Food, shelter, and clothing are our basic needs.
Clothes are made of materials that suit the
weather of a place.
They protect us from the heat of the sun, rain and
Cotton clothes to keep ourselves cool
Raincoats to protect from rain.
Woollen clothes to keep ourselves warm.
Wearing full-sleeved clothes can protect us from
insect (like mosquito) bites.
Fibres an Fabrics
Type of Fibre Source Examples
Natural Fibres Natural fibres are obtained
from either plants or
• Cotton and linen from
• Wool and silk from
Man made fibre
Fibres that are not found
and are made by man are
called synthetic or man-
• Nylon and polyester.
Most fabrics made from
synthetic fibres are strong
and can last long.
They are stretchable,
waterproof and wrinkle-free.
• Clothes we wear depends on the weather of the place .
• Clothes are made from various kind of cloth materials or fabrics.
• Fabrics are made by weaving or knitting fibres together. Fibres are
long, thin threads.
Care of Clothes
Clothes should be washed well with a good soap
or detergent to remove all the sweat, dirt, and
Woollen and silk clothes need a lot of care.
They are easily attacked by small insects like moth
and silverfish. We should store silk and woollen
clothes with mothballs or dried neem leaves. This
will keep the insects away.
Woollen coats and trousers should be dry-cleaned
as it will be spoilt by plain washing.