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  2. 2. HASAWHEALTH AND SAFETY AT WORK Introduction HSC & HSE Duties under the Act Enforcing authorities and agencies, and inspectors Improvement and prohibition notices Offences, penalties and prosecutions Regulations and Approved Codes of Practice Regulations
  3. 3. HASAW INTRODUCTIONOBJECTIVES OF THE ACT Securing the health, safety and welfare of people at work (HS&W) Protecting peoples at work against risks to heir H&S arising of work activities Controlling the keeping and use of dangerous substances /materials, and theirpreventive use Controlling emission into the atmosphere of noxious or offensive substances To provide for criminal offences and punishment. Reporting injuries, diseases& dangerous occurrences (1995) within 10 days to HSE ( can be fined).To help people at work understand what the Act does and how it affects themTo assist employers, safety representatives, members of safety committees,supervisors and managers, the self-employed, and members of the public
  4. 4. HASAW INTRODUCTIONHASAW HAVE FOUR PARTS PART I– contains the most important provisions for people at work PART II- contains provisions concerned with the Employment Medical Advisory Service (EMAS) PART III- it has been repealed (Building) PART IV- concerned with the geographical scope of the ActHAWAW came into effect on 1974 (HSC) and 1975 (HSE & EMAS) to establishmentand functions of different areas.HSC (Health and Safety Commission) and HSE (Health and safety executive) topromote the objectives of the Act and to ensure its provisions are implemented.HSC/E aim to keep guidance up to date, because as technologies change.Their aims are to protect the HS&W of employees, and to safeguardothers, principally the public, who may be exposed to risks from industrial activity
  5. 5. HASAWTHE HEALTH AND SAFETY COMMISSION AND HEALTH AND SAFETY EXECUTIVE HSC HEALTH AND SAFETY COMMISSION: Consists of a group area appointed by Secretary of State of Employment. Duties Promoting the objectives of Act. Carrying out and encouraging research and training Providing an information and advisory service, and putting forward Appove Code of Practice (ACoP) and to make proposals for regulations HSE HEALTH AND SAFETY EXECUTIVE- an inspectorate- Provides advice and guidance on health and safety matters. Members who are appointed by HSC with Secretary of State Duties Making arrangements for enforcement of the legislation Carrying out any of the Commissio’s functions Inspectorates based in the field, and they are supportd by technicals specialist and by a Research Division. Inquiries and investigations and notices requiring information
  6. 6. HASAW DUTIES UNDER THE ACTSo far as is reasonably practicable: means that the degree ofrisk in a particular activity or environment can be balanced againstthe time, trouble, cost and physical difficulty of taking measures toavoid the riskSo far as is practicable: implies a stricter standard.Best practicale means: can vary depending on its context and thecourts to give a definitive ruling. To prevent a breach of the lawThe Act place general duties on all people at work, that is. Employers, employees ,self-employed Manufacturesrs, suppliers, designers, and importers of materials at work; And people in control of premises
  7. 7. HASAW DUTIES EMPLOYERSDUTIES OF EMPLOYERS to their employeesTo ensure HS&W at work of all their employees. (contractors included) Provide and maintain equipment and systems of work (the way in which the work is organised) are safe and without risk to health The materials are properly transported, stored, safe handling(handled), used Provide information, instruction, training and supervison to all their employees Work places are safe and withour risk to health inluding safe means of access and egress Environment- DUST, FUME, NOISE, SMELLS & WASTE heating, lighting, ventilation (minimum working temp 15C or 65F) and noise Provide protective clothing/equipment free of charge PPE Provide first aid facilities Keep records of accidentes & injuries Prepares a health & safety policy and risk assessment
  8. 8. HASAW DUTIES EMPLOYERSSAFETY POLICES/RISK ASSESSMENT (+5 persons) Objetives- improving H&S at work, and increase employees awareness of H&S and look after H&S of others, for example, members of the public To prepare a written statement of their safety police Organisation- means people and their responsibility Arrangements -means systems and procedures Keep ut to date- working conditions are changing Talk to safety representativesSafety representatives and safety committees To repesent the employees in consultations with their employer about H&S matters. 2 representatives- to set up a safety committee
  9. 9. HASAW DUTIES EMPLOYERSRISK ASSESSMENTS:Systematic examination of all working procedures & hazards identified.After this is carried out the findings need to be recorded.The assessment should at minimum ensure that:  All hazards in the workplace have been identified. The persons, whom may be affected, identified. A procedure put into place for evaluating & managing the findings. Records kept of significant findings. Reviews of procedures where significant changes have occurred. The inclusion of other regulations as appropriate. The most important thing to decide on is whether a hazard is significant & if so all precautions have been covered.
