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Shape

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Landscape basic qualities: SHAPE

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Shape

  1. 1. BASIC FEATURES 2: SHAPE
  2. 2. SHAPE is a familiar concept to most of us. We all used to draw shapes when we were children. Shape is the area that something takes up. It’s the outline, or the contour of all the pieces in the drawing. A more formal definition for SHAPE is: The quality of a distinct object or body in having an external surface or outline of specific form or figure.
  3. 3. SHAPES –the flat enclosed area- have got two dimensions: length and width FORMS have got three dimensions: Length, width and HEIGHT
  4. 4. SHAPES are powerful to give messages
  5. 5. A complex shape intersects itself! SHAPES can be SIMPLE or COMPLEX. A simple shape has got only one boundary and it doesn’t cross over itself. A simple pentagon A complex pentagon
  6. 6. SIMPLE shapes can be combined to form COMPLEX shapes. And COMPLEX shapes can be abstracted to make SIMPLE shapes.
  7. 7. Geometric shapes are simple shapes
  8. 8. As said, basic geometric shapes can be used to create many complex shapes
  9. 9. Most shapes occurring in the physical world are COMPLEX. Complex shapes combine parts or all of simple shapes. These complex shapes include polygons and other shapes that may include parts of circles, squares, triangles, ellipses, and rectangles.
  10. 10. As organic elements are complex shapes, when drawing a natural landscape we need to simplify the shapes in the early stages. When simplifying, think about geometric shapes –circles, squares, triangles… For example, this complex shape of a leaf can be simplified in the first stage of the drawing and then the details can be found in the later stages.
  11. 11. Simplifying in the early stages is important so we can focus on the composition of the big picture. Working BIG TO SMALL is usually a good idea.
  12. 12. 1. Sketch 2. Shape 3. Add details to foreground and background 4. Add texture 5. Add shading
  13. 13. Getting distracted by the smaller details too early can hurt us in the long run.
  14. 14. Shapes can be considered STATIC or DYNAMIC
  15. 15. A DYNAMIC SHAPE is the one that represents movement and displays force or energy. A STATIC SHAPE shows no change. It is characterized by a lack of movement, animation, or progression.
  16. 16. SHAPES can be REGULAR or IRREGULAR A REGULAR shape is a shape in which all the sides and angles are equal. An IRREGULAR shape is a shape whose sides are not the same length or whose interior angles do not all have the same measure.
  17. 17. The Giant’s Causeway – Northern Ireland
  18. 18. SHAPES can be GEOMETRIC or FORMLESS
  19. 19. GEOMETRIC SHAPES come from geometry, which is the math of shapes made of points and lines. So, geometric shapes are made out of points and lines -including the triangle, the square and the circle-. They are man-made and their perfect sides can be made by tools. FORMLESS SHAPES don’t have a definite shape. GEOMETRIC SHAPES are the opposite of ORGANIC SHAPES. ORGANIC SHAPES are formless –typically irregular or symmetrical- and more natural, with a flowing and curving appearance. Organic Shapes include clouds, animals, people, trees, lakes, flowers…. You name it! It is impossible to name all the organic shapes. Geometric shapes glossary
  20. 20. GEOMETRIC SHAPES are man-men and have perfect sides that can be made with tools. ORGANIC SHAPES come from nature and have no exact sides or perfect lines.
  21. 21. Henri Matisse, ‘Polynésie, la mer’, 1946. Matisse gives us multiple organic shapes that stand out thanks to a background composed of 10 geometric shapes – rectangles-.
  22. 22. Galatea de las esferas- Dalí Dalí uses a geometric form – spheres- to portrait his wife, who is an organic shape.

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