Chapter Review Quiz: Chapters 19-20


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This is the Chapters 19-20 review quiz. This covers environmental impact of human on Earth and Earth's resources. This also quizzes students on land biomes and aquatic ecosystems.

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Chapter Review Quiz: Chapters 19-20

  1. 1. L Class Quiz True/False ____ 1. Taking shorter showers is one way to help conserve water. ____ 2. Most of the water used in the United States is used for household activities. ____ 3. Runoff from a construction site is a nonpoint-source pollutant. ____ 4. Pollution that pours into a river from a pipe is point-source pollution. ____ 5. Nonpoint-source pollution sources are easier to locate than point-source pollution sources. Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. ____ 1. Grasslands have trees _____. a. along streams b. in summer only c. throughout their area ____ 2. Drilling for oil and gas can interrupt migration in _____. a. taiga biomes b. tundra biomes c. grassland biomes ____ 3. Overfishing has threatened fish in which aquatic ecosystem? a. estuaries b. open oceans c. coastal oceans ____ 4. Destruction of _____ exposes the coastline to flooding and storm damage. a. oceans c. rivers b. estuaries d. ponds and lakes ____ 5. Hydroelectric plants impact which aquatic ecosystem? a. oceans c. ponds and lakes b. wetlands d. streams and rivers ____ 6. Which term identifies the largest number of individuals of a given species that Earth’s resources can support and maintain for a long period of time? a. population b. environment c. carrying capacity ____ 7. All the oak trees in a park belong to the same _____. a. population b. carrying capacity c. habitat resource group
  2. 2. ____ 8. The carrying capacity of the land decreases with _____. a. a decrease in population b. an increase in population c. the total elimination of a population ____ 9. How does deforestation affect the environment? a. It decreases soil erosion. b. It increases many types of habitats. c. It results in more carbon dioxide in the air. ____ 10. Which situation represents a negative effect that can occur when humans use land as a resource? a. reclaiming mined lands b. making compost from trash c. using fertilizers to grow crops ____ 11. As the result of international cooperation, Lake Erie _____. a. has fewer toxic chemicals in it. b. is still burning because of chemical-soaked litter. c. does not have problems with non-native species. ____ 12. Which law regulates sources of water pollution in the United States? a. Clean Water Act b. Safe Drinking Water Act c. Reduction of Chemicals Act ____ 13. Which household product can you replace with less-toxic substances? a. cleanser b. baking soda c. white vinegar ____ 14. If the human population continues to grow, Earth will _____. a. generate more resources b. run out of some resources c. grow to support the increase in need ____ 15. Urban sprawl can _____. a. decrease air pollution b. decrease runoff from the land c. increase loss of habitat and farmland ____ 16. Which process does NOT help protect the land? a. reclamation b. reforestation c. desertification ____ 17. What is the largest use of water in the United States? a. farming b. public supply c. producing electricity ____ 18. Which situation represents a nonpoint-source of water pollution? a. runoff from farms and cities b. acidic mine waste that contains metals c. oil leaks from large tankers in the ocean
  3. 3. ____ 19. Which location produces point-source runoff? a. a small construction site c. a paved surface of an industrial park b. a parking lot at a large mall d. a drainage ditch at a commercial farm ____ 20. Which processes are positive effects that can occur as a result of using land as a resource? a. reclamation and reforestation c. select-cutting and urban sprawl b. deforestation and composting d. conservation and point-source releases Matching Match each term with the correct definitions below. a. temperate deciduous forest d. temperate rain forest b. biome e. prairie c. permafrost f. desert ____ 1. biome that receives very little rain ____ 2. contains ecosystems with similar biotic and abiotic factors ____ 3. coastal forest biome that has mild, rainy winters ____ 4. biome where most plants stop growing during the winter and begin growing again during the spring ____ 5. layer of permanently frozen soil Match each term with the correct definitions below. a. stream e. twilight zone b. wetland f. intertidal zone c. pond g. sunlit zone d. estuary h. coral reef ____ 6. warm, shallow freshwater body that is high in nutrients ____ 7. where freshwater in rivers meets salt water in oceans ____ 8. narrow, often fast-flowing body of freshwater ____ 9. area that has a thin, layer of water over soil that is wet most of the time ____ 10. has organisms that are adapted to surviving in open air and heavy waves ____ 11. many fish swim from here to the ocean surface at night to feed ____ 12. structure in shallow, tropical waters that is made of animal skeletons ____ 13. ocean zone that has abundant algae and other producers
  4. 4. Match each term with the correct definitions below. a. desert f. biome b. grassland g. freshwater c. taiga h. ocean d. temperate rain forest i. permafrost e. tropical rain forest j. wetland ____ 14. forest biome consisting mostly of cone-bearing evergreen trees; exists only in the northern hemisphere ____ 15. coastal forest biome with abundant rain and mild winters ____ 16. biome in which the dominant plants are grasses ____ 17. a layer of soil that remains frozen all year ____ 18. ecosystems such as rivers, streams, lakes, and ponds ____ 19. aquatic ecosystem that covers most of Earth’s surface ____ 20. contains ecosystems that have similar biotic and abiotic factors Choose the letter of the term that matches it correctly. Each term is used only once. a. deforestation d. reclamation b. desertification e. reforestation c. urban sprawl ____ 21. the process of restoring land disturbed by mining ____ 22. removal of large numbers of trees for human purposes ____ 23. high rates of soil erosion can lead to this condition ____ 24. process that replaces trees that have been cut or burned down ____ 25. development of land for housing and other buildings near a city
  5. 5. L Class Quiz Answer Section MODIFIED TRUE/FALSE 1. ANS: T PTS: 1 2. ANS: F, producing electricity PTS: 1 3. ANS: T PTS: 1 4. ANS: T PTS: 1 5. ANS: F, harder PTS: 1 MULTIPLE CHOICE 1. ANS: A PTS: 1 2. ANS: B PTS: 1 3. ANS: B PTS: 1 4. ANS: B PTS: 1 5. ANS: D PTS: 1 6. ANS: C PTS: 1 7. ANS: A PTS: 1 8. ANS: B PTS: 1 9. ANS: C PTS: 1 10. ANS: C PTS: 1 11. ANS: A PTS: 1 12. ANS: A PTS: 1 13. ANS: A PTS: 1 14. ANS: B PTS: 1 15. ANS: C PTS: 1 16. ANS: C PTS: 1 17. ANS: C PTS: 1 18. ANS: A PTS: 1 19. ANS: D PTS: 1 20. ANS: A PTS: 1 MATCHING 1. ANS: F PTS: 1 2. ANS: B PTS: 1 3. ANS: D PTS: 1 4. ANS: A PTS: 1 5. ANS: C PTS: 1
  6. 6. 6. ANS: C PTS: 1 7. ANS: D PTS: 1 8. ANS: A PTS: 1 9. ANS: B PTS: 1 10. ANS: F PTS: 1 11. ANS: E PTS: 1 12. ANS: H PTS: 1 13. ANS: G PTS: 1 14. ANS: C PTS: 1 15. ANS: D PTS: 1 16. ANS: B PTS: 1 17. ANS: I PTS: 1 18. ANS: G PTS: 1 19. ANS: H PTS: 1 20. ANS: F PTS: 1 21. ANS: D PTS: 1 22. ANS: A PTS: 1 23. ANS: B PTS: 1 24. ANS: E PTS: 1 25. ANS: C PTS: 1