  10. 10. HASAW DUTIES EMPLOYERS HAZARD is … Anything that cause harm to personsSlips & Trips Working at Height Moving PlantFire Falling Materials NoiseHazardous Substances Manual Handling FumesMoving Parts of Machinery Electricity Environmental Conditions RISK is … Risk is the chance that somebody will be harmed by the hazard. This will determine what actions are required to reduce the risk. Have all things been done as the law requires. If your findings are that something is required, draw up a list & give priority to the remaining risks.
  11. 11. HASAW DUTIES EMPLOYERSIn taking action, ask if the risk be controlled and can the hazard be removedIn controlling risks, the possible principles apply: Try a less risky option Prevent access to the hazard Organize personnel & work to reduce exposure to the hazard Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) must be issued & worn Welfare facilities must be providedRecord all FindingsRisk assessments must be suitable & sufficient & must show that all properchecks have been made and who might be affectedHave all the obvious hazards been dealt with & account taken on the numberof people that could be exposed to the hazardAll precautions are reasonable & the remaining risk is low.A written record must be kept on file for future reference
  12. 12. HASAW DUTIES EMPLOYEESEMPLOYEES RESPONSABILITIES- Employees may be liable. Take care of their own and others persons for H&S Co-operate with their employers. To understand the hazards in the workplace To comply with safety rules and procedures Must not interfere with anything provided in the interest of health and safety.YOUR ROLE IN SAFETY Participate in safety training Report hazards, incidents, and near-misses Ask for help Company uses incentives and discipline to promote safetyPPE (Personal protective equipment) Wear required PPE Wear PPE in required areas, even if only passing through Inspect PPE Get a good fit Maintain PPE properly Store PPE properly
  13. 13. HASAW DUTIES OF DESIGNERS, MANUFACTURERS, IMPORTERS, SUPPLIERS AND INSTALLERSArticles and substances ARE SAFE AND WITHOUT RISK TO HEATH (S&wRH)Adequate information must be providedARTICLES The articles of equipment are designed and constructed to be S&wRH when. being set, used, cleaned or maintained Testing and examination to ensure safe designed and construction Provided informationSUBSTANCES S&wRH when used, handled, processed, stored or transported Testing and examination to ensure D&C Provided informationIMPORTERS AND SUPPLIERS HAVE THE SAME DUTIES AS THEMANUFACTURES
  14. 14. HASAW ENFORCING AUTHORITIES AND AGENCIES, AND INSPECTORSEmployers must inform their employees of the enforcing authority for their premises HSE & HSC & Local Authorities & Agency authorities has to enforce the legislationINSPECTORS and their powers: They can take any other person authorises such specialist and equipment needed They can interview and take written statements from anyone They can stop an activity if it is danger of serious personal injury. Disclosure of information: to employees in the interest of HS ore WelfareINSPECTIONS can be split up into areas of responsibility or different functional areas i.e: EXTERNAL, car parking, loading areas. INTERNAL, house keeping, welfare. WORK AREAS, cleanliness, ergonomics, MACHINERY, cleaning, maintenance (electrical and mechanical). OFFICES cleanliness, ergonomics of work stations PROCEEDURES, risk assessments, supervision, training and information
  15. 15. HASAW IMPROVEMENT AND PROHIBITION NOTICESThe use of notices to require people to take action to improve standards or to preventaccidents.Types of notice PROHIBITION and IMPROVEMENT IMPROVEMENT when safety legislations is being contravened. Inspectors must specify the legal requirements which they think are being broken and give reasons (21 days) PROHIBITION- when the inspector considers that there is a risks of serious personal injury. The stop the work activity imminent or in a certain specified time or sometimes they can extend the time limitSERVICE OF NOTICESThey are usually given personally and on the spot by the inspector to the personconcerned (employer/manager/employees have been involved)
