RSA.Regional.Scale.Fin.Prague

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This introduces a local/regional scale method to deal with the many systems of regions used in the world.

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RSA.Regional.Scale.Fin.Prague

  1. 1. Regional Studies Association International Conference Regions: The Dilemmas of Integration and Competition Prague - May 28, 2008 Tom Christoffel, AICP “ I see regions.” Local-> Regional Community and Political Geography: A Proposed Scale for Regions
  2. 2. This how the average person sees the Mid-Atlantic
  3. 3. This how I see the Mid-Atlantic … … as regions.
  4. 4. Regions Work – What’s a region? <ul><li>1998 National Regional summit – NARC </li></ul><ul><li>Opinion of experts – regionalism had failed in the U.S. </li></ul><ul><li>I knew our region worked. </li></ul><ul><li>No interest in a single layer of Regions as Virginia had </li></ul><ul><li>Search for perfect set of regional boundaries. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Regional Communities <ul><li>The emergence of Regional Community – the sense of being a “community of communities” had become operational in PD-7. The Planning District defined region was another layer of community. </li></ul><ul><li>Northern Shenandoah Valley gave a recognizable name that contributed to the alignment built into the Virginia. </li></ul><ul><li>Looking to geography, there were many criteria for regions – watershed, bioregion, culture, economy, etc. – most acted like political boundaries were mistakes. </li></ul><ul><li>Yet in 1967, W.G. East wrote: “There is only one region-the surface of the earth-on which mankind finds its home.” </li></ul><ul><li>Gwilliam Law – Administrative Subdivisions of Countries – U.S. only States listed, not counties. Why? Counties too unstable. States are semi-autonomous regions. </li></ul><ul><li>This led to a scale approach where the world was local/whole and subdivisions of the whole were regions. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Political Boundaries – Local/Regional Local Boundaries of Consequence – Rules change. Boundaries of Convenience -
  7. 7. Local-Regional Scale – A Proposal Thought: “Local is whole. All politics are local. When a regional geography is whole, it becomes local, the local region” From the citizen taxpayer viewpoint at the local level, the nested cups are inverted. 8.0 Solar System Solar system – galaxy – universe – e.g. – a Galactic Federation ? Planet -> 7.0 Planet Planet / globe/world – e.g. – United Nations, WTO, ... Multi-national -> 6.0 Multi-national Multi-national continental/oceanic – e.g. The Americas, North, Central and South - e.g. – NAFTA – Canada, Mexico, U.S.; ... Nation -> 5.0 Nation Nation - e.g. – United States Multi-State -> 4.0 Multi-State up to Nation or beyond Multi-State – e.g. – ICPRB Compact, Quad State Legislators MD-PA-VA-WV; Chesapeake Bay; Appalachian Regional Commission, Delta Regional Authority; Cascadia, Atlantica; State -> 3.0 Regional Council(s) +/- Counties up to State or beyond Region to region cooperation – e.g. I-81 Corridor; Shenandoah Valley water and air; Mid-Atlantic Roundtable; crossing State lines or inclusive of an entire State - e.g. – Virginia Association of PDCs; San Diego-Tijuana Border Region; Regional Council -> 2.0 Regional Council Defined multi-county/independent city regional council (s); e.g. – Planning District 7 – served by Northern Shenandoah Valley Regional Commission ; Winchester Airport Authority County -> 1.0 County County - e.g. – Frederick County, Virginia unincorporated area, township & municipal corporations -> e.g. Towns of Middletown and Stephens City, City of Winchester Region Scale Region Then this is “ Regional” If this is “ Local”
  8. 8. 1.0 Scale - County County County - e.g. – Frederick County, Virginia unincorporated area, township & municipal corporations -> e.g. Towns of Middletown and Stephens City, City of Winchester Region Then this is “ Regional” If this is “ Local”
  9. 9. 2.0 Scale – Multi-County Regional Council Regional Council Defined multi-county/independent city regional council (s); e.g. – Planning District 7 – served by Northern Shenandoah Valley Regional Commission ; Winchester Airport Authority County -> Region Then this is “ Regional” If this is “ Local”
  10. 10. 3.0 Scale – Region to Region Regional Council(s) +/- Counties up to State or beyond Region to region cooperation – e.g. I-81 Corridor; Shenandoah Valley water and air; Mid-Atlantic Roundtable; crossing State lines or inclusive of an entire State - e.g. – Virginia Association of PDCs; San Diego-Tijuana Border Region; Regional Council -> Region Then this is “ Regional” If this is “ Local”
  11. 11. 3.0 Scale – Region to Region (continued)
  12. 12. 4.0 Scale – Multi-State ICPRB – Interstate Commission on the Potomac River Basin Multi-State up to Nation or beyond Multi-State – e.g. – ICPRB Compact, Quad State Legislators MD-PA-VA-WV; Chesapeake Bay; Appalachian Regional Commission, Delta Regional Authority; Cascadia, Atlantica; State -> Region Then this is “ Regional” If this is “ Local”
  13. 13. 5.0 Scale – Nation U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics Regions - bls.gov Nation Nation - e.g. – United States Multi-State -> Region Then this is “ Regional” If this is “ Local”
  14. 14. 6.0 Scale – Multi-National North American Free Trade Agreement NAFTA – Map - ers.usda.gov Multi-national Multi-national continental/oceanic – e.g. The Americas, North, Central and South - e.g. – NAFTA – Canada, Mexico, U.S.; ... Nation -> Region Then this is “ Regional” If this is “ Local”
  15. 15. 7.0 Scale – Planet World Trade Organization – wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons Planet Planet/ globe/world – e.g. – United Nations, WTO, ... Multi-national -> Region Then this is “ Regional” If this is “ Local”
  16. 16. 8.0 Solar System Solar System - commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Image:NovaSlunecniSoustava . Solar System Solar system – galaxy – universe – e.g. – a Galactic Federation ? Planet -> Region Then this is “ Regional” If this is “ Local”
  17. 17. All Politics are Local <ul><li>Regional is two or more working across a political boundary – ultimate local would be where there are no internal political boundaries. </li></ul><ul><li>Thought: “Local is whole. All politics are local. When a regional geography is whole, it becomes local, the local region” </li></ul><ul><li>If earth is our local planet , then I say: “Recognize boundaries. Choose to work across them. Think Local Planet, Act Regionally.” </li></ul><ul><li>The regional scale appears as nested cups. </li></ul><ul><li>But from the local level, the cups are inverted. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Local Planet Contact Information “Think Local Planet, Act Regionally.” Tom Christoffel, AICP, Editor, Regional Community Development News Regional Intelligence – Regional Communities, LLC Box 1444 Front Royal, Virginia (VA), USA 22630 E-mail: [email_address] Phone: 1- 540-635-8582 Blog: http://regional- communities.blogspot.com / Web: http://www.regional-communities.com / Regional Community Networkers & RCDNews: http://tech.groups.yahoo.com/group/regions_work Regional Community Development News – Google Groups http://groups.google.com/group/regional-community-development-news?lnk=iggc

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