Turning point for Christianity Constantine
Constantine <ul><li>Born in Serbia </li></ul><ul><li>Constantine was hailed as the next Caesar in 306 in Brittain </li></u...
The Conversion of Constantine <ul><li>Many versions </li></ul><ul><li>One relates at noon in the day of the battle a cross...
<ul><li>The Church became the State Church </li></ul><ul><li>A State Religion </li></ul><ul><li>The Clergy was honored and...
<ul><li>Constantine carried the title of Pontifex Maximus </li></ul><ul><li>The Church was not seperated from the State </...
Monasticism <ul><li>Monasticism emerged as a reaction of the church secularization </li></ul><ul><li>Many removed themselv...
Rise of Papal Power <ul><li>In 381 there was a fight between bishops for power </li></ul><ul><li>The Pope (from Latin: &qu...
Pre-Reformation <ul><li>In the dark Age, many doctrines entered the church- cult of saints, relics, transubstantiation, ma...
Reformation <ul><li>Martin Luther </li></ul><ul><li>German Monk </li></ul><ul><li>He fasted and sourged himself very often...
<ul><li>In America, the pilgrims were european victims of persecutions and looking for new opportunities  </li></ul><ul><l...
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Christianity From Constantine Till Today

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Bible Study presentation on the History of Christianity

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Christianity From Constantine Till Today

  1. 1. Turning point for Christianity Constantine
  2. 2. Constantine <ul><li>Born in Serbia </li></ul><ul><li>Constantine was hailed as the next Caesar in 306 in Brittain </li></ul><ul><li>But in Rome, Maxentius was favored </li></ul><ul><li>The two parties engaged battle and Constantine won in spite of his small army </li></ul><ul><li>Constantine was a skillful General </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Conversion of Constantine <ul><li>Many versions </li></ul><ul><li>One relates at noon in the day of the battle a cross appeared in the sky and bore the inscription: “By this sign you will conquer” </li></ul><ul><li>Another mentions a dream </li></ul><ul><li>Either way, his conversion seems to be real </li></ul><ul><li>He refused to ascent to the Capitol to sacrifice to Jupiter </li></ul><ul><li>Constantine published an edict making Christianity on equal footing with the other ones and “religio licita” </li></ul><ul><li>This made him very unpopular- 5% of the population was Christian and most of the Senate members were pagans </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>The Church became the State Church </li></ul><ul><li>A State Religion </li></ul><ul><li>The Clergy was honored and offered public privilege and positions </li></ul><ul><li>Constantine chose a Bishop for many vacancies in his administration </li></ul><ul><li>Constantine helped with many councils who fought heresy in the Church </li></ul><ul><li>Constantine later declared all other religions heretical and upheld Christianity </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Constantine carried the title of Pontifex Maximus </li></ul><ul><li>The Church was not seperated from the State </li></ul><ul><li>In the East, the Emperor dominated the Church </li></ul><ul><li>In the West, the Bishop of Rome was in charge </li></ul>
  6. 6. Monasticism <ul><li>Monasticism emerged as a reaction of the church secularization </li></ul><ul><li>Many removed themselves from society to dwell in the desert to devote themselves to prayer and study of the word </li></ul><ul><li>The rules </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Obedience </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No private property </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Manual labor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Regular spiritual exercise </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Common meal </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Rise of Papal Power <ul><li>In 381 there was a fight between bishops for power </li></ul><ul><li>The Pope (from Latin: &quot;papa&quot; or &quot;father&quot; from Greek πάπας, pápas, &quot;papa&quot;, Papa in Italian) </li></ul><ul><li>This is the Bishop of Rome </li></ul><ul><li>Pope was a general title for the Bishop </li></ul><ul><li>But it rose to become the title of a single man ruling ex cathedra </li></ul><ul><li>The Pope became very powerful </li></ul><ul><li>Many influential popes: Siricus (384-399), Leo (440-461), Gelasius (492-496) help to the rise of the Pope Power </li></ul><ul><li>Christianity was in the dark until Middle Ages </li></ul>
  8. 8. Pre-Reformation <ul><li>In the dark Age, many doctrines entered the church- cult of saints, relics, transubstantiation, mass for dead, Papal supreme authority, Purgatory , pligrimage, indulgences, etc… </li></ul><ul><li>John Wycliffe was the Morning Star of Reformation, born in 1330, educated at Oxford </li></ul><ul><li>He opposed the Pope and denied transubstantiation, cult of the saints, relics, mass for the dead, etc </li></ul><ul><li>Many followed him before the true Reformation took place: John Hus, Girolamo Savonarola, John Wessel </li></ul>
  9. 9. Reformation <ul><li>Martin Luther </li></ul><ul><li>German Monk </li></ul><ul><li>He fasted and sourged himself very often to confess his sins </li></ul><ul><li>He struggled two years with the book of Romans until he came to an understanding that will change the shape of Christianity </li></ul><ul><li>Justification by faith, not by works </li></ul><ul><li>On October 31, 1517 he nailed his 95 thesis to the door of the Church of Wittenberg </li></ul><ul><li>Zwingly and Calvin followed </li></ul><ul><li>Zwingly in Zurich, Calvin in Geneva (both Swizerland) </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>In America, the pilgrims were european victims of persecutions and looking for new opportunities </li></ul><ul><li>Society of Friends, Georges Fox (1624- 1691) </li></ul><ul><li>The Quakers believing in Inner light </li></ul><ul><li>Roger Williams in New England </li></ul><ul><li>Other figures: John Elliot, Jonathan Edwards, John Wesley (Revivals) Georges Withefield </li></ul><ul><li>Young Men’s Christian Association </li></ul><ul><li>Missionaries </li></ul><ul><li>Modern-day Christianity (evangelicals, Fundementalists, liberals, </li></ul>

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