  16. 16. HASAW OFFENCES, PENALTIES AND PROSECUTIONS Failing to comply with duties (employers, employees, the self-employed, people in control of premises, manufactures) Failing to comply with any requirementes imposed by Regulations Obstructions or failing to comply with any requirements imposed by inspectors Failing to comply with an improvement or prohibition notice Failing to supply information as required by a notice issued by the HSC Failing to comply with a court order to remedy the cause of an offenceSUMMARY CONVICTION £2.000 or £100 per day £20.000 and 6 months imprisonment for breaches of imprisonment or prohibition notices £20.000-5.000 for breaches of some sections sections of HSWA, subordinate regulations No limit on the fine in the higher courts
  17. 17. HASAW REGULATIONS AND APPROVED CODE OF PRACTICEThe aim is to bring all H&S requirementsGUIDANCEHSE publishes guidance on a range of subjectsCan be specific to the H&S problems of an industry or of a particular processThe main purposes: To interpret- helping people to understand what the law says To help people comply with the law To give technical adviceThey are not compulsory and employers are free to take other action to comply with the law.ACoP (Approved Codes of Practice)Offer practical examples of good practiceThey give advice on how to comply with the lawHow to comply with the general duties or Regulations migh be achievedREGULATIONSThey are law, approved by ParliamentThey identify these risks and set out specific action that must be taken
  18. 18. HASAW REGULATIONSThe following apply across the full range of workplaces: H&SM- Health and Safety Management at Work Regulations Workplace (HS&W) Regulation Health and Safety (Display Screen Equipment) Regulation Personal Protective Equipment at work PUWER – Provision and Use of Work Equipment Regulations H&S First-Aid H&S fire precautions H&S Information for Employees Regulations Employers’ Liability (Compulsory Insurance) COSHH- Control over Substances Hazardous to Health Regulations Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations Harmonisation of Noise Emission Standards Electricity at Work RegulationsSpecific regulations cover particular areas: Safety signs and signals Control of Industrial Air Pollution Control of Asbestos at Work Manual Handling of Load
  19. 19. HASAWFIRST AID Employer must have enough qualified first aiders First aiders training & qualifications approved by HSE FIRST AID KITS: check contents also ensure that there are not prohibited itemsSAFETY AND EMERGENCY PRODEDURES-FIRE PRECAUTIONS Maintenance/checks Fire appliances Fire Drills/Training Fire detection and alarms, maintenanceTraining in H&S All entrances&exist Location & use of fire alarm Location of fire fighting equipment Fire drill & assambly points Method of checking building empty Location of first aid box & first aiders Hot to fit/handle materials correctly
  20. 20. HASAWEvacuation Threats Evacuation Procedures Bomb threats Recognize evacuation signal Fire Listen for instructions Gas leaks Shut down equipment Toxic fumes Follow nearest safe exit route Flodd Proceed to assembly area Risk of explosion BlackoutsFire Procedures Raise alarm Are fire escapes and escape routes clearly marked Exit building Lighting Report to assembly point Not blocked Do not re-enter building Not locked Do not collect valuables Easy to operate Dial 000 ask for Fire Service Give full address of premises.
  21. 21. HASAWSAFETY CULTURE GENERAL SAFETY RULES Work Environment Obey all warning signs Training Follow all safety procedures Team Working Do not take shortcuts Awareness Do not engage in horseplay Good Supervision Use common sense Accident Reporting THANK YOU