asphalt conditions ◦ Wetland delineation  Agriculture ◦ ◦ ◦ ◦  Crop health analysis Precision agriculture Compliance mapping Yield estimation ◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ Habitat analysis Environmental assessment Pest/disease outbreaks Impervious surface mapping Lake monitoring Hydrology Landuse-Landcover monitoring Mineral province Geomorphology Natural Resource Management
  19. 19. Agriculture Scope • Crop acreage estimation • Crop modeling for yield & production forecast / estimation • Crop & Orchard monitoring Benefits • Timely availability of crop statistics for decision making & planning • Crop growth monitoring • Soil status monitoring • FFC Goth Macchi Regular reports regarding total area Dec 16, 2005, Pre-Frost Jan 12, 2006, Damage Mar 05, 2006, Recovery under cultivation Banana Plantation – Muhammad Pur (Ghotki)
  20. 20. Forestry Scope • Satellite image based forest resource mapping and updation • Forest change detection • Forest resource inventory • GIS database development Benefits • Availability of baseline • Planning for aforestation • Futuristic resource planning • Sustainability of environment • Sarhad Reserve Forest (Ghotki) Wild life conservation & development for information strategies recreation purpose Nausharo Firoz
  21. 21. Landuse / Landcover Mapping Scope • Monitoring dynamic changes • Urban/Rural infrastructure • Waterlogging & salinity Benefits • Assessment of spatial distribution of land resources • Infrastructure monitoring • Availability of usable land • Future planning for better land management for socio-economic development
  22. 22. Urban & Regional Planning Scope • Mapping & updation of city/town maps • Urban sprawl monitoring • Town planning • Facility management • GIS database development Benefits • Better decision support, planning & management • Rapid information updation • Infrastructure development monitoring • Spatial information analysis Lyari Express Way – Section (Essa Nagri)
  23. 23.    Expensive to build and operate!!!! Measurement uncertainty can be large Data interpretation can be difficult  need to understand theoretically how the instrument is making the measurements  need to understand measurement uncertainties  need to have some knowledge of the phenomena you are sampling
  24. 24.  Recent developments in remote sensing and GIS hold much promise to enhance integrated management of all available information and the extraction of desired information to promote sustainable agriculture and development.  GIS is considered one of the important tools for decision making in problem solving environment dealing with geo-information.  Remotely sensed images can be used to identify nutrient deficiencies, diseases, water deficiency or surplus, weed infestations, insect damage, hail damage, wind damage, herbicide damage, and plant populations.  Remote Sensing and GIS technology is very effective tool for suggesting action plans /management strategies for agricultural sustainability of any region.
  25. 25. thanks!!! the end

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