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It's Perfectly Natural: Multiple Gender Expression in Nature, Cultures, and History Made Visible

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Much of the information presented in this slide show is from the Gender Now Coloring Book and the Gender Now Activity Book: School Edition published by Reflection Press. The goal of the slide show is to provide examples from nature, history, and other cultures that show the reality that multiple gender expression is perfectly natural and has always existed. The information is also linked to popular children’s media such as books and movies that can start the conversation with children. For more resources visit our website: www.reflectionpress.com/genderguide

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It's Perfectly Natural: Multiple Gender Expression in Nature, Cultures, and History Made Visible

  1. 1. “all 5 genders must coexist for there to be universal harmony. If one of the genders is separated then the world will become unbalanced”<br />~ spiritual leader of the Bissu<br />It’s perfectly natural<br />Multiple Gender Expression in Nature, Cultures, and History Made Visible<br />Maya Christina Gonzalez<br />Artist, Author, Educator<br />cofounder of Reflection Press<br />www.reflectionpress.com<br />“a people should not long for their own image”<br />
  2. 2. Gender in Nature<br />A note about language:<br /><ul><li>Language has limitations.
  3. 3. Most of the modern concepts around gender were not developed until the second half of the century so many terms do not translate through history, to other cultures, or to nature.
  4. 4. For the purposes of this presentation I will use the term transgender
  5. 5. Transgender is “an umbrella term…uniting all those whose gender identity does not easily mesh with their gender assigned at birth”</li></ul>A small sample of the diversity of gender expression in the natural world<br />www.reflectionpress.com<br />It’s Perfectly Natural: Multiple Gender Expression in Nature, Cultures, and History Made Visible<br />
  6. 6. Gender in Nature<br />Bullfrog<br />www.reflectionpress.com<br />It’s Perfectly Natural: Multiple Gender Expression in Nature, Cultures, and History Made Visible<br />
  7. 7. Gender in Nature<br />Red spotted hyena<br />www.reflectionpress.com<br />It’s Perfectly Natural: Multiple Gender Expression in Nature, Cultures, and History Made Visible<br />
  8. 8. Gender in Nature<br />Hawaiian gecko<br />www.reflectionpress.com<br />It’s Perfectly Natural: Multiple Gender Expression in Nature, Cultures, and History Made Visible<br />
  9. 9. Gender in Nature<br />Bear<br />www.reflectionpress.com<br />It’s Perfectly Natural: Multiple Gender Expression in Nature, Cultures, and History Made Visible<br />
  10. 10. Gender in Nature<br />Clownfish<br />www.reflectionpress.com<br />It’s Perfectly Natural: Multiple Gender Expression in Nature, Cultures, and History Made Visible<br />
  11. 11. Gender in Nature<br />Deer<br />www.reflectionpress.com<br />It’s Perfectly Natural: Multiple Gender Expression in Nature, Cultures, and History Made Visible<br />
  12. 12. Gender in Nature<br />Red Kangaroo<br />www.reflectionpress.com<br />It’s Perfectly Natural: Multiple Gender Expression in Nature, Cultures, and History Made Visible<br />
  13. 13. Gender in Nature<br />White-throated sparrow<br />www.reflectionpress.com<br />It’s Perfectly Natural: Multiple Gender Expression in Nature, Cultures, and History Made Visible<br />
  14. 14. Gender in Nature<br />Garter Snake<br />www.reflectionpress.com<br />It’s Perfectly Natural: Multiple Gender Expression in Nature, Cultures, and History Made Visible<br />
  15. 15. Gender in Nature<br />Big Horn Sheep<br />www.reflectionpress.com<br />It’s Perfectly Natural: Multiple Gender Expression in Nature, Cultures, and History Made Visible<br />
  16. 16. Gender in Nature<br />Butterfly<br />www.reflectionpress.com<br />It’s Perfectly Natural: Multiple Gender Expression in Nature, Cultures, and History Made Visible<br />
  17. 17. Gender in Nature<br />Striped Dolphin<br />www.reflectionpress.com<br />It’s Perfectly Natural: Multiple Gender Expression in Nature, Cultures, and History Made Visible<br />
  18. 18. Gender in Nature<br />Hummingbird<br />www.reflectionpress.com<br />It’s Perfectly Natural: Multiple Gender Expression in Nature, Cultures, and History Made Visible<br />
  19. 19. Gender in Nature<br />Bat<br />www.reflectionpress.com<br />It’s Perfectly Natural: Multiple Gender Expression in Nature, Cultures, and History Made Visible<br />
  20. 20. Gender in Nature<br />Spider Monkey<br />www.reflectionpress.com<br />It’s Perfectly Natural: Multiple Gender Expression in Nature, Cultures, and History Made Visible<br />
  21. 21. Gender in Nature<br />Sea Horse<br />www.reflectionpress.com<br />It’s Perfectly Natural: Multiple Gender Expression in Nature, Cultures, and History Made Visible<br />
  22. 22. Gender in Nature<br />Snail<br />www.reflectionpress.com<br />It’s Perfectly Natural: Multiple Gender Expression in Nature, Cultures, and History Made Visible<br />
  23. 23. Gender in Nature<br />Beluga Whale<br />www.reflectionpress.com<br />It’s Perfectly Natural: Multiple Gender Expression in Nature, Cultures, and History Made Visible<br />
  24. 24. Gender Across Cultures<br />On nearly every continent, and for all of recorded history, thriving cultures have recognized, revered, and integrated more than two genders. <br />A Map of Gender-Diverse Cultures<br />http://www.pbs.org/independentlens/two-spirits/map.html<br />A small sample of the diversity of gender expression across cultures<br />www.reflectionpress.com<br />It’s Perfectly Natural: Multiple Gender Expression in Nature, Cultures, and History Made Visible<br />
  25. 25. Gender Across Cultures<br />Lhamana/Two-spirit<br />Native American<br />www.reflectionpress.com<br />It’s Perfectly Natural: Multiple Gender Expression in Nature, Cultures, and History Made Visible<br />
  26. 26. Gender Across Cultures<br />Hijra<br />India/Pakistan<br />www.reflectionpress.com<br />It’s Perfectly Natural: Multiple Gender Expression in Nature, Cultures, and History Made Visible<br />
  27. 27. Gender Across Cultures<br />Fa’afafine<br />Samoa<br />www.reflectionpress.com<br />It’s Perfectly Natural: Multiple Gender Expression in Nature, Cultures, and History Made Visible<br />
  28. 28. Gender Across Cultures<br />Muxe<br />Zapotec-Oaxaca,MX<br />www.reflectionpress.com<br />It’s Perfectly Natural: Multiple Gender Expression in Nature, Cultures, and History Made Visible<br />
  29. 29. Gender Across Cultures<br />Bissu<br />South Sulawesi-Indonesia<br />www.reflectionpress.com<br />It’s Perfectly Natural: Multiple Gender Expression in Nature, Cultures, and History Made Visible<br />
  30. 30. Gender in History<br />Whether visible or not there have always been transgender people<br />in every color of the human rainbow, <br />in every time in history, <br />in every country of the world, <br />in every class of work.<br />Transgender people are <br />kings and queens, <br />soldiers and artists, <br />ambassadors and doctors…<br />A small sample of the diversity of gender expression throughout history<br />www.reflectionpress.com<br />It’s Perfectly Natural: Multiple Gender Expression in Nature, Cultures, and History Made Visible<br />
  31. 31. Gender in History<br />Albert Cashier<br />Ireland/United States<br />www.reflectionpress.com<br />It’s Perfectly Natural: Multiple Gender Expression in Nature, Cultures, and History Made Visible<br />
  32. 32. Gender in History<br />Joan of Arc<br />France<br />www.reflectionpress.com<br />It’s Perfectly Natural: Multiple Gender Expression in Nature, Cultures, and History Made Visible<br />
  33. 33. Gender in History<br />Dr. Alan Hart<br />United States<br />www.reflectionpress.com<br />It’s Perfectly Natural: Multiple Gender Expression in Nature, Cultures, and History Made Visible<br />
  34. 34. Gender in History<br />Big Mama Thorton<br />United States<br />www.reflectionpress.com<br />It’s Perfectly Natural: Multiple Gender Expression in Nature, Cultures, and History Made Visible<br />
  35. 35. Gender in History<br />Billie Tipton<br />United States<br />www.reflectionpress.com<br />It’s Perfectly Natural: Multiple Gender Expression in Nature, Cultures, and History Made Visible<br />
  36. 36. Gender in History<br />Charley Parkhurst<br />United States<br />www.reflectionpress.com<br />It’s Perfectly Natural: Multiple Gender Expression in Nature, Cultures, and History Made Visible<br />
  37. 37. It’s Perfectly Natural!<br />Additional Resources<br /><ul><li>Gender Now Coloring Bookwritten and illustrated by Maya Gonzalez
  38. 38. Incorporates a lot of the information in this presentation into a fun coloring book for kids of all ages. Also available through Reflection Press: School Version Activity Book suited for the classroom and Animal Poster that incorporates all of the animals with kid-friendly terms. www.reflectionpress.com/gendernow
  39. 39. Evolution’s Rainbowby Joan Roughgarden
  40. 40. Transgender Warriors by Leslie Feinberg
  41. 41. Children’s Books from slideshow:
  42. 42. Go to Sleep Gecko – Brown Bear, Brown Bear, What do you hear? – Polar Bear, Polar Bear, What do you hear? – Shaun the Sheep – Velma Gratch and the Way Cool Butterfly – Stellaluna – Daisy the Different Dolphin – Mister Seahorse – Are you a Snail? - Baby Beluga – My Last Skirt – Joan of Arc – Rough, Tough Charley – Charley’s Choice – Riding Freedom
  43. 43. Children’s Movies from slideshow:
  44. 44. The Princess and the Frog – The Lion King – Brother Bear – Finding Nemo – Jungle Book – Open Season – Bambi – Winnie the Pooh – Babe – Dolphin Tale – Jumanji – The Little Mermaid Go Diego Go – Joan of Arc – The Messenger - Pocahontus</li></ul>Multiple Gender Expression in Nature, Cultures, and History Made Visible<br />Maya Christina Gonzalez<br />Artist, Author, Educator<br />cofounder of Reflection Press<br />www.reflectionpress.com<br />“a people should not long for their own image”<br />

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