Old english summary

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here you will find how was the English language developed by these tribes.

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Old english summary

  1. 1. Old English Timeline <ul><li>2500 BC Indo Europeans </li></ul><ul><li>500 BC- Celts </li></ul><ul><li>43 AD- Romans in </li></ul><ul><li>410 - Romans out </li></ul><ul><li>449- Germanic tribes (Jutes, Angles, Saxons, Frisians) </li></ul><ul><li>787- Viking raids </li></ul><ul><li>1100- Norman (French) invasion </li></ul>
  2. 2. Indo-European Roots <ul><li>Kurgan Theory </li></ul><ul><li>Origins 7000 BC </li></ul><ul><li>Migration 4000 to 1000 BC </li></ul><ul><li>Arriving to British Isles 2500 BC </li></ul>
  3. 4. Celtic Peoples Arrive <ul><li>Formed in Central Europe 1200 BC </li></ul><ul><li>Hallstatt territory </li></ul><ul><li>Arrive in Britain 500 BC </li></ul><ul><li>Develop into 27 different tribes </li></ul>
  4. 6. Here Come the Romans <ul><li>55 BC Julius Ceasar attempts and fails </li></ul><ul><li>43 AD Emperor Claudius successful </li></ul><ul><li>30 yrs to conquer entire island </li></ul><ul><li>122 AD Hadrian’s Wall built </li></ul>
  5. 7. And there they go… <ul><li>Honorius says “Look to your own defenses” </li></ul><ul><li>410- Roman influence officially over </li></ul>
  6. 8. History of English <ul><li>Old English (OE) 449-1100 </li></ul><ul><li>(Germanic tribes arrive in Britain from the European mainland, overtaking the native British (Celtic) population) </li></ul><ul><li>Middle English (ME) 1100 -1500 </li></ul><ul><li>(Norman invasion, literary language evolves, standards begin to develop) </li></ul><ul><li>Early Modern English (EME) 1500-1800 </li></ul><ul><li>(Renaissance stimulates further growth, first dictionaries and grammars written) </li></ul><ul><li>Late Modern English (LME) 1800-Present </li></ul><ul><li>(Industrial and scientific revolutions, globalization of language) </li></ul>
  7. 9. History of English
  8. 11. Latin Influence on Old English LATIN INFLUENCE Vocabulary Writing System
  9. 12. Old English Alphabet <ul><li>24 characters </li></ul><ul><li>Modern j spelled with yogh, v spelled with an F—q,x,z very rarely used </li></ul><ul><li>The alternate forms of g and w (yogh and wynn/wen respectively) were based on the letters used at the time of writing Old English. Today they can be substituted for g and w in modern writing of Old English. </li></ul>
  10. 13. Viking Invasion 8th Century
  11. 14. 4 Dads Norse Germanic Origins Latin Celtic OLD ENGLISH